Update: 2020-03-27 11:44 PM -0500


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{ha} हा : cont
{hi.} हि


UKT notes :


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{ha} हा



- III. P. gahati, V., C.: leave, -behind, abandon, forsake, desert; emit, discharge; put away, remove; C.: quit (a place); let fall, leave lying; take off, lay aside (garment, ornament); give up, resign, renounce, avoid, refrain from; neglect (duty etc.), disregard (advice etc.), break (vow etc.); lose, be deprived of; get rid of, escape from (sin, sorrow); part from the body (sariram etc.) or life (givitam etc.) - die, gd. hitva, disregarding; excepting; ps. hiyate, hiyate (SB.), V.: be left behind, not reach (ab.); fall short, be deficient; be causht up by (in.); be lost; C.: be worsted, suffer injury or loss, deteriorate; weigh less (in the ordeal of the balance); be diminished, decrease, wane, pass away, come to an end, fail; be given up or avoided; be deprived of, lose (in., ab., -) pr. pt. hiyamana, weaker (opp. increasing in power): pp. hata, given up, abandoned (P., rare): -vat, pp. act. having lost (a wife, ac.: v. r.); hina, RV.: forsaken (wife); C.: strayed form (ab.); V., C.: inferior, lower (in rank or culture); C.: (abandoned =) low, hase, bad, poor, little; weaker (foe); owrsted (in a lawsuit); defective, deficient, insufficient, wanting (also Br.); lacking, destitute of, free from, without (in., ab., -); gahita, forsaken, forlorn (V.); cs. hapaya, P. (A. metr.) neglect; lose (time); be wanting in (ac.); give up (life); lose; abandon (a thesis): na hapayishyate vidhatum uttaram, there will be no failure to give an answer: pp. hapita, injured (deposit); deprived of (in.); des. P. gihasati, siwh to abandon or quit; -reject with disdain; -escape from (ac.). apa, leave, quit (only inf., gd.): gd. apahaya, avoiding; abandoning (a from); freeng oneself from (ab.); desregarding (ac.); excepting, apart from (ac.). ava, leave behind (V..); give up, abandon (E.); ps. be forsaken by (ab., RV.). ni, ps. be degraded, sink to destruction (RV.): pp. (C.) low (in rank), baseborn, vile. pari, forsake (any one); given up, abandon (anything); neglect, ornit (rites); disregard (command); ps. be avoided (food); be beglected; fail, lack, be wanting; abate, cease, come to an end; be worsted, come to grief; be overcome by (in.); desist or swerve from (ab.); be deprived of, lose (ab.) be unacquainted with (a person condition, ab.): pp. -hina (often spelt -hina), omitted; vanished (lustre); refraining from (-tas); lacking, destitute of (in., ab., -); cs. cause to give up; abandon, leave unfinished (work); deprive any one of (in.); give up, abandon, renounce, violate (duty), break (promise); ps. be relinguished by (in.); fail, perish: pp. prahina, cast off, worn out (garment); failing in (undertaking, in.); vinished (sin, -); destitute of (=). vi, V., C.: leave behind, forsake, abandon; C.: quit (a place); give up, renounce; get rid of, lose; cast off (old garments); desist, from (ab.); gd. discegarding; avoiding; in spite of: excepting; putting aside = more than (heaps of gems); ps. suffer abatement (affection); pp. low (caste); lacking (-); destitute or deprived of, separated or free from (in., ab., -; ord. mg.). pra-vi, give up, abandon: gd. disregarding or passing over. sam, abandon together (S.); give up, renounce (C.).













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- ij. of pain, astonishment, or satisfaction, ah! alas! used before or after a vc., sts. with following ac. = alaas for; also combined with kashtam, dhik, and hyants: -kash-ta-sabda, m. exclamation ha kashtam (ah, alas i); -kara, m. exclamation ha.


हाटक [hta-ka]
- m. N. of a country: pl. its people; n. (derived from Htaka), gold: -maya, a. golden; -̮sa, -̮sna, m. lord of Htaka, a form of Siva; -̮svara, m. id.


हाडि [hdi]
- m. N.: -grama, m. N. of a village.


हातव्य [h-tavya]
- fp. to be given up or abandoned.


हान [ḫana]
- n. leaving, abandoning; lack; cessation.


हानि [h-ni]
- f. abandonment, relinquishment; taking off (of ornaments, --); insufficiency, deficit; diminution, by (--); deprivation of (ab.); loss, of (g., gnly. --; ord. mg.); ruin; failure (in a lawsuit); cessation, disappearance, lack, non-existence (common mg.): -kara, a. detrimental; causing to disappear (--); -krit, a. injuring, destroying.


हापन [h-p-ana]
- n. (cs.) diminution.


हामिग्राम [hmi-grma]
- m. N. of a village.


हायन [hyan]
- m. n. (-a. ) year; m. kind of red rice (rare); a. relating to the year, lasting a year, yearly (AV.); -- a. lasting years (V., C.).


हार [hr-a]
- a. () -- [√1. hri] bearing; bringing; taking away; raising (taxes); m. 1. string or necklace of pearls; 2. (vbl. n.) seizure or forfeiture of (--); removal (rare): -ka, -- a. (i-k) bearing; bringing; carrying away; stealing; removing, taking upon oneself (impurity); ravishing; m. thief; pearl necklace; -mukt, f. pl. pearls of a necklace; -yashti, f. (-- ĭ̂) string of pearls; -lat, f. id.; N.


