Update: 2018-12-05 05:30 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p126.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg ;
1929, http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 110416 , 110611 

downloaded and edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm

MC-indx | Top
 MC-v05-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{d:}
  p126-c1
{d:wa.}
{d:wa}
{dau:} / {do}
{dau:Sa.}
  p126-c2
{dau:Sa} / alternate form {dau:Sa}
{dau:a.}
{dau:ha.}
{dau} : modal register in Bur-Myan
{dauur} : repha
  p126-c3
{dau-wa.}
{dau-Sa.}
{dau-ha.}

Long time ago, in the early 2000s, when I was studying the Myanmar medicinal plants, and their presentation on an akshara basis, I realized that the medials formed with the approximants {ya.} /j/, {ra.} /ɹ/, {la.} /l/, {wa.} /w/, and {ha.} /h/, form a family of sounds all by themselves. In this file and some files which follow, we see the most prominent medials formed with the voiced dental plosive-stop {da.} /d/ and the approximants. For a separate study of this subject we will have to include {ga.} /g/, {za.} /z/, and {ba.} /b/.

{dya.} : pronunciation problem due to POA (place of articulation)
{dyu.} /djŭ/
{dyu} /dju/

UKT notes :
Verbs and participles : from Online http://www.learnsanskrit.org/ends/verbs 120416

Contents of this page

{d:}

p125c3-b15/ p084 

{d:wa.}

दैव daiva [ daiva ]
-- a. () peculiar to, (p126c1-top  ) coming from, or having to do with the gods, divine; royal; connected with or produced by fate; viv ha, m. or dharma, m. marriage rite of the gods (in which a daughter is given to the officiating ( end p125c3 ) priest); with trtha, n. part of the hand sacred to the gods (the finger-tips); n. deity; rite in honour of the gods; divine dispensation, fate, destiny; good luck: yukte daive, when fate is auspicious; daivam sikshayati, necessity teaches.
 दैव   daiva () peculiar to, coming from, or having to do with the gods, divine; royal; connected with or produced by fate; vivha, m. or dharma, m. marriage rite of the gods (in which a daughter is given to the officiating priest); with trtha, n. part of the hand sacred to the gods (the finger-tips); n. deity; rite in honour of the gods; divine dispensation, fate, destiny; good luck: yukte daive, when fate is auspicious; daivam sikshayati, necessity teaches.

UKT: It is noteworthy that the two words,
{d-wa.} (present in both Bur-Myan and Pal-Myan)
and {d:wa.} (absent in both Bur-Myan and Pal-Myan), are words referring to the same idea:
देव deva [ dev- ]
-- a. () heavenly, divine (also fig.); celestial, deity, god, divinity (sts. of malevolent beings); (god among men=) priest, Brhman; king, prince; --, chief among; voc. Sire, please your Majesty; , f. goddess; Svitr; Durg; queen, princess. -- Mac124c3

 

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p126c1-b01/ p084 

दैवकृत daivakrta [ daiva-krita ]
-- pp. produced by fate, natural; -gati, f. course of fate; -kinta-ka, a. thinking about --, knowing human fate; m. astrologer; -ga, a. skilled in destiny; m. astrologer; -ga-tva, n. skill in astrology.
 दैवकृत   daiva-krita produced by fate, natural; -gati, f. course of fate; -kinta-ka, a. thinking about --, knowing human fate; m. astrologer; -ga, a. skilled in destiny; m. astrologer; -ga-tva, n. skill in astrology.

 

p126c1-b02/ p084

दैवत daivata [ daivata ]
-- a. () relating to a deity (worshipped or invoked); divine; n. deity or coll. deities (celebrated in a hymn); having or worshipping - as one's deity (--).
 दैवत   daivata () relating to a deity (worshipped or invoked); divine; n. deity or coll. deities (celebrated in a hymn); having or worshipping -- as one's deity (--). 

 

p126c1-b03/ p084 

दैवतस् daivatas [ daiva-tas ]
-- ad. by fate, accidentally.
 दैवतस्   daiva-tas by fate, accidentally.

