Update: 2018-12-26 09:53 PM -0500


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

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UKT notes :

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पात्रिन््  [ptr-in]
- a. having a drinking vessel; carrying an alms-bowl.



पात्री [p-tr]
- f. vessel, plate, pot.



- make a receptacle or object of (g.); make worthy or honoured.



पाथस्  [paNth-as], n. place; water: -pati, m. lord of the waters, ep. of Varuna.



पाथेय   [ptheya]
- n. victuals for a journey (pathi): -vat, a. having anything as provisions for the journey, victualed with (--).



पाथोज   [ptho-ga]
- n. (water-born), lotus (flower); -gin-, f. lotus (plant); -da or -dhara, m. cloud; -dhi, -ntha, -nidhi, m. ocean.



strong base of pad, foot.


पाद   [paNd-a]
- m. [goer], foot (of men and animals); foot or leg (of inanimate objects), post; bottom (of a water-skin); wheel; root (of a tree); spur (of a mountain); ray, beam (foot of a heavenly body); (foot of a quadruped=) quarter (pl. the four parts); fourth part of a (four-versed) stanza; verse (even of a three-versed stanza); the du. or pl. is often used (gnly. --) to designate a person respectfully; pdayoh pat, fall at any one's (g.) feet; pdaih, on foot (of several); -k, m. little foot; --, a. (ik) footed; -krikkhra, m. quarter (a kind of) penance; -grahana, n. grasping or embracing the feet of any one (in token of respect or submission); -kpala or -kpalya, n. carelessness in placing the feet; -kra, a. going on foot, walking; m. foot-soldier; walking: in. on foot; -krin, a. going on foot; m. foot-soldier; -kkhedana, n. cutting off of a foot; -tala, n. sole of the foot: -̮hati, f. kick; -tas, ad. from, at, near, or by the feet; at or near the foot; step by step, by degrees: -- kri, place at the feet; -tra, n. (?) shoe.





पादधावन   [pda-dhvana]
- n. washing of the feet.

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पादनम्र   [pda-namra]
- a, bowing down to the feet of any one; -nikrit, a. having a deficiency of a syllable in each quarter-verse; -nysa, m. setting down of the feet, step; footprint; -pa, m. (drinking by the root), plant, esp. tree: -ka, --, a. id.; -patana, n. throwing oneself at the feet of any one, prostration; -patita, pp. having thrown oneself at any one's feet; -paddhati, f. line of footsteps, footprints; -padma, m. lotus-foot; -parikraka, m. humble servant; -pdadhvana, n. washing of one foot with the other; -ptha, n. footstool: -kri, turn into a footstool; -prana, a., n. filling a versefoot; -prakshlana, n. washing of the feet; -prasrana, n. stretching out the feet; -prahra, m. kick; -bhata, m. foot-soldier; -bhga, m. a fourth; -bhg, a. possessing=equalling only a fourth part of any one (g.) in (lc.); -mudr, f. footprint; trace, sign, indication: -paṅkti, f. line of footprints, track; -mla, n. root of the foot, tarsus; sometimes used as a respectful designation of a person; foot of a mountain: e ni-pat, fall at the feet of (g.); -yuddha, n. foot-fight; -ragas, n. dust of the feet; -lagna, pp. sticking in the foot (thorn); lying at any one's feet; attached to the foot; -lepa, m. foot-ointment of a peculiarly magical power; -vandana, n. adoration of the feet, reverential salutation; -sabda, m. sound of footsteps; -sas, ad. foot by foot; by a fourth; sauka, n. cleansing of the feet; -stambha, m. supporting beam, pillar.




पादाग्र   [pda̮agra]
-n. tip of the foot; -̮gh- ta, m. kick; -̮aṅguli or , f. toe; -̮aṅgush- tha, m. great toe.




पादात   [pda̮ata]
- m. [going on foot], footsoldier.



