Update: 2020-05-29 11:32 PM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{Ska.} : cont
{Shka.} स्ख : True Kha is used: Pseudo Kha {kSa.} would cause problems


UKT notes :


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{Ska.} : cont


 - I. P. (A.) skhalati, trip, stumble; swerve, sway, waver, fluctuate; stammer, falter (speech): err, blunder, fail: w. na. be unimpeded, prevail (command); not waver, remain steadfast (mind): pp. akhallta, tripping, stumbling, unsteady (gait), wavering, swaying, fluctuating; impeded, obstructed, interrupted, baffled; stammering, faltering; dripping, trickling down (rare); erring, blundering (in regard to, lc; rare); confounded by (a bad omen, in.): -vat, pp. act. swerving or deviating from (tas); cs. akhalaya, P. cause ot falter. pari, stagger, pra, trip, stumble, stagger: pp. stumbling, staggering; having failed (fig.). prati, pp. warded off (weapons). vi, trip, stumble: pp. faltering (words); blundering in (names, -).


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{Shka.} स्ख

UKT 200325: In words like स्खल {Shka.la.}/{SKa.la.}*, true-Kha {hka.} is used: Pseudo-Kha {kSa.} would cause problems.
* Remember, English has no tenuis-voiceless sounds: it uses ordinary voiceless. Because of this draw back of the communicating language, we have to use either diacritics or digraphs for the column-2 aksharas. Thus for r1c2, we have to use /kʰ/ which resulted in {hka.}. In cases like above, I've intended to use {Ka.} with K standing for /kʰ/, and row 1 would look:

{ka.}; {Ka.}; {ga.}; {Ga.}; {gna.}/ {ng} 

स्खल [skhal-a] = स ् ख ल -->
- m. stumbling (rare); -ana, n. id., tripping, unsteady gait; faltering (of speech); displacement (of a garment); clashing, dashing against; friction, contact; stroking (with the hand); emission (of semen); falling into (--); blundering, mistake in (a name, --); -ita, (pp.) n. tripping, stumbling, staggering; blunder, error, aberration, transgression in (lc., --); deprivation, loss of (affection, g.): -subhagam, ad. tripping charmingly.



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- I. P. stana, thunder, roar (V., C.); utter inarticulate sounds (C.); cs. stanaya, P. id. (V.); also of the sea (P.); crackle (fire; Br.)


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स्तन [stna] = स ् त न
- m. (- a., f. , ) female breast, teat (human or animal): -kalasa, m. jar-shaped breast; N. of a bard; -kudmala, m. n. budlike breast; -kumbha, m. jar-shaped breast; -koti, f. nipple; -koraka, m. n. bud-like breast; -tata, m. n. rounded female breast.


स्तनथ [stan-tha]
- m. roar of the lion (RV.1); -thu, m. id. (AV.).


स्तनंधय [stana-m-dhaya]
- a. () sucking [√2. dh] the breast; m. suckling, infant; calf.


स्तनप [stana-pa]
- a., m. id.; -patana, n. flaccidity of the breasts; -pna, n. sucking of the breast; -bhara, m. weight of breasts, swelling bosom; -mandala, n. rounded female breast; -madhya, n. space between the breasts.


स्तनयदम [stanyad-ama]
- a. having a roaring onset (Maruts; RV.1).


स्तनयित्नु [stanay-itn]
- m. √stan] thunder (sg. pl.; V., C.); thunder-cloud (C.).


स्तनवेपथु [stana-vepathu]
- m. heaving of the breast.


स्तनांशुक [stana̮amsuka]
- n. breast-cloth; -̮antara, n. space between the breasts, centre of the chest (of men and women); -̮bhoga, m. fulness of the breast; -̮varana, n. breastcloth: -t, f. abst. n.


स्तनित [stan-ita]
- (pp.) n. thunder: -vimukha, a. refraining from thunder; -samaya, m. time of a cloud's thundering; -subhagam, ad. with charming rumblings.


