Update: 2020-10-08 06:10 PM -0400


Romabama on Typewriter


by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

Last major update: 200701 - navigation system completely changed
Last major update: 061123 - hard disk failure on 061211. I am continuing from backup 061201
Last major update: 031123. Minor update: 121126.
Beginning 20July , I will be updating more frequently.

index.htm | Top

Contents of this page

See also: Burmese Grammar and Grammatical Analysis 1899 , by A. W. Lonsdale, Rangoon: British Burma Press, 1899 xii, 461, Part 1. Orthoepy (pronunciation) and orthography (spelling)
- BG1899-indx.htm > BG1899-1-indx.htm (all links chk 201004)
and go to Formation of words (syllables): Changing the nuclear vowel ch04-1.htm ; Medials ch04-2.htm ; Codas  ch04-3.htm ; Syllables with conjunct consonants ch04-4.htm

Introduction  -- RBM-intro1.htm - update 2020Sep 
Origin of words - commonality between Burmese {ba.ma} and Pali {pa-Li.}
Burmese-Myanmar language and script
Asoka script or Brahmi and Myanmar akshara 

Devanagari Hand-strokes from
- http://myweb.ncku.edu.tw/~lausinan/Pali/Devanagari/pali-devanagari-map.htm 200830

See also animations in:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Devanagari_stroke_order  200831
I've given the consonant {ka.} क and vowel {ou} औ [note {ou} is present in Mon-Myan: not in Bur-Myan]
  {ka.} क    {ou} औ 
Now you see how easy it is to write Myanmar akshara compared to Devanagari.

Introduction2 -- RBM-intro2.htm - update 2020Sep 
Monophthongs and diphthongs
Is Burmese-Myanmar monosyllabic or poly-syllabic? - the use of white-space
Myanmar script, ASCII, and Unicode
Origin of words - commonality between Burmese and Pali
   Pali-derived words -- {pa.} and killed r2c5; long vowel {}

Introduction3 -- RBM-intro3.htm - update 2020Sep
Speech vs. Writing : see my note below on Writing as recording and playback of Speech
Language in Classical Indian Philosophy
Language and Meaning : {ar~hta.} अर्थ artha/ Pali: {t~hta.}
Different views regarding sentence-meaning
Bhartṛhari {Bar~tRRi.ha.ri.} भर्तृहरि - the Brahmanical linguist
Sphota Theory {Sphpau:Ta.} स्फोट - linguistic theory claimed by Brahman Poannars

Consonants by rows - con01.htm / con02.htm / con03.htm / con04.htm / con05.htm - update 2020Oct 

Rimes ending in regular consonants - rim00.htm / rim01.htm rim01med.htmrim02.htm rim02med.htm / rim03.htm rim03med.htm /  - update 2020Sep  

Rimes ending in nasal consonants - von01.htm von01med.htm /

Rimes ending in vowels - vow01.htm vow02.htm


UKT notes
Doggie's Tale : copy and paste

Contents of this page

UKT 200706: After I've concluded that RBM-typewrit-indx.htm , after hard-disk failure and the subsequent  events, the best indx page that I could come up is in 2008. See what it contains, in ~~CUTS > RBM >:
- 2008-indx.HTM (link chk 200831)
(not available online)

Contents of this page

UKT notes

Doggie's Tale

-- UKT 130613 : Frequently used diacritics: ā ī ū ṁ ṇ ṛ ś ṣ ṭ

Mnemonic The Doggie Tale:  
Little doggie cringe in fear -- ŋ (velar),
  Seeing Ella's flapping ears -- ɲ (palatal)
  And, the Shepard's hanging rear -- ɳ (retroflex).
Doggie so sad he can't get it out
  What's that Kasha क्ष when there's a Kha ख ?
  And when there's Jana ज्ञ what I am to do with Jha झ?
On top of all there're husher and hisser, Sha श /ʃ/ and Ssa ष /s/,
  when I am stuck with Theta स /θ/ !" 
Little Doggie don't be sad,
  You are no worse than a Celtic Gnome
  Losing G in his name, he is just a Nome!


Note to digitizer: you can copy and paste the following: 
Ā ā ă ấ  Ē ē ĕ ế  Ī ī ĭ  Ō ō ŏ  Ū ū ŭ ː
Ḍ ḍ Ḥ ḥ Ḷ ḷ Ḹ ḹ Ṁ ṁ Ṃ ṃ
Ṅ ṅ Ṇ ṇ ɴ Ṛ ṛ Ṝ ṝ Ś ś Ṣ ṣ Ṭ ṭ ɕ ʂ
Book marks: * star, dagger (alt0134), double dagger (alt0135).
Bur-Myan: for {gna.}-onset use c ċ (U010B) - unfortunately ċ is non-ASCII

Instead of Skt-Dev ः {wic~sa.} use "colon" :
Avagraha ऽ use apostrophe '
Repha spelling: exemplified by
  dharma: ध र ् म --> धर्म 
  spota: ष ् प र ् श ा ः --> ष्पर
Root sign √ ; approx ≅ ; angle brackets〈 〉
IAST Dev: भ आ इ ई उ ऊ
  ऋ ऌ ऍ ऎ ए ऐ ऑ ऒ ओ औ
  च ca छ cha  श ś [ɕ] /ʃ/ ; ष ṣ [ʂ] /s/; स s [s] /θ/ ; ऋ {iRi.} & ॠ {iRi},
  viram ् , rhotic ऋ ृ
Skt-Dev Row #3: ट ठ ड ढ ण ; conjunct ट ् ठ = ट्ठ
Skt-Dev numbers, 0-9:  ०  १  २  ३  ४  ५  ६  ७  ८  ९ 
IAST Dev: Repha & Viram-position, e.g. तर्ज tarj [ targ ] = त र ् ज
Skt-Dev special phonemes: Ksa क ् ष = क्ष
Undertie in Dev transcription: ‿ U203F
Using ZWNJ (ZeroWidthNonJoiner), e.g. , क्‌ष (code: क्‌ष)
  See Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-width_non-joiner 150630
IPA-, Pali- & Sanskrit nasals: ŋ ṅ ṅ ,  ɲ , ɳ ṇ ṇ, n n n , m m m
  Pali- & Skt {::tn}: aṁ , aṃ 
IPA symbols:
 ɑ ɒ ə ɛ ɪ ɯ ʌ ʊ ʃ ʧ ʤ θ ŋ ɲ ɳ ɴ ɔ ɹ ħ ʔ /ˌ / /ʰ/ /ʳ/ /ː/ 
  <king> /kɪŋ/ (DJPD16-300) 
  <kick> /kɪc/ (DJPD16-299 gives /kik/) and <kiss> /kɪs/ (DJPD16-301)
  <church> /ʧɜːʧ/ (DJPD16-097)
  <success> /sək'ses/ (DJPD16-515)
  <thin> /θɪn/ (DJPD16-535), <thorn> /θɔːn/ (DJPD16-535)
  circumflex-acute :
  ấ U+1EA5 , ế U+1EBF
  upsilon-vrachy  ῠ 
  small-u-breve  ῠ ŭ
Subscripts: ₀ ₁ ₂ ₃ ₄ : CO₂

Go back Dog-note-b

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End of TIL file