Update: 2020-04-29 01:02 AM -0400

TIL

Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus

p054.htm

A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCpp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

Remember the proper spelling is with vowel-letter {U.} उ in both Skt and Pali.
short vowel, 1 blnk, उ u = {u.} / {U.}
long vowel, 2 blnk,  ऊ ū = {u} / {U}-Bur , {U}-Mon

 

/ {u.pa.wa.} - cont
  p053c3-b30

  p054c1
{u.pa.sha.}/  {U.pa.sha.}
{u.pa.Sa.}/ {U.pa.Sa.} : {u.Sa.}/ {U.Sa.} - Skt-Dev transformed to Skt-Myan
{u.pa.a.}/ {U.pa.a.} - Pal-Myan 
  p054c2
{u.pa.ha.}/ {U.pa.ha.}

{u.pa}/  {U.pa-ha.}
  p054c3
{u.p}/ {U.p} 
{u.pau:}/ {U.pau:}

{u.ba.}/ {U.ba.}
{u.Ba.}/ {U.Ba.} 

UKT 140116, 161225: Don't forget the official representation of the three Dental fricatives in Bur-Myan, and Pal-Myan: IPA pronunciation of the three can be described as
#1. /ʃ/ - the Dental-fricative husher
#2. /s/ - the Dental-fricative hisser
#3. /θ/ - the Dental-fricative thibilant
official representation
/ʃ/  - the husher is {rha.} in the majority, but in some cases {hya.}
   It is represented in Romabama as {sha.}/{sh}
/s/ - As the onset phoneme the Dental-hisser {Sa.}/{S} is not differentiated
   from the Palatal-stop {sa.}/{c}. They are differentiated only in the coda as: {S} and {c.}.
/θ/ - the thibilant {a.}/{} does not have a trace of either a hushing or a hissing sound
Romabama representation
/ʃ/  - the husher is {sha.}. It is derived from {Sa.ha.hto:}. Its origin is Dental-fricative
  {Sa.}/{S} which is not present in Bur-Myan. If {sa.loan: ha.hto:} has been derived
  from Palatal-plosive stop {sa.}/{c}, it would not have been allowed
/s/ - the hisser is Dental-fricative hisser {Sa.}/{S} in which {Sa.} is the initial, and {S} the coda
/θ/ - the thibilant {a.}/{} is Dental-fricative thibilant present in Bur-Myan, Eng-Lat, & Pal-Myan,
  but not in Skt-Dev.

Orphan:
 उपाx{093c}ञ्जन   upa̮agana anointing, smearing.

 

UKT notes :
Sunda and Upasunda - the Naga chieftains:
Nagas, Pythons, Kraits and Cobras of Myanmarpr  \
Upa'thoanda {U.pa.oan~da.} उपसुन्द [ upa-sunda ]
UKT 150710: Transliteration of Devanagari to Myanmar gives me {U.pa.oan~da.} from उपसुन्द [ upa-sunda ].

 

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/ {u.pa.wa.} - cont

 

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p054c1

p054c1-b01/ p046 

उपवेश्य [ upa-vesya ]
- cs. gd. having made to sit down.
 उपवेश्य   upa-vesya having made to sit down.

 

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{u.pa.sha.}/ {U.pa.sha.}

p054c1-b02/ p046 

उपशम [ upa-sama ]
- m. cessation; abatement; extinction; calmness; -na, n. appeasement; -vat, a. having peace of mind.
 उपशम   upa-sama cessation; abatement; extinction; calmness; -na, n. appeasement; -vat, a. having peace of mind.

 

p054c1-b03/ p046 

उपशय [ upa-say ]
- a. lying beside; m. lying-in-wait; -stha, a. being on the watch (for game - animal).
 उपशय   upa-say lying beside; m. lying-in-wait; -stha, a. being on the watch (for game). 

