Update: 2017-08-07 10:00 PM -0400

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p104-4.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc3pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{a.}
  p104-4c1
{a.ma.}
{a.la.}
{a.wa.}
  p104-4c2
{a-ka.}
{a-ga.}
{a-ta.}
{a-ma.}
{i.}
  p104-4c3
{u.}
{au:}

 

UKT notes :
Domba and Roma - an explanation of Myanmar თ {ta.} in Georgian language.
History of Delhi
Mimicry : using deception for survival

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{a.}

UKT 141112: I am curious why Macdonell does not list any entry beginning with {n} डं - with a ThThTin 'dot above'. UHS-PMD0425 lists at least 7 entries. He indicates that these may be spelled as {dn} दं . I will look into it when I come to the row#4.

p104-4c1

{a.ma.}

p104-4c1-b00

[ dam ]
- I.P. dama - sound (of a drum)

 

p104-4c1-b01

[ dam-a]
-- m. N. of a despised mixed caste

 

p104-4c1-b02

डमर [ dama-ra ]
- m. tumult, brawl.

 

p104-4c1-b03

डमरिन् [ damar-in ]
- m. kind of drum.

 

p104-4c1-b04

[damaru]
-- id. : -k , f. id.

 

p104-4c1-b05

[ damb ]
- I. or X.P. vi-damba - imitate, vie with; -dambaya , deride; deceive : pp. -dambita 

 

p104-4c1-b06

डम्बर [ damba-ra ]
- m. noise; bombast; confused mass; splendour: -nman, a. bearing a high-sounding name.

 

p104-4c1-b07

[ dambha]
-- m. N.

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{a.la.}

p104-4c1-b08

डल्लक [ dallaka ]
- n. kind of suspended basket; m. N.

 

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{a.wa.}

p104-4c1-b09

[ davittha]
-- m. N.

 

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p104-4c2

{a-ka.}

p104-4c2-b00

डाकिनी [ dkin ]
- f. kind of female demon (in the retinue of Kl ) that feeds on human flesh: -tva, n. character of a Dkin.

 

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{a-ga.}

p104-4c2-b01

[ dgin]
-- f. = dkin

 

p104-4c2-b02

[ dgineya]
- -ka - N. of a gambler

 

p104-4c2-b03

डांकृति [ dm-kriti ]
- f. sound.

 

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{a-ta.}

p104-4c2-b04

डात्कृति [ dt-kriti ]
- f. howl.

 

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{a-ma.}

p104-4c2-b05

डामर [ dmara ]
- a. astounding, extraordinary ( -tva, n. abst. ɴ.); m. astonishment, admiration; knight.

 

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{i.}

p104-4c2-b06

  डिण्डिम [ dindima ]
- m. n., , f. kind of drum; m. murmuring; a. humming.

डिण्डिम ḍiṇḍima
Skt: डिण्डिम [ dindima ] - m. n., , f. kind of drum; - Mac104c2
Skt: डिण्डिम ḍiṇḍima - m. drum - SpkSkt
Pal: {aiN-i.ma.} - UHS PMD0426
  UKT from UHS: m. kinds of drum known in Bur-Myan as {pt-a}, and {htak-s}

 

p104-4c2-b07

[ dittha]
-- m. N.

 

p104-4c2-b08

[ dima]
-- m. kind of play

 

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p104-4c3

p104-4c3-b00

[ dimba]
-- panic; danger; affray, riot; m. egg; ball; simpleton: -‿hava , m. revolt, tumult

 

p104-4c3-b01

डिम्भ [ dimbha ]
Skt: डिम्भ [ dimbha ] - m. (new-born) child, boy; ignoramus. - Mac104c3
Pal: {aim-Ba.} - UHS PMD0426
  UKT from UHS: m. new-born child

 

p104-4c3-b02

डिल्लि [ dilli ],
- डिल्ली [ dill ] - f. Delhi, N. of a city.

UKT 120303: the first syllable is {il}
See my note on the history of Delhi 

 

p104-4c3-b03

डी [ d  ]
- I. . daya , IV. dya , fly. ud, fly up: pp. uddina . pra‿ud , fly up and away . pra , fly up

 

p104-4c3-b04

डीन [ d-na ]
Skt: डीन [ d-na ] - n. flight - Mac104c3
Pal: {i-na.} - UHS PMD0426
  UKT from UHS: n. flight

Pal: {i.ya.t} - UHS PMD0426
  UKT from UHS: flying

 

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{u.}

p104-4c3-b05

डुण्डुभ [ dundu-bha ]
Skt: डुण्डुभ [ dundu-bha ] - m. kind of footless lizard.
Pal: {oaN-u.Ba.} - m. UHS PMD0426
  UKT from UHS: m. a kind of non-poison snake with double throat

See my note on non-poisonous using deceit known as Mimicry
for survival, and my personal question: Is Mimicry covered by the Five Precepts?

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{au:}

p104-4c3-b06

डोम्ब [ domba ]
- m. low-caste musician: , f. kind of play.

See my note on Domba

 

p104-4c3-b07

डौण्डुभ [ daundubha ]
- a. relating to the dundubha.

 

p104-4c3-b08

ड्वल् [ dval ]
- with , cs. -dvlaya, P. mix.

