Update: 2017-08-08 04:02 PM -0400


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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My note on Na'gyi {Na.}


UKT notes :


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Note on Na'gyi {Na.}

UKT 141112, 170808:

According to R L Turner: " ण् [ {Na.}/ {N}] - only occurs in loanwards from Sanskrit, and then initially only in its own name. In inherited Nepali words it is sometimes written for preceded by a nasalized vowel." - Turn269
A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of Nepali Language by R L Turner . Downloaded files TIL HD-nonPDF and SD-nonPDF libraries:
 - Turn-NepalDict<> / bkp<> (link chk 170808) 

However, comparing the shapes of Asokan aksharas row#3, and row#4 has brought out the following observations:

Working with the esoteric rune SaDa'bawa, in
Cult of Magus in Folk Elements in Buddhism
-- flk-ele-indx.htm > ch05-magus.htm (link chk 170808)
has shown me that the full-circle represents Perfection. A blemish to it in the form of a dent is an Imperfection. A human being is born with Imperfection of Feelings - heart on the left side of the body. He/she needs to overcome his/her Imperfection of unbridled sexual-desires - a dent at the bottom of the circle or the sex-organs of the human body. The next is to overcome the Imperfection of Thinking in the head of the body - a dent at the top of the circle. Only then the person becomes Perfect.

I opine that this view was current in Harappan of Indus-Saraswati civilization in the form of the Swastika with four dots (hidden esoteric characters) in the spaces in the interior.

Observation: Row#3 gives the "Perfect" shapes, and row#4 the "Imperfect". We see the blemish as the inclusion of a dot or the removal of the short horizontal bar at the top. In Myanmar akshara, notice that the c1, c2, c3 are on pedestals - showing their "holiness". By a stretch of imagination r3c5 looks like a writhing nag-dragon, whilst r4c5 is a nag-dragon standing on its tail. As a down-to-earth scientist, I admit that what I have given is pure conjecture. But as in the case of the German chemist Kekul, there might be the Benzene Ring behind his Dancing Monkeys!
See Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Kekul%C3%A9 170808

UHS-PMD0426 give only 9 entries, 8 of which lists 8 grammatical bases {pic~s:} which I do not understand at present.

UKT 170808: My question now is: Was {Na.}/ {N} the remnant of a much older script, from which Myanmar akshara and Asokan akshara were derived. It would be a case similar to Myanmar approximant {a.}/ {} which has disappeared. It has survived only as a conjunct. Would I be able to resurrect it, as I did for Nya'gyi {a.}/ {} ?

UKT 160308: The first entry for the Retroflex nasals of row #3, which should have been {Na.}, is {Ni.}. It is also noteworthy that there are only 9 entries under this head in U Hoke Sein PMD0426, and all deal with a grammatical property ( {pc~s:} 'root ?' ) of this nasal.

Franklin Edgerton in Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, does not list any
- BHS-indx.htm (link chk 160308).

It is also noteworthy that R.C. Childers in A Dictionary of the Pali Language (in Pal-Lat) 1874, p.253-297, did not list any. [Note: the Pal-Lat alphabet for {Na.} is "N with dot below" Ṇ & ṇ , and Childers would have listed this character with other N's differentiated by diacritics such as Ṅ & ṅ for {nga.}, & for Nya'l {a.}, N & n for {na.}.]

Similarly, PTS Pali-English dictionary, which is available in ink-on-paper reprint of 1999 (which I had bought in Canada), does not list any entry for {Na.}.

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[ n-i], [ n-i-k]
-- m. the causal suffix i.



[ n-it]
-- having n for its it (which produces vriddhi of a final vowel or penultimate a and in taddhita suffixes vriddhi of the final vowel of the base.


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[ nya]
-- m. N. of a lake in Brahmaloka


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ण्यन्त [ ni‿anta ]
- a. ending in the causal suffix.


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ण्वुल् [ nvul ]
- m. the suffix -aka (in such words as bhog-aka etc.).


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UKT notes



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End of TIL file