 

p054c1-b04/ p046 

उपशल्य [ upa-salya ]
- n. open space near a town or village: -ka, n. small open space in the neighbourhood.
 उपशल्य   upa-salya open space near a town or village: -ka, n. small open space in the neighbourhood.

 

p054c1-b05/ p046 

उपशान्ति [ upa-snti ]
- f. tranquillization; cessation; abatement.
 उपशान्ति   upa-snti tranquillization; cessation; abatement.

 

p054c1-b06/ p046 

उपशायिन् [ upa-syin ]
- a. sleeping; going to rest.
 उपशायिन्   upa-syin sleeping; going to rest.

 

p054c1-b07/ p046 

उपशिक्षा [ upa-siksh ]
- f. acquirement (--); eagerness to learn.
 उपशिक्षा   upa-sikshaN acquirement (--); eagerness to learn.

 

p054c1-b08/ p046 

उपशोभन [ upa-sobh-ana ]
- n. trimming; -, f. ornament.
 उपशोभन   upa-sobh-ana trimming; -, f. ornament.

 

p054c1-b09/ p046 

उपश्््लेष [ upa-slesha ]
- m. embrace.
 उपश्््लेष   upa-slesha embrace.

 

p054c1-b10/ p046 

उपश्््लोकयितव्य [ upa-slokay-itavya ]
- fp. to be sung of in slokas.
 उपश्््लोकयितव्य   upa-slokay-itavya to be sung of in slokas.

( end of old p054-1.htm )

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{u.pa.Sa.}/ {U.pa.Sa.} : {u.Sa.}/ {U.Sa.} - Skt-Dev transformed to Skt-Myan

p054c1-b11/ not online

 उपष्टभ [upa-shtambha]
= उ प ष ् ट भ :
- v. -stambha

UKT 161226: Skt-Dev rendering is mine and needs checking.
Skt-Dev ष is Romabama {Sa.}/{S} which together with {Ta.} is represented as {S~Ta.} pronounced as /sta./.

 

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{u.pa.a.}/  {U.pa.a.} 

p054c1-b12/ p046 

उपसंव्यान [ upa-samvyna ]
- n. under-garment.
 उपसंव्यान   upa-samvyna under-garment.

 

p054c1-b13/ p046 

उपसंहार [ upa-sam-hra ]
- m. drawing back; recapitulation; conclusion; -hrita-tva, n. withdrawal from consideration; -hriti, f. denouement, catastrophe (in a play).
 उपसंहार   upa-sam-hra drawing back; recapitulation; conclusion; -hrita-tva, n. withdrawal from consideration; -hriti, f. denouement, catastrophe (in a play).

denouement also dnouement  n. 1. a. The final resolution or clarification of a dramatic or narrative plot. b. The events following the climax of a drama or novel in which such a resolution or clarification takes place. 2. The outcome of a sequence of events; the end result. [French dnouement from Old French desnouement an untying from desnouer to undo des- de- nouer to tie( from Latin nōdāre)(from nōdus knot) ;See ned- in Indo-European Roots.] -- AHTD

 

p054c1-b14/ p046 

उपसंक्रान्ति [ upa-samkrnti ]
- f. getting across.
उपसंक्रान्ति   upa-samkrnti getting across.

 

p054c1-b15/ p046 

उपसंक्षेप [ upa-samkshepa ]
- m. brief summary.
 उपसंक्षेप   upa-samkshepa brief summary.

 

p054c1-b16/ p046 

उपसंख्यान [ upa-samkhyna ]
- n. superaddition.
 उपसंख्यान   upa-samkhyna superaddition.

 

p054c1-b17/ p046 

उपसंगमन [ upa-sam-gamana ]
- n. sexual intercourse; -graha, m. clasping (e.g. the feet in token of respect); taking (a wife): -na, n. clasping; respectful salutation by clasping the feet; -grhya, fp. whose feet should be clasped.
 उपसंगमन   upa-sam-gamana sexual intercourse; -graha, m. clasping (e. g. the feet in token of respect); taking (a wife): -na, n. clasping; respectful salutation by clasping the feet; -grhya, fp. whose feet should be clasped. 

