Update: 2019-02-02 11:22 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p116.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR : http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

 

{dN}
  p116-c1
{dt}
{da.da.}
{da.Da.}
  p116-c2
{da.na.}
{da.Ba.}
{da.ma.}
  p116-c3
{da.ya.} : {d} - the problematic front open-mid sound
{da.ra.}
{dar}

UKT note: You will see an example of confusion because of the misuse of {::ting} in Skt-Dev and the subsequent transliteration. UHS indicated that the Skt spelling has an /m/ sound. We must remember that {::ting} sound is free from both /n/ or /m/ colouring.

दंपति dampati [ dm-pati ]
Skt: -- m. master of the house: du. master and mistress, man and wife, pair, couple. -- Mac116c3
BPal: {dm~pa.ti.}
- - UHS-PMD0461
UKT from UHS: m. master of the house, husband and wife

UKT notes :
Damayanti - the beauty Front-mid vow problem

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{dN}

p115-2c3-b07

दण्डयात्रा dandayatra [ danda-ytr ]
-- f. military expedition: -kihna, n. signal for marching to war, -patha, m. military road, -lagna, n. astrologically auspicious moment for marching out to war; -yoga, m. infliction of punishment; -lesa, m. small fine; -vat, a. bearing a staff; having a handle; possessing a great army; -vadh, m. capital punishment; -vkika,

( end p115c3 ) (p116c1-top  )
a. corporal or verbal (injury); -vhin, m. policeman, watchman; -vikalpa, m. choice of punishment (with g. of object); -vyha, m. array in columns; -hasta, a. holding a staff in the hand.

 

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p116-c1

p116c1-b01/ p080

दण्डाघात dandaghata [ danda‿ghta ]
-- m. pl. blows with a staff.
 दण्डाघात   danda̮ghta blows with a staff.

 

p116c1-b02/ p080

दण्डाधिप dandadhipa [ danda‿adhipa ]
-- m. chief justice; -‿adhipati, m. id.; -‿anka, n. detachment of an army; -‿ppa-nyya, m. manner of the stick and the cake (if the mouse has eaten the stick she must have eaten the cake also): ab.= as a matter of course from what precedes.
 दण्डाधिप   danda̮adhipa chief justice; -̮adhipati, m. id.; -̮anka, n. detachment of an army; -̮ppa-nyya, m. manner of the stick and the cake (if the mouse has eaten the stick she must have eaten the cake also): ab.= as a matter of course from what precedes. 

 

p116c1-b03/ not online

[dandra-ka]
-- (--) well-pole

 

p116c1-b04/ p080

दण्डावयव dandavayava [ danda‿avayava ]
-- m. detachment of an army.
 दण्डावयव   danda̮avayava detachment of an army.

 

p116c1-b05/ p080

दण्डिक dandika [ dand-ika ]
-- a. punishing; m. policeman; -ik, f. stick, staff; -n, a. bearing a staff; m. Brhman mendicant; janitor, warder; official who clears the way; ep. of Yama; N. of the author of the Dasakumrakarita and of the Kvydarsa (sixth century A. D.).
दण्डिक   dand-ika punishing; m. policeman; -ik, f. stick, staff; -n, a. bearing a staff; m. Brhman mendicant; janitor, warder; official who clears the way; ep. of Yama; N. of the author of the Dasakumrakarita and of the Kvydarsa (sixth century A. D.).

 

p116c1-b06/ p080

दण्डोद्यम dandodyama [ danda‿udyama ]
-- m. raising of the staff, threatening any one (--) with a stick: pl. employment of forcible means.
 दण्डोद्यम   danda̮udyama raising of the staff, threatening any one (--) with a stick: pl. employment of forcible means.

 

p116c1-b07/ p080

दण्ड्य dandya [ dand-ya ]
-- fp. to be punished; worthy of punishment; to be made to pay or fined (with ac. of amount); liable to forfeit (--).
दण्ड्य   dand-ya to be punished; worthy of punishment; to be made to pay or fined (with ac. of amount); liable to forfeit (--).

