Update: 2019-06-25 11:51 PM -0400

TIL

Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus

p000.htm

A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCv1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

Remember the proper spelling is with vowel-letter {U.} उ in both Skt and Pali.
short vowel, 1 blnk, उ u = {u.} / {U.}
long vowel, 2 blnk,  ऊ ū = {u} / {U}-Bur , {U}-Mon

{oat~ka.}/ {OAt~ka.}  - cont
  p049c1
{oat~kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha
{oat~hka.} : Regular-Kha

{oat~ta.}/ {OAt~ta.} : treat {OAt~ta.} as a prefix
  {oat~ta.ra.}/ {OAt~ta.ra.}
  p049c2
  {oat~ta.ra}/ {OAt~ta.ra}
  {oat~ta.ri.}/ {OAt~ta.ri.}
  {oat~ta.r}/ {OAt~ta.r}

{oat~ta}/ {OAt~ta}
  {oat~ta-ra.}/ {OAt~ta-ra.}
  p049c3

{oat~hta.}/ {OAt~hta.}
{oat~pa.}/ {OAt~pa.}
{oat~pa}/  {OAt~pa}

उत्तोरण uttorana [ ut-torana ]
- a. adorned with erected arches: -patka, a. adorned with erected arches and flying flags.

UKT notes :
Buddhist Sasana Flag
Ratha Saptami रथसप्तमी : 7th day following the Suns northerly movement (Uttarayana) of vernal equinox starting from Capricorn (Makara).

Contents of this page

{oat~ka.}/ {OAt~ka.} - cont

p049c1

p049c1-b00/ p043

उत्कलिका [ ut-kalik ]
- f. longing; love-sick yearning; bud; wave.
 उत्कलिका   ut-kalik longing; love-sick yearning; bud; wave.

 

p049c1-b01/ p043

उत्कषण [ ut-kashana ]
- n. tearing up.
 उत्कषण   ut-kashana tearing up. 

 

p049c1-b02/ p043

उत्किर [ ut-kira ]
- a. throwing or whirling up (--).
 उत्किर   ut-kira throwing or whirling up (--).

 

p049c1-b03/ p043

उत्कीलित [ ut-klita ]
- pp. opened by withdrawing the plug.
 उत्कीलित   ut-klita opened by withdrawing the plug.

 

p049c1-b04/ p043

उत्कुल [ ut-kula ]
- a. degenerate.
 उत्कुल   ut-kula degenerate.

 

p049c1-b05/ p043

उत्कूज [ ut-kg-a ]
- m. note or song (of the cuckoo): -ita, pp. n. id.
 उत्कूज   ut-kg-a note or song (of the cuckoo): -ita, pp. n. id.

 

p049c1-b06/ p043

उत्कूर्दन [ ut-krdana ]
- n. leaping up.
 उत्कूर्दन   ut-krdana leaping up.

 

p049c1-b07/ p043

उत्कूल [ ut-kla ]
- a. overflowing the bank: -gmin, a. id.
 उत्कूल   ut-kla overflowing the bank: -gmin, a. id.
 

p049c1-b08/ p043

उत्कृति [ ut-kriti ]
- f. a metre (104 or 80 syllables).
 उत्कृति   ut-kriti (104 or 80 syllables).

 

p049c1-b09/ p043

उत्कृष्ट [ ut-krish-ta ]
- pp. superior: -tva, n. abst. ɴ.; -vedana, n. marrying a man of higher caste; -‿updhi, a. whose condition or associate is exalted: -t, f. abst. ɴ. (ph.).
 उत्कृष्ट   ut-krish-ta superior: -tva, n. abst. n.; -vedana, n. marrying a man of higher caste; -̮updhi, a. whose condition or associate is exalted: -t, f. abst. n. (ph.). 

 

p049c1-b10/ p043

उत्कोच [ ut-koka ]
- m. bribe: -ka, a. taking bribes.
 उत्कोच   ut-koka bribe: -ka, a. taking bribes.