 

p126c1-b04/ p084

दैवत्य daivatya [ daivat-ya ]
-- a. having as deity, sacred or addressed to (--).
 दैवत्य   daivat-ya having as deity, sacred or addressed to (--).
 

p126c1-b05/ p084

दैवदत्त daivadatta [ daiva-datta ]
-- pp. bestowed by fate, innate; -durvipka, m. ill-ripening dispensa tion=cruelty of fate; -para, a. to whom fate is the chief thing; m. fatalist; -paryana, a. m. id.; -yoga, m. dispensation of fate; -vasa, m. will of fate: ab. accidentally; -vid, a. acquainted with fate; m. astrologer; -vi dhi, m. fate; -sampanna, pp. favoured by fortune: -t, f. abst. n.; -hata-ka, a. buffeted by fortune, unfortunate; accursed; n. accursed fate (Pr.).
 दैवदत्त   daiva-datta bestowed by fate, innate; -durvipka, m. ill-ripening dispensation=cruelty of fate; -para, a. to whom fate is the chief thing; m. fatalist; -paryana, a. m. id.; -yoga, m. dispensation of fate; -vasa, m. will of fate: ab. accidentally; -vid, a. acquainted with fate; m. astrologer; -vidhi, m. fate; -sampanna, pp. favoured by fortune: -t, f. abst. n.; -hata-ka, a. buffeted by fortune, unfortunate; accursed; n. accursed fate (Pr.).

 

p126c1-b06/ p084

{d:wa}

दैवादिक daivadika [ daiv-di-ka ]
-- a. belonging to the div or fourth class of verbs.
 दैवादिक   daiv-di-ka belonging to the div or fourth class of verbs.

See my note on verbs and participles .

 

p126c1-b07/ p084

दैवाद्यन्त daivadyanta [ daiva‿di‿anta ]
-- a. beginning and ending with a rite in honour of the gods.
 दैवाद्यन्त   daiva̮di̮anta beginning and ending with a rite in honour of the gods.

 

p126c1-b08/ p084

दैविक daivika [ daiv-ika ]
-- a. peculiar --, sacred to or coming from the gods; n. natural phenomenon.
 दैविक   daiv-ika peculiar --, sacred to or coming from the gods; n. natural phenomenon.

 

p126c1-b09/ p084

दैवोढा daivodha [ daiva‿dh ]
-- f. woman married according to the Daiva rite; -‿upahataka, a. buffeted by fortune.
 दैवोढा   daiva̮dh woman married according to the Daiva rite; -̮upahataka, a. buffeted by fortune.

 

p126c1-b10/p084

दैव्य daivya [ davya ]
-- a. ( and dav) divine.
 दैव्य   davya ( and dav) divine.

 

p126c1-b11/ p084

दैशिक daisika [ dais-ika ]
-- a. relating to place or space; native; belonging to the country of (--); m. instructor.
दैशिक   dais-ika relating to place or space; native; belonging to the country of (--); m. instructor.

 

p126c1-b12/ p084

दैष्टिकता daistikata [ daisht-ika-t ]
-- f. fatalism.
दैष्टिकता   daisht-ika-t fatalism. 

 

p126c1-b13/ p084

दैहिक daihika [ daih-ika ]
= द ै ह ि क
-- a. () bodily.
दैहिक   daih-ika () bodily.

 

p126c1-b14/ p084

दैह्य daihya [ daih-ya ]
= द ै ह ् य
-- a. being in the body; m. soul.
 दैह्य   daih-ya being in the body; m. soul.

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{dau:} / {do}

UKT: I am still undecided how to represent the following entries in Romabama. The pronunciation seems to be between {do} (close) & {dau:} (open). They are the mid back-vowels and are very close together. Refer to
   {kau:} / {ko} - p075.htm 
or, to a much earlier page - p059-3.htm
On the second page I have referred to I have written:

The phonemes represented by Skt-Dev ओ & औ have always been a problem in Romabama. This pair is one of the most back and the most open. Moreover, they can be pronounced with various degrees of lip rounding:
   {o} to {AU} - represented in Skt-Dev as ओ
   / {AU:} to {AU} - represented as औ
   The 'flags', ो ौ, on the aksharas should be compared to the those on े {} ै {}
The controversy is due primarily to absence of the series {o.}, {o}, {o:}. The Romabama spellings given below are tentative: they may have to be changed with deeper understanding of the problems involved. -- UKT120121