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{dt}

p116c1-b08/ p080

दत् dat [ dt ]
= द त ् --> {dt}
-- m. [(a)d-at, pr. pt. eater] tooth (nm. dan): -- a. f. -.
दत्   dt [(a)d-at, pr. pt. eater] tooth (nm. dan): -- a. f. -.

 

p116c1-b09/ p080

दत्त datta [ dat-t ] {dt~ta.}
= द त ् त
Skt: -- pp. of √d; m. N. (often --); n. giving: -ka, a. given to be adopted (son). - Mac116c1
दत्त   dat-t √d; m. N. (often --); n. giving: -ka, a. given to be adopted (son). 
BPal: {dt~ta.}
- - UHS-PMD0458

UKT from UHS: - . mfn. giving. . mfn. stupidity. m. a stupid person

 

p116c1-b10/ p080

दत्तकर्ण dattakarna [ datta-karna ]
-- a. giving ear or listening to (--); -drishti, a. directing one's gaze to, looking at (abs. or with lc.); -prva‿uk ta-spa-bh, a. threatening with the curse already mentioned; -sulk, a. f. for whom the nuptial fee has been paid.
 दत्तकर्ण   datta-karna giving ear or listening to (--); -drishti, a. directing one's gaze to, looking at (abs. or with lc.); -prva̮ukta-spa-bh, a. threatening with the curse already mentioned; -sulk, a. f. for whom the nuptial fee has been paid.

 

p116c1-b11/ p080

दत्तातङ्क dattatanka [ datta‿taṅka ]
-- a. giving a fright to (g.); -‿tman, a. who has offered himself for adoption (son); -‿a-pradn-ika, a. relating to the non-delivery of a present.
  दत्तातङ्क   datta̮taṅka giving a fright to (g.); -̮tman, a. who has offered himself for adoption (son); -̮a-pradn-ika, a. relating to the non-delivery of a present.

 

p116c1-b12/ p080

दत्ति datti [ dat-ti ]
-- f. gift, present.
 दत्ति   dat-ti gift, present.

 

p116c1-b13/ p080

दत्तोत्तर dattottara [ datta‿uttara ]
-- a. to which an answer has been given.
 दत्तोत्तर   datta̮uttara to which an answer has been given.

 

p116c1-b14/ p080

दत्‍ित्रम datitrama [ dat-trima ] a. received by donation, adopted (son or slave).
 दत्‍ित्रम   dat-trima received by donation, adopted (son or slave).

 

p116c1-b15/ p080

दत्त्वा dattva [ dat-tv ]
-- gd. of √d.
 दत्त्वा   dat-tv √d.

 

p116c1-b16/ p080

दत्र datra [ d-tra ]
-- n. property: pl. goods: -vat, a. wealthy.
 दत्र   d-tra property: pl. goods: -vat, a. wealthy.

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{da.da.}

p116c1-b17/ p080

ददाति dadati [ dad-ti ]
-- m. gift.
 ददाति   dad-ti gift.

 

p116c1-b18/ p080

ददृशानपवि dadrsanapavi [ da-dris-n-pavi ]
-- a. whose wheel-tracks have appeared.
 ददृशानपवि   da-dris-n-pavi whose wheel-tracks have appeared.

 

p116c1-b19/ p080

दद्रु [da-dr-u], दद्रू dadru [da-dr-],
-- f. [√dr, crack] kind of cutaneous eruption.
दद्रु   da-dr- [√dr, crack] kind of cutaneous eruption.

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{da.Da.}

p116c1-b20/ p080

दध् dadh [ da-dh ]
-- weak pr. base of √dh.
 दध्   da-dh √dh.

 

p116c1-b21/ p080

दधन् dadhan [ da-dh-n ]
-- weak base of ddhi.
 दधन्   da-dh-n ddhi.