स्तनोत्तरीय [stana̮uttarya]
- n. breast-cloth.


स्तन्य [stan-ya]
- a. contained in the mother's breast; n. milk (contained in the female breast or the udder): -tyga, m. leaving off the mother's milk, being weaned: -mtraka, a. w. vayas, n. period of life immediately after weaning.


स्तबक [staba-ka]
- m. bunch, cluster (esp. of blossoms); =section in books the titles of which contain lat, magar etc.).


स्तबकय [stabaka-ya]
- den. P. provide with clusters of blossoms: pp. ita.


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स्तब्ध [stab-dha]
- pp. √stabh: -karna, m. Stiff-ear, N. of a lion; -t, f. stiffness, rigidity; pretentiousness, arrogance; -tva, n. id.; -lokana, a. having motionless (=unwinking) eyes.


- stiffen; -bhu, grow rigid; become paralysed; -bhava, m. rigidness; torpidness.


- STAMBH, IX. P. stabhnati (V., C.), V. P. stabhnoti (Br., rare), fix, establish, prop, sustain (esp. the heavens; V.), (support =) reach up to (ac.; E.); arrest, check (V., C.); A.: rest or lean on (lc.; C.); become regid; become sokid (rare, E.): pp. stabhita, fixed, supported (V.); stabdha, reaching to (lc.); rigid, stiff, fixed, immovable, paralysed; become solid (water); proud, arrogant: -m, ad. immovably; cs. stambhaya, P. fix; support, sustain; make stiff or rigid, paralyse; solidify; stop, arrest (by magic); suppress, restrain, repress (tears etc.) divya-kriyam-, successfully pass through an ordeal: pp. stambhits, ava, fix; support, sustain; obstruct, block up; grasp, clasp; take prisoner: gd. avashfabhya, resting on = with the help of, on account of; pp. avashtabdha, grasped, seized; taken or kept prisoner; rigid, stiff, pari ava, surround. ud (uttabh-), fix aloft or above, set up; pp. uttabhita, uttabdha, set up etc.; pp. act. uttabdhavan = finite vb. (he) made arrogant; hold up. vi, V.: prop asunder, fasten, fix; C.: encourage; make rigid; stop, check; press, plant (the feet) fimily; lean on (ac.); (stiffen=) permeate (the world etc.): pp. vishtabdha, fixed (Br.); firmly united (triple staff); stiff, rigid (limb etc.); checked, stopped; cs. vishtambhaya, P. checked, stop, arrest. sam, support, sustain, encourage; benumb (the seases); arrest (esp. by magic); make rigid, solidify (water); restain, suppress (grief, tears); cs. support, encourage; make rigid (water); check, stop, arrest; suppress, restrain (grief, tears).





- P. (V.) fix, support; stop, arrest.


स्तम्ब [stamb]
- m. bunch, tuft (esp. of grass): -kari, a. forming bunches: -t, f. formation of (abundant) sheaves or clusters (of rice).


स्तम्बेरम [stambe-rama]
- m. (delighting in tufts of grass), elephant.


- v. STABH.

स्तम्भ [stambh-a]
- m. prop, post, pillar, column, (slender) stem (also fig. of arms; V., C.; ord. mg.); strengthening, support (rare); rigidness, fixedness; stupefaction, paralysis; stoppage, obstruction, suppression (also by magical means); pride, arrogance: -ka, a. stopping, arresting; m. N. of an attendant of Siva.


स्तम्भन [stambh-ana]
- a. () making stiff or rigid, paralysing; stopping, arresting; n. strengthening, supporting; making rigid, paralysing; stopping, arresting.


- become a post.


स्तरण [star-ana]
- n. [stri] act of strewing or scattering.


स्तरी [star]
- f. (am. -s) barren or non-pregnant cow, heifer (V.).


स्तरु [staru]
- m. enemy (S.).


स्तर्तवै [star-tavai]
- d. inf. √stri (Br.).


