Update: 2019-06-24 11:29 PM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{za.} : Remember English j {gya.} and IPA j {ya.} are different
{za.kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha



UKT notes :
Egyptian god Ra - the Sun

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{za.} : {ja.}

UKT 180609: Remember English j /ja/ {ja.} (derived from medial-conjunct {gya.}) and IPA j /ya/ {ya.} are different. Both phonemes are represented by basic consonant aksharas - not by conjuncts, and can withstand being under viram {a.t} as {j} and {}. However, it would be confusing to English-speaking Bur-Myan when dealing with Pal-Myan. I'm speaking from personal experience. Using {ja.}/  { j} will be avoided unless absolutely necessary.


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ज [ ga (--) ]
- a. born or begotten by, born in, sprung from; produced from, by, in, or on; caused or occasioned by; prepared from, made of; m. son; , f. daughter.
38) (p. 70) ga (--) born or begotten by, born in, sprung from;



[ gam-h]
-- intv. of √h, go. 


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जंहस् [ gmh-as ]
- n. wing, pinion.
37) जंहस् (p. 70) gmh-as wing, pinion.


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{za.kSa.} : Pseudo-Kha


[ . ga-ksh ]
- [redupl. of ghas], II. P. gakah-i-ti, be hungry; eat; consume, devour: pp .gagdh, eaten; consumed, exhausted (by,in.).  



[ . gaksh ]
-- [redupl. of has ], laugh, only pr. pt. gksh-at , laughing


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जक्षिवान् [ *gaksh-i-vn ]
- V. pp. act. of √1. gaksh.
36) जक्षिवान् (p. 70) gaksh-i-vn √1. gaksh.


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जगच्चक्षुस् [ gagak-kakshus ]
- n. eye of the world, sun.
35) जगच्चक्षुस् (p. 70) gagak-kakshus eye of the world, sun.

See my note on Egyptian god Ra
the eye of the world or the Sun


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जगज्जीव [ gagag-gva ]
- m. living being in this world.
34) जगज्जीव (p. 70) gagag-gva living being in this world.


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जगत् [ g-g-at ]
- (pr. pt. redupl. fr. √g) ] a. moving, animate, living; composed in gagat metre; n. all that moves; animals; men; world, earth: du. heaven and lower regions; m. pl. men; -, f. female being; earth, world; a metre (4 X 12 syllables).
33) जगत् (p. 70) g-g-at(pr. pt. redupl. fr. √g) moving, animate, living;


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जगतीजानि [ gagat-gni ]
- m. prince, king; -tala, n. surface of the earth; -pati, m. king: -kanyak, f. princess; -pla, -bhartri, -bhug , m. king, prince.
32) जगतीजानि (p. 70) gagat-gni prince, king;


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जगत्कारण [ gagat-krana ]
- n. cause of the world; -traya, n. triad of worlds* (heaven [sky], earth [terra firma], and lower regions [sea]); -tritaya, n. id.; -pati, m. lord of the world (ep. of Brahman, Siva, Vishnu or Krishna, Agni, and of the Sun); -praksa, a. universally known, notorious; -prathita, pp. world-famed; -prabhu , m. lord of the world; -prasiddha , pp. world-renowned; -prsha , a. consisting chiefly of gagat verses; -srashtri , m. creator of the world, ep. of Brahman; -svmin , m. sovereign of the world ˙ -svmitva , n. sovereignty of the world.
29) जगत्कारण (p. 70) gagat-krana cause of the world;

UKT 160310: * Triad of worlds should be described in terms of "Surface of the Earth" as the middle sphere, whilst what is above the middle layer as the upper sphere, and anything below the middle layer as the lower sphere. The word "Heaven" should not be used because of its confusion with the Christian Heaven with its chief occupant as God - an idea not acceptable to modern Science and Buddhism.


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जगद [ gagada ]
- m. companion, guardian.
28) जगद (p. 70) gagada companion, guardian.


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जगदण्ड [ gagad-anda ]
- n. mundane egg, universe: -ka, n. id.
27) जगदण्ड (p. 70) gagad-anda mundane egg, universe: -ka, n. id.

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UKT notes

Egyptian god Ra - the Sun

-- UKT 141102

To most of us Self as represented by the Physical Body is easy to understand. This is the basis of Atta theory - an axiomatic religion. However, the non-axiomatic Buddhist theory of Anatta is incomprehensible. Because of it being non-axiomatic , Buddhism - at least the Four Noble Truths, and Anattu Theory - is acceptable to modern Science. However, there are axioms in later developments particularly in Mahayana. I take Vijrayanna to be derived from earlier non-Buddhistic beliefs.

Hinduism is an axiomatic religion. A parallel axiomatic religion is that of the Ancient Egyptians, in which the Sun is worshipped as the Sun god Ra.

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ra 141102

Ra /rɑː/ [1] or Re /reɪ/ is the ancient Egyptian solar deity. By the Fifth Dynasty (2494 to 2345 BC) he had become a major god in ancient Egyptian religion, identified primarily with the midday sun.

In later Egyptian dynastic times, Ra was merged with the god Horus, as Re-Horakhty ("Ra, who is Horus of the Two Horizons"). He was believed to rule in all parts of the created world: the sky, the earth, and the underworld. [2] He was associated with the falcon or hawk. When in the New Kingdom the god Amun rose to prominence he was fused with Ra as Amun-Ra. During the Amarna Period, King Akhenaten suppressed the cult of Ra in favour of another solar deity, the Aten, the deified solar disc, but after the death of Akhenaten the cult of Ra was restored.

The cult of the Mnevis bull, an embodiment of Ra, had its centre in Heliopolis and there was a formal burial ground for the sacrificed bulls north of the city.

All forms of life were believed to have been created by Ra, who called each of them into existence by speaking their secret names. Alternatively humans were created from Ra's tears and sweat, hence the Egyptians call themselves the "Cattle of Ra." In the myth of the Celestial Cow it is recounted how mankind plotted against Ra and how he sent his eye as the goddess Sekhmet to punish them. When she became bloodthirsty she was pacified by mixing beer with red dye.

To the Egyptians, the sun represented light, warmth, and growth. This made the sun deity very important, as the sun was seen as the ruler of all that he created. The sun disk was either seen as the body or eye of Ra. Ra was the father of Shu and Tefnut, whom he created. Shu was the god of the wind, and Tefnut was the goddess of the rain. Sekhmet was the Eye of Ra and was created by the fire in Ra's eye. She was a violent lioness.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article .

UKT 141102: For Gautama Buddha to say that he was of the Solar race is a reflection of Sun-worship common to many peoples in many parts of the world down to the present day. The high caste Hindus recite the Gayatri mantra every morning looking at the Rising Sun.

Go back Ra-note-b

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