I will come back to this problem when I go through the whole of A. A. Macdonell later. -- UKT120416

 

p126c1-b15/ p084

दोग्धव्य dogdhavya [ dog-dhavya ]
-- fp. to be milked; -dhu kma, a. eager to milk, i. e. plunder (ac.); -dhr, m. milker; -dhr, a. f. giving milk; f. milch cow; -dhra, n. milk-pail.
 दोग्धव्य   dog-dhavya to be milked; -dhukma, a. eager to milk, i. e. plunder (ac.); -dhr, m. milker; -dhr, a. f. giving milk; f. milch cow; -dhra, n. milk-pail.

 

p126c1-b16/ not online

[dodha-ka]
-- n. a metre

 

p126c1-b17/ not online

[dodhatah]
-- RV. X. 119, 2

 

p126c1-b18/ p084

दोर्मूल dormula [ dor-mla ]
-- n. arm-pit.
 दोर्मूल   dor-mla arm-pit.

 

p126c1-b19/ p084

दोल dola [ dol-a ]
-- m. swinging; (m.) , f. swing, often as symbol of doubt; dooly, bamboo litter (carried on four men's shoulders).
 दोल   dol-a swinging; (m.) , f. swing, often as symbol of doubt; dooly, bamboo litter (carried on four men's shoulders). 

UKT: All I can get is a small snapshot of four men carrying a senior aged monk in a Bur-Myan {wau:}. There was no legend. From the dresses of the men, especially the gentleman following I guess the timeline to be 18th-19th century AD. -- 120416

Photo from Gandawun Shwe Bagan Travels and Tours, 67 Baho Rd, Sanchaung, Yangon.

 

 

p126c1-b20/ p084

दोलाय dolaya [ dol-ya ]
-- den. . sway like a swing; fluctuate, waver, be in doubt: pp. dolyita, swaying to and fro.
दोलाय   dol-ya . sway like a swing; fluctuate, waver, be in doubt: pp. dolyita, swaying to and fro.

 

p126c1-b21/ p084

दोलायुद्ध dolayuddha [ dol-yuddha ]
-- n. wavering battle; -‿rdha, pp. sitting in a dooly; seated on a swing: iva=doubtful as to (--).
दोलायुद्ध   dol-yuddha wavering battle; -̮rdha, pp. sitting in a dooly; seated on a swing: iva=doubtful as to (--).

 

p126c1-b22/ p084

दोलोत्सव dolotsava [ dol‿utsava ]
-- m. swinging festival.
दोलोत्सव   dol̮utsava swinging festival. 

 

p126c1-b23/ p084

दोःशालिन् dohsalin [ doh-slin ]
-- a. strong-armed.
 दोःशालिन्   doh-slin strong-armed.

Contents of this page

{dau:Sa.}

p126c1-b24/ p084

दोष dosa [ dosh-a ]
-- m. (n.) defect, blemish, failing; bad quality or condition, taint; fault; transgression, crime, sin, guilt, vice; harm, damage, injury; evil; bad consequence; morbid affection, disorder, disease; bodily ( end p126c1 ) (p126c2-top  )
humour (there are three such, phlegm, bile, and wind, which when disordered cause disease): in., ab. -tas, in consequence of a bad --, owing to the detrimental effect of (--); -tah saṅk, suspect of a transgression.
 दोष   dosh-a defect, blemish, failing; bad quality or condition, taint; fault; transgression, crime, sin, guilt, vice; harm, damage, injury; evil; bad consequence; morbid affection, disorder, disease; bodily humour (there are three such, phlegm, bile, and wind, which when disordered cause disease): in., ab. -tas, in consequence of a bad --, owing to the detrimental effect of (--); -tah saṅk, suspect of a transgression.

