Update: 2020-05-29 12:48 AM -0400



Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top


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UKT notes :


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प्रथन  [prth-ana]
- n. broadening, extension; place of extension (Br.); manifestation of (--; C.).



प्रथम   [pra-tham]
- [=pra-tama foremost], a. first; earliest; original; prior, previous, former; chief, most excellent, eminent, leading: it may often be translated by an ad.: first, for the first time; previously; just; forthwith: -- or -m, ad. first, first of all, for the first time; only just; forthwith; formerly, previously: with g. before, previously to; ab. first; m. first consonant of a class, unaspirated tenuis; first (=our third) person; personal endings of the third person; , f. first or nominative case (including the vocative), termination of the nominative (including the vocative): du. the two first cases, the terminations of the two first cases (=nm. and ac.); n. sg. coll. the first.




प्रथमक   [prathama-ka]
- a. first; -kalpa, m. primary ordinance; -kalpita, pp. first in rank; -garbha, m. first pregnancy; a. f. , pregnant for the first time; -ga or -gaN, a. first-born; original; firstling; born in the first (i. e. firstmentioned) wedlock; -gta, pp. first-born; -tara, -- or -m, (cpv.) ad. first; -tas, ad. first; forthwith; before, in preference to (g.); before, previously to (--); -darsana, n. first sight (lc. at --): -dina, n. first day of seeing any one (g.); -dugdh, pp. just milked; -dhra, m. (?) first drop; -nirdishta, pp. first stated or mentioned; -purusha, m. first (our third) person (gr.); -pravada, a. uttering the first sound (child); -prast, pp. f. having calved for the first time; -bhaNg, a. obtaining the first share; -yag, m. first sacrifice; -rtra, m. beginning of the night; -vayas-n, a. young; -vasati, f. original or old home; -vitt, f. first wife; -samgama, m. N.; -samvritta, pp. only just turned towards (lc.); -̮gmin, a. coming or mentioned first; -̮desa, m. initial position (of a word); -̮abhidheya, n. fundamental meaning: -t, f. abst. n.; -̮ardha, m. n. first half; -̮avara-tva, n. higher and lower rank, seniority and juniority; -̮astamita, n. recent setting of the sun; -̮ahm, ad. on the first day; -̮hra, m. first employment; -̮itara, a. reverse of the first, second.







प्रथस््   [prth-as]
- n. breadth; extension: -vat, a. broad, extensive; -, f. spreading out; fame, celebrity; origin (--); -ita, pp. √prath; -i-mn, m. breadth; extension, enlargement; -ishtha, spv., -yas, cpv. of prith; -u, a. distant, long (journey); reaching farther than (ab.).



प्रद   [pra-da]
- a.(gnly. --) giving, granting, bestowing; yielding; furnishing; uttering, pronouncing; causing, producing; -dakshi- na, a. moving to the right; standing or being on the right; auspicious, favourable, prosperous; turning one's right hand to any one, respectful: -m kri or pra-kri, turn one's right hand towards an object as a mark of respect (ac.); -- or -m, ad. towards the right, from left to right (so that the right side is towards an object, as a sign of respect); towards the south: with kri or pra-kri, turn one's right side to an object (ac.); m. n., , f. keeping the right side towards an object, circumambulation from left to right (the object of the honour being in the g. or --, or, when kri or d is used, in the d., g., or lc.): (a)-kriy, f. honour of right-hand circumambulation.




प्रदक्षिणय   [pra-dakshina-ya]
- den. P. walk round from left to right or from east to west.



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प्रदक्षिणार्चिस््   [pradakshina̮arkis]
- a. having its flame on the right; -̮varta, a. turned towards the right; -̮vrit-ka, a. turned towards the right, having a person or thing on one's right.