पादान्त   [pda̮anta]
- m. tip of the foot, claw: lc. at any one's feet; -̮antara, n. distance of a foot: lc. close beside (g.); -̮ambhas, n. water for washing the feet; -̮aravinda, m. lotus of a foot (said of the foot of a deity, lover, etc.); -̮ardha, n. half a quarter, an eighth; -̮arpana, n. placing the foot upon; -̮avanma, m. bowing down before any one's feet; -̮avasekana, n. water in which the feet have been washed; -̮sphlana, n. trampling or shuffling of the feet; -̮hati, f. blow of the foot, kick; -- against (--).



पादिक   [pd-ika]
- a. amounting to or lasting a quarter (of a time); -in, a. having feet; entitled to a fourth.



पादु   [pd-]
- m. foot; place: (u)-k, f. shoe; slipper; ()-krit, m. shoemaker.



पादोपसंग्रहण   [pda̮upasamgrahana]
- n. embracing the feet (of a teacher).



  पाद्य   [paNd-ya]
- a. belonging to the foot; n. water for washing the feet.



पान   [p◡́ana]
- n. drinking (esp. of strong drink); draught; sipping (the lips); beverage, drink: -ka, m. n. beverage, drink; -pa, a. drinking intoxicating liquors; -ptra, n. drinking vessel, cup (esp. for spirituous liquor); -bh or -bhmi, f. drinking-place or room; -maṅgala, n. drinking-bout; -matta, pp. intoxicated; -mada, m. intoxication.



  पानस   [pnasa]
- a. made from the bread-fruit.



पानीय   [p̮anya]
- fp. drinkable; n. drink; water: -varsha, m. or n. (?) downpour of water, rain; -̮artham, ad. for the sake of water.



  पान्थ   [pntha]
- m. wayfarer, traveller: -tva, n. life of a wayfarer.



पाप   [pp]
- a. (, V.; aN) evil, bad, wicked, criminal, sinful; inauspicious (planets, omens); m. wicked man, villain, sinner; n. evil, trouble, misfortune, harm; wickedness, offence, crime, villany, guilt, sin: sntam ppam, may heaven forefend that; brahma-hatykritam --, crime consisting in slaying a Brhman; ppa-tara, cpv. worse; very bad; paNpyas, worse off, more wretched, poorer; very badly off; very bad; worse; inferior; m. bad man; ppishtha, spv. least; worst; very bad; ppishthatama, worse than (ab.).



पापक   [ppa-ka]
- a. wicked, bad; m. rascal; n. evil; -karman, n. wicked deed; a. doing evil deeds, wicked, sinful; m. ill-doer, miscreant, criminal, sinner; -krin, -krt, a., m. id.; -krita, (pp.) n. misdeed; -gati, a. illstarred; -ketas, a. evil-minded, malevolent; -timira, a. blinded by sin, sin-bedarkened; -prusha, m. rascal, villain; -priya, a. fond of or prone to evil; -bandha, m. continuous series of misdeeds; -buddhi, f. evil intent; a. evil-minded, malevolent; -bhagana, a. destroying the wicked; m. N. of a Brhman; -bhaNg, a. participating in wrong, guilty; -bhva, a. evil-minded; -mati, a. evilminded, malevolent, ungodly; -yoni, f. low womb, birth as a punishment of sin; -rahita, pp. freed from sin, sinless; -ripu, (foe of sin), N. of a Trtha; -roga, m. bad disease, disease as punishment for sin; -rogin, a. suffering from a bad disease or disease in punishment for former sin; -̮riddhi, f. hunting, chase; -lokya, a. leading to hell; -vasyasa or -vasyas-a, n. [betterness of the bad], topsyturvyness, preposterousness; -sla, a. of bad character, prone to evil: -tva, n. depravity; -sodhana, a. purifying from guilt; n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -sdana-trtha, n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -han, a. destroying sin or sinners; -hara, a. taking away sin; -hridaya, a. bad-hearted.




पापाचार   [ppa̮kra]
- a. leading a wicked life; -̮tman, a. evil-minded, malevolent, wicked; m. wicked man, villain; -̮anubandha, m. evil consequences; -̮rambha-ka, -̮rambha-vat, a. machinating evil; -̮saya, a. evil-intentioned.



