Update: 2018-11-16 03:50 AM -0500


Dissent and protest in the ancient Indian Buddhism


by Ven. Tran Dong Nhat (Thich Nghiem Quang)
Thesis submitted to the University of Delhi for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 2005
See downloaded in TIL HD-nonPDF, and SD-nonPDF libraries.

Downloaded and edited, with additions from other sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

index.htm | Top

Contents of this page

UKT161225: Due to failure of SD-port on my main research computer, I've to come up with a new setup :
TIL HD-nonPDF and SD-nonPDF libraries:

00. Index - ch00index.htm
-- DissentProtestIndex<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

01. Introduction - ch01intro.htm
-- DissentProtestCh01<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

02. The historical Buddha and the Dissenter
-- DissentProtestCh02<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

03. Dissent and protest in the First Buddhist Council
-- DissentProtestCh03<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

04. Dissent and protest in the Second Buddhist Council
-- DissentProtestCh04<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

05. Re-examination of the methods and approaches of the study of Schism in Ancient Indian Buddhism
-- DissentProtestCh05<> / bkp<> (link chk 181115)

06. Conclusion
-- DissentProtestCh06<>/ bkp<>  (link chk 170311)

UKT 181115: Note the original VU Time font size, 12, is too small for my failing eye-sight, and I've to increase it to 14 in some sections.

Note: The first schism of note in Myanmarpr occurred in 18th century known as {a.ron}-{a.tn} controversy in which the leader of {a.tn} who was a very learned monk and his close associates were disrobed. See downloaded file in TIL SD-Library
  -- AKirichenko-Atula<> / bkp<> (link chk 170311)



Foreword - by author
Preface - by author




Biography of author

UKT notes
Doggie's Tale


Contents of this page


- by UKT 160120, 181116

The term "Indian Buddhism" generally means 'Buddhism written in various forms of Sanskrit', specifically the Skt-Dev of the IE (Indo-European) speaking Iron-Age new-comers headed by the Brahmin-Poannars {poaN~Na:}. They had self-styled their language as Sanskrit - "San" meaning 'refined with strict grammatical rules'. They had made themselves, the Brahmins, 'mouthpiece of the Creator'. Below them, the Ksetriyas 'arms or protectors'. And, Vaishyas the 'thighs or support'. Finally, under all come the Sudras 'feet'. Outside the four classes are the Chandalas 'outcastes - grave diggers and carriers of night-soil'. See also Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caste_system_in_India 181116

In contrast to this term is the Buddhism of the Tib-Bur (Tibeto-Burman) speaking indigenous peoples of the Bronze-Age. The Brahmin-Poannars had militarily overcome the indigenous peoples who had been degraded to the status Sudras 'servants' and Chandalas 'outcastes - grave diggers and carriers of night-soil'. The speeches of the indigenous peoples had been designated as Prakrits 'primitive with no grammar'

I contend that Pal-Myan (Pali speech in Myanmar script) is directly related to Magadhi the speech of Gautama Buddha and King Asoka. Based on the opinion of Rev. F. Mason, author of A Pali grammar on the basis of Kaccayano {shn kic~s:}, 1868, - PEG-indx.htm(link chk 160120), I intend to use, whenever appropriate, the term Mag-Myan (Magadhi speech written in Myanmar script) which I hope will replace the term Pal-Myan.

In reading through this work, please keep in mind that my interest in Indic languages and religions is purely linguistic. I have no wish to be involved in religious, and geo-politically issues which have existed throughout the pre- and the modern-history of the human race. Please also remember that the original indigenous peoples of the Indian subcontinent and SEAsia spoke Tib-Bur languages.


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UKT notes

Doggie's Tale

-- UKT 130613

Mnemonic The Doggie Tale: 
Little doggie cringe in fear -- ŋ (velar),
  Seeing Ella's flapping ears -- ɲ (palatal)
  And, the Shepard's hanging rear -- ɳ (retroflex).
Doggie so sad he can't get it out
  What's that Kasha क्ष when there's a Kha ख ?
  And when there's Jana ज्ञ what I am to do with Jha झ?
On top of all there're hissers, Sha श /ʃ/ and Ssa ष /s/,
  when I am stuck with Theta स /θ/ !" 

Note to digitizer: you can copy and paste the following:
Ā ā Ē ē Ī ī Ō ō Ū ū
Ḍ ḍ Ḥ ḥ Ḷ ḷ Ḹ ḹ Ṁ ṁ Ṃ ṃ
Ṅ ṅ Ṇ ṇ Ṛ ṛ Ṝ ṝ Ś ś Ṣ ṣ Ṭ ṭ ɕ ʂ
Instead of Skt-Dev ः {wic~sa.} use "colon" :
Avagraha ऽ use apostrophe
Root sign √ ; approx ≅
Dev: च ca छ cha  श ś [ɕ] /ʃ/ ; ष ṣ [ʂ] /s/; स s [s] /θ/ ; ऋ {iRi.} & ॠ {iRi},
  viram ् , rhotic ऋ ृ
Skt-Dev special phonemes: Ksa
Undertie in Dev transcription: ‿ U203F
IPA-, Pali- & Sanskrit nasals: ŋ ṅ ṅ ,  , ɳ ṇ ṇ, n n n , m m m
  Pali- & Skt {::ting}: aṁ , aṃ 
  BHS - Ṃ ṃ Ṇ ṇ
IPA symbols: ɑ ɒ ə ɛ ɪ ɯ ʌ ʊ ʃ ʧ ʤ θ ŋ ɲ ɳ ɴ ɔ ɹ ʔ /kʰ/ /ː/
  <church> /ʧɜːʧ/ (DJPD16-097)
  <success> /sək'ses/ (DJPD16-515)
  <thin> /θɪn/ (DJPD16-535), <thorn> /θɔːn/ (DJPD16-535)
  circumflex-acute :
  ấ U+1EA5 , ế U+1EBF
  upsilon-vrachy  ῠ 
  small-u-breve  ῠ ŭ

Go back Dog-tale-note-b

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End of TIL file