 

p049c1-b11/ p043

उत्कोटि [ ut-koti ]
- a. running to a point.
 उत्कोटि   ut-koti running to a point.

 

p049c1-b12/ p043

उत्कोरकय [ ut-koraka-ya ]
- den. P. furnish with sprouting buds.
 उत्कोरकय   ut-koraka-ya P. furnish with sprouting buds.

 

p049c1-b13/ p043

उत्क्रम [ ut-kram ]
- m. rising; going out; departure; -krmana, n., -krnti, f. id.
 उत्क्रम   ut-kram rising; going out; departure; -krmana, n., -krnti, f. id.

 

p049c1-b14/ p043

उत्क्रोश [ ut-krosa ]
- m. osprey.
 उत्क्रोश   ut-krosa osprey.

UKT 131223: the fish-eating hawk, Pandion haliaetus , having plumage that is dark on the back and white below. -- AHTD

 

Contents of this page

{oat~kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha

Compare with Pali-Myan {oat~kha.}/ {OAt~hka.}

p049c1-b15/ p043

उत्क्षिप्ति [ ut-kshipti ]
= उ त ् क्ष ि प ् त ि
- f. raising; -kshepa, m. tossing up, raising; spreading out: -na, n. id., -ka, m. purloiner of clothes.
 उत्क्षिप्ति   ut-kshipti raising; -kshepa, m. tossing up, raising; spreading out: -na, n. id., -ka, m. purloiner of clothes.

UKT 161208: Derived from the word purloin 'to steal, often in a violation of trust' (AHTD), may mean impersonator who pretends to be an official of higher rank by wearing uniform and badges of the higher rank. (Need to check my info.) I remember, during the WWII, my father who was a leutinent in medical corp had to exchange badges with his captain who had ordered him the change because the captain could not speak proper English and they had to attend a meeting with British officers.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~hka.} : Regular-Kha

p049c1-b16/ p043

उत्खात [ ut-kht-a ]
- n. undermining; extirpation; uneven ground; -in, a. uneven (ground).
 उत्खात   ut-kht-a undermining; extirpation; uneven ground; -in, a. uneven (ground).

extirpate  v. tr. extirpated extirpating extirpates 1. To pull up by the roots. 2. To destroy totally; exterminate. See note at abolish . 3. To remove by surgery. [Latin exstirpāre exstirpāt- ex- ex- stirps root] - AHTD

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta.} उत्त / {OAt~ta.}

UKT 150521: The two words / {oat~ta.} उत्त & / {oad~da.} उद्द (p051.htm) have very similar pronunciations. I am comparing the pair of them with {t~ta.} अत्त (p008.htm) & {d~Da.} अद्ध (p009.htm) . The reason for my interest is because / {u.} उ (close-back vowel) and {a.} अ (open-front vowel) have very different (opposing) pronunciations. I became interested in this topic after hearing Mora Sutta Paritta in which the "rising Sun" is referred to by / {u.} उ (close-back vowel), and the "setting Sun" by {a.} अ (open-front vowel).

p049c1-b17/ p043

उत्तंस [ ut-tams-a ]
= उ त ् त ं स
- m. wreath, crest; ornament.
 उत्तंस   ut-tams-a wreath, crest; ornament.

 

p049c1-b18/ p043 

उत्तंसय [ uttamsa-ya ]
- den. P. deck with a wreath: pp. ita, worn as a wreath.
 उत्तंसय   uttamsa-ya P. deck with a wreath: pp. ita, worn as a wreath. 

 

p049c1-b19

[ut-taṅka]
- m. N. of a Rishi

 

p049c1-b20/ p043

उत्तट [ ut-tata ]
= उ त ् त ट
- a. having overflowed its banks.
 उत्तट   ut-tata having overflowed its banks.

 

p049c1-b21/ p043

उत्तब्ध [ t-tabdha ]
- pp. √stabh; -tabh-ita, id.
 उत्तब्ध   t-tabdha √stabh; -tabh-ita, id.