- ad, in such a manner that one's right side is turned towards an object; -dakshin-kri, turn one's right side towards (ac.), walk round (ac.) from left to right; -dakshinena, in. ad. from left to right; towards the south; -dagdhavya, fp. to be burnt; -datta, pp.( √da) given up, restored: -nayana‿utsava, a. affording a feast to the eyes; -dara, m. dispersion (of an army); cleft, fissure (in the ground); -darsa, m.appearance (-); direction, injunction: -ka, a. showing, indicating; propounding, teaching; m. teacher; -darana, n. appearance (often -); showing, exhibition, designation; teaching; example: a, f. indication; -dardn, a. (-) beholding, seeing; showing, indicating; -darya, cs. gd, having exhibited or shown; -dahana, n. burning (of earthenware)



प्रदक्षिणित््   [pra-dakshint]
- ad. in such a manner that one's right side is turned towards an object; -dakshin-kri, turn one's right side towards (ac.), walk round (ac.) from left to right; -dakshinena, in. ad. from left to right; towards the south; -dagdhavya, fp. to be burnt; -datta, pp. (√d) given up, restored: -nayana̮utsava, a. affording a feast to the eyes; -dar, m. dispersion (of an army); cleft, fissure (in the ground); -darsa, m. appearance (--); direction, injunction: -ka, a. showing, indicating; propounding, teaching; m. teacher; -darsana, n. appearance (often --); showing, exhibition, designation; teaching; example: , f. indication; -darsin, a. (--) beholding, seeing; showing, indicating; -darsya, cs. gd. having exhibited or shown; -dahana, n. burning (of earthenware).



प्रदित्सु   [pra-ditsu]
- des. a. intending to give (ac.); -div, 1. f. (nm. -dyas) third and uppermost heaven (in which the fathers dwell); also the fifth of seven heavens; -dv, 2. a. of former days, long existing, ancient: ab. from of old, ever; -ds, f. indication, guidance, order, dominion (V.); direction, point of the compass; intermediate point, half-quarter (e.g. north-east): ac. pl. in all directions.



प्रदीध्यान   [pra-ddhyna]
- pr.pt. radiant; -dpa, m. lamp; fig.=ornament, of (--); often -- in the titles of explanatory works= commentary: -ka, m., i-k, f. (little) lamp; small commentary; -dpana, a. inflaming; m. kind of poison; n. kindling; -dp-ya, den. . represent or play the part of a lamp; -dpta, pp. kindled, blazing, burning: -̮aksha, m. (flaming-eyed), N. of a Yaksha; -dpti-mat, a. radiant, luminous; -drgha, a. extremely long; -dshaka, a. defiling, polluting; -dshana, a. deteriorating, spoiling; ()-dripti, f. wantonness, madness.




प्रदेय   [pra-deya]
- fp. to be given, bestowed, or offered, to (-- or d.); -- given in marriage, marriageable (f.); -- imparted (news, doctrine) or taught, to (d. or --); -- initiated or instructed in (lc.); m. present; -desa, m. designation, reference; determination, definition; appeal to a precedent; example; spot, place, region (often -- with a part of the body); short while: -bhg, -vartin, -stha, a. of short duration, -vat, a. occupying a place; -des- ita, cs. pp. urged, directed; -desin, f. fore-finger; second toe; -deshtri, m. chief justice; -deha, m. unction; unguent, plaster.



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- 1.m. disturbed state (of the country), tumult, insurrection; 2. a. bad, wicked, sinful; 3. m. evening nightfall: -m, ad in the evening, in the darkness; -doshaka, m. evening; -dosha-kla, m. eventide; - ‿gama, m. approach of nightfall, evening twilight.



प्रद्युम्न   [pra-dyumna]
- m. (Mighty), god of love; the pleasant (=kma); intellect (=manas); N.; N. of a mtn.; N. of a river: -pura, n. N. of a city; -dyot, m. flashing forth, radiance, light; N. of a Yaksha and of various kings; -dyotin, a. illustrating, explaining (--).



प्रद्रव   [pra-drava]
- a. fluid; -drnaka, a. poverty-stricken; -drvin, a. fugitive.



प्रद्वार््   [pra-dvr]
- f. space in front of the door or gate; -dvra, n. id.; -dvesha, m. aversion, dislike, of (g., lc., --); enmity, hatred: -na, n. hating.



प्रधन   [pra-dhna]
- n. prize of the contest; contest, battle; best of one's goods, valuables: -̮ghtaka, a. setting a contest on foot, -̮aṅgana, n. battle-field; -dharsha, m. assault (--); -dharsha-ka, a. (--) wronging, violating (another man's wife); -dharshana, a. attacking, molesting; n., , f. assaulting, laying hands on, ill-treatment, molestation; -dharshanya, fp. liable to assault, ill-treatment, or insult.



