Update: 2020-05-29 01:54 AM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{a.} स : contd
{n} सं


UKT notes :


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{a.} स : contd


4. [sa]
- abbreviation of shadga.


सऋषिक [sa-rishi-ka]
- a. together with the Rishis.


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{n} सं

- . a. continuous, uninterrupted (V.); f. agreement, covenant (Br., rare); appointed place (RV.1); battle, fight (C., nearly always lc.):
 . -y-at , pr. pt., (-i) i; -yata, pp. yam: -ka, m. N., -har, a. temperate in diet, -‿indriya, a. having the senses controlled: -ta, f. subjection of the senses; -yad-vasu, a. having continuous wealth (V.); -yantavya, fp. to be burbed; -yantri, m. curber, controller; -yama, m. checking, restraint; subjection of the senses, self-control; tying up (rare); concentration of mind (in Yoga); exertion (ab. with great difficulty); destruction (P.): -dhana, a. rich in self-restraint; -yamana, a. (i) curbing, controlling, restraining; n. restraint, control; self-control; binding up; tightening (of reins); fetter; N. of Yuma's city (also i); -yama. punya-tirtha, a. having restraint for its holy place of pilgrimage; -yama-vat, a. controlling oneself, economical; -yamita, cs. pp. of yam; n. subduing (the voice); -yam-in, a. subduing the passions, self-controlled (-1-ta, f. self-control); tied up (hair); -yagya, n. participation in a sacrifice: a, f. du. N. of two verses of the Yagya and Puronuvdkya of the Srishtakrit (V.); -yatrika, incorr. for samyatrika; -yana, n. going along with, accompanying (-); travelling, journey; vehicle; -yava, m. kind of cake of wheaten flour.




संयुक्त [sm-yukta]
- pp. √yug: -samyoga, m. connexion with the connected (e. g. of a trace with a horse, whereby the locomotion of the vehicle is produced); -samavya, m. inherence in what is connected (one of the six kinds of perception in Nyya; e. g. perception of the colour of a vessel); -samaveta-samavya, m. inherence in that which inheres in what is connected (e. g. perception of the possession of colour in general in a vessel of a particular colour).


संयुग [sam-yuga]
- n. conjunction, union (rare); battle, fight: -mrdhan, m. van of battle; -yug, a. connected, related; m. relation; -yuyutsu, des. a. [√yudh] eager to fight.


संयोग [sam-yoga]
- m. conjunction, union, combination, connexion, contact (of, among, with, g., --; with, in. saha); union with, absorption in (lc.); friendly relations, connexion by marriage with (saha); matrimonial alliance (between, g., --); carnal connexion, with (saha); combination of two or more consonants, conjunct consonant; alliance for a common object; -- a. engaged in (study or travel): lc. sg. & pl. in connexion with, in case of, regarding: dra̮agnihotra-samyogam kri, marry a wife and maintain the sacred fire: -mantra, m. marriage formula.



संयोगिन् [sam-yogin]
- a. being in contact, united, with (in., --); united (of lovers); wedded; conjunct (consonant); -yogaka, a. occasioning (--); -ygana, n. joining, uniting, with (in., lc.); combination of (g.); -yogya, fp. to be concentrated on (lc.).


संरक्ष [sam-raksha]
- a. guarding; m. guardian: , f. protection; -rakshana, n. protection, preservation, of (g., --), from (--); -raksha- nya, fp. to be watched, -- guarded against; -rakshya, fp. to be guarded or protected, from (ab.); -- preserved or maintained; -- guarded against; -rambha, m. agitation; impetuosity, violence; zeal, ardent desire (to, for, inf., --); anger, wrath against (lc., g.+ upari); brunt (of battle); intensity, vehem ence (of passions); -- with a.=excessively; -rambh-in, a. ardently devoted to (--); angry, enraged; irascible: (-i)-tva, n. fury; -rarn, pf. pt. √r; -rga, m. redness; passion, vehemence; attachment to (lc.); -rdhaka, a. thoroughly concentrated; (sm)rdhana, a. () conciliating (Br., S.); n. profound meditation (C.); -rdhya, fp. to be conciliated; -- attained by profound concentration; -rva, m. clamour, roar; -rodha, m. checking, impeding, restraining, withholding; blockade, investment, siege; restriction, injury; suppression, destruction; -rodhana, n. restraining, suppressing, stopping; -ropana, a. causing to heal; n. planting; -rohana, n. healing up; planting; -rohin, a. growing in (--).




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संलक्ष्य [sam-lakshya]
- fp. visible, perceptible; -lpa, m. conversation, with (in. saha, g.), about (--); kind of dialogue in a play; -lokin, a. observed by others; -lodana, a. throwing into confusion.


संवत् 1. [sam-vt]
- f. (V.) side; region, tract.


संवत् 2. [sam-vat]
- abbreviation fro samvatsare, in the year (sp. of the Vikrama era); sts. in the year of the reign of.


संवत्सम् [sam-vatsam]
- ad. for a year (RV.1).


संवत्सर [sam-vatsar]
- m. (n.) year: ac. for a year; in. after or in the course of a year; g., lc. id.; within a year: -na, a. annual (V.).