 

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UKT notes

Domba

- UKT 170807: After reading the story of Domba, डोम्ब ḍomba, you should also read about a group or groups collectively known, in my younger days, as the Gypsies who are now described as the Roma. They are probably related to the Domba of India. Though taken to be Indo-European, I opine that they are Tibeto-Burmans. I base my opinion from the places of origins: Bengal and northern India. 

From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domba 170807

The Domba or Dom Skt: ḍoma dialectally also Domaki, Dombo, Domra, Domaka, Dombar, Dombari and variants) are an ethnic group, or groups, scattered across India. In North India, the preferred self-designation is Dom.

The form is ḍomba is in Prakrit , while ḍoma and ḍumba are encountered in Kashmiri Sanskrit texts. Derived from ḍoma is ḍomaki, the name of a language spoken in a small enclave in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is also believed that the Dom or Domi people of the Middle East, in addition to the Roma of Europe, [1] are descendants of Domba, who were taken, or travelled, to Sassanid Persia as servants and musicians.

The term ḍoma or ḍomba is extensively used in Indian Hindu and Buddhist literature for a segregated and enslaved population.

Its presumed root, ḍom, which is connected with drumming, is linked to damara and damaru, Sanskrit terms for "drum" and the Sanskrit verbal root डम् ḍam- 'to sound (as a drum)', perhaps a loan from Dravidian, e.g. Kannada ḍamāra 'a pair of kettle-drums', and Telugu ṭamaṭama 'a drum, tomtom'. [2]

More in Wikipedia article.

From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romani_people 170807

The Romani (also spelled Romany ), or Roma, are a traditionally nomadic ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, [52] [53] [54] apparently from the region that is currently occupied by the Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab. [53] [54]

The Romani are widely known among English-speaking people by the exonym Gypsies (or Gipsies), which some people consider pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. [55] They are a dispersed people, but their most concentrated populations are located in Europe, especially Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (including Turkey, Spain and Southern France). [UKT ]

UKT 170807: The emigration of Romani probably began with the military exploits of the Macedonian Alexander the Great. During the reign of Asoka the Great (c. 268  c. 232 BCE), when there were exchange of embassies, and Buddhist missionaries to the West, the emigration of Romani would certainly increase. Not only people but also the Asokan script - the modern form of which is the Myanmar script - would have spread. It is also when the Myanmar თ {ta.} found its way to the country of Georgia whose capital city Tbilisi's name is spelled with it.

The Romani originated in Northern India and arrived in Mid-West Asia, and Europe around 1,000 years ago. [56] They have been associated with another Indo-Aryan group, the Dom people, from whom they have been said to have separated from or, at least, have a similar history to. [57] Specifically, the ancestors of both the Romani and the Dom left North India sometime between the sixth and eleventh century. [56]

More in the Wikipedia article

Go back Domba-note-b

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History of Delhi

UKT 120303: There's a city spelled Delhi in Canada, Latitude: 42.85, Longitude: -80.5 . The name is pronounced: {dl:hai} -- not the same as {d-li} for Delhi in India.

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Delhi 120303

The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as the capital of several empires. The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya Period (c. 300 BC); since then, the site has seen continuous settlement. In 1966, an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (273-236 BC) was discovered near Srinivaspuri, which is near Noida. Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were brought to by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century. The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I of the Gupta dynasty (320-540) and transplanted to Delhi during the 10th century. Eight major cities have been situated in the Delhi area. The first five cities were in the southern part of present-day Delhi.

Though settlements have been dated to have been taking place in Delhi for millenia, there is no record to stand by that claim. Delhi is generally considered a close to 5000-year old city, as per Ancient Indian text The Mahabharata, since the first ever mention of the city is found in this religious scripture. Therefore, except the scripture, archaeological evidences to book the city's Ancient history are as good as nought. As a result, Delhi's Ancient history finds no records and this period may be regarded as the lost period of its history. [UKT

Extensive coverage of Delhi's history begins with the onset of the Delhi Sultanate in the 12th century. Since then, Delhi had been the seat of Islamic and British rulers until India's independence in 1947. The core of Delhi's tangible heritage is Islamic, spanning over 7th centuries of Islamic rule over the city, with some British-styled architectures and zones in Lutyens' Delhi dating to the British rule in India. Whatever records exist of Delhi- in the form of scriptures or archaeological evidences, they crown Delhi as the Capital city of some empire or the other all through, with minor random breaks in between, making Delhi one of the longest serving Capitals in the world.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back his-Delhi-note-b

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Mimicry

mimicry - n. pl. mimicries . a. The act, practice, or art of mimicking. b. An instance of mimicking.
. Biology The resemblance of one organism to another or to an object in its surroundings for concealment and protection from predators. - AHTD

UKT 141112:

Many non-venomous lizards and snakes mimic the poisonous ones. The art of Mimicry - or deception - is common to all living organisms. Simply put we are all liars. Of the 5 sila we promise to keep on Sabbath days, "to abstain from lies" is the most important. However, ask any Theravada Buddhists in Myanmarpr or elsewhere, they will tell to that "to abstain from killing" is the most important. 

My personal question: I am against all sorts of "lying" whether "good" or "bad". The so-called "White Lie" is just "lying' - nothing else. Now: is Mimicry going against the Five Precepts?

Go back to Mimicry-note-b

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End of TIL file