 

p116c1-b22/ p080

दधि dadhi [ d-dh-i ]
-- n. [√dhe] sour milk, curds.
 दधि   d-dh-i [√dhe] sour milk, curds.

 

p116c1-b23/ p080

दधिकर्ण dadhikarna [ dadhi-karna ]
-- m. Curd-ear, N. of a cat (i. e. having milk-white ears).
  दधिकर्ण   dadhi-karna Curd-ear, N. of a cat (i. e. having milk-white ears). 

 

p116c1-b24/ p080

दधित्थ dadhittha [ dadhi-t-tha ]
-- m. a tree (so called from the taste of the fruit); -draps, m. sg. pl. whey made of sour milk.
 दधित्थ   dadhi-t-tha whey made of sour milk.

 

p116c1-b25

दधिपुच्छ dadhipuccha [ dadhi-pukkha ]
-- m. Curd-tail (i. e. having a milk-white tail), N. of a jackal; -prishtaka, a kind of mixture with curds; -bhnda, n. pot of sour milk; -manda, m. sour cream; -saktu, m. pl. meal mixed with curds; -sambhava, a. produced from curdled milk.
दधिपुच्छ   dadhi-pukkha Curd-tail (i. e. having a milk-white tail), N. of a jackal; -prishtaka, a kind of mixture with curds; -bhnda, n. pot of sour milk; -manda, m. sour cream; -saktu, m. pl. meal mixed with curds; -sambhava, a. produced from curdled milk.

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p116-c2

p116c2-b00/ p080

दधृष् dadhrs [ da-dhrish ]
-- a. (nm. m. f. n. k) bold; n. -dhrk, ad. firmly, closely.
 दधृष्   da-dhrish k) bold; n. -dhrk, ad. firmly, closely.

 

p116c2-b01/ p080

दधृष्वान् dadhrsvan [ da-dhrish-vn ]
-- pf. pt. having dared or undertaken.
 दधृष्वान्   da-dhrish-vn having dared or undertaken.

 

p116c2-b02/ p080 

दध्यन्न dadhyanna [ dadhi‿anna ]
n. rice cooked with curdled milk; -‿dana, n. pap prepared with curdled milk.
 दध्यन्न   dadhi̮anna rice cooked with curdled milk; -̮dana, n. pap prepared with curdled milk.

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{da.na.}

p116c2-b03/ not online  

[dnu]
-- f. N. of a daughter of Daksha and the mother of the Dnavas.

 

p116c2-b04/ p080 

दनुकबन्ध danukabandha [ danu-kabandha ]
-- m. N. of a demon; -ga, m. a Dnava.
दनुकबन्ध   danu-kabandha a Dnava.

 

p116c2-b05/ p080

दन्त् dant [ dnt ]
-- m. (strong base of dt, only nm. dan) tooth.
 दन्त्   dnt dt, only nm. dan) tooth.

 

p116c2-b06/ p080

दन्त danta [ dnt-a ]
-- m. (n.) tooth; tusk, ivory (f. -- a. , ): -ka, (-- a.) tooth; -ghta: -ka, m. worker in ivory; -ghta, m. bite.
  दन्त   dnt-a tooth; tusk, ivory (f. -- a. , ): -ka, (-- a.) tooth; -ghta: -ka, m. worker in ivory; -ghta, m. bite.
 