 

p054c1-b18

[upa-sttri ]
- m. inhabitant

 

p054c1-b19/ p046 

उपसदन [ upa-sadana ]
- n. respectful salutation; performance; -sdya, fp. to be respectfully approached or served; -sanna, pp. (√sad) having entered as a pupil.
 उपसदन   upa-sadana respectful salutation; performance; -sdya, fp. to be respectfully approached or served; -sanna, pp. (√sad) having entered as a pupil.

 

p054c1-b20/ p046 

उपसंध्यम् [ upa-samdhyam ]
- ad. about the time of twilight.
उपसंध्यम्   upa-samdhyam about the time of twilight.

 

p054c1-b21/ p046 

उपसपत्नि [ upa-sapatni ]
- ad. in presence of a co-wife.
 उपसपत्नि   upa-sapatni in presence of a co-wife.

 

p054c1-b22/ p046 

उपसरण [ upa-sarana ]
- n. approaching (--).
 उपसरण   upa-sarana approaching (--).

 

p054c1-b23/ p046 

उपसर्ग [ upa-sarga ]
- m. addition; trouble; calamity; eclipse; preposition (gr.); -sargana, n. addition; obscuration, eclipse; secondary thing; subordinate person; representative; dependent (in a compound or as a derivative) word determining another (gr.).
 उपसर्ग   upa-sarga addition; trouble; calamity; eclipse; preposition (gr.); -sargana, n. addition; obscuration, eclipse; secondary thing; subordinate person; representative; dependent (in a compound or as a derivative) word determining another (gr.).

 

p054c1-b24/ p046 

उपसर्पण [ upa-sarp-ana ]
- n. approach; going out into (--); -in, a. approaching.
 उपसर्पण   upa-sarp-ana approach; going out into (--); -in, a. approaching.

 

p054c1-b25/ p046 

उपसान्त्वन [ upa-sntvana ]
- n. kind word.
 उपसान्त्वन   upa-sntvana kind word.

 

p054c1-b26/ p046 

उपसिन्धु [ upa-sindhu ]
- ad. near the Indus.
 उपसिन्धु   upa-sindhu near the Indus.

 

p054c1-b27/ p046 

उपसुन्द [ upa-sunda ]
- m. N. of a Daitya (younger brother of Sunda).
 उपसुन्द   upa-sunda (younger brother of Sunda).

See my note on Sunda and Upasunda - the Naga chieftains
and Nagas, Pythons, Kraits and Cobras of Myanmarpr

 

p054c1-b28/ p046 

उपसेचन [ upa-skana ]
- n. besprinkling; , f. butter-spoon.
 उपसेचन   upa-skana besprinkling; , f. butter-spoon.

 

p054c1-b29/ p046 

उपसेवक [ upa-sev-aka ]
- a. courting (--); -ana, n. courting; carnal intercourse with (--); addition to, indulgence in (--); , f. carnal intercourse with; devotion to; indulgence in (--); -in, a. serving; reverencing; worshipping; practising (--).
उपसेवक   upa-sev-aka courting (--); -ana, n. courting; carnal intercourse with (--); addition to, indulgence in (--); , f. carnal intercourse with; devotion to; indulgence in (--); -in, a. serving; reverencing; worshipping; practising (--).

UKT 150524: "carnal intercourse" is an old expression for "sexual intercourse". See Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnal_knowledge 150524

 

p054c1-b30/ p046 

उपस्कर [ upa-skara ]
- m. (n.) implement; domestic utensil; broom.
 उपस्कर   upa-skara implement; domestic utensil; broom.

 

p054c1-b31/ p046 

उपस्तम्भ [ upa-stambha ]
- m. support, stimulant; -na, n. support.
 उपस्तम्भ   upa-stambha support, stimulant; -na, n. support.