Contents of this page

 

p126-c2

p126c2-b01/ p084

दोषकर dosakara [ dosha-kara ]
-- a. harmful, injurious to (g.); -guna, n. sg. faults and merits; -gun in, a. possessed of faults and merits: (-i)-tva, n. abst. n.; -ga, a. knowing the faults of (--); knowing what is hurtful, wise; -tva, n. faultiness, defectiveness.
 दोषकर   dosha-kara harmful, injurious to (g.); -guna, n. sg. faults and merits; -gunin, a. possessed of faults and merits: (-i)-tva, n. abst. n.; -ga, a. knowing the faults of (--); knowing what is hurtful, wise; -tva, n. faultiness, defectiveness. 

 

p126c2-b02/ p084

दोषन् dosan [ dosh-n ]
-- n. fore-arm; arm.
 दोषन्   dosh-n fore-arm; arm.

 

p126c2-b03/ p084

दोषफल dosaphala [ dosha-phala ]
-- n. effect of sin; a. sinful; -maya, a. consisting of faults.
दोषफल   dosha-phala effect of sin; a. sinful; -maya, a. consisting of faults.

 

p126c2-b04/ p084

दोषल dosala [ dosha-la ]
-- a. corrupt, spoilt.
 दोषल   dosha-la corrupt, spoilt.

 

p126c2-b05/ p084

दोषवत् dosavat [ dosha-vat ]
-- a. faulty, defective, blemished; guilty; blamable, sinful; detrimental.
 दोषवत्   dosha-vat faulty, defective, blemished; guilty; blamable, sinful; detrimental.

 

p126c2-b06/ o084

दोषस् dosas [ dosh-s ]
-- n. evening, darkness.
दोषस्   dosh-s evening, darkness. 

Contents of this page

{dau:Sa} / alternate form {dau:Sa}

p126c2-b07/ p084

दोषा dosa [ dosh- ]
-- f. evening, darkness: -m, in. , in the evening, at night.
दोषा   dosh-aN evening, darkness: -m, in. aN, in the evening, at night.

 

p126c2-b08/ p084

दोषाकर dosakara [ dosh-kara ]
-- m. (night-maker), moon.
दोषाकर   dosh-kara (night-maker), moon.

 

p126c2-b09/ p084

दोषाक्षर dosaksara [ dosha‿akshara ]
-- m. accusation, reproach.
 दोषाक्षर   dosha̮akshara accusation, reproach.

 

p126c2-b10/ p084

दोषातन dosatana [ dosh-tana ]
-- a. belonging to the evening, nocturnal.
 दोषातन   dosh-tana belonging to the evening, nocturnal.

 

p126c2-b11/ p084

दोषाय dosaya [ dosh-ya ]
-- den. . become or appear like a fault.
 दोषाय   dosh-ya . become or appear like a fault.

 

p126c2-b12/ p084

दोषारमण dosaramana [ dosh-ramana ]
-- m. moon.
 दोषारमण   dosh-ramana moon.

 

p126c2-b13/ p084

दोषिन् dosin [ dosh-in ]
-- a. guilty of a transgression.
 दोषिन्   dosh-in guilty of a transgression.

 

p126c2-b14/ p084

दोष्मत् dosmat [ dosh-mat ]
-- a. strong-armed, brave.
 दोष्मत्   dosh-mat strong-armed, brave. 

Contents of this page

{dau:a.}

p126c2-b15/ p084

दोस् dos [ ds ]
-- n. fore-arm; arm.
दोस्   ds fore-arm; arm. 

Contents of this page

{dua:ha.}

p126c2-b16/ p084

दोह doha [ dh-a ]
-- a. milking, yielding (--); m. milking; milk; profiting by (--).
दोह   dh-a milking, yielding (--); m. milking; milk; profiting by (--).

 

p126c2-b17/ p084

दोहद dohada [ dohada ]
-- m. [corruption of dau(r) hrida] longing of pregnant women; violent desire, for (lc., --); longing of plants for the touch of a beautiful maiden which elicits their blossoms: -duhkha-sla, a. suffering from mor bid longing during pregnancy: -t, f. morbid condition of longing during pregnancy; -lak shana, n. sign of pregnancy.
दोहद   dohada dau(r)hrida] longing of pregnant women; violent desire, for (lc., --); longing of plants for the touch of a beautiful maiden which elicits their blossoms: -duhkha-sla, a. suffering from morbid longing during pregnancy: -t, f. morbid condition of longing during pregnancy; -lakshana, n. sign of pregnancy.