हारावली [hra̮val]
- f. string of pearls (-- ĭ).


हारिकण्ठ [hri-kantha]
- a. having a charming (throat=) voice; having one's neck encircled with a string of pearls.


हारिण [hrina]
- a. derived from the antelope called harina.


हारित [hr-ita]
- pp. cs. √1. hri; m. kind of pigeon.


हारिद्र [hridr]
- a. coloured with turmeric (haridr), yellow.


हारिद्रव [hridrav-]
- m. [haridru] kind of yellow bird (RV.2).


हारिन् [hr-in]
- a. 1. [√1. hri] bearing, bringing; taking away, stealing, robbing; removing, destroying; appropriating; raising (taxes); surpassing; captivating, ravishing, charming, attracting (heart, eye, etc., --; by, --); 2. wearing a pearl necklace (hra).


हारीत [hrta]
- m. kind of pigeon; N. of a lawgiver, physician, grammarian, etc.: -ka, m. kind of pigeon.


- = hrid in dur-hard and su-hard.


हार्द [haNrd-a]
- a. being in the heart (hrid); n. affection, love, for (lc., --).


हार्दि [haNrd-i]
- m. [hrid] heart (AV.); contentment (C.); n. (V.) heart; interior (of the body).


हार्य [hr-y]
- fp. to be borne or carried by (--); -- carried, borne, or blown away by (--); -- taken away, appropriated, or robbed by (--); -- shaken (resolution); -- won over by, corruptible; to be acted (play).


हाला [hl]
- f. spirituous liquor.


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हालाहल [hlhala]
- m. (rare), n. a kind of deadly poison.


हालिक [hl-ika]
- m. [hala] ploughman.


हाव [hv-a]
- m. [√h] call, blandishment (of amorous women).


- I. A. hasa (V., veryrare) race, with (in.); cs. hasaya, P. cause to race (RV.1).


हास [hs-a]
- m. [√has] laughing, laughter, merriment (often pl.); derision of (g.; very rare); jest, fun (khyna-, = funny story); dazzling whiteness (of any object, e. g. a pearl necklace, regarded as its laughter because in the latter white teeth are conspicuous): -kara, a. provoking laughter; causing to laugh (--); -ana, cs. a. [√has] causing any one to laugh; -in, a. laughing, at (--); (laughing=) dazzlingly white, brilliant, or adorned with (--).



हास्तिक [hsti-ka]
- a. consisting of elephants (hastin); n. herd of elephants.


हास्तिन [haNstin-a]
- a. belonging to the elephant (AV.); having the depth of an elephant (water; C.): -pura, n. = Hastinpura.


हास्य [hs-ya]
- fp. [√has] (to be) laughed at, by (lc., --); laughable, ridiculous; n. laughter; jest, joke, fun, amusement: -kara, a. provoking laughter, causing any one to laugh (--); -t, f. ridiculousness: -m y, become a laughing-stock, to (--); -tva, n. id.; -padav, f. way to laughter: -m y, become a laughing-stock; -bhva, m. ridiculousness: -m y, become ridiculous; -rasa-vat, a. humourous, comic; -̮spada, n. object of ridicule, laughing-stock.



- I. ij. = ha repeated; 2. m. N. of a Gandharva: -kara, m. exclamation ha ha (also used to urge on horses), cry of woe, lamentation; -bhuta, pp. crying alas, woebegone, -rava, m. cry of woe, lamentation.


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{hi.} हि

- V. hino, hinu, V.: set in motion, urge on, further; be set in motion or urged on, hasten (A.); incite or assist ot (d.); convey; V., C.: cast, hurl; P. (= 2. ha); forsake, abandon; get rid of: pr. pt. hivana, speeding etc.: pp. hita, (V.) urged on, speeding; called upon, invoked. pari, bring, offer (RV.). pra (-hinoti), urge on, incite (RV.); V., C.: convey or send to, bestow on (d.); despatch (messnegers), drive away, dismiss, send, - away, to (any one, ac. pratri, d., g., antikam or parsvam w. g.; to a place, ac. prati; in order to, d., inf.; ord. mg.); C.: cast, hur, discharge, at (d., lc.); direct (the gaze) towards (ac.); forsake (very rare = pra-ha); -gighya-ti, -tu, (Br.) perh. incorr. for -giga-ti, -tu, (Br.) perh. incorr. for -giga-ti, -tu: pp. prahita, P.: urged on, incited; C.: hurled, discharged, at (lc.); cast, directed (eye, gaze, mind) towards (-); imbedded (nails); conveyed, sent (things); sent away, expelled; V., C.: sent out, despatched (messengers etc.), to any one (parsve w. g.): -bat, pp. act. = finite vb. (he) sent out. anupra, pp. sent after. sam, compose, contrive (RV.).





हि [h]
- pcl. (bever at beg, if a sebtebcem but gnly- following the first word; also in other positions after the emphatic word; the vb. of the sentence is always accented), V., C.: for, because (often after demostratives, relatives, interogatives); just, pray (with impv.or pot.; sts. ind., e.g. pasymo hi, we will just see); verily, surely, indeed; C.: often mere versefiller, esp. to avoid the hiatus or to obtain a long vowel, sts. even twice in the same sentence; hi -- tu, hi -- punar, it is true -- but.



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UKT notes



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