p116c2-b07/ p080

दन्तच्छद dantacchada [ danta-kkhada ]
-- m. (tooth-covering), lip; -ganman, n. growth of the teeth; -gta, pp. having teethed; -dyut, f. glitter of the teeth; -dhva, m. cleansing the teeth; -dhv ana, n. id.; splint of wood chewed for cleaning the teeth; -pattra, n. kind of ear ornament: i-k, f. id.; -pklik, f. doll of ivory; -pli, f. ivory sword hilt; -prakshl ana, n. cleansing of the teeth; means for cleansing the teeth; -praveshta, m. (?) ring round an elephant's tusk; -bhaṅga, m. breaking or splitting of the teeth; -maya, a. made of ivory; -mmsa, n. gum; -ml, n. root of a tooth; -mlya, a. dental (letter); -rak an, f. cleansing of the teeth; -vakra, m. N. of a prince; -vsas, n. (cover of the teeth), lip; -vn, f. chattering of the teeth (lit. teeth-lute): -m vdaya, play the teeth lute=have chattering of the teeth (from cold); -veshta, m. gum: du. gums; -vypra, m. working in ivory; -suddhi, f. cleansing the teeth; -sodhana, n. id.; -samgharsha, m. grinding of the teeth.
दन्तच्छद   danta-kkhada (tooth-covering), lip; -ganman, n. growth of the teeth; -gta, pp. having teethed; -dyut, f. glitter of the teeth; -dhva, m. cleansing the teeth; -dhvana, n. id.; splint of wood chewed for cleaning the teeth; -pattra, n. kind of ear ornament: i-k, f. id.; -pklik, f. doll of ivory; -pli, f. ivory sword hilt; -prakshlana, n. cleansing of the teeth; means for cleansing the teeth; -praveshta, m. (?) ring round an elephant's tusk; -bhaṅga, m. breaking or splitting of the teeth; -maya, a. made of ivory; -mmsa, n. gum; -ml, n. root of a tooth; -mlya, a. dental (letter); -rakan, f. cleansing of the teeth; -vakra, m. N. of a prince; -vsas, n. (cover of the teeth), lip; -vn, f. chattering of the teeth (lit. teeth-lute): -m vdaya, play the teethlute=have chattering of the teeth (from cold); -veshta, m. gum: du. gums; -vypra, m. working in ivory; -suddhi, f. cleansing the teeth; -sodhana, n. id.; -samgharsha, m. grinding of the teeth.

 

p116c2-b08 p080

दन्ताग्र dantagra [ danta‿agra ]
-- n. point of a tooth.
दन्ताग्र   danta̮agra point of a tooth.
 

p116c2-b09 p080

दन्तादन्ति dantadanti [ dant-danti ]
-- ad. tooth against tooth=tooth and nail (of combatants).
दन्तादन्ति   dant-danti tooth against tooth=tooth and nail (of combatants).

 

p116c2-b10/ p080

दन्तान्तर dantantara [ danta‿antara ]
-- n. space between the teeth: -‿adhishthita, pp. stuck between the teeth; -‿li, f. row of teeth; -‿lika, f. bridle; -‿val, f. row of teeth.
 दन्तान्तर   danta̮antara space between the teeth: -̮adhishthita, pp. stuck between the teeth; -̮li, f. row of teeth; -̮lika, f. bridle; -̮val, f. row of teeth.

 

p116c2-b11 p080

दन्तावल dantavala [ dant-vala ]
-- m. elephant.
 दन्तावल   dant-vala elephant.

 

p116c2-b12

दन्तिन् dantin [ dant-n ]
-- a. tusked; m. elephant; -ila, m. N.; -ura, a. having prominent teeth; uneven; thickly studded with, full of (--); ugly: -t, f. ugliness.
 दन्तिन्   dant-n tusked; m. elephant; -ila, m. N.; -ura, a. having prominent teeth; uneven; thickly studded with, full of (--); ugly: -t, f. ugliness.

 

p116c2-b13/ p080

दन्तुरय danturaya [ dantura-ya ]
-- den. P. stud or fill with: pp. danturita, studded with, full of (--).
  दन्तुरय   dantura-ya P. stud or fill with: pp. danturita, studded with, full of (--).

 

p116c2-b14/ p080

दन्तोलूखलिक dantolukhalika [ danta‿ulkhal-ika ]
-- a. using his teeth as a pestle; -‿ulkhalin, a. id.
 दन्तोलूखलिक   danta̮ulkhal-ika using his teeth as a pestle; -̮ulkhalin, a. id.