प्रधान   [pra-dhna]
- n. (that which is put forward), important or chief thing, object, or person; essential, best, or most important part, head (-- =principal, chief, head); chaos, unevolved nature; supreme or universal soul; -- a. having at the head or as the chief person or thing, chiefly dependent on; devoted to; a. most excellent, best, foremost, principal, chief; pre-eminent in (in.); better, than (ab.), superior, to (ab.): -ka, n. unevolved nature; -krana-vda, m. the system asserting that unevolved nature is the cause of the world, the Smkhya or evolutionist theory; -tama, spv. pre-eminent, most important; -tara, cpv. better, superior; -tas, ad. in consequence of his superiority, as being the most excellent; -t, f. excellence, pre-eminence, superiority, premiership; -tva, n. id.; -purusha, m. chief person, authority; -bhg, a. pre-eminent among, foremost of (g.); -mantrin, m. prime minister; -vdin, m. adherent of the Smkhya system; -̮aṅga, n. chief member of the body, chief person of the state; -̮tman, m. supreme or universal soul; -̮adhyaksha, m. chief superintendent: -t, f. office of --.




प्रधावन   [pra-dhvana]
- n. ablution.



प्रधि   [pra-dh]
- m. [outer setting: √dh], felly (of a wheel); disc (of the moon); -dhura, n. tip of the pole; -dhrishti, f. subjugation; -dhrishya, fp. assailable (--).



प्रध्यान   [pra-dhyna]
- n. reflexion, absorption; -dhvamsa, m. annihilation, destruction; disappearance (of a disease); -dhvmsana, a. destroying; m. destroyer; -dhvamsa̮abhva, m. (non-existence in consequence of annihilation), cessation of existence; -dhvamsin, a. perishable, transitory; --, destroying.



प्रनृत्त   [pra-nritta]
- n. dance.



प्रपक्व   pra-pakva inflamed (med.); -paksha, m. tip of a wing; -paka, m. expansion, prolixity, amplification, of (g. or --); phe nomenon; manifestation or form of (g.); phenomenal world (ph.); mutual flattery (rh.); ludicrous dialogue (dr.): in. or -tas, ad. in detail, -paka-ka, a. (ik) multiplying (--); amplifying, explaining in detail; -pakana, n. detailed or prolix account; -paka-buddhi, a. crafty, wily; -paka-ya, den. describe or explain in detail; represent in a false light; -paka-vakana, n. prolix discourse; -pan, m. trade, barter, purchase; -patana, n. flying away; falling down, from (ab. or --), into (lc. or --); -patti, f. pious resignation; ()-patha, m. onward way, journey; road; -pathn, a. wandering; -pad, f. 1. road; 2. (pr-) fore part of the foot; (pr)pada, n. fore part or tip of the foot; -padana, n. entry, into (--); -padam, ad. reciting in such a manner as to cut up verses into sections of an equal number of syllables and to interpose between them formulae containing the word prapadye (Br.); -panna, pp. (√pad) reached, arrived; attained, obtained: -pla, m. protector of suppliants (Krishna); -palyana, n. flight; -palyin, a. fleeing, fugitive; -paN, f. water-tank, reservoir, well; water-hut for travellers; affluent (of a tank etc.); -pka, m. ripening (of an ulcer etc.); digestion; -ptha: -ka, m. lesson (subsection in books); -pni, m. fore-arm: -ka, m. id.; -pndu, a. very white: -ra, a. id.; -pta, m. kind of flight; leaping forward; hastening away; fall, from (ab. or --), into (lc. or --); falling out (of the hair); effusion (of semen); fall (of a glance on anything); steep declivity, precipice; -ptana, n. felling, casting down; directing or causing (the eye) to alight (--); -pna, n. drinking; -p-plik, -p-pl, f. female watcher of a water-tank, well, or water-hut; -p-mandapa, m. waterhut (for travellers); -plaka, m. protector, guardian; -plana, n. guarding, protecting.



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UKT notes


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