संवदन [sam-vadana]
- n. conversation, talk; -vnana, a. () V.: conciliating, propitiating; C.: encouraging (liberality, --); n. (V., C.) means of conciliation; subduing spell; -vara, m. n. incorr. for sambara; -vrana, 1. m. N. (C.); n. enclosure (as place of sacrifice; V.); concealment, secrecy (C.); 2. n. (C.) choice (of a husband): -srag, f. wreath given by a girl to the man of her choice; -varanya, fp. to be concealed; -varg, a. √vrig] rapacious (Agni; V.); -vrgam, abs. snatching up, sweeping together (RV.); -varta, m. [rolling together: √vrit] dense mass (of people); cloud charged with rain; end or dissolution of the world; N. (C.; , RV.1): -ka, a. (rolling together), destroying all things at the end of the world (fire etc.); m. fire of universal destruction: pl. fires of hell; -vartik, f. (rolled up leaf=) young lotus petal; -vardhana, a. increasing, promoting; m. N.; n. growing up (of a child); rearing (of a child); success; promoting; -vardhanya, fp. to be reared (child); to be maintained (servants); to be increased or fostered (virtue); -valana, n., , f. (hostile) encounter; mixture, union; -vasati, f. dwelling together; -vsana, n. dwelling-place (RV.1); (sm)-vasu, m. fellow-dweller (V.); -vaha, m. N. of one of the seven winds; -vaNk, f. colloquy (V.); -vd, m. conversation (V., C.), with (in. saha, lc., --); agreement, conformity, correspondence, similarity, equality (C.): (a)-ka, a. agreeing; m. N.; -vdana, n. agreement; -vdin, a. conversing; agreeing or harmonizing, with (g., --); -vra, m. contraction of the vocal chords (in pronouncing a sound), obtuse articulation (opp. vivra); impediment (v. r.); -vrya, fp. to be concealed; -vsa, m. dwelling together, with (in. saha, --); cohabitation, with (--); settlement, dwelling; common abode (rare); -vsin, a. 1. clothed in (--); 2. dwelling together; --, dwelling in, inhabiting; m. fellow-dweller; -vha, m. extortion, oppression: -ka, a. stroking (--); m., i-k, f. shampooer; -vhana, n. passage (of clouds); stroking with the hand (hasta-, of limbs etc., --); -vhya, fp. to be borne; to be exhibited (in a-).




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संविज्ञान [sam-vigna]
- n. implication; knowledge: -bhta, pp. generally known; -vitti, f. knowledge; perception, sense, of (--); 1. -vd, f. V., C.: consciousness, of (--); knowledge; understanding, agreement, covenant, regarding (--; ord. mg.); C.: feeling, of (--); plan, scheme; conversation, about (--); established usage, custom; name; gratification: -am kri, sthpaya, or vi-dh, make an agreement, with (in. saha, g.), to (d., inf.), regarding (--); -am laṅghaya or vi̮ati-kram, break an agreement; 2. -vd, f. acquisition, property (V.); -vida, a. conscious (in a-, Br.); n. agreement (perh. incorr. for -vid); -vidh, f. arrangement, contrivance, preparation; mode of life; -vidhtavya, fp. to be arranged, contrived, or managed; n. imps. one should act; -vidhtri, m. arranger, ordainer, creator, god; -vidhna, n. arrangement, contrivance, preparation: -ka, n. peculiar mode of action; -vidhi, m. arrangement, preparation, provision; -vidheya, fp. to be brought about; -vibhagana, n. sharing with another; -vibhaganya, fp. to be distributed among (d.); -vibhga, m. partition, sharing with others; bestowal of a share, on (d., lc.); bestowal or distribution of (--); causing to participate in (--); giving (an order, --); share: -m kri, . participate in anything (in.) with any one (g.): -sla, a. accustomed to share with others; -vibhgi-tva, n. virtue of sharing with others; -vibhgin, a. accustomed to share with others, in the habit of sharing with (g.); receiving a share of (g.); -vibhgya, a. to be presented with something; -vta, pp. √vy; n. clothing.




- m. appropriator, spoiler (V.); -vrita, pp. (I. vri) closed, articulated with the vocat chords closed: -ta, f. secrecy of counsel; -vriti, f. closure; concealment, keeping secret; dissimulation, hyporisy; -mat. a. able to dissimulate; -vritti, f. common or joint occupation; incorr. for samvriti and perh. for sad-vritti; -vriddhai, f. growth; power.


संवेग [sam-vega]
- m. violent excitement or agitation; vehemence, intensity, high degree; -veda, m. perception, consciousness; -vedana, n. knowledge; sensation, perception; announcement, information; -vedya, fp. to be known or learned from (--); intelligible to (--); to be made known or communicated to (lc.): -t, f. intelligibleness to (in.); -ves, m. entrance (V.); lying down, sleeping (C.); chamber (P., rare); -vesana, a. () causing to lie down (V.); n. lying down, sleeping (V., C.); cohabitation (S., C.); -veshta, n. envelopment in (--); covering: -- a. wrapped in; -veshtana, n. rolling together.



संव्यवस्य [sam-vyavasya]
- fp. [√s] to be decided; -vyavaharana, n. agreeing or getting on together in ordinary life; -vyavahra, m. intercourse, with (in.); occupation with, addiction to (--); business transactions; term generally understood: -vat, m. business man; -vyna, n. wrapper, cloth, upper garment.


संशप्तक [sam-sapta-ka]
- m. pl. confederates (Trigarta and his brothers) who had sworn to slay Arguna but perished in the attempt (E.); -sabdana, n. mention (sts. pl.); -samana, a. () calming, allaying; n. pacification; sedative.


संशय [sam-saya]
- m. [√s] doubt, dubiousness, uncertainty, misgiving, hesitation (regarding, prati, lc., --); doubtful matter; danger, risk, to (g., lc., --): with following pot., it is doubtful whether; na̮asti (atra) sam- sayah, na̮atra samsayah, na samsayah (very common) and na hi samsayah, at the end of a sentence, there is no doubt, without doubt: -kara, a. () productive of risk to (--); -kkhedin, a. clearing away all doubt, decisive; -kkhedya, fp. requiring to be cleared of doubt (lawsuits); -̮tma-ka, a. subject to doubt, dubious (expedient); -̮tman, a. indulging in doubt, irresolute.





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UKT notes



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