 

p126c2-b18/ p084

दोहदिन् dohadin [ dohad-in ]
-- a. having a violent longing for (lc., --).
दोहदिन्   dohad-in having a violent longing for (lc., --).

 

p126c2-b19/ p084

दोहन dohana [ doh-na ]
-- a. yielding milk; n. milking; milk-pail (also , f.).
 दोहन   doh-na yielding milk; n. milking; milk-pail (also , f.).

 

p126c2-b20/ not online

[dohala]
-- m. = dohada

 

p126c2-b21/ p084

दोहस् dohas [ dh-as ]
-- n. milking.
 दोहस्   dh-as milking.

 

p126c2-b22/ p084

दोह्य dohya [ dh-ya ]
-- fp. to be milked; n. milk giving animal.
 दोह्य   dh-ya to be milked; n. milkgiving animal.

Contents of this page

{dau}

UKT: The pitch-registers of Bur-Myan for this back-vowel sound are:
   creak: {dau.} / modal: {dau} / emphatic: {dau:}
If you look at the "flags" something seems to be amiss. Romabama solves this problem by adopting the system of "dots": single-dot for creak, zero-dot for modal, and two-dots for emphatic. I wait for input from my peers. -- UKT120417

p126c2-b23/ p084

दौत्य  dat-ya, -˚क dautya daut-ya, -ka [ -ka ]
-- n. message, function of a messenger.
 दौत्य   -ka message, function of a messenger.

 

p126c2-b24/ p084

दौरात्म्य dauratmya [ daur-tm-ya ]
-- n. wickedness, baseness.
 दौरात्म्य   daur-tm-ya wickedness, baseness.

Contents of this page

{dauur} : repha

UKT: Checking a vowel sound with killed-r aka  {ra.t} simply imparts a rhotic sound without actually "stopping" the sound. It is (what I understand) the role of repha. In the present case we have two sounds, from दो & दौ . In A. A. Macdonell we find only the sound of दौ is checked. I wonder whether this has something do with the vowel lengths of the sounds. I wait for input from my peers. -- UKT120417

p126c2-b25/ p084

दौर्ग daurga [ daurga ]  {dauur-ga.} (?) -->
-- a. relating to Durg.
 दौर्ग   daurga relating to Durg.

 

p126c2-b26/ p084

दौर्गत्य daurgatya  [ daurgat-ya ]
-- n. distress, misery, poverty.
 दौर्गत्य   daurgat-ya distress, misery, poverty.

 

p126c2-b27/ p084

दौर्गन्ध्य daurgandhya [ daur-gandh-ya ]
-- n. bad odour, stench.
 दौर्गन्ध्य   daur-gandh-ya bad odour, stench.

 

p126c2-b28/ p084

दौर्गह daurgaha [ daurgah ]
-- m. pat. of Purukutsa.
दौर्गह   daurgah Purukutsa.

 

p126c2-b29/ p084

दौर्जन्य daurjanya [ daur-gan-ya ]
-- n. wickedness, baseness.
 दौर्जन्य   daur-gan-ya wickedness, baseness.

 

p126c2-b30/ not online

[daur-bal-ya]
-- n. weakness

 

p126c2-b31/ p084

दौर्भाग्य daurbhagya [ dar-bhg-ya ]
-- n. misfortune.
दौर्भाग्य   dar-bhg-ya misfortune.

 

p126c2-b32/ p084

दौर्मनस्य daurmanasya  [ daur-manas-ya ]
-- n. dejection, sadness.
 दौर्मनस्य   daur-manas-ya dejection, sadness.

 

p126c2-b33/ p084

दौर्मन्त्र्य daurmantrya [ daur-mantr-ya ]
-- n. bad counsel.
दौर्मन्त्र्य   daur-mantr-ya bad counsel.  ( end p126c2 )

Contents of this page

 

p126-c3

p126c3-b00/ p084

दौर्व्रत्य daurvratya [ dar-vrat-ya ]
-- n. disobedience.
  दौर्व्रत्य   dar-vrat-ya disobedience.
 

p126c3-b01/ p084

दौर्हृद daurhrda [ daur-hrid-a ]
-- m. rogue; *n. longing of pregnant women.
 दौर्हृद   daur-hrid-a rogue; *n. longing of pregnant women. 