 

Contents of this page

 

p054c2

p054c2-b00/ p046 

उपस्तरण [ upa-strana ]
- n. mattress.
 उपस्तरण   upa-strana mattress.

 

p054c2-b01/ p046 

उपस्ति [ pa-sti (or -st) ]
- m. dependent, servant.
 उपस्ति   pa-sti (or -st) dependent, servant. 

 

p054c2-b02/ p046 

उपस्तिरे [ upa-stre ]
- d. inf. to spread out, to cover.
 उपस्तिरे   upa-stre to spread out, to cover.

 

p054c2-b03/ p046 

उपस्तुति [ pa-stuti ]
- f. invocation.
 उपस्तुति   pa-stuti invocation.

 

p054c2-b04/ p046 

उपस्थ [ up-stha ]
- m. lap; driver's seat; m. n. organs of generation: -nigraha, m. control of the sexual passion; -sthtavya, fp. n. one should appear; one should wait upon; -sthtri, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sthna, n. presence; approach; attendance; service; veneration; assembly; -sthyika, m. attendant on the sick; -sthyin, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sthita, pp. √sth.
उपस्थ   up-stha lap; driver's seat; m. n. organs of generation: -nigraha, m. control of the sexual passion; -sthtavya, fp. n. one should appear; one should wait upon; -sthtri, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sthaNna, n. presence; approach; attendance; service; veneration; assembly; -sthyika, m. attendant on the sick; -sthyin, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sthita, pp. √sth. 

 

p054c2-b05/ p046 

उपस्पर्शन [ upa-spars-ana ]
- n. touching; bathing, ablution; rinsing the mouth; -in, a. touching, bathing in (--); -sprs, a. touching; f. caress.
 उपस्पर्शन   upa-spars-ana touching; bathing, ablution; rinsing the mouth; -in, a. touching, bathing in (--); -sprs, a. touching; f. caress. 

( end of old p054-2.htm )

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{u.pa.ha.}/ {U.pa.ha.} 

p054c2-b06/ p046 

उपहतात्मन् [ upa-hata‿tman ]
- a. blinded, beguiled; -hatn, a. assailing; -hantavya, fp. to be killed.
 उपहतात्मन्   upa-hata̮tman blinded, beguiled; -hatn, a. assailing; -hantavya, fp. to be killed. 

 

p054c2-b07/ p046 

उपहरण [ upa-har-ana ]
- n. offering, presentation; -tavya, fp. to be presented; -tri, m. server up (of meat).
 उपहरण   upa-har-ana offering, presentation; -tavya, fp. to be presented; -tri, m. server up (of meat). 

 

p054c2-b08/ p046 

उपहस्तिका [ upa-hasti-k ]
- f. betel-case.
 उपहस्तिका   upa-hasti-k betel-case.

 

p054c2-b09/ p046 

उपहार [ upa-hra ]
- m. offering; presentation, gift; peace purchased by indemnification: -m vi-dh, offer (ac.) as a victim: a-ka, m., i-k, f. id.; -t, f., -tva, n. abst. ɴ.: -pni, a. bringing a present in one's hand; -varman, m. N.; -kri, offer up, sacrifice (ac.); -kikrshu, des. a. wishing to offer up as a sacrifice (ac.).
 उपहार   upa-hra offering; presentation, gift; peace purchased by indemnification: -m vi-dh, offer (ac.) as a victim: a-ka, m., i-k, f. id.; -t, f., -tva, n. abst. n.: -p- ni, a. bringing a present in one's hand; -varman, m. N.; -kri, offer up, sacrifice (ac.); -kikrshu, des. a. wishing to offer up as a sacrifice (ac.).

 

p054c2-b10/ p046 

उपहास [ upa-hs-a ]
- m. laughter; ridicule, mockery; jest; -in, a. ridiculing; -ya, fp. to be ridiculed: -t, f. derision: -m gam,= become a laughing-stock.
 उपहास   upa-hs-a laughter; ridicule, mockery; jest; -in, a. ridiculing; -ya, fp. to be ridiculed: -t, f. derision: -m gam,=become a laughing-stock.