 

p049c1-b22/ p043

उत्तम [ ut-tam ]
- spv. highest, supreme; most excellent, best, chief (among, --); superior to, higher or better than (ab.); last: -m, --, ad.; m. (last = our) first person (gr.).
 उत्तम   ut-tam highest, supreme; most excellent, best, chief (among, --); superior to, higher or better than (ab.); last: -m, --, ad.; m. (last=our) first person (gr.).
 

p049c1-b23/ p043

उत्तमगन्धाढ्य [ uttama-gandha‿dhya ]
- a. rich in delicious fragrance; -gana, m. pl. superior people; -tegas, a. supremely brilliant or mighty; -purusha, m. supreme spirit; (last = our) first person (gr.).
 उत्तमगन्धाढ्य   uttama-gandha̮dhya rich in delicious fragrance; -gana, m. pl. superior people; -tegas, a. supremely brilliant or mighty; -purusha, m. supreme spirit; (last =our) first person (gr.).

 

p049c1-b24/ p043

उत्तमर्ण [ uttama‿rina ]
- m. creditor; i-ka, m. id.
 उत्तमर्ण   uttama̮rina creditor; i-ka, m. id.

 

p049c1-b25/ p043

उत्तमवर्ण [ uttama-varna ]
- a. most beautifully coloured; -shasa, n. highest fine.
 उत्तमवर्ण   uttama-varna most beautifully coloured; -shasa, n. highest fine.

 

p049c1-b26/ p043

उत्तमाङ्ग [ uttama‿aṅga ]
- n. head.
उत्तमाङ्ग   uttama̮aṅga head.

 

p049c1-b27

[uttama‿ogas]
- m. N. of a man

( end of old p049-1.htm )

Contents of this page

{oat~ta.ra.}/ {OAt~ta.ra.}

p049c1-b28/ p043

उत्तर [ t-tara ]
- cpv. upper; higher, better; later (than, ab.); left; northern; north of (ab.); posterior; following; latter, subsequent, future; superior; mightier; victorious; winning (a suit); m. N. of a mtn.; n. surface, cover (--, a.); north; latter part of a compound; answer, discussion; legal defence; contradiction (-m d, contradict); superiority; surplus (--, a. = increased by, plus); main part (--, a. having asits chief object, consisting chiefly of; ad. overwhelmed by); consequence (--, a. followed by); later period (-- = later); kind of song.
 उत्तर   t-tara upper; higher, better; later (than, ab.); left; northern; north of (ab.); posterior; following; latter, subsequent, future; superior; mightier; victorious; winning (a suit); m. N. of a mtn.; n. surface, cover (--, a.); north; latter part of a compound; answer, discussion; legal defence; contradiction (-m d, contradict); superiority; surplus (--, a.=increased by, plus); main part (--, a. having asits chief object, consisting chiefly of; ad. overwhelmed by); consequence (--, a. followed by); later period (--=later); kind of song.

 

Contents of this page

p049c2

p049c2-b00/ p043

उत्तरकाय [ uttara-kya ]
- m. upper part of the body; -kla, m. subsequent period, future; a. future; -kosala, m. pl. northern Kosalas; -khanda, m. n. designation of last section in various works.
 उत्तरकाय   uttara-kya upper part of the body; -kla, m. subsequent period, future; a. future; -kosala, m. pl. northern Kosalas; -khanda, m. n. designation of last section in various works.

 

p049c2-b01/ p043

उत्तरंग [ . ut-taraṅga ]
- den. . break forth like waves.
 उत्तरंग   2. uttaraṅga high wave; a. having high waves.

 

p049c2-b02/ p043

उत्तरंग [ . uttaraṅga ]
- m. high wave; a. having high waves.
 उत्तरंग   1. ut-taraṅga . break forth like waves.

