Update: 2016-03-09 05:20 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p104-5.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

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{a.}
  p104-5c1
{a.ka.}
  p104-5c2
{a}
{}
{au:}
  p104-5c3
{au}

 

 

UKT notes :
Retroflex consonants of Akshara-Matrix

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{a.}

See my note on Retroflex consonants of Akshara-Matrix.

 

p104-5c1

{a.ka.}

p104-5c1-b00

ढक्क [ dhakka ]
- m. kind of edifice; N. of a locality; , f. large drum.

 

p104-5c1-b01

ढक्कदेशीय [ dhakka-desya ]
- a. peculiar to the country of Dhakka.

 

p104-5c1-b02

 

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p104-5c2

{a}

p104-5c2-b00

ढामरा [ dhmar ]
- f. goose.

 

p104-5c2-b01

ढाल [ dhla ]
- n. shield.

 

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{}

p104-5c2-b02

ढेङ्क [ dheṅka ]
- m. kind of bird; , f. kind of dance.

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{au:}

p104-5c2-b03

ढोल [ dhola ]
- m. drum.

 

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p104-5c3

{au}

p104-5c3-b00

 

 

p104-5c3-b01

ढौकन [ dhauk-ana ]
- n. offering, present.

 

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UKT notes

Retroflex consonants of Akshara-matrix

- UKT 160308:

The five retroflex plosive-stop consonants, r3c1 {Ta.}, r3c2 {HTa.}, r3c3 {a.}, r3c4 {a.}, & {Na.}, are probably the remnants of an ancient language, preceding the Asokan and Sanskrit. Since by "language" is meant not only the spoken part {sa.ka:}, but the script {sa} as well, I have used the hyphenated word, {sa.ka:}-{sa} in most of my work on BEPS, and I will have to re-specify "Asokan" as Magadhi-Asokan, and "Sanskrit" as Skt-Dev.

Of the retroflex consonants, the least met in Skt-Dev & Pal-Myan is {Na.} - the retroflex nasal. Macdonell lists only 5 entries. The first entry for these should have been {Na.} with open-front vowel as the intrinsic vowel, but it is not so. It is {Ni.} with the close-front vowel. It is also noteworthy that there are only 9 entries under this head in U Hoke Sein PMD0426, and all deal with a grammatical property ( {pc~s:} 'root ?' ) of this nasal. Franklin Edgerton in Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary (BHS) does not list any - BHS-indx.htm (link chk 160308).

It is also noteworthy that R.C. Childers in A Dictionary of the Pali Language (in Pal-Lat) 1874, p.253-297, did not list any. [Note: the Pal-Lat alphabet for {Na.} is "N with dot below" Ṇ & ṇ , and Childers would have listed this character with other N's differentiated by diacritics such as Ṅ & ṅ for {nga.}, & for Nya'l {a.}, N & n for {na.}.]
Similarly, PTS Pali-English dictionary, available in TIL research station in Yangon (ink-on-paper reprint of 1999 which I bought in Canada), does not list any entry for {Na.}].

The second least-known retroflex in Skt-Dev is {a.}. Macdonell lists only 9 entries. You may argue that the second least-known is r3c2 {HTa.}. However, since r3c1 {Ta.} & r3c2 {HTa.} are so close that they may be treated together, I don't consider it on par with {a.}. U Hoke Sein PMD0425-0426 does not list any.

There are 11 entries in Franklin Edgerton's BHS. It is one reason why I consider BHS to be Sanskritized Magadhi similar to Nwari-Asokan now written in Devanagari. See: English to Nepal Bhasa Dictionary by Sabin Bhuju सबिन भुजु , 2005
- SBhuju-NewarDict<> / bkp<> (link chk 160221)
and, A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of Nepali Language by R L Turner
- http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/turner/ (link chk 160119)

Go back Retroflex-conson-note-b

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End of TIL file