Update: 2016-12-08 05:51 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p048.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCv2pp-indx.htm

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Remember the proper spelling is with vowel-letter {U.} उ in both Skt and Pali.
short vowel, 1 blnk, उ u = {u.} / {U.}
long vowel, 2 blnk,  ऊ ū = {u} / {U}-Bur , {U}-Mon

{u.kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha - cont
  p048c1
{u.hka.}/ {U.hka.} : Regular Kha
{u.ga.}/ {U.ga.}

{u.sa.}/ {U.sa.} : Palatal {sa.}/ {c}
{oac}/ {OAc}
{oac~sa.}/ {OAc~sa.}
{oac~sa}/ {OAc~sa}
{oac~si.}/ {OAc~si.}
{oac~s}/ {OAc~s}
{oac~s:}/ {OAc~s:}
  p048c2
{oac~hsa.}/ {OAc~hsa.}
{u.za.}/ {U.za.}
  p048c3
{u.a.}/ {U.a.}

Be careful of the look-alikes :
the vowel-letter {U.} (equal-length foot), and Palatal-nasal {a.} (long foot) in {U.a.}

{u.Ta.}/ {U.Ta.}
{u.a.}/ {U.a.}

{u.ta.}/ {U.ta.}  
{oat}/ {OAt}  
{oat~ka.}/ {OAt~ka.} 

 

UKT notes :
 

 

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{u.kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha - cont

p048c1

p048c1-b00

उक्षण्यु [ ukshan-y ]
- a. desirous of cattle.

 

p048c1-b01

उक्षन् [ uksh-n ]
= उ क ् ष न ् --> / {oak~Sn}
Skt: उक्षन् [ uksh-n ] - m. bull. - Mac048c1
Pal: {OOAAk~hka.} - UHS-PMD0200
  UKT from UHS: m. bull

 

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{u.hka.} : Regular Kha

p048c1-b02

उख [ ukh ]
- m. [hollowed out: ud+√kh] cooking pot, pan: &asharp;, f. id.; -kkhd, a. fragile as a pot, rotten.

उख [ ukh ]
Skt: उख [ ukh ] - cooking pot, pan -- Mac048c1
Pal: {OAk~hka.li.} -- UHS-PMD0200
  UKT from UHS: f. pot, rice pot

UKT 150518: Remember in those days extending into my childhood, rice is cooked in earthen-pots. With usage the pot becomes black. Because it is earthen-ware it is easily broken around the rim. It is told that, in ancient times, the rim-less pots which were jet black with soot, were picked by the monks from the rubbish heaps. The jagged broken parts were smoothed, and then used as alms-bowls.

 

p048c1-b03

उख्य [ kh-ya ]
- a. being in the pot.

 

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{u.ga.}

p048c1-b04

उगित् [ ug-it ]
- a. having uk (i.e. u or ri) for its it.

 

p048c1-b05

उग्र [ ug-r ]
- a. mighty; violent; grim, dreadful, terrible, rigorous; m. mighty person, great --, violent person; ep. of Siva & Rudra; N. of a mixed caste (offspring of Kshatriya & Sdr); -t, f., -tva, n. violence; rigour; -danda, a. stern-sceptered, relentless; -pti, a. having a horrible stench; -prabhva, a. high and mighty; -rush, a. terribly angry; -ssana, a. stringent in his orders: -sena, m. N. of various kings; -‿sa, m. N. of a temple built by Ugra.

 

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{u.sa.}/ {U.sa.}  : Palatal {sa.}/{c}

/ {u.sa.} --> / {oac}

p048c1-b06

उच् [ uk ]  iv. p. - k-ya ,
- like; be accustomed to: pp. -ta , liking, used to (g., lc. -); accustomed, well known; proper, suitable; expedient; obliged to (inf.): in. suitably. sam , take pleasure in (in.): pp. used to (g., -; suitable for (g., -)

 

p048c1-b07

उचथ [ uk-tha ]
- n. hymn of praise.

 

p048c1-b08

उचथ्य [ ukath-y ]
- a. praiseworthy.

 

p048c1-b09

उचितज्ञ [ ukita-ga ]
- a. knowing what is fitting: -t, f. abst. n.; -tva, n. appropriateness, fitness.

 

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{oac}/ {OAc} : Palatal {sa.}/{c} 

उच् uc
Myan: {OAc} - UTM-PDMD466
  UKT from UTM: astrology - the most auspicious Planet.

See my note on the astrological term Oak {OAc}.

 

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/ {oac~sa.}

p048c1-b10

उच्च [ uk-ka ]
- a. [ud-ka, upward], lofty; high (also fig., esp. of sound); loud.

