Update: 2015-07-08 11:59 PM -0400

TIL

English Grammar in Plain Language

ch07.htm

by U Kyaw Tun (UKT), M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL (Tun Institute of Learning).
Based on Barronís Educational Series, Grammar In Plain English, by Diamond, H. and Dutwin, P., Barronís Educational Series, Inc., Woodbury, New York. Copyright 1977.Prepared for students of TIL Computing and Language Center, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale.
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Pronouns
01. Performer pronoun, Subject pronoun, and Pronoun which receives action.
02. Pronoun Clue 1
03. Pronoun Clue 2
04. Pronoun Clue 3
05. Pronoun Clue 4
06. Pronoun Clue 5
07. Pronoun Clue 6
08. Pronoun Clue 7
09. Pronoun Clue 8

UKT notes

 

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01. Performer pronoun, Subject pronoun, and Pronoun which receives action.

Pronouns are used as performers/subjects or as words which receive action. For example:

Lloyd ran home.

Lloyd is the performer and you can use the performer pronoun, he, in place of Lloyd.

He ran home.

Next,

Lloyd is pleasant.

Lloyd is the subject and you can use the subject pronoun, he in place of Lloyd.

He is pleasant.

Now, letís take up the case of words which receive action,

Elana gave a bright smile to Tom.

Elana is the performer and the word which receives action is Tom.

Elana gave a bright smile to him.

Elana is the performer and him is the pronoun which receives action.

Again,

Maria gave Tom an icy stare.

Maria is the performer and the word which receives action is Tom.

Maria gave him an icy stare.

Maria is the performer and him is the pronoun which receives action is him.

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Exercise 0101

Complete each sentence using a pronoun from the following list. More than one answer may be correct.

Performer/Subject pronouns Pronouns which receives action

I me

you you

he him

she her

it it

we us

they them

who whom

1. _____ won the election.

I, You, He, She, We, They

2. _____ campaigned all week.

I, You, He, She, We, They

3. The National Organization for Women gave the

citation to _____ .

him, her, you, them

4. The student hitchhiker got a lift from _____.

him, me, you, her, us, them

5. _____ was responsible for legislation providing

consumer protection?

Who

6. For _____ did the witness testify.

whom

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09.02. Pronoun Clue 1:

Donít be confused by who and whom. As you can see in the preceeding list, who is a subject/performer and whom is a pronoun which receives action. Reason out as follow:

If: He painted the house.

Then: Who painted the house?

If: The phone call is for him.

Then: For whom is the phone call?

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09.03. Pronoun Clue 2:

Donít be confused by more than one subject.

If: He won the election.

Then: Macon and he won the election.

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09.04. Pronoun Clue 3:

Donít be confused by more than one word receiving action.

If: I gave the present to her.

Then: I gave the present to Tom and her.

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09.05. Pronoun Clue 4:

Donít be confused by a condensed thought.

If: Elmer runs more quickly than I do.

Then: Elmer runs more quickly than I.

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09.06. Pronoun Clue 5:

A sentence in which a linking word is connecting the subject to a word which means the same thing as the subject, is reversible.

If: Carl is the mayor.

Then: The mayor is Carl.

If: He is the mayor.

Then: The mayor is he.

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09.07. Pronoun Clue 6:

Certain pronouns - my, your, his, her, its, our, their - may be used as descriptive words. Example:

I like the red hat.

I like his hat.

Descriptive pronouns are never a problem in the above context. However, errors are common in the following types of sentences.

Correct: I do not like his smoking.

Incorrect: I do not like him smoking

Correct: Of course I approve of your jogging.

Incorrect: Of course I approve of you jogging.

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09.08. Pronoun Clue 7:

Words such as to, from, between, except, among are followed by pronouns which receive action. For example:

1. Between you and me, I donít enjoy cooking.

2. The package is for her.

3. Please divide the workload among them.

4. Everyone, except us, is attending the meeting.

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09.09. Pronoun Clue 8:

A pronoun must agree in number with the word to which it refers. For example:

1. One of the men in the back of the room could not

project his voice.

His refers to one. Both words are singular.

2. All of those women left their coats after the rally.

Their refers to all. Both words are plural.

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UKT notes

 

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End of TIL file