पापिन्   [pp-in]
- a. wicked, sinful; m. evildoer, sinner; -ishtha, spv., -yas, cpv. (of ppa) more or very wicked; -yas-tva, n. wickedness, depravity.



पाप्मन्   [pp-mn]
- m. evil, calamity, suffering; transgression, sin, guilt; a. hurtful, evil.



cutaneous eruption,scab



पामर   [pma-ra]
- m. man of the lowest extraction plying a despised trade; rogue; simpleton, fool: -tva, n. simplicity. 



void excrement



पायक   pya-ka (ik) drinking.



पायन   [p-y-na]
- n. causing to drink; , f. moistening.



repeated, while continually drinking



पायस   [pyas-a]
- a. made of milk; m. n. milkrice: -dagdha, pp. scalded by milk-porridge.



पायिन्   [p-y-in]
- a. drinking, sucking (--).



पायु   1. [p-y-]
- m. protector: pl. (gnly. in.) protecting powers, aid.



पायु   2. [py-]
- m.(SB.py-) privy: -t, f. abst. n.; -kshlana-vesman, n. id.; -̮upastha, n. sg. anus and organ of generation.



पार   [pr-]
- a. [√2. pri] taking across; (m.) n. opposite or farther bank or boundary; bank; extreme limit, extremity, end, goal; -kma, a. wishing to reach the other bank.



पारक्य   [prak-ya]
- a. belonging to or meant for another; alien, hostile; m. enemy.



पारग   [pra-ga]
- a. crossing to the farther bank; having gone to the end of anything, having accomplished, -- thoroughly studied, fully conversant with (g., lc., --); deeply learned; -gata, pp. having reached the opposite bank, having safely crossed (g.); -grmika, a. hostile: -m vidhim kikrshati, prepares for hostilities.



पारण   [pr-ana]
- a. taking across, saving; n. bringing to an end, accomplishment, fulfilment; conclusion of a fast (vrata-), breakfast (also ); reading; complete text.



पारत   [prata]
- m. quicksilver (=prada).



पारतन्त्र्य   [pra-tantr-ya]
- n. dependence; -talpika, n. adultery.



on the other side of (g.)



पारत्रिक   [pratr-ika]
- a. relating to the next world (cp. paratra); -ya, a. id.



पारद   [prada]
- m. n. quicksilver; m. pl. N. of a people.



पारदारिक   [pradr-ika]
- a. having intercourse with another man's wife (para-dra); m. adulterer; -ya, n. adultery.



पारदृश्वन्   [pra-drisvan]
- a. (r-) having seen the opposite bank, fully conversant with (g. or --).


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   पश्््चा   pas-kaN behind, after; in the west; afterwards.
   पश्््च   pas-k hinder; later.
   पश्््चिमाचल   paskima̮akala Western Mountain (a fabulous mountain behind which the sun is supposed to set: cp. asta̮akala); -̮ambudhi, m. western ocean; -̮itara, a. (opposite of west), eastern; -̮uttara, a. north-western: -prva, a. western, northern, or eastern.
   पश्््चिम   pask-ima hinder; western; last, latest, final: -m darsanam drashtum, see for the last time; vel, f. evening time, close of day; samdhy, f. evening twilight; , f. (sc. dis) west.
   पश्््चात्ताप   paskt-tpa repentance, re morse; -tpin, a. repenting; -puro-mruta, m. du. west and east wind; (d)-baddha-purusha, m. man whose hands are tied behind his back; -bhu-baddha, pp. id.; (d)-bhga, m. hind part.
   पश्््चात्   paskaNt behind, in the rear, after; backwards; from or in the west; westwards; afterwards, hereafter, subsequently (sts. pleonastically with a gd.); -- kri, leave behind, surpass; place on the back or despise; prp. with ab. and g. after; to the west of; tatah paskt, after that, thereupon.
   पाद्   pd pad, foot.
   पश्््चार्ध   paska̮ardh hind portion; western side.
  पामन्   p-mn cutaneous eruption, scab.




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UKT notes



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