 

p048c1-b11

उच्चकैस् [ ukka-kais ]
- (in. pl.) ad. loud; high: (r)sana-tas, ad. from a high seat.

 

p048c1-b12

उच्चक्षुस् [ uk-kakshus ]
- a. having uplifted eyes.

 

p048c1-b13

उच्चगिर् [ ukka-gir ]
- a. loudly proclaiming (--).

 

p048c1-b14

उच्चगोपुर [ ukka-gopura ]
- a. lofty-gated.

 

p048c1-b15

उच्चण्ड [ uk-kanda ]
- a. very violent; mighty; terrible.

 

p048c1-b16

[ukka-t]
- f., -tva , n. superiority

 

p048c1-b17

उच्चय [ uk-kaya ]
- m. accumulation, collection, pile, heap, quantity; -‿apakaya, m. du. rise and fall.

 

p048c1-b18

[uk-kala]
- m. N. of a king

 

p048c1-b19

उच्चसंश्रय [ ukka-samsraya ]
- a. high up, twinkling on high.

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{oac~sa}/ {OAc~sa}

p048c1-b20

उच्चा [ uk-k ]
--> {oac~sa}
- (in.) ad. above; from above; upwards.

 

p048c1-b21

उच्चार [ uk-kr- ]
- a. rising; m. pronunciation; evacuation, excrement; -ana, n. pronunciation: -ita, pp. having voided excrement.

 

p048c1-b22

उच्चावच [ ukka‿ava-k ]
- a. high & low; various.

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{oac~si.}/ {OAc~si.}

p048c1-b23

उच्चिचीषा [ uk-kiksh ]
- f. desire to gather.

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{oac~s}/ {OAc~s}

p048c1-b24

उच्चेय [ uk-keya ]
- fp. to be gathered.

 

p048c1-b25

उच्चैःकुल [ ukkaih-kula ]
- n. high family; -pada, n. high position; -pramodam, ad. with loud rejoicings.

 

p048c1-b26

उच्चैरभिजन [ ukkair-abhigana ]
- a. of high descent; -ukkaih-sravas, m. the exalted Ukkaih-sravas; -ukkais-tarm, ad. higher and higher; -gati, f. ascent; -dvish, a. having mighty foes; -dhman, a. of exalted splendour; -bhshana or -bhshya, n. loud talk; -bhuga, a. having uplifted arms.

 

p048c1-b27

उच्चैःशिरस् [ ukkaih-siras ]
- a. holding the head high; eminent; -sravas, m. N. of a mythical horse produced at the churning of the ocean.

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p048c2

p048c2-b00

उच्चैस् [ ukkais ]
- (in. pl.) ad. high; above; up wards; loudly; aloud; highly, vigorously, intently, thoroughly: w. bh, rise.

 

p048c2-b01

उच्चैस्तर [ ukkais-tara ]
- cpv. higher; very high or tall: -tva, n. excessive highness; -tarm, ad. higher.

 

p048c2-b02

उच्चैःस्थान [ ukkaih-sthna ]
- n. high position; a. of high rank.

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{oac~hsa.}/ {OAc~hsa.}

p048c2-b03

उच्छ् [ ukkh ], v. उच् [ 1. vas]
- shine

 

p048c2-b04

उच्छान् [ ukkhn ]
- V. 3 pl. pr. subj. of √1. vas.

 

p048c2-b05

उच्छास्त्रवर्तिन् [ uk-khstra-vartin ]
- a. transgressing the institutes of the law.

 

p048c2-b06

उच्छिख [ uk-khikha ]
- a. with crest erect (peacock); with upward flame, burning brightly.

 

p048c2-b07

उच्छिखण्ड [ uk-khikhanda ]
- a. with tail out spread; -khitti, f. destruction, extermination; -khinna, pp. (√khid) cut off; m. (sc. sandhi) peace bought by ceding fertile territory; -khiras, a. holding the head high; -khilmdhra, n. luxuriant mushroom; a. covered with mushrooms.

 

p048c2-b08

 उच्छिष्ट [ k-khishta ]
- pp. (√sish) left over; having a remnant of food (in the mouth or hands), ritually impure; n. remnant, leavings (esp. of a sacrifice or of food): -t, f. impurity; condition of a remnant: -m n, = almost entirely devour; -‿asana, n. eating of remnants.

 

p048c2-b09

उच्छीर्षक [ uk-khrsha-ka ]
- a. having the head erect; n. pillow.

 

p048c2-b10

उच्छुष्क [ uk-khush-ka ]
- a. dried up.

 

p048c2-b11

उच्छृङ्खल [ uk-khriṅkhala ]
- a. unfettered; unbridled, unrestrained; -khrita, pp. (√sri) uplifted, elevated, high: -pni, a. with outstretched hand.