 

p049c2-b03/ p043

उत्तरच्छद [ uttara-kkhada ]
- m. cover, coverlet; -ga, a. born of the last mentioned marriage.
उत्तरच्छद   uttara-kkhada cover, coverlet; -ga, a. born of the last mentioned marriage.

 

p049c2-b04/ p043

उत्तरण [ ut-trana ]
- a. crossing; n. crossing, passing over (--).
 उत्तरण   ut-trana crossing; n. crossing, passing over (--).

 

p049c2-b05/ p043

उत्तरतस् [ uttara-ts ]
- ad. northwards; to the north, to the left of (g.): -paskt, to the north-west; -dyaka, a. answering, contradicting, impertinent; -paksha, m. northern or left wing; answer to an opponent's objection (ph.); -pada, n. latter part of a compound; -paskima, a. north-westerly.
उत्तरतस्   uttara-ts northwards; to the north, to the left of (g.): -- paskt, to the north-west; -dyaka, a. answering, contradicting, impertinent; -paksha, m. northern or left wing; answer to an opponent's objection (ph.); -pada, n. latter part of a compound; -paskima, a. north-westerly.

 

p049c2-b06/ p043

उत्तरम् [ uttarm ]
- ad. further; forward; afterwards, thereupon.
 उत्तरम्   uttarm further; forward; afterwards, thereupon.

 

p049c2-b07/ p043

उत्तरल [ ut-tarala ]
- a. trembling, quivering.
 उत्तरल   ut-tarala trembling, quivering.

 

p049c2-b08/ p043

उत्तरलाय [ uttaral-ya ]
- den. . shudder, quiver.
 उत्तरलाय   uttaral-ya . shudder, quiver.

 

p049c2-b09/ p043

उत्तरलोमन् [ ttara-loman ]
- a. having the hairy side uppermost; -vdin, a. answering; making the later claims (leg.).
 उत्तरलोमन्   ttara-loman having the hairy side uppermost; -vdin, a. answering; making the later claims (leg.).

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta.ra}/ {OAt~ta.ra}

p049c2-b10/ p043

उत्तरा [ . uttar ]
- f. (sc. dis) north.
उत्तरा   1. uttar dis) north.

 

p049c2-b11/ p043

उत्तरा [ . uttar ]
- (in.) ad. northwards; north of (ab., g.).
उत्तरा   2. uttaraN northwards; north of (ab., g.).

 

p049c2-b12/ p043

उत्तरात् [ uttart ]
- (ab.) ad. from the north or left.
 उत्तरात्   uttaraNt from the north or left.

 

p049c2-b13/ p043

उत्तराधर [ uttara‿adhar ]
- a. being above and below; n. upper and lower lip; lips: -vivara, n. mouth.
 उत्तराधर   uttara̮adhar being above and below; n. upper and lower lip; lips: -vivara, n. mouth. 

 

p049c2-b14/ p043

उत्तरापथ [ uttar-patha ]
- m. (way to the north), north country.
 उत्तरापथ   uttar-patha (way to the north), north country.

 

p049c2-b15/ p043

उत्तराम्् [ uttarm ]
- ad. further away.
 उत्तराम््   uttaraNm further away.
 

p049c2-b16/ p043

उत्तरायण [ uttara‿ayana ]
- n. northward course (of the sun); half-year in which the sun moves northwards; commencement of the sun's northward course = winter solstice (in the month Pausha); -‿aran, f. the upper fire-stick; -‿artha, a. being for the sake of what follows; -‿ardh, n. upper part of the body; -vat, a. superior; -‿s, f. northern quarter; -‿asman, a. having lofty crags; -‿saṅga, m. upper or outer garment; covering.
 उत्तरायण   uttara̮ayana northward course (of the sun); half-year in which the sun moves northwards; commencement of the sun's northward course = winter solstice (in the month Pausha); -̮aran, f. the upper fire-stick; -̮artha, a. being for the sake of what follows; -̮ardh, n. upper part of the body; aN-vat, a. superior; -̮s, f. northern quarter; -̮asman, a. having lofty crags; -̮saṅga, m. upper or outer garment; covering.

