Update: 2020-05-29 01:04 AM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{ya.} : contd

UKT notes :

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{ya.} : contd



यम   1. [ym-a]
- m. (restrainer), rein (RV.1); driver (RV.1); suppression, restraint, selfrestraint; general law of morality, paramount duty (opp. niyama, minor duty); observance, rule.



यम   2. [yam-]
- a. (aN, ) forming a pair; m. twin (du. twins; designation of the Asvins); N. of the male Twin of Yam, the first man, son of Vivasvat (RV.); in the Veda Yama is the god who rules over the departed fathers in heaven; in C. he is regarded as the god of death, presiding in the lower regions (his name being supposed to mean subduer or punisher), younger brother of Manu (the first man), regent of the south, and reputed author of hymns and of a law-book; planet Saturn; n. pair.



  यमक   [yama-ka]
- a. double, twofold; n. double bandage; repetition of syllables identical in sound but different in meaning, paronomasia; -kimkara, m. Yama's servant, messenger of death; -ketu, m. Yama's flag, sign of death; -kshaya, m. Yama's abode; -gthaN, f. verse treating of Yama; -griha, n. Yama's abode; -ghna, a. destroying death, ep. of Vishnu; -ga, a. twin-born; m. du. twins; -gta, pp.: -ka, a., m. id.; -gihv, f. (Yama's tongue), N. of a procuress; -t, f. condition of Yama: -m y, become the god of death to, cause the death of (g.); -tv, n. id.; -damshtra, m. N. of an Asura, of a Rkshasa, and of a warrior; -damshtr, f. Yama's tooth: -̮antaram gata, having entered the jaws of death; -danda, m. Yama's rod; -dis, f. Yama's quarter, south; -dt, m. Yama's messenger; ()-devata, a. having Yama as a deity; -dhn, f. Yama's abode.




यमन   [ym-ana]
- a. () restraining, guiding (V.); n. act of restraining or curbing.



यमपट   [yama-pata]
- m. cloth of Yama (on which the god of death and the tortures of hell are depicted): i-ka, m. man who carries about a Yama cloth; -pada, n. repeated word; -plaka, m. Yama's watchman; -pla-purusha, m. id.; -purusha, m. id.; -mandira, n. Yama's abode; -mrga, m. Yama's path; -yga, m. kind of Ygy; -rga, m. N.; -rgan, m. king Yama; ()rgan, a. having Yama as a king; m. subject of Yama; -raNgya, n. Yama's rule; -rshtra, n. Yama's realm.



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यमल   [yama-la]
- a. forming a pair, double; m. twin; the number two; -loka, m. world of Yama; -vat, a. self-restrained, controlling one's passions; -vishaya, m. Yama's realm; -vrata, n. Yama's method; -sikha, m. N. of a Vetla; -sadana, n. Yama's abode; -sabh, f. Yama's tribunal; -sdan, n. Yama's abode; -suN, a. bearing twins; -skta, n. the Yama hymn; -svasri, f. Yama's sister, ep. of the Yamun.



यमानुग   [yama̮anuga]
- a. attending on Yama; -̮anukara, m. Yama's servant; -̮antaka, m. Yama, god of death.



यमाय   [yam-ya]
- den. . represent the god of death.



यमारि   [yama̮ari]
- m. Yama's foe, ep. of Vishnu; -̮laya, m. Yama's abode.



यमिन्   [yam-in]
- a. self-controlled.



यमी   [yam-]
- f. twin-sister of Yama; in C. =Yamun.



  यमुना   [yam-n]
- f. N. of a river ( now  Jumna); in C. identified with Yam; N.: -datta, m. N. of a frog; -pati, m. ep. of Vishnu; -prabhava, m. source of the Yamun (a place of pilgrimage).



यमुषदेव   [yamusha-deva]
- kind of  fabric.



ययाति   [ya-yaNt-i]
- m. [Striver: √yat], N. of an ancient patriarch, son of Nahusha.



  ययि   [ya-y-] (or )
- a.  [√y] racing, swift (RV.).



ययु   [y-y-u]
- a. [√y] swift; m. horse.



यर्हि   [y-rhi]
- cj. when (w. ind. and pot. and corr. trhi and etrhi, in TS. & Ait. Br. only; w. pr., pot., impf., pf., aor. or no vb. and corr. atha, tatra, tad, tatprabhriti, in Bhgavata-P. only; in the latter also with meaning since, because).



यव   [yva]
- m. grain, corn (V.); barley (C.: pl. barley-corns); barley-corn as a measure (a) of length,=1/6 or 1/8 aṅgula; (b) of weight, = 6 or 12 mustard-seeds or 1/2 gug.



यवक्षेत्र   [yava-kshetra]
- n. barley-field; -khala, m. threshing-floor; -godhma-vat, a. abounding in barley and wheat; -krna, n. barley-meal; -dvpa, m. island of Java.



यवन्   [yvan]
- m. light half of the month.



यवन   1. [yv-ana]
- a. [√2. yu] warding off (only --); n. [√1. yu] mixing, esp. with water.



