Update: 2020-05-29 12:08 AM -0400


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


Included by U Kyaw Tun, in the dictionary of A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929. Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Npali-Nwari and Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com


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UKT 170809, 181129:

There are two contenders for the cell of c2r5 of the Myanmar akshara matrix. For regular Burmese, it is Nya-major aka Nya'gyi  {a.}. But for Pali it is Nya-minor aka Nya'le {a.} ञ. Since both English and Sanskrit, and all the languages I've come across, the phoneme for Nya-major aka Nya'gyi  {a.} is absent, I've a hard time to search for its place in BEPS consonant table. 

Words beginning with Nya-minor aka Nya'le {a.} ञ as a basic akshara, and Nya-major aka Nya'gyi  {a.} should be differentiated.

Words containing ञ ् ञ --> ञ्ञ , as conjuncts are found in Pali-Myan. However, Nya'gyi  {a.}/  as a basic akshara is found only in Bur-Myan, and in Mon-Myan.

Remember also that Bur-Myan has a very simple grammar: no singular nor plural, no time-tense, and no inflexion. Bur-Myan syntax is generally the opposite of Eng-Lat, e.g. the adjective follows the noun.

What looks like Nya-major given by U Hoke Sein's Pali-Myan dictionary is not our Nya-Major. It is a conjunct of two Nya-Minors.

{} ञ् + {a.} --> ञ ् ञ  --> ञ्ञ =  {a.}

Pali {a.} breaks up under Virama {a.t} into {} ञ् + {a.}
giving rise to Pali-derived words in Bur-Myan:

{pa.a} --> {piny~nya}
- n. knowledge, learning, education, schooling - MLC-MED2006-249

See examples of Pal-Myan entries from U Hoke Sein:

= ञ त ् त
Pal: {t~ta.} - UHS-PMD0421
  - mfn. make known

Pal: {a-Na.}  - UHS-PMD0421
  - n. knowledge, intellect


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UTT (U Tun Tint) p.091c1

{a.}/ {}
- n. Nya'l akshara.

- n. relatives

{nyiiny} : pronounced as /nyin/
- n. habit (either bad habit or good habit to be given as suffix)

{nyN} : pronounced as /nyn/
- n. a level of intuitive intelligence

UKT 170809: there are more than one level of which can be acquired by the practice of Samahta-Vipassana .
See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipassan%C4%81 170809


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UTT (U Tun Tint) p.091c2

- n. Kahtina-robe offered to Buddhist-Sangha at the end of Buddhist Lent.

UKT 170809: At the end of the three months of rainy-retreat, Buddhist monks are offered new robes. The very first offering during the life-time Gautama Buddha was made by his step-mother and her attendants when they came across the plight of the monks with tattered robes because of the weather conditions during the rains. The cotton was hastily spun, dyed, and woven into robes during one night, and offered to the monks in the morning.
See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathina 170809


- n. a religious text.


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UKT notes



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End of TIL file