Update: 2012-01-03 08:40 PM +0630


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary , February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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UKT: See my notes on Long vowel  {a}/{aa} . See my note on long vowel .
The "long vowel" is not exactly the same as the "modal" of Bur-Myan.
Always keep in mind the Two-three tone problem.
See my note on it in SED-vow-a1-indx.htm

{aa}/{a} आ ā (aa) - a2-025b4.htm

  {aa-ka.} - a2ka1-026top-2.htm
  {aa-ga.} - a2ga1-026b3-2.htm

  / {aa-sa.}/{aa-kya.} - a2ca1-026b3-4.htm
  {aa-za.} - a2za1-027top-3.htm

  {aa-Ta.} - a2row3Ta1-noentry.htm - no entry in OnlineSktDict
  {aa-a.} - a2row3da1-027b1.htm
  {aa-Na.} - a2row3Na1-027b1-2-2.htm 

  {aa-ta.} - a2ta1-027b1-2.htm
  {aa-da.} - a2da1-028b1-5.htm
  {aa-na.} - a2na1-p029top-3.htm

  {aa-pa.} - a2pa1-029b1-2.htm : includes {aa-ba.} {aa-Ba.} {aa.ma.}

  {aa-ya.} - a2ya1-030top-2.htm
  {aa-ra.} - a2ra1-030b1.htm : includes {aar}
  {aa-la.} - a2la1-031top-2.htm 
  {aa-wa.} - a2va1-031b1-3.htm :
     labio-dental /v/ is absent in Bur-Myan and was probably absent in Vedic - 
     - codified into Sanskrit by Panini. 

  {aa-sha.} - a2Sha1-031b4.htm 
   {aa-Sa.} - a2Sa1-032b2-2.htm

See also {aa-sa.} a2ca1-026b3-2.htm: Many words have very fricative pronunciations, e.g., to Myanmar ears {aa-sa.} and {aa-Sa.} sounds with {sa.} in the onset seemed to be very close. They are different only in the coda: {aac} and {aaS} . - need to work with more knowledgeable peers.

  {aa-a.} - a2a1-032b2-3.htm :
     -- fricative thibilant, {} = <th> - Latin small letter thorn, IPA /θ/ in Burmese and English,
     IPA /s/ in Sanskrit and other European languages. Pali speakers in Myanmar speak with /θ/ sound,
     but those in Thailand and SriLanka speak with /s/ sound. My position is, since Gautama Buddha was
     preaching to people in Tibeto-Burman speaking areas, he would be speaking with /θ/ sound.

  {aa-ha.} - a2ha1-033b1-4.htm : includes glottal sound ज्ञ {-z~a.} .


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UKT notes

Long vowel {a}/{aa}

- by UKT

UKT: In Bur-Myan, but not necessarily in Pal-Myan, it is mostly the "short vowels" that are checked. So, we rely on the difference between "checked-free" instead of "short-long".

Bur-Myan is non-rhotic, however to take on the rhotic sounds of Skt-Dev we have to add a rhotic vowel to the first pair of similar vowels:
   {a.}  / अ a (a) / {aR.}
The {R} here is not a consonant: it is known as repha रेप representing a burring guttural sound. The Bur-Myan {a.} vowel represents the short vowel and can form a disyllabic word such as {a.ka.} 'the dance'. From this we can get a monosyllabic word after killing the inherent vowel of {ka.}: {ak} 'crack'. By adding repha, we can add the rhotic sound: {aRk}.

[This space needs to be filled - UKT 110329

Go back long-vow-note-b

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