 

p116c2-b15/ p080

दन्त्य dantya [ dant-ya ]
-- a. dental (letter); good for the teeth.
दन्त्य   dant-ya dental (letter); good for the teeth.

 

p116c2-b16/ p080

दन्दशूक dandasuka s [ dan-das-&usharp;ka ]
-- a. mordacious; m. kind of snake.
 दन्दशूक   dan-das-uNka mordacious; m. kind of snake.

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{da.Ba.}

p116c2-b18/ not online

[DABH], [DAMBH], (V.) P. I.
-- dbha , V. dabhno , injure, hurt; deceive; cs. dambhya , P. . avert ; des. dipsa , P. wish to hurt or destroy.

 

p116c2-b19/ p080

दभीति dabhiti [ dabh-&isharp;ti ]
-- m. injurer, foe; N.
दभीति   dabh-ti injurer, foe; N.

 

p116c2-b20/ p080

दभ्य dabhya s [ dbh-ya ]
-- fp. who can be deceived; meant to deceive.
 दभ्य   dbh-ya who can be deceived; meant to deceive.

 

p116c2-b21/ p080

दभ्र dabhra [ dabh-r ]
-- a. little, insignificant: -m, ad. dimly; n. distress.
 दभ्र   dabh-r little, insignificant: -m, ad. dimly; n. distress.

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{da.ma.}

p116c2-b22/ not online

[DAM], IV. P.
-- damya , be tame; tame, subdue; pp. dnt , tame, gentle; calm, tranquil, having one's passions subdued; ca. damya , P. tame, break in; control, subdue; pp. damita , tamed, subdued.

[dm] , house (only - and g. pl. damam )

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p116c2-b23/ p080

दम dama [ 1. dm-a ]
-- m. n. house, abode, home.
 दम   1. dm-a house, abode, home.

 

p116-c3

p116c3-b00/ not online

दम dam-a, m.n . house, abode, home [ 2. dam- ]
 

 

p116c3-b01 / p080

दम dama [ 2. dam- ]
-- a. taming, subduing (--); m. self-control; punishment, fine; Victor, N. of one of Damayant's brothers and of other men.
 दम   2. dam- taming, subduing (--); m. self-control; punishment, fine; Victor, N. of one of Damayant's brothers and of other men.

See my note on Damayanti (दमयन्ती) - the beauty which even the gods wish to marry 

 

 

p116c3-b02 / p080

दमक damaka [ dama-ka ]
-- a. taming, breaking in, training (--).
 दमक   dama-ka taming, breaking in, training (--). 

 

p116c3-b03/ not online

[dama-ghosha]
-- n. N. of a king ; -ga , -suta , m. pat. of Sisupla.

 

p116c3-b04/ p080

दमन damana [ dam-ana ]
-- a. () taming, subduing (--); m. horse-tamer, charioteer; Vincent, N. of one of Damayant's brothers; n. subduing; chastising.
दमन   dam-ana () taming, subduing (--); m. horse-tamer, charioteer; Vincent, N. of one of Damayant's brothers; n. subduing; chastising.

 

p116c3-b05/ not online

[damana-ka]
-- m. N. of a man and of a jackal

 

p116c3-b06/ p080

दमयन्ती damayanti [ dam-ay-ant- ]
-- f. (cs. pr. pt.) Victoria, N. of Nala's wife.
 दमयन्ती   dam-ay-ant- Victoria, N. of Nala's wife.

 

p116c3-b07/ not online

[dam-ay-i-tri]
-- m. tamer, chastiser

 

p116c3-b08/ p080

दमिन् damin [ dam-in ]
-- a. self-controlled; subduing (--).
दमिन्   dam-in self-controlled; subduing (--).