 

p054c2-b11/ p046 

उपहित [ upa-hita ]
- pp. (√dh) conditioned by (--): -tva, n. being conditioned by (--).
 उपहित   upa-hita (√dh) conditioned by (--): -tva, n. being conditioned by (--).

 

p054c2-b12/ p046 

उपहूति [ upa-hti ]
- f. challenge.
 उपहूति   upa-hti challenge.
 

p054c2-b13/ p046 

उपहोम [ upa-hom ]
- m. additional sacrifice.
 उपहोम   upa-hom additional sacrifice.

 

p054c2-b14/ p046 

उपह्वर [ upa-hvar ]
- m. slope; secluded place: lc. privately; neighbourhood: lc. near.
 उपह्वर   upa-hvar slope; secluded place: lc. privately; neighbourhood: lc. near. 

( end of old p054-3.htm )

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{u.pa}/ {U.pa-ha.}

p054c2-b15/ p046 

उपांशु [ upa‿ams ]
- ad. [at the Soma], silently; secretly; privately; m. silent prayer; -krdita, pp. played with secretly, sharing one's private amusements; -vadha, m. secret murder; -vrata, n. silent vow.
 उपांशु   upa̮ams [at the Soma], silently; secretly; privately; m. silent prayer; -krdita, pp. played with secretly, sharing one's private amusements; -vadha, m. secret murder; -vrata, n. silent vow.

 

p054c2-b16/ p046 

उपाकरण [ upa‿-karana ]
- n. preparation; beginning of Vedic study; -karman, n. id.
 उपाकरण   upa̮-karana preparation; beginning of Vedic study; -karman, n. id.

 

p054c2-b17/ p046 

उपाख्यान [ upa‿khyna ]
- n. subordinate tale, episode; -ka, n. short tale.
 उपाख्यान   upa̮khyna subordinate tale, episode; -ka, n. short tale.

 

p054c2-b18/ p046 

उपाङ्ग [ upa‿aṅga ]
- n. subordinate member; subdivision; unimportant supplement; -gta, n. choral song.
 उपाङ्ग   upa̮aṅga subordinate member; subdivision; unimportant supplement; -gta, n. choral song.

 

p054c2-b19/ not online

उपञ्जन [ upa‿agana ]
- n. anointing, smearing.

 

p054c2-b20/ p046 

उपात्त [ upa‿-tta ]
- pp. √d; -vidya, a. who has acquired knowledge; -sra, a. the best of which has been appropriated.
 उपात्त   upa̮-tta √d; -vidya, a. who has acquired knowledge; -sra, a. the best of which has been appropriated.

 

p054c2-b21/ p046 

उपादान [ upa‿dna ]
- n. taking, seizure, appropriation; apprehension; admission, non-exclusion; employment; mention, quotation; material cause.
 उपादान   upa̮dna taking, seizure, appropriation; apprehension; admission, nonexclusion; employment; mention, quotation; material cause. 

 

p054c2-b22/ p046 

उपादेय [ upa‿-deya ]
- fp. (√d) to be accepted or chosen; excellent; contained in (--).
 उपादेय   upa̮-deya (√d) to be accepted or chosen; excellent; contained in (--).

 

p054c2-b23/ p046 

उपाधि [ upa‿-dhi ]
- m. substitution; all that comes under the head of (--); epithet; condition, assumption; that which conditions.
 उपाधि   upa̮-dhi substitution; all that comes under the head of (--); epithet; condition, assumption; that which conditions.

 

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p054c3

p054c3-b00/ p046 

उपाध्याय [ upa‿adhyy-a ]
- m. teacher; -n, f. wife of a teacher.
 उपाध्याय   upa̮adhyy-a teacher; -n, f. wife of a teacher. 

