Update: 2014-10-12 03:25 PM +0630


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.com

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प्राजापत prajapata [ prāgāpat-a ] a. (ī)=-ya; -yį, a. coming from, relating, or sacred to Pragā pati (w. sakata, m. n. car of Rohinī); m. pat. descendant of Pragāpati;±krikkhra or upa-vāsa, kind of penance; ± vivāha, m. Pragā pati form of marriage, in which the father gives away his daughter without receiving a present from the bridegroom.

प्राचुर्य pracurya [ prākur-ya ] n. copiousness, abun dance, plenty; amplitude, prolixity; preva lence, currency: in. for the most part; in detail.

प्राङ्गण prangana [ pra½a&ndot;gana ] n. court, courtyard; -½a&ndot;gana (less correct), n. id.

प्राङ्याय pranyaya [ prā&ndot;-nyāya ] m. previous method: a special plea that the prosecutor has pre viously brought and lost the same action; -mukha, a. (ī) facing or pointing forward or eastward; inclined towards, desirous of (--°ree;): -½ańkana, a. facing eastward.

प्राचण्ड्यpracandya [ prākand-ya ] n. vehemence, pas sionateness.

प्राचा praca [ prāk-&asharp; ] in. ad. v. prāńk.

प्राचार pracara [ pra½ākāra ] m. winged ant.

प्राचार्य pracarya [ pra½ākārya ] m. teacher of a teacher.

प्राची praci [ pr&asharp;k-ī ] f. east.

प्राचीन pracina [ prāk-&isharp;na ] a. turned frontways; eastward; eastern, living in the east; an terior, former, previous, old: -m, ad. for wards; in front of (ab.); eastwards, to the east of (ab.); previously to, before (ab.); -āvītin, a.=-½āvītin; -grīva, a. having the neck directed forward or eastward; -½āvītį, n. wearing of the sacred cord over the right shoulder; -½āvītķn, a. wearing the sacred cord over the right shoulder; -½upavītį, pp. id.

प्राचीमूल pracimula [ prākī-mūla ] n. eastern horizon.

प्राचीर pracira [ prākīra ] m. enclosure, fence.

प्राचेतस pracetasa [ prāketas-a ] a. relating to Varuna (w. āsā, f. west); descended from Praketas; m. pat. of Manu, Daksha, and Vālmīki.

प्राच्य pracya [ prāk-yć (or yį) ] a. being in front; situated, living, prevailing, or spoken in the east, eastern; prior, previous; preceding (in a book); former, ancient, old; m. pl. people of the east, eastern country; the ancients: -pada-vritti, f. the euphonic combination e½a; -ratha, m. car used in the eastern country; -½udańk, a. (f. -½udīkī) running from east to west.

प्राजक prajaka [ pra½agaka ] m. driver (of a waggon); -½agana, m. n. goad, whip.

प्रागुत्तर praguttara [ prāg-uttara ] a. (east-northern, i. e.) north-eastern: in. or -tas, in the north-east, of (ab., g.), -dig-bhāga, -dig-vibhāga, m. north-eastern side of (g.); -utpatti, f. first appearance; -uda&ndot;-mukha, a. facing north eastwards or to the east or the north; -udańk, a. (f. -udīkī) north-eastern; n. -udak, ad.; f. -udīkī, (east-north, i. e.) north-east; dhā, pp. f. formerly married.

प्राग्ग्ङ्गम् praggngam [ prāg-ga&ndot;gam ] ad. on the east of the Ganges; -gamana-vat, a. going forward; -gāmin, a. preceding or intending to precede; -guna, a. having the previously mentioned quality; -grīva, a. having the neck directed eastward; -ganman, n. previous birth or existence; -gāta, (pp.) n., -gāti, f. previous existence; -gyotish-a, a. lighted from the east; relating to the city of Prāggyotisha; m. prince or country of Prāggyotisha: pl. inhabitants of--; n. N. of a city supposed to have been inhabited by the demon Naraka; -dakshina, a. (east-southern, i.e.) south-east ern: ā, f. south-east; ā, ad. south-easterly: -pravana, a. sloping towards the south-east; -desa, m. eastern country; -daihika, a. be longing to a former life; -dvār, f. door facing east; -dvāra, n. id.; space in front of a door; a. having a door facing eastward; -bhāra, m. [having the weight in front, inclined], de clivity; inclination; (subsiding) mass, great quantity; -bhāva, m. previous existence.

प्राग्र pragra [ pra½agra ] n. extreme point: -sara, a. going in the forefront; foremost, chief, in (--°ree;), among (g.), -hara, a. (appropriating the best), chief, principal, among (--°ree;).

प्राग्र्य pragrya [ prāgr-ya ] a. foremost, best, most ex cellent.

प्रागग्र pragagra [ prāg-agra ] a. having the point di rected forwards or eastwards; -apavargam, ad. concluding in the east; -abhāva, m. pre vious non-existence; -abhihita, pp. pre viously discussed.

प्राग्लज्ज praglajja [ prāg-lagga ] a. ashamed at first; -vamsa, 1. m. preceding race; 2. a. having its beams directed eastward; m. space in front of the Vedi; -vakana, n. previous utterance; -vat, a. as before, formerly, or at other times; as above (in a book); -vāta, m. east wind; -vritta, n. previous conduct; -vrittānta, m. previous event or adventure; -vritti, f. conduct in a previous life; -vesha, m. previous attire.