 

p116c3-b09/ p080

दंपति dampati [ dm-pati ]
Skt: -- m. master of the house: du. master and mistress, man and wife, pair, couple. -- Mac116c3
 दंपति   dm-pati master of the house: du. master and mistress, man and wife, pair, couple. 
BPal: {dm~pa.ti.}
- - UHS-PMD0461

UKT from UHS: m. master of the house, husband and wife
  Note: Here is an example of confusion because of the misuse of {::ting} in Skt-Dev and the subsequent transliteration. UHS indicated that the Skt spelling has an /m/ sound. {::ting} sound is free from both /n/ or /m/ colouring.

 

p116c3-b10/ p080

दम्भ dambha [ dambh-a ]
-- m. fraud, dissimulation, hypocrisy, deceit; -aka, a. deceiving, deluding (--); -ana, a. injuring (--); n. deceiving, deceit.
 दम्भ   dambh-a fraud, dissimulation, hypocrisy, deceit; -aka, a. deceiving, deluding (--); -ana, a. injuring (--); n. deceiving, deceit.

 

p116c3-b11/ p080

दम्भमुनि dambhamuni [ dambha-muni ]
-- m. hypocritical ascetic.
 दम्भमुनि   dambha-muni hypocritical ascetic. 

 

p116c3-b12/ p080

दम्भिन् dambhin [ dambh-in ]
-- a. deceitful; m. deceiver, cheat, hypocrite, dishonest man.
 दम्भिन्   dambh-in deceitful; m. deceiver, cheat, hypocrite, dishonest man.

 

p116c3-b13/ not online

[dumbha‿udbhava]
-- m. N. of a king

 

p116c3-b14/ p080

दम्भोलि dambholi [ dambholi ]
-- m. Indra's thunderbolt: -pta, m. descent of Indra's thunderbolt.
 दम्भोलि   dambholi Indra's thunderbolt: -pta, m. descent of Indra's thunderbolt.

 

p116c3-b15/ p080

दम्भोलिपाताय dambholipataya [ dambholi-pt-ya ]
-- den. . descend like Indra's thunderbolt.
 दम्भोलिपाताय   dambholi-pt-ya . descend like Indra's thunderbolt.

 

p116c3-b16/ p080

दम्य damya [ dam-ya ]
-- fp. to be broken in; m. young bull yet to be tamed or trained.
 दम्य   dam-ya to be broken in; m. young bull yet to be tamed or trained.

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{da.ya.}

The problem of front mid vowels

by UKT 120402

I am curious about the sound of दय् = {d} . It is {da.} द followed by killed-{ya.} य् (note the viram).

The vowel sound following the consonant {da.} द is a front open mid-vowel absent in English and Pali, but very prominent in Burmese. See Comparison of Devanagari, IPA, and Myanmar vowels /ɛ/ MC-indx.htm . IPA /ɛ/ is represented in Romabama as {}. The phoneme {d} is the modal tone {d} of Bur-Myan .

Bur-Myan front open-mid: creak {d.}; modal {d}; emphatic {d:}
Bur-Myan front closed-mid: creak {d.}; modal {d}; emphatic {d:}

Skt-Dev: There are two mid vowel sounds.
We get {d} दे from close-vowel ए , and
            {d} दै from open-vowel ऐ .

I hesitate to use IPA to show these sounds because IPA was originally designed for French and English, and I feel it has failed to convey the Bur-Myan sounds reliably. This problem is very important in reciting the Pali texts in Myanmar.

Go back front-mid-vow-note-b

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p116c3-b17/ not online 

दय् [ DAY] I. .
-- dya , divide; allot; possess; have compassion on, sympathise with (ac., g.) : pp. dayita , q. v. nir-ava , satisfy any one (ac.) with (in.), from (ab.).
 

p116c3-b18/ p080

दया daya [ day- ]
-- f. sympathy, compassion, with (g., lc., --): -m kri, have compassion on (g. or lc.); -‿rdra-bhva, m. compassionate tenderness.
दया   day-aN sympathy, compassion, with (g., lc., --): -m kri, have compassion on (g. or lc.); -̮rdra-bhva, m. compassionate tenderness. 