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p126c3-b02/p084 

{dau-wa.}

दौवारिक dauvarika [ dauvr-ika ]
-- m. janitor, chamberlain; , f. female janitor.
 दौवारिक   dauvr-ika janitor, chamberlain; , f. female janitor. 

Contents of this page

p126c3-b03/ not online

{dai-sha.}

दौश्चर्म्य dauscarmya [ daus-karm-ya ]
= द ौ श ् च र ् म ् य
-- n. skin-disease.

 

p126c3-b04/ p084

दौःशील्य dauhsilya [ dauh-sl-ya ]
-- n. badness of character, malignity.
दौःशील्य   dauh-sl-ya badness of character, malignity.

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p126c3-b05/ p084

{dau-Sa.}

दौष्कृत्य dauskrtya [ daush-krit-ya ]
= द ौ ष ् क ृ त ् य
-- n. baseness, wickedness.
 दौष्कृत्य   daush-krit-ya baseness, wickedness.

 

p126c3-b06/ not online

[dausht-ya]
-- n. id.

 

p126c3-b07/ p084

दौष्यन्त dausyanta [ daushyanta ]
-- a. relating to Dushyanta; m. a mixed caste.
 दौष्यन्त   daushyanta relating to Dushyanta; m. a mixed caste.

 

p126c3-b08/ p084

दौष्यन्ति dausyanti [ daushyant-i ]
-- m. pat. of Bharata.
 दौष्यन्ति   daushyant-i Bharata.

 

p126c3-b09/ p084

दौःषन्ति dauhsanti [ dahshanti ]
-- older form of Daushyanti.
 दौःषन्ति   dahshanti Daushyanti.

 

p126c3-b10/ p084

दौःस्थ्य dauhsthya [ dauh-sth-ya ]
-- n. sorry plight.
 दौःस्थ्य   dauh-sth-ya sorry plight.

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p126c3-b11/ p084 

{dau-ha.}

दौहदिक dauhadika [ dauhad-ika ]
-- n. longing, desire.
 दौहदिक   dauhad-ika longing, desire.

 

p126c3-b12/ p084

दौहित्र dauhitra [ dauhitr-a ]
-- m. daughter's son; , f. daughter's daughter.
 दौहित्र   dauhitr-a daughter's son; , f. daughter's daughter.

 

p126c3-b13/ p084

दौहृद dauhrda [ dauhrid-a ]
-- n. longing in pregnancy.
 दौहृद   dauhrid-a longing in pregnancy.

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{dya.}

UKT: This could have been a medial formed from {da.} /d/ and the medial former {ya.} /j/. The "medial" formed is written as a {ya.ping.} as {dya.} /dja/. Now, if you look into my mappings pulmonic consonants of Bur-Myan and Skt-Dev into the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) table http://www.tuninst.net/Eng-phon/Eng-phon-indx.htm#Map-con-note 120417 taking note of the POA (place of articulation), you will see that {da.} /d/ is dental-plosive and that {ya.} /j/ is palatal-approximant. These two POAs are quite far apart for your vocal apparatus (viz. the tip, the middle and the root of your tongue) to manipulate. The result is, {dya.} is pronounced as a disyllable and not as a medial. Most Bur-Myan, including me, pronounce it by insertion of a schwa: /də.ja/. We have seen the same phenomena in {tya.} formed from /t/ & /j/ . See p112.htm .

In entries with /u/ addition below, I find that I can articulate without addition of /ə/. Thus:
     creak {dyu.} /djŭ/ 
     modal  {dyu} /dju/ 
     emphatic  {dyu:} /djuː/
can be pronounced as monosyllables.
(Note for ease of transcription Romabama uses IPA suprasegmentals for pitch-registers)
-- UKT120417

p126c3-b14/ p084

द्यावा dyava [ dyv ]
= द ् य ा व ा
-- du. (of div) night and morning: -kshm, f. du. heaven and earth; -prithiv&isharp;, f. du. heaven and earth.
 द्यावा   dyaNv div) night and morning: -kshaNm, f. du. heaven and earth; -prithiv, f. du. heaven and earth.