स्तव [stv-a]
- m. [√stu] praise, eulogy, panegyric, song of praise (RV.1, C.); -tha, m. praise (RV.1); --dhyai, d. inf. √stu (RV.); -ana, n. praising, praise.


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स्तवरक [stavara-ka]
- m. n. kind of fabric or stuff.


स्तवराज [stava-rga]
- m. chief of panegyrics.


- 3. sg. pr. with ps. mg. of stu (V.); -ana, pr. pt. A. (V.).


स्तव्य [stav-ya]
- fp. to be praised, praiseworthy.


[STA] IV. P. only pr. pt. stayat, stealthy, clandestine (AV., very rare).


स्तायु [st-y]
- m. thief (VS.;=tyu).


स्ताव [stv-a]
- m. [√stu] praise, panegyric: -ka, a. praising; m. praiser, panegyrist.


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स्ति [st]
- m. [(a)s-ti, being: √1. as] dependent, vassal (only ac. pl. stn, RV.2).


- V. -stighnoti, -stighnute (stride), V., rare. ati, overstep in atishtigham; des. attishtighisha, wish to overstep. pra, rise up.


स्तिपा [sti-paN]
- a. protecting the vassals (V.).


स्तिभि [stibhi]
- m. tuft, bunch (S., rare).


स्तिम् [STIM]
- only pp. stimita, sluggish; unruffled, calm; steady, motionless, fixed (often of the eye or gaze); wet, moist (rare): -m, ad.; n. stillness, motionlessness: -t, f., -tva, n. id.


स्तिया [sty]
- f. [√sty] stagnant water (V., rare).


स्तीर्ण [strn]
- pp. √stri: ()-barhis, a. whose sacrificial grass is strewn (V.).


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- I. A. stava (RV.). II. P. stanti, staviti (V., C.), praise, laud, extol; utter with praise; chant a Saman (rit.): ps. stuyate, be praised: pp. stuta, prsised; recited with praised: pp. stuta, praised; recited with praise; cs. stavaya, P. praise; stavaya, A. cause to praise; des, tush/usha, P. intend to praise. abhi-(shtauti), praise, extol (in rit., sp. of the Hotri): pp. abhishtuta, praised: consecrated. upa, praise, laud, extol (V.; in rit, sp.of the Hotri, Br.). pari (-shtauti), praise, laud. pra, praise aloud (V., rare in E.); chant (in general or sp. of the Prastotri; Br.); C.: come to speak of, introduce as a topic; commence, begin, enter upon; place at the beginning (rare): pp. prastuta, V.: praised; C.: introduced as a topic, being the subject of conversation, in question (ord. mg.); undertaken, begun; having undertaken to (inf.); cs. -stavaya, P. make the subject of conversation, suggest: pp. -stavita. sam-pra, pp. having set about (inf.). sam, praise, laud, celebrate: pp. samstuta, praised together (V.); praised, extolled (C.); counted together as one Stotra, taken together (Br., S.); being on an equality with (in., -; C.); well known, familiar (persons and things; C.).



- drop, be clotted: in stuka, stuka, and stoka.


स्तुक [stuka]
- m. tuft of hair.


स्तुका [st-k]
- f. tuft of hair, lock of wool, curly hair on a bull's forehead (V.): -vn, a. shaggy (RV.1).


स्तुत् [st-t]
- a. (--) praising; f. (V.) (hymn of) praise.


स्तुत [stu-t]
- pp. √stu; n. praise: -sastr, n. du. Stotra and Sastra.


स्तुति [stu-t]
- f. (hymn of) praise, laudation, panegyric, commendation: -gtaka, n. song of praise: w. vaishnava, panegyric of Vishnu; -pthaka, m. panegyrist; -vakas, n. praise.


स्तुत्य [stu-tya]
- fp. to be praised, praiseworthy: -tva, n. praiseworthiness.


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UKT notes



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End of TIL file