 

p048c2-b12

[uk-khettri ]
- m. destroyer

 

p048c2-b13

उच्छेद [ uk-khed-a ]
- m., -ana, n. cutting or chopping off; destruction, extermination: -anya, fp. to be cut off; -in, a. destroying (--); -ya, fp. to be destroyed.

 

उच्छेद  uccheda
= उ च ् छ े द
- m. abolition - SpkSkt

 

p048c2-b14

उच्छेष [ uk-khesha ]
- m. remnant, fragment: -na, n. id.: -kri, leave over.

 

p048c2-b15

उच्छोथ [ uk-khotha ]
- m. swelling, inflation; -khopha, m. id.; -khoshana, a. parching or drying up; n. drying up (tr. & int.).

 

p048c2-b16

उच्छ्रय [ uk-khraya ]
- m. rise, elevation; height; growth: -na, n. raising, setting up; -khrya, m. rise, elevation; height, growth, increase; -khrita, pp. (√sri) high; exalted; -khriti, f. rise, exaltation; growth, increase.

 

p048c2-b17

[uk-khvaka-sva]
- 2 sg. impv of ud + √svak

 

p048c2-b18

उच्छ्वसन [ uk-khvasana ]
- n. becoming slack; -khvasita, (pp.) n. breath; exhalation; solution; -khvs, m. expiration; breath; sigh; expiring; swelling, rising; section; chapter; -khvsita, cs. pp. riven; -khvsin, a. breathing out; breathing again; sighing; swelling; rising; issuing.

 

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{u.za.}/ {U.za.} 

p048c2-b19

उज्जयिनी [ ug-gayin ]
- f. (Victoria), Oujein, N. of a city, capital of Avanti.

 

p048c2-b20

उज्जागर [ ug-ggara ]
- a. excited, indignant.

 

p048c2-b21

उज्जिति [ g-giti ]
- f. victory.

 

p048c2-b22

[uggvin]
- m. N. of a crow

 

p048c2-b23

उज्जृम्भ [ ug-grimbha ]
- a. yawning: -na, n. yawning; breaking forth.

 

p048c2-b24

उज्जेष [ ug-gesh ]
- a. victorious.

 

p048c2-b25

उज्ज्वल [ ug-gvala ]
- a. brilliant, splendid (with or like, --).

 

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p048c3

p048c3-b00

उज्झ [uggh- ]
- a. abandoning, neglecting, for getting (--); -ana, n. removal; avoidance.

 

p048c3-b01

उज्झ [ uggh-a ]
- a. abandoning, neglecting, for getting (--); -ana, n. removal; avoidance.

 

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{u.a.}/ {U.a.}

Note the two look-alikes in {U.a.}

p048c3-b02

, I. VI. P. [ ukha ] ,
- glean. pra , wipe out, efface

 

p048c3-b03

उञ्छ [ ukh-a ]
= उ ञ ् छ
- m. n. gleaning ears of grain; -na, n. id.; -vritti, a. living by gleaning; m. gleaner; -shashtha, n. sixth part of the gleanings.

( end of old p048-2.htm )

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{u.Ta.}/ {U.Ta.}

p048c3-b04

उटज [ uta-ga ]
- m. n. hut of leaves.

 

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{u.a.}/ {U.a.}

p048c3-b05

उडु [ udu ] f. n. star; -ntha, m. moon.

 

p048c3-b06

उडुप [ udu-pa ]
- m. moon; m. n. boat, skiff; -pati, m. moon

 

p048c3-b07

उड््डयन [ ud-dayana ]
- n. flying up, flight; -dmara, a. extraordinary; -dna, n. flying up, flight; -dyana, n. id.

 

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{u.Na.}

p048c3-b08

उणादि [ un-di ]
- m. pl. Undi suffixes, class of primary suffixes beginning with u (gr.).

UKT 161208: A Sanskrit Grammar for Students, by A. A. Macdonell - https://books.google.ca/books?... 161208
on p.roman12 states: "... Primary nouns of this kind had been collected before Pāṇini's time in a special list, in which they were often forcibly derived from verbal roots by means of a number of special suffixes. The first of these suffixes being u , technically called uṇ , the whole list of these formations received the name of uṇādi ( ' beginning with uṇ ' ) ..."

 

p048c3-b09

[underaka-arag ]
- f. kind of pastry

( end of old p048-3.htm )

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/ {u.ta.}

p048c3-b10

उत [ u-t ]
- pcl. and, also, even; or: ut-ut, both -and; ut-v, either -or (often with v or ho v); interr. or: kim-uta, utrum -an, whether -or? (often w. ho, v, or svid); kim-uta, how much more or rather; how much less (in neg. clauses); api‿uta, also; prati‿uta, on the contrary, rather. Uta is often merely verse-filling at the end of a line in E.