 

p054c3-b01/ p046 

उपानद्गूढ [ upnad-gdha ]
- pp. covered with a shoe.
 उपानद्गूढ   upnad-gdha covered with a shoe. 

 

p054c3-b02/ p046 

उपानह् [ up-nh ]
- f. (nm. -nat) sandal, shoe.
 उपानह्   up-nh -nat) sandal, shoe.

 

p054c3-b03/ p046 

  उपानह [ upnah-a ]
- m. (esp. --) id.; -in, a. shod.
 उपानह   upnah-a shod.

 

p054c3-b04/ p046 

उपान्त [ upa‿ant- ]
- n. nearness of the end; border, edge; outskirts; immediate proximity: lc., --, near (g. or --): -bhga, m. edge, rim, border; -ika, n. vicinity: -m, ad. up to (g.); ab. near; lc. near = into (g.).
 उपान्त   upa̮ant- nearness of the end; border, edge; outskirts; immediate proximity: lc., --, near (g. or --): -bhga, m. edge, rim, border; -ika, n. vicinity: -m, ad. up to (g.); ab. near; lc. near=into (g.).

 

p054c3-b05/ p046 

उपान्त्य [ upa‿antya ]
- a. last but one.
 उपान्त्य   upa̮antya last but one. 
 

p054c3-b06/ p046 

उपाय [ upa‿aya ]
- m. approach; means; expedient, stratagem, device, craft: in. or -tas, cleverly, craftily; -kint, f. devising an expedient; -ga, a. fertile in resources; -samdarsana-ga, a. arising from the manifestation of successful means.
उपाय   upa̮aya approach; means; expedient, stratagem, device, craft: in. or -tas, cleverly, craftily; -kint, f. devising an expedient; -ga, a. fertile in resources; -samdarsana-ga, a. arising from the manifestation of successful means.

 

p054c3-b07/ p046 

उपायन [ upa‿ayana ]
- n. approach; present, offering: -kri, make a present of.
 उपायन   upa◡́ayana approach; present, offering: -kri, make a present of. 

 

p054c3-b08/ p046 

उपायोपेय [ upya‿upeya ]
- n. means and end.
 उपायोपेय   upya̮upeya means and end.

 

p054c3-b09/ p046 

उपार्जन [ upa‿arg-ana ]
- n., , f. acquisition; -ita, pp. (√rig) acquired.
उपार्जन   upa̮arg-ana acquisition; -ita, pp. (√rig) acquired.

 

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उपालब्धव्य [ upa‿-labdhavya ]
- fp. to be blamed; -labhya, fp. id.; -lambha, m. reproach, blame, censure: -na, n. id.
उपालब्धव्य   upa̮-labdhavya to be blamed; -labhya, fp. id.; -lambha, m. reproach, blame, censure: -na, n. id.

 

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उपालि [ upa‿li ]
- ad. in his mistress' presence.
उपालि   upa̮li in his mistress' presence. 

 

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उपावर्तन [ upa‿vartana ]
- n. return.
 उपावर्तन   upa̮vartana return.

 

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उपावसायिन् [ upa‿avasyin ]
- a. submitting to (g.).
 उपावसायिन्   upa̮avasyin submitting to (g.).

 

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उपाश्रय [ upa‿sraya ]
- m. refuge.
 उपाश्रय   upa̮sraya refuge.
 

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उपासक [ upa‿s-aka ]
- a. serving; m. servant; follower, worshipper (esp. of Buddha); -ana, n. attendance; honour; devotion, worship; practice; domestic fire; -ya, fp. to be honoured.
 उपासक   upa̮s-aka serving; m. servant; follower, worshipper (esp. of Buddha); -ana, n. attendance; honour; devotion, worship; practice; domestic fire; -ya, fp. to be honoured.