 

p116c3-b19/ p080

दयालु dayalu [ day-l ]
-- a. compassionate, towards (lc.): -t, f., -tva, n. compassion for (lc.).
 दयालु   day-l compassionate, towards (lc.): -t, f., -tva, n. compassion for (lc.).

 

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दयावत् dayavat [ day-vat ]
-- a. compassionate towards (g., lc.).
 दयावत्   day-vat compassionate towards (g., lc.).

 

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दयित dayita [ day-ita ]
-- pp. (√day) beloved, dear; m. lover, husband; , f. mistress, wife: -maya, a. devoted to his beloved.
 दयित   day-ita (√day) beloved, dear; m. lover, husband; , f. mistress, wife: -maya, a. devoted to his beloved.

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{da.ra.}

p116c3-b22/ p080

दर dara [ dar-a ] a. --, cleaving, shattering; --, a little (also -m); m., , f. cleft, hole, cave; m. fear.
  दर   dar-a --, cleaving, shattering; --, a little (also -m); m., , f. cleft, hole, cave; m. fear.

 

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दरण darana [ dar-ana ]
-- n. bursting, breaking.
 दरण   dar-ana bursting, breaking.

 

p116c3-b24/ not online

[dard], [darada]
-- m. pl. N. of a people

See my note on Darada - the people

 

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दरिद्र daridra [ dr-i-dra (also--dra) ]
-- a. [intv. √dr] strolling; mendicant, poor; lacking (in. or --); m. beggar.
 दरिद्र   dr-i-dra (also--dra) √dr] strolling; mendicant, poor; lacking (in. or --); m. beggar.

 

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दरिद्रता daridrata [ daridra-t ]
-- f. poverty; -tva, n. id.
 दरिद्रता   daridra-t poverty; -tva, n. id.

 

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दरिद्रा daridra [ DAR-I-DR ] v.  [DR], run.
 दरिद्रा   DAR-I-DR DR, run.

 

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दरीमुख darimukha [ dar-mukha ]
-- n. cave of a mouth; mouth of a cave; mouth-like cave.
दरीमुख   dar-mukha cave of a mouth; mouth of a cave; mouth-like cave.

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{dar} - repha

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दर्दुर dardura [ dar-dur-a ] {dar~du.ra.}
-- m. [intv. √dr] frog; flute; N. of a mountain-range in the South; N.: -ka, m. N. of a gambler.
 दर्दुर   dar-dur-a √dr] frog; flute; N. of a mountain-range in the South; N.: -ka, m. N. of a gambler.

 

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दर्प darpa [ darp-a ]
-- m. wildness, wantonness, impudence, -
 दर्प   darp-a wildness, wantonness, impudence, arrogance, pride (in, in. or --): -ka, m. id.; Kma.

 

UKT: p116c3-b18 has been moved to the next file.

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UKT notes

Damayanti दमयन्ती 

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damayanti 120331

Damayanti (दमयन्ती), a character in Hindu mythology, was the princess of Vidarbha Kingdom, who married king Nala, of Nishadha Kingdom, and their story is told in the Mahabharata.

The story

Damayanti was a princess of Vidarbha Kingdom. She was of such beauty and grace that even the gods could not stop from admiring her. She fell in love with Nala simply from hearing of his virtues and accomplishments from a golden swan. [UKT ]

When it came time for Damayanti to choose her husband at a swayamvara, gods, princes and kings came to seek her hand. The Gods Indra, Agni, Varuna and Yama were on their way for attendance when they meet Nala. They order him to be their messenger and to go inform Damayanti that she must choose one of them as husband. [UKT ]

Nala first refuses, saying he is himself interested in her, but he finally accepts the mission. On seeing him, Damayanti agrees to pay her respects to the gods, but she insists on choosing only Nala for her husband. The Gods then each disguise themselves as Nala, and ask Damayanti to choose amongst them. Damayanti sees through them each time, as she is aware that her true beloved one is a human being and cannot be perfect, which sets him apart from the gods. [UKT ]

The demon Kali [the Asura ruler of Kali Yuga], the personification of Kali yuga, also wants to marry Damayanti. On his arrival, he is unaware that he is too late for the swayamvara. He runs into the gods and they tell him how she has chosen Nala in their place. Kali then angrily vows to cause the fall of Nalas kingdom through his propensity for gambling.