 

p049c2-b17/ p043

उत्तराहि [ uttarhi ]
- ad. northwards.
 उत्तराहि   uttaraNhi northwards.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta.ri.}/ {OAt~ta.ri.}

p049c2-b18/ p043

उत्तरीय [ uttar-ya ]
- n. upper or outer garment, covering; coverlet: -ka, n. id.
 उत्तरीय   uttar-ya upper or outer garment, covering; coverlet: -ka, n. id.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta.r}/ {OAt~ta.r}

p049c2-b19/ p043

उत्तरेण [ ttarena ]
- (in.) ad. to the north or left of (ac., ab., g., --).
 उत्तरेण   ttarena to the north or left of (ac., ab., g., --).

 

p049c2-b20/ p043

उत्तरेद्युस् [ uttare-dys ]
- ad. on the following day.
उत्तरेद्युस्   uttare-dys on the following day.

 

p049c2-b21/ p043

उत्तरोत्तर [ uttara‿uttara ]
- a. ever increasing; following in succession: -m, ad. higher and higher; more and more; in constant succession; n. reply to answer, rejoinder; discussion: -bhva, a. in which one is always above the other, -‿ukta, pp. subsequently stated in each case.
 उत्तरोत्तर   uttara̮uttara ever increasing; following in succession: -m, ad. higher and higher; more and more; in constant succession; n. reply to answer, rejoinder; discussion: -bhva, a. in which one is always above the other, -̮ukta, pp. subsequently stated in each case.

 

p049c2-b22/ p043

उत्तरोष्ठ, ˚रौष्ठ [ uttara‿oshtha ]
- m. upper lip.
 उत्तरोष्ठ ˚रौष्ठ   uttara̮oshtha upper lip.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta}/ {OAt~ta}

p049c2-b23/ p043

उत्तान [ ut-tn ]
- a. outspread; extended; face upwards; upturned; shallow, superficial; wide open; ready to hand; i-ta, cs. pp. opened wide; -kri, open wide; -bh, be spread out.
 उत्तान   ut-tn outspread; extended; face upwards; upturned; shallow, superficial; wide open; ready to hand; i-ta, cs. pp. opened wide; -kri, open wide; -bh, be spread out.

 

p049c2-b24/ p043

उत्ताप [ ut-tpa ]
- m. great heat; ardour, passion.
 उत्ताप   ut-tpa great heat; ardour, passion.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~ta-ra.}/ {OAt~ta-ra.}

p049c2-b25/ p043

उत्तार [ ut-tr-a ]
- m. crossing (--); rescue; -ana, a. saving; n. deliverance; -ayitri, a. about to cross (ac.); -ya, fp. to be vomited.
 उत्तार   ut-tr-a crossing (--); rescue; -ana, a. saving; n. deliverance; -ayitri, a. about to cross (ac.); -ya, fp. to be vomited.

 

Contents of this page

p049c3

p049c3-b01/ p043

उत्ताल [ ut-tla ]
- a. violent; luxuriant; terrible, gruesome; excellent.
 उत्ताल   ut-tla violent; luxuriant; terrible, gruesome; excellent.

 

p049c3-b02/ p043

उत्तितीर्षु [ ut-titr-shu ]
- des. a. wishing to come out of (ab.); desirous of crossing (ac.).
उत्तितीर्षु   ut-titr-shu wishing to come out of (ab.); desirous of crossing (ac.).

 

p049c3-b03/ p043

उत्तुङ्ग [ ut-tuṅg-a ]
= उ त ् त ु ङ ् ग
- a. prominent, high; -ita, pp. raised aloft; --kri, raise aloft.
 उत्तुङ्ग   ut-tuṅg-a prominent, high; -ita, pp. raised aloft; --kri, raise aloft.