उपासक [ upa‿s-aka ]
Skt: उपासक [ upa‿s-aka ] - a. serving; m. servant; follower, worshipper (esp. of Buddha) - Mac054c3
BPal: {U.pa-a.ka.} - UHS-PMD0235
  UKT from UHS: m. a devotee of Buddha, Dharma, & Sangha, upholder of Precepts

 

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उपाहित [ upa‿-hita ]
- pp. (√dh); n. conflagration.
 उपाहित   upa̮-hita (√dh); n. conflagration.

 

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{u.p}/ {U.p}

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उपेक्षक [ upa‿ksh-aka ]
= उ प े क ् ष क
- a. indifferent; -ana, n. disregard; indifference; indulgence, tolerance; -, f. disregard, indifference; neglect; -ya, fp. to be disregarded or overlooked.
 उपेक्षक   upa̮ksh-aka indifferent; -ana, n. disregard; indifference; indulgence, tolerance; -, f. disregard, indifference; neglect; -ya, fp. to be disregarded or overlooked. 

उपेक्षक [ upa‿ksh-aka ]
Skt: = उ प े क ् ष क - a. indifferent; - Mac054c3
BPal: {U.pk~hka.} - UHS-PMD0236
  UKT from UHS: mfn. indifference, Buddhist translation: equanimity - to be checked  

 

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उपेत [ upa‿ita ]
- pp. endued: -prva, a. previously apprenticed to a teacher.
 उपेत   upa̮ita endued: -prva, a. previously apprenticed to a teacher.

 

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[upetri ]
m. undertaker; employer of expedients

 

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उपेन्द्र [ upa‿indra ]
- m. ep. of Vishnu (sub-Indra); -vagr, f. a metre.
 उपेन्द्र   upa̮indra Vishnu (sub-Indra); -vagr, f. a metre.

 

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उपेय [ upya ]
- fp. (√i) that is to be undertaken; to be approached (carnally).
 उपेय   upya (√i) that is to be undertaken; to be approached (carnally).

 

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उपेयिवस् [ upa‿yivas ]
- pt. pf. √i, having gone to.
 उपेयिवस्   upa̮yivas √i, having gone to.

 

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{u.pau:}/ {U.pau:}

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उपोढ [ upa‿dha ]
- pp. (√vah) married.
 उपोढ   upa̮dha (√vah) married.

 

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उपोदक [ upa‿udaka ]
- a. close to the water; , f. a plant.

 

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उपोद्घात [ upa‿udghta ]
- m. introduction; beginning; apt instance.
 उपोद्घात   upa̮udghta introduction; beginning; apt instance. 

 

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उपोद्बलक [ upa‿ud-bala-ka ]
- a. supporting: -tva, n. abst. ɴ.; -bala-ya, den. P. support.
 उपोद्बलक   upa̮ud-bala-ka supporting: -tva, n. abst. n.; -bala-ya, den. P. support.

 

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उपोषण [ upa‿oshana ]
- n. fasting.
 उपोषण   upa̮oshana fasting. 

 

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उपोषित [ upa‿ushita ]
- pp. (√vas, dwell) n. id.
 उपोषित   upa̮ushita (√vas, dwell) n. id.

 

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उप्त [ up-ta ]
= उ प ् त
- pp. √vap; -ti, f. sowing.
 उप्त   up-ta √vap; -ti, f. sowing.

 

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उप्रत्यय [ u-pratyaya ]
- m. suffix u.
 उप्रत्यय   u-pratyaya suffix u.

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{u.ba.}/ {U.ba.}

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उब्ज् [ubg ]
Skt: उब्ज् [ubg ] vi. p. keep down, restrain - Mac054c3
Skt: उब्ज ubja - adj. turned downwards, bent downwards - SpkSkt

 

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{u.Ba.}/ {U.Ba.}

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उभ् [ubh]
- vi. p. umbh , ix. p. ubh-n , vii. p. unp-ti , knit, bind; compress

 

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उभ [ ubh- ]
- du. both.
 उभ   ubh- both. 