Damayanti and Nala are happily married and have two children. Kali enters the palace as a servant, and for twelve long years keeps watch for any little imperfection by which he can strike against Nala. [UKT ]

One day, Nala, in a rush to make his prayer defiles himself by not washing his feet, thereby allowing Kali to bewitch his soul. In games of dice with his brother Pushkara, he loses his kingdom, forcing Nala and Damayanti to live in poverty in the forest. Birds fly away with the only garment Nala possessed. After all these misadventure, Nala starts worrying for Damayanti and, obscured by Kali, resolves to abandon her in order to protect her from his bad luck. Damayanti finds herself alone in the forest and invokes a curse on those who have caused the downfall of her husband. Nala, meanwhile, rescues the Snake King Nāga Karkotaka from a fire. As a result, Nāga Karkotaka bites him in rewards. As Nala seeks an explanation, Nāga Karkotaka says that the poison will only take effect when it is perfect. Nala survives the bite, but the venom turns him into an unrecognizable dwarf named Bahuka, who serves as a charioteer to the Ayodhya King Rituparna.

Damayanti takes refuge in the palace of the Princess of Chedi, offering to serve her, only not as a servant; to which the Princess of Chedi replies that she can be her host. Damayanti is finally discovered and taken back to her father's house where she is reunited with her children. They search for Nala, but cannot find him. Damayanti starts thinking that the only way Nala will come back would be for fear that she would not be his wife anymore. Thus she requests a fake second swayamvara. She is still of such irresistible beauty that many kings attend. Nala's master also wants to go to the swayamvara, and Nala accompanies him. On their journey to the swayamvara, the king instructs the dwarf in the techniques of gambling. When King Rituparna reveals to him the supreme skill of controlling the dice, finally the poison take effect and Bahuka vomits Kali from his body and imprisons him temporarily in a tree. Damayanti is persuaded that the dwarf is Nala because of the flavor of a dish that he cooked for her. The pair are reunited and Nala is transformed from a dwarf into his familiar form. He uses the knowledge of gambling he has learned to regain everything he had lost.

She forgives him for having abandoned her in the forest, and he forgives her for having organised another swayamvara.

They live happily ever after.

Nalacharitham attakatha, written by Unnayivaryar, is played through Kathakali.The story is divided into four parts as to be played in four days.The veshas of this are Nalan-pacha Damayanthi-minukk Sage Narada-Minukk

Comments

It is described as a tale of luck, The hero gets through good luck, bad luck, and good luck again, and at all times remains true to the Dharma. She on the other part represents bliss. She chooses the human amongst the gods, and does she have to do it again, she chooses the same again.

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Darada

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daradas 120401

Darada [UKT believes Wiki has used the Anglicised plural form with <s>, because of which <s> has been omitted] were a people who lived north and north-east to the Kashmir valley. This kingdom is identified to be the Gilgit region in Kashmir along the river Sindhu or Indus. They are often spoken along with the Kambojas. The Pandava hero Arjuna had visited this country of Daradas during his northern military campaign to collect triubute for Yudhisthira's Rajasuya sacrifice.

Darada in present times

Daradas in present times are found as Daral (दराल) Dharal (धराल) Darad (दराड़) Darar (दराड़) as gotra of Jats originated from country named Darada (दरद). These people when came to Haryana were known as Daral. These people were inhabitant of country Darada. Mahabharata mentions about Darad kshatriyas in Dron Parva.[24] They are Chandravanshi Jats, descendants of Yayati's son Druhyu.[25] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[26]

UKT: I have omitted many portions of the original article.

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