 

p049c3-b04 / p043

उत्तेजना [ ut-tegan ]
= उ त ् त े ज न ा
- f. whetting.
उत्तेजना   ut-tegan whetting.

 

p049c3-b05/ p043

उत्तोरण [ ut-torana ]
- a. adorned with erected arches: -patka, a. adorned with erected arches and flying flags.
 उत्तोरण   ut-torana adorned with erected arches: -patka, a. adorned with erected arches and flying flags.

See my note on Buddhist Sasana Flag

 

Contents of this page

{oat~hta.}/ {OAt~hta.}

p049c3-b06/ p043

उत्थ [ ut-tha ]
- a. arising; springing up; proceeding from, originating in (--); -th-tavya, fp. n. one should rise; one should be up and doing; -thna, m. originator; n. rising; rise (of heavenly bodies); resurrection; insurrection, tumult; exertion, activity; origin: -vat, a. strenuous, -vra, m. man of action; -thpana, n. raising; awakening; -thya, gd. having arisen; -thy-in, a. rising; appearing; active, strenuous: -i-tva, n. abst. ɴ.; -thita, pp. √sth.
 उत्थ   ut-tha arising; springing up; proceeding from, originating in (--); -th-tavya, fp. n. one should rise; one should be up and doing; -thaNna, m. originator; n. rising; rise (of heavenly bodies); resurrection; insurrection, tumult; exertion, activity; origin: -vat, a. strenuous, -vra, m. man of action; -thpana, n. raising; awakening; -thya, gd. having arisen; -thy-in, a. rising; appearing; active, strenuous: -i-tva, n. abst. n.; -thita, pp. √sth.

 

Contents of this page

{oat~pa.}/  {OAt~pa.}

p049c3-b07/ p043

उत्पक्ष्मन् [ ut-paksh-man ]
- a. having raised eyelashes; -mala, a. id.
 उत्पक्ष्मन्   ut-paksh-man having raised eyelashes; -mala, a. id.

 

p049c3-b08/ p043

उत्पतन [ ut-patana ]
- a. () flying up; n. leaping up.
 उत्पतन   ut-patana () flying up; n. leaping up.

 

p049c3-b09/ p043

उत्पताक [ ut-patka ]
- a. with flags flying; , f. a flying flag: -dhvaga, a. having flying flags and banners.
उत्पताक   ut-patka with flags flying; , f. a flying flag: -dhvaga, a. having flying flags and banners.

 

p049c3-b10/ p043

उत्पतितव्य [ ut-pat-itavya ]
- fp. n. one must fly up; -ishnu, a. flying up; about to spring.
उत्पतितव्य   ut-pat-itavya one must fly up; -ishnu, a. flying up; about to spring.

 

p049c3-b11/ p043

उत्पत्तव्य [ ut-pattavya ]
- fp. n. to appear: anena‿utpattavyam, he will be born again.
 उत्पत्तव्य   ut-pattavya to appear: anena̮utpattavyam, he will be born again.

 

p049c3-b12/ p043

उत्पत्ति [ ut-patti ]
- f. coming into being, birth; origin; mine; new birth, regeneration; produce; productiveness; occurrence, esp. of or in a Vedic passage: -dhman, n. birthplace; -mat, a. produced, born.
 उत्पत्ति   ut-patti coming into being, birth; origin; mine; new birth, regeneration; produce; productiveness; occurrence, esp. of or in a Vedic passage: -dhman, n. birthplace; -mat, a. produced, born.

 

p049c3-b13/ p043

उत्पथ [ ut-patha ]
- m. wrong way; evil course.
उत्पथ   ut-patha wrong way; evil course.

 

p049c3-b14/ p043

उत्पन्न [ ut-panna ]
- pp. (√pad) arisen: -buddhi, a. prudent, wise.
उत्पन्न   ut-panna (√pad) arisen: -buddhi, a. prudent, wise.