प्राघुण praghuna [ prāghuna ] m. [dialectical for prā ghūrna] guest: -ka, i-ka, m. id.; ī-kri, make a guest of, cause to reach (--°ree;).

प्राघूर्ण praghurna [ pra½āghūrna ] m. [going forth devious ly, wanderer], guest: -ka, m. id.; i-ka, m. id.; n. hospitable reception.

प्राङ् pran [ prā&ndot; ] nm. sg. m. of prāńk.

प्राक्कर्मन् prakkarman [ prāk-karman ] n. preliminary pro cedure; action performed in a previous ex istence; -kalpa, m. former age; -krita, pp. formerly done, performed in a previous life; n. act done in a previous life; -kiram, ad. before it is too late, betimes; -kkhāya, n. falling of the shadow towards the east.

प्राक्तन praktana [ prāk-tana ] a. (ī) anterior, former, previous; ancient; -tanaya, m. former pu pil; -tarām, ad. farther east; -tūla, a. having the tufts directed eastwards: -tā, f. eastward direction (of sacrificial utensils); -pada, n. first member of a compound (gr.); -pravana, a. sloping towards the east.

प्राक्रमिक prakramika [ prākram-ika ] a. taking many things in hand (without finishing any of them).

प्राक्शस् praksas [ prāk-sas ] ad. eastwards; -siras: -ka, a. having the head turned eastwards; -samstha, a. ending in the east; -samdhyā, f. morning twilight; -soma, a. preceding the Soma sacrifice; -saumika, a. (ī) id.; -srotas, a. flowing towards the east.

प्राखर्य prakharya [ prākhar-ya ] n. sharpness (of an arrow).

प्रागल्भी pragalbhi [ prāgalbh-ī ] f. self-confidence, as surance; -ya, n. id.: -vat, a. self-confident, bold; boasting of (--°ree;).

प्रागवस्था pragavastha [ prāg-avasthā ] f. previous con dition.

प्रागाथ pragatha [ prāgātha ] a. (ī) belonging to the Pragāthas, i. e. to the eighth Mandala of the RV.; m. pat. descendant of Pragātha.

प्रागायत pragayata [ prāg-āyata ] pp. extending towards the east; -ukti, f. previous utterance.

प्रागुण्य pragunya [ prāgun-ya ] n. right position or di rection.

प्रल्हाद pralhada [ pra-hlāda ] m. pleasurable excitement, feeling of joy; N. of a pious Daitya (=Prahrāda): -ka, a. refreshing, gladdening; -hlādana, a. (ī) cheering, gladdening; n. ā, f. refreshing, delighting; -hlādin, a. delighting.

प्रह्व prahva [ pra-hva ] a. inclined forward, sloping, slanting, bent; bowing before (g.); humble; -hvana, n. obeisance; -hvaya, den. P. humble (ac.); -hvī-bhū, humble oneself.

प्रांशु praṃsu [ pra½amsu ] a. [having its end raised up], lofty, high, tall; long; intense (brilliance); m. N.: -ka, a. large (animal), -tā, f. height.

प्राक् prak [ pr&asharp;k ] n. (of prāńk) ad. before, in front of (ab.); before (in order: ab.); formerly, previously, to (ab., rarely g.); to the east of (ab.); first, in the first place; hence forth; prāg eva, a short while ago; still more (B.).

प्राकट्य prakatya [ prākat-ya ] n. manifestness, manifestation.

प्राकरणिक prakaranika [ prākaran-ika ] a. belonging to the matter in question; -to the chapter; -to the genus.

प्राकाम्य prakamya [ prākām-ya ] n. perfect freedom of will.

प्राकार prakara [ prā-kāra ] m. [strewn along, mound], enclosing wall, rampart: -karna, m. Wall ear, N. of a minister of the owl-king Ari mardana, -sesha, a. having only his ram parts left.

प्राकाश prakasa [ prākās-į ] m. metal mirror; -ya, n. manifestness; notoriety, fame.

प्राकृत prakrta [ pr&asharp;krita ] a. (ā, ī) connected with nature (prakriti), natural, original; unal tered; usual, ordinary, common; low, vul gar; proceeding from or relating to nature (phil.); Prākritic; m. low or vulgar man, n. vernacular dialect (derived from Sanskrit and spoken by women and inferior charac ters in Sanskrit plays), Prākrit: -bhāshin, a. speaking Prākrit, -sāsana, n. treatise on Prākrit, -kandrikā, f. Moonlight of Prākrit, T. of Vararuki's Prākrit grammar, -pra kāsa, m. Illustration of Prākrit, id.

प्राकृतिक prakrtika [ prākrit-ika ] a. (ī) natural; de rived from nature.

प्रहि prahi [ pra-hi ] m. well; -hita, pp. (&root;dhā) sent, despatched, commissioned, etc.: -hitam gama, a. going on a message to (g.).

प्रहुत prahuta [ prį-huta ] pp. offered up; (į)-huti, f. offering.

प्रहृत prahrta [ pra-hrita ] pp. &root;hri; n. combat with (--°ree;); -hrishta, pp. greatly rejoiced, de lighted: -manas, a. having a delighted mind or heart, exceedingly glad, -roman, a. having the hair of one's body erect, m. N. of an Asura, -½ātman, a. having a joyful mind.

प्रहेला prahela [ pra-helā ] f. unconstrained behaviour: in. without constraint; -helikā, f. riddle, enigma.

प्रह्राद prahrada [ pra-hrāda ] m. N. of the chief of the Asuras; -hrāsa, m. curtailment, diminution, wane.


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