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UKT notes

Sunda and Upasunda :
Nagas, Pythons, Kraits and Cobras of Myanmarpr

UKT 140116, 161227:

Sunda and his younger brother Upasuda were Naga chieftains. Nagas are considered to be Daityas. Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naga_Kingdom 140116

"In the Mahabharata the Naga Kingdom, the territory of a hardy and warlike [1] tribe called Nagas. They were also considered as one of the supernatural races like the Kinnaras."

Nagas played important parts in Buddhism (see the story of Naga king Mucalinda protecting Gautama Buddha from the weather soon after his enlightenment http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mucalinda 140116)

 

Bur-Myan speakers always have a soft spot in their hearts for Naga, and we find it imbedded in the akshara-glyph for IPA phoneme /n/ as {na.}.

It is likely that the Nagas are also connected to the north-western mountains of Myanmarpr as the story of Mahabharata hero Arjuna and Naga princess Ulūpī shows.

The son of Arjuna and and the Naga princess Ulūpī , Iravan , इरावान्, Irāvāṇ, aka Iravat (इरावत्, Irāvat and Iravant, is probably connected with Irrawaddy River, the main river of Myanmarpr.

The principal king of the Pyus of Myanmarpr, King Duttabaung, was supposed to have been served by Naga sailors (in human form) in their boat propelled by Naga scales. The boat did not need any moving parts to sail in the ocean. It is probable that this boat was no fiction. See  magnetohydrodynamic drive or MHD in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetohydrodynamic_drive 140116

Whether there are still Nagas living in Myanmarpr or not, I do not know. But it is a fact that wild pythons do co-exist with the local population. Many Buddhist pagodas boasts of their Python inhabitants. Below are two photographs taken by Daw Khin Wutyi (TIL) & her husband Ko Hpyo L at a pagoda near Pegu at the end of November 2013. If you are not afraid you can touch the python which is not in glass cage. The python  would sometimes move among the worshippers.

I can also boast that a wild Krait has lived in garden of old home and now my research station at 35 Thatadalan, Yangon. At one time cobras were regular visitors. I have given strict orders to my staff not to harm any kindred of the Nagas.

I have come to conclude that snakes are not afraid of me since the time a snake (a cold blooded creature) leisurely crossed over my foot (warm blooded) one day while I was in Mandalay in 1970. I had not noticed it approaching me standing at the edge of the lawn in front of my house. I came to notice it as it was crossing over my foot. It then approached my house, raised its hood, looked up inside the house, and leisurely went back to the grass.

Go back Sunda-note-b

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Upa'thoanda {U.pa.oan~da.} उपसुन्द [ upa-sunda ]

- UKT 150524:

The word "Sunda" present in the word {U.pa.oan~da.} उपसुन्द [ upa-sunda ] is of interest. An excerpt from Wikipedia on Sundanese people of Java: "The name Sunda derives from the Sanskrit prefix su- which means "goodness" or "possessing good quality". The example is suvarna  {u.wuN~Na.} (lit:"good color") used to describe gold. Sunda is also another name for Hindu God Vishnu. In Sanskrit, the term Sundara (masculine) or Sundari (feminine), {oan~da.ri.} means "beautiful" or "excellence". [3] The term Sunda also means bright, light, purity, cleanness and white. [4] ... there is also a hypothesis that argues that the Austronesian ancestors of contemporary Sundanese people originally came from Sundaland, a sunken massive peninsula that today formed Java Sea, Malacca and Sunda straits, and the islands between them. [6] However, this is an extremely minority view among professional archaeologists, linguists, and geneticists." - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundanese_people 150524

 

UKT 150524: Reading the article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundaland 150524, has set me wondering if there was a connection to {u.wN~Na. Boan~mi.} aka {u.wN~Na. Bu~mi.} - the name applied to southern Myanmarpr with the ancient capital near present day Thaton {a.hton mro.}. And also if there was a connection between ancient peoples of southern Myanmarpr and those of Indus-Sarasvati valley aka Harappan civilisation. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization 150524.

Go back Upathoanda-note-b

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End of TIL file