 

p049c3-b15/ p043

उत्पल [ ut-pala ]
- n. (blue) lotus at a later stage called kamala; m. N.: -ka, m. id.; -pura, n. N. of a town built by Utpala; -vana, n. bed of lotuses; -ska, n. N. of a plant; -‿aksha, m. N. of a king; -‿pda, m. N. of a king.
 उत्पल   ut-pala (blue) lotus at a later stage called kamala; m. N.: -ka, m. id.; -pura, n. N. of a town built by Utpala; -vana, n. bed of lotuses; -ska, n. N. of a plant; -̮aksha, m. N. of a king; -̮pda, m. N. of a king.

 

p049c3-b16/ p043

उत्पलिन् [ utpal-in ]
- a. abounding in lotuses: -, f. bed of lotuses.
 उत्पलिन्   utpal-in abounding in lotuses: -, f. bed of lotuses.

 

p049c3-b17/ p043

उत्पवन [ ut-pvana ]
- n. purification; implement of purification; -pavitr, m. purifier.
उत्पवन   ut-pvana purification; implement of purification; -pavitr, m. purifier.

Contents of this page

{oat~pa}/ {OAt~pa}

p049c3-b18/ p043

उत्पाटन [ ut-pt-ana ]
- n. tearing out; expulsion; dethronement; -in, a. pulling or plucking out (--).
उत्पाटन   ut-pt-ana tearing out; expulsion; dethronement; -in, a. pulling or plucking out (--).

 

p049c3-b19/ p043

उत्पात [ ut-pta ]
- m. flying up; rise; leap; sudden appearance; portent, omen.
 उत्पात   ut-pta flying up; rise; leap; sudden appearance; portent, omen.

 

p049c3-b20/ p043

उत्पाद [ utpd-a ]
- m. issuing forth, production, birth; -aka, a. (ik) producing, productive; m. producer, shedder; father; -ana, a. () producing; n. begetting, bearing; effecting; procuring; -ayitr, f. producer; -in, a. produced or born; producing, causing (--).
 उत्पाद   utpd-a issuing forth, production, birth; -aka, a. (ik) producing, productive; m. producer, shedder; father; -ana, a. () producing; n. begetting, bearing; effecting; procuring; -ayitr, f. producer; -in, a. produced or born; producing, causing (--).

 

p049c3-b21/ p043

उत्पिञ्ज [ ut-piga ]
- m. tumult; -pitsu, des. a. wishing to rise; -pda, m. pressure; torrent (of tears): -na, n. pressing; -prabandha, a. uninterrupted; -pravla, a. having sprouting foliage; -prsa, m., -na, n. derision, mockery.
 उत्पिञ्ज   ut-piga tumult; -pitsu, des. a. wishing to rise; -pda, m. pressure; torrent (of tears): -na, n. pressing; -prabandha, a. uninterrupted; -pravla, a. having sprouting foliage; -prsa, m., -na, n. derision, mockery.

UKT: p049c3-b22 moved to next file

( end of old p049-htm )

Contents of this page

 

UKT notes

Buddhist Sasana Flag

UKT 131223:
(with this little note of mine, I salute in the Buddhist way my father U Tun Pe, and his mentor Arakanese U Kyaw Dun)

उत्तोरण uttorana [ ut-torana ]
- a. adorned with erected arches: -patka, a. adorned with erected arches and flying flags.

The idea of nation-states was a Western invention. In the East, the flags were not national-flags: they were not like the Union Jack. The flags were just colored streamers made of silk or cotton, on which something may be written.
   It is therefore not surprising that it was a Westerner, an American Theosophist, Colonel Henry Steel Olcott, (1832-1907) - http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/pdf/kelasa/buddflag.pdf (in Bur-Myan) 131224. See also Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Steel_Olcott 131224 on Col. Olcott, an American military officer, journalist, lawyer and the co-founder and first President of the Theosophical Society. Olcott was the first well-known American of European ancestry to make a formal conversion to Buddhism.