 

p126c3-b15/ p084

द्यावापृथिवीय dyavaprthiviya [ dyv-prithivya ]
-- a. relating or sacred to heaven and earth.
 द्यावापृथिवीय   dyv-prithivya relating or sacred to heaven and earth.

 

p126c3-b16/ p084

द्यावाभूमि dyavabhumi [ dyv-bh&usharp;mi ]
-- f. du. heaven and earth.
 द्यावाभूमि   dyaNv-bhuNmi heaven and earth.

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{dyu.}

The creak {dyu.} /djŭ/ , the modal  {dyu} /dju/ , and the emphatic  {dyu:} /djuː/ can be pronounced as monosyllables. Of course, if I would like to add a little bit of style of my own I can always insert a schwa, and pronounce them as disyllables. -- UKT120418

p126c3-b17/ not online

[DYU] II. P.
-- dyauti , rush at, attack

 

p126c3-b18/ p084

द्यु dyu [ dy ]
-- m. sky; brightness, glow; m. n. day (v. div).
 द्यु   dy sky; brightness, glow; m. n. day (v. div).

 

p126c3-b19/ p084

द्युक्ष dyuksa [ dyu-ksh ]
-- a. heavenly, bright; -kara, a. moving in heaven; m. celestial.
 द्युक्ष   dyu-ksh heavenly, bright; -kara, a. moving in heaven; m. celestial.

 

p126c3-b20/ p084

द्युत् dyut [ 1. dyt ] I. (E. also P.) .
-- dyota , flash, gleam, shine; ...
 द्युत्   3. dyt splendour.

 

p126c3-b21/ not online

द्युत् dyut [ 2. dyt ]
-- pp. dyutt , broken; cs. dyotya , P. break open

 

p126c3-b022/ not online

द्युत् dyut [ 3. dyt ]
-- f. splendour.

 

p126c3-b23/ p084

द्युतय dyutaya [ dyuta-ya ]
-- den. P. vi, flash, lighten.
 द्युतय   dyuta-ya P. vi, flash, lighten.

 

p126c3-b24/ p084

द्युति dyuti [ dyut-i ]
-- f. radiance, splendour; beauty; dignity: -mat, a. brilliant, splendid, glorious; dignified.
 द्युति   dyut-i radiance, splendour; beauty; dignity: -mat, a. brilliant, splendid, glorious; dignified.

 

p126c3-b25/ not online

[dyu-nis]
-- n. sg. & f. du. day and night; -nisa , n. id.: only -m , for a day and a night, by day and by night; -pati , m. (lord of heaven), god; ...

 

p126c3-b26/ p084

द्युमार्ग dyumarga [ dyu-mrga ]
-- m. (sky-way), air, sky.
 द्युमार्ग   dyu-mrga (sky-way), air, sky.

 

p126c3-b27/ p084

द्युम्न dyumna [ dyu-mn ]
-- n. splendour; vigour; wealth, property.
 द्युम्न   dyu-mn splendour; vigour; wealth, property.

 

p126c3-b28/ p084

द्युम्निन् dyumnin [ dyumn-n ]
-- a. splendid; strong; spirited.
द्युम्निन्   dyumn-n splendid; strong; spirited. 

 

p126c3-b29/ p084

द्युयोषित् dyuyosit [ dyu-yoshit ]
= द ् य ु य ो ष ि त ्
-- f. celestial female, Apsaras; -loka, m. celestial world; -vadh, f. celestial female, Apsaras; -shad, m. (sky dweller), god; -saras, n. lake of heaven; -sarit, f. celestial river, Ganges; -sindhu, f. id.; -str, f. celestial female, Apsaras.
द्युयोषित्   dyu-yoshit celestial female, Apsaras; -loka, m. celestial world; -vadh, f. celestial female, Apsaras; -shad, m. (skydweller), god; -saras, n. lake of heaven; -sarit, f. celestial river, Ganges; -sindhu, f. id.; -str, f. celestial female, Apsaras.