 

p048c3-b11

[utathya]
- m. N. of an Angirasa

 

p048c3-b12

उताहो [ uta‿ho ]
- cj. or (in double questions).

 

p048c3-b13

उतो [ ut‿u ]
- pcl. and also; ut-ut = ut-ut.

 

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{oat}/ {OAt}

{oat~ka.}/ {OAt~ka.}

p048c3-b14

उत्क [ ut-ka ]
= उ त ् क --> {OAt~ka.} / {oat~ka.} 
- a. longing or eager for (inf. or --); n. longing, eagerness.

 

p048c3-b15

उत्कञ्चुक [ ut-kakuka ]
= उ त ् क ञ ् च ु क
- a. bereft of the bodice .

कञ्चुक kacuka - adj. bodice, armour, mail, cuirass, corselet - SpkSkt

 

p048c3-b16

उत्कट [ ut-kata ]
- a. excessive, extraordinary; very great, very strong or violent; abounding in (--); drunk; furious, mad.

 

p048c3-b17

उत्कण्टकित [ ut-kantak-ita ]
- pp. with thorns or hair erect; -in, a. id.

 

p048c3-b18

[ut-kanth ]
- i. . stretching out the neck; long for (d.); cs. fill with longing

 

p048c3-b19

उत्कण्ठ [ ut-kantha ]
- a. having the neck out stretched; longing; amorous: -m, ad. longingly, -krin, a. causing longing; -kanth, f. longing; love-sick yearning.

 

p048c3-b20

उत्कंधर [ ut-kamdhara ]
- a. with neck erect.

 

p048c3-b21

उत्कम्प [ ut-kamp-a ]
- a. trembling; m. tremor; -ana, n. trembling; -in, a. trembling; heaving (breast); --, causing to tremble.

 

p048c3-b22

उत्कय [ utka-ya ]
- den. P. fill with longing.

 

p048c3-b23

उत्कर [ ut-kar ]
- m. earth thrown up, mound; heap, quantity; cloud (fig.).

 

p048c3-b24

[ut-karika]
- f. kind of sweet dish

 

p048c3-b25

उत्कर्ण [ ut-karna ]
- a. pricking up the ears; -tla, a. beginning to flap its ears.

 

p048c3-b26

उत्कर्ष [ ut-karsh-a ]
- a. boastful; m. elevation, increase, exaltation, eminence; distinction; excellence; excess; boastfulness; -in, a. superior, better.

 

p048c3-b27

उत्कल [ utkala ]
- m. pl. N. of a people; n. their country.

 

p048c3-b28

उत्कलाप [ ut-kalpa ]
- a. spreading its tail (peacock).

( end of old p048-4.htm )

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UKT notes

Astrological term Oak - the most auspicious Planet

UKT 161207:

Every Bur-Myan speaker, whether he be Buddhist, Christian, or Muslim knows at least some words relating to Astrology. It was more so when I was young, and when every Buddhist monk (including nuns) and almost every Buddhist male know elements of Burmese Astrology. Even though I have almost no faith in Astrology, especially the "correctional aspect" where one tries to avert the oncoming evil, I have studied Astrology - the Hindu Nakshatra kind - to a professional level. I have studied the indigenous Bur-Myan astrology, the Mahaboat to some extent. The word {OAc} is quite familiar to me.

No wonder the ancient Indian and Chinese warriors were afraid the cross the northern mountains to wage war in the heartland of Myanmarpr because of curses and spells which the indigenous ethnics are able to inflict on the foreigners.

It is not well-known that the British governor, William Pitt Amherst, First Earl Amherst (1773-1857) who started the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-26) during his governorship (1823-1828), had to pay dearly for his unjust war (replacement in 1828). He was accused of the British government for nearly bankrupting the British-India treasury. He was only saved by the fame of great-uncle, Jeffery Baron Amherst 1717-1797 - who allegedly earned his baronet by distributing smallpox infected blanks to indigenous peoples of North America to subjugate them.

A town in Tenasserim, in southern Myanmarpr was renamed Amherst, and a native flower was named after Lady Amherst. But unknown to the British the name of the flower in Burmese almost means "distress" - Thawka "Queen of the flowering plant" Amherstia nobilis (Caesalpiniaceae). See Botanical Names of Myanmar Plants of Importance
- Agri2000-indx.htm > entry no: 59-1566 of r6c5.htm (link chk 161207
See also Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Amherst,_1st_Earl_Amherst 161207

Go back astro-oak-note-b

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