यवन   2. [yavana]
- m. (Ionian), Greek, prince of the Greeks; N. of a caste; foreigner, Mahommedan (late): pl. the Greeks; Greek astrologers; -desa-ga, a. coming from the land of the Greeks; -pura, n. city of the Greeks, N. probably of Alexandria; -sena, m. N.



यवनानी   [yavan-n]
- f. writing of the Greeks.



यवनिका   [yavạn-ik]
- f. 1. Greek woman; 2. curtain (=gavanik); -, f. Greek woman.



यवनेश्वर   [yavana̮svara]
- m. N. of  prince of the Greeks.



यवपिष्ट   [yava-pishta]
- pp. barley-meal; (yva)-mat, a. containing barley; m. corngrower (RV.); n. abundance of corn (RV.); (yva)-madhya, a. like a barley-corn in the middle, thickest in the middle (a term applied also to certain metres); n. (diameter of a barley-corn), a measure of length; kind of Kndryana or lunar penance (also -madhyama); -mya, a. made or consisting of barley; -mardana, n. threshing-floor; -mushti, m. f. handful of barley.



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यवस   [yvasa]
- m. n. sg. & pl. grass, fodder, pasturage; -mushti, m. f. handful of grass; a◡́ad, a. eating grass, grazing (RV.); -̮anna̮udaka̮indhana, n. grass, corn, water, and fuel; -̮indhana, n. grass and fuel; -̮udaka, n. du. fodder and water.



यवागू   [yav-guN]
- f. gruel of rice (also of other kinds of grain).



यवासक   [yavsa-ka]
- m. manna-plant (which withers at the commencement of the rainy season).



यविष्ठ   [yv-ishtha]
- spv. youngest (often said of fire just produced from the fire-sticks or placed on the altar); hence ep. of Agni; -yas, cpv. younger (also said of Sdras as opp. to the three older castes); lesser; worse; m. younger brother: -, f. younger sister.



यवोर्वरा   [yava̮urvar]
- f. barley-field.



  यशःकेतु   [yasah-ketu]
- m. N. of various princes; -khandin, a. fame-destroying; -sarra, n. body consisting of fame; -sesha, a. surviving in fame only: -t, f. abst. n.: -m pra-y, die, -m n, kill.



  यशस्   1. [ys-as]
- n. beauty, dignity, grandeur, splendour (V.); reputation, praise, fame, glory, renown; object of honour or respect (Br.); graciousness, favour (RV.).



यशस्   2. [yas-s]
- a. (V.)  beautiful, grand, splendid; honoured, respected; agreeable, acceptable.



यशस्कर   [yasas-kara]
- a. () conferring glory, rendering famous, glorious, for (--); m. N. of various men; (ysas)-kma, a. desirous of fame, ambitious.



यशस्य   [yasas-y]
- a. leading to fame, glorious; honoured; (ysas)-vat, a. (V.) beautiful, splendid, magnificent; glorious; acceptable: -, f. N.; -vn, a. beautiful, splendid, magnificent; famous, renowned, illustrious (gnly. of persons).



  यशोघ्न   yaso-ghna destroying reputation; -d, f. (bestowing fame), N. of the cowherd Nanda's wife, foster-mother of Krishna: -suta, m. son of Yasod, met. of Krishna; -dhana, a. whose wealth is fame, rich in fame, renowned (person); m. N. of a prince; -dhara, m. (supporter of fame), N.: , f. N.; -bhrit, a. possessing or conferring fame; -rga, m. N.; -lekh, f. N.; -vat-, f. (famous), N.; -vartman, n. road to glory; -varman, m. N.; -han, a. destructive of beauty; destroying fame; -hara, a. depriving of fame, disgracing.




यष्टवे   [ysh-tave]
- d. inf. of √yag, to sacrifice (RV.).



यष्टव्य   [yash-tavya]
- fp. to be sacrificed to; n. imps. one should sacrifice.



यष्टि   [yash-t]
- f. [support: √yakh=√yam], staff, stick, cudgel, club; flagstaff; perch; stalk, twig; pearl necklace; liquorice: --= long, slender (arm or body); -- (w. sword)= blade: -k, f. staff; -grma, m. N. of a locality; -nivsa, m. perching-pole for peacocks, pigeon-house resting on a pole; y-utthna, n. rising with the help of a staff.



[yash-tri] (or -tri)
- m. worshipper, sacrificer.



[YAS] III. P. yayas (RV.1)
- I. P. yasa ( very rare), IV. P. yasya, bubble, boil (RV.); heat or exert oneself. a, exert oneself, strive: pp. ayasta, fanned; strenuous, exerting oneself, busily occupied with (-); exhausted, relaxed; dejected; cs. ayasaya, P. exert, exhaust; trouble, afflict, torment; draw frequently (a bow); ps. be afficted. pra, begin to bubble (V.); (-yasa), endeavour: pp. prayasta, bubbling over (V.); striving, eager; cs. pp. prayasita, n. effort.




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UKT notes


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