 

{dyu} /dju/

p126c3-b30/ p084

द्यू dyu [ dy&usharp; ]
= द ् य ू
-- a. playing (--); f. game of dice.
 द्यू   dyuN playing (--); f. game of dice.
 

 

p126c3-b17/ p084

द्यूत [ dy-t ]
= (द ् य ू) (त)
-- n. gambling (for, lc., -- ): often fig. ( end p126c3 )
(p127c1-top )
of the hazard of battle; booty: -kara, m. gambler; -kra, m. id.; -krit,m. id.; -dsa, m., , f. slave won at play; -dharma, m. laws concerning gambling; -vartman, n. method of gambling; -vritti, m. professional gambler, keeper of a gaming-house; -sl, f. gaming-house; -sadana, n. id.; -samga, m. gambling assembly.
द्यूत   dy-t gambling (for, lc., --): often fig. of the hazard of battle; booty: -kara, m. gambler; -kra, m. id.; -krit, m. id.; -dsa, m., , f. slave won at play; -dharma, m. laws concerning gambling; -vartman, n. method of gambling; -vritti, m. professional gambler, keeper of a gaming-house; -sl, f. gaming-house; -sadana, n. id.; -samga, m. gambling assembly. 

 

UKT: p126c3-b17 moved to next file.
 

 

 

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UKT notes

Verbs and Participles

UKT 120416: There are many online Sanskrit grammars. The following is one which seems to be easy to follow. I am giving only the first few pages:

From: http://www.learnsanskrit.org/ends/verbs 120416

In this chapter, we will bring our study of verbs to a close. First, we will study three endings that we have avoided throughout this guide: the second-person dual ("you two"), the second-person plural ("you all"), and the third-person dual ("the two of them"). Next, we will study some very rare verb forms, one of which hardly ever appears in Sanskrit texts. Finally, we will study a fourth kind of participle. Moreover, we will give a quick look to how verb prefixes behave in Vedic literature.

Three missing endings

All throughout this guide, we have avoided studying two endings from the second person and one ending from the third person. The simple reason for this exclusion is that these endings rarely occur occur. Before, it was simply not worth the time to study these three endings. But now that we're bringing our Sanskrit studies here to a close, we might as well learn them.

A verb is in one of two verb classes (simple / complex), takes one of two "modes" (parasmaipada / ātmanepada), and appears in four forms that rely on the verb's class (present tense, ordinary past tense, option mood, command mood). Since we have skipped 3 endings from each table, this gives us 48 endings to study in theory. But in practice, this number is lower. Moreover, regular correspondences make the endings easier to remember.

In the tables below, all endings are attached directly to the stem.
(UKT note to TIL editor: The tables below are the original tables. You may leave them as they are because they show perfectly well on the TIL webpage. -- 120416)

Present tense

Three endings (all verb classes, P)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   तः
taḥ
 
Second Person   थः
thaḥ
tha
Three endings (simple verb classes, A)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   ईते
īte
 
Second Person   ईथे
īthe
ध्वे
dhve
Three endings (complex verb classes, A)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   आते
āte
 
Second Person   आथे
āthe
ध्वे
dhve

The ī in the second set of endings produces forms like labhete

 

Ordinary Past Tense & Command Mood

Three endings (all verb classes, P)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   ताम्
tām
 
Second Person   तम्
tam
ta
Three endings (simple verb classes, A)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   ईताम्
ītām
 
Second Person   ईथाम्
īthām
ध्वम्
dhvam
Three endings (complex verb classes, A)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   आताम्
ātām
 
Second Person   आथाम्
āthām
ध्वम्
dhvam

 

Option Mood

The endings for the option mood are the same as the ones for the ordinary past tense and the command mood. However, these endings use a special prefix to indicate that the option mood is in effect.

Simple para Complex para Simple & Complex ātma
  ī   yā   īyā

The prefix īyā replaces the ā/ī already at the front of these endings, and the 2nd-person plural is slightly different:

Three endings (all verb classes, A)
Singular Dual Plural
Third Person   ईयाताम्
īyātām
 
Second Person   ईयाथाम्
īyāthām
ईध्वम्
īdhvam

UKT: There are more on this website.

Go back verbs-participles-note-b

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