Don't think that the Pali-cum-Burmese words denoting colours on the flag have deeper meanings: they are simply Pal-Myan terms for colours. e.g. {ni-la.} 'blue', {pi-ta.} 'yellow', {lau:hi.ta.} 'red', etc.

These colours were supposed to be "rays" (not necessarily electromagnetic radiations) which issued out "the physical body" (again not necessarily made up of some 90+ chemical elements) of the Gautama Buddha upon his consideration of the basis of thoughts leading to actions: the concluding portion Abidhamma. This concluding portion upon closer examination can be acceptable to a material scientist as a  system of psychology, but to associate "the rays" with electromagnetic radiations, and "the physical body" to some 90+ chemical elements is beyond his or her (and my) comprehension. 

As a personal note I must mention that my own father U Tun Pe, was a member of the Theosophical Society, located before WWII, in 45th St. East Rangoon. It was my father who introduced me to the distinction between Atta and Anatta, and also to an analogy of Atman (the Atta) - the huge central flame from which sparks were given out at times. Each human individual was a spark from that bonfire who on perfection would become a central flame in turn.

In my teen years, I had many fruitful discussions with my father, and many of my present views on Gautama Buddha as a human scientist who discovered the four natural laws, are based on those discussions. My father never failed to mention that it was his mentor Arakanese Saya U Kyaw Dun of the Govt. Tech. Institute, Insein, who introduced him to Buddhism and Buddhist meditation. U Kyaw Dun had to read from English to arrive at his understanding of Buddhism because he could not get any Burmese Buddhist monks to explain to him the essence of Buddhism without rote learning Pali. I was named after U Kyaw Dun, but later Burmanized to U Kyaw Tun.

The Buddhist Sasana flag was unknown in Myanmarpr until after WWII, and in fact many in Myanmarpr objected to it. The info about Sasana flag is from my own experience. I, at that time, was already a university student. See also Sasana Flag  http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/flag.htm 131223

Go back Sasana-flage-note-b

Contents of this page

Ratha Saptami

- UKT 131226

Peoples of Myanmarpr are steeped in old beliefs, some probably dating back to years long before Gautama Buddha was born. These beliefs are not Hindu, but purely those of Tibeto-Burmans, among which is the Astronomy to forecast the changing of the seasons for agriculture and travel on rivers of high tides. From these were derived Astrology. Celebrating the Sun's course from north to south and back again to the north is closely observed and tied to lunar months.

The ancient peoples, not only of Myanmarpr but all throughout the world recognized 4 events: the Winter solstice, the Spring equinox, the Summer solstice, and the Autumnal equinox.

One of the observations in India is the Ratha Saptami,  रथसप्तमी : 7th day following the Suns northerly movement (Uttarayana) of vernal equinox starting from Capricorn (Makara). .

From Wikipedia: - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratha_Saptami 131226

Ratha Saptami or Rathasapthami (Skt: रथसप्तमी or Magha Saptami) is a Hindu festival that falls on the seventh day (Saptami) in the bright half (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month Maagha. [2] [UKT]

UKT 131226: Because Ratha Saptami depends the Lunar months, it falls on different dates of the solar year: e.g. 2012, Jan 30, 2013 Feb 17 - from Wikipedia.

It marks the seventh day following the Suns northerly movement ( Uttarayana) of vernal equinox starting from Capricorn (Makara). It is symbolically represented in the form of the Sun God Surya turning his Ratha (Chariot) drawn by seven horses (representing seven colours) towards the northern hemisphere, in a north-easterly direction. It also marks the birth of Surya and hence celebrated as Surya Jayanti (the Sun-gods birthday).

Ratha Saptami is symbolic of the change of season to spring and the start of the harvesting season. For most Indian farmers, it is an auspicious beginning of the New Year. The festival is observed by all Hindus in their houses and in innumerable temples dedicated to Surya, across India. [3] [4] [5]

UKT: More in the Wiki article.

Go back RathaSaptami-note-b

Contents of this page

End of TIL file