Update: 2016-03-13 12:03 PM -0500


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR : http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{zi-wa.} - cont- cont
{zu.ra.} : repha
{za.} : Pseudo-Za


UKT notes :

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{zi-wa.} - cont



जीव [ gv- ]
- a. living, alive; living on (--); causing life; m. principle of life, (individual) soul; N. of one of the Maruts; m. n. living being, creature.



जीवक [ gva-ka ]
- a. (ik) living, alive; living on (--); -gr&asharp;ham, ad. (with grah), (take) alive; -ghtin, a. killing living creatures (beast of prey); -ga, a. born alive; -gvaka, m. francolin partridge; -m-gvaka, m. id.



जीवत्पतिका [ gvat-pati-k ]
- f. woman whose husband is alive; (d)-bhartrik, f. id.



  जीवदत्त [ gva-datta ]
- m. N.: -ka, m. id.; -dya-ka, a. life-giving.



जीवन [ g&isharp;v-ana ]
- a. () quickening, animating; restoring to life (--); n. restoration to life; existence, life; subsistence; manner of life; maintenance by (-- or in.); water: -yoni, a. having its origin in life; -hetu, m. means of subsistence.





जीवनीय [ gv-anya ]
- fp. one should live; life-giving; n. water.



जीवन्मरण [ gvan-marana ]
- n. living death; -mukta, pp. having obtained final liberation while yet alive; -mukti, f. liberation during life; -mrita, pp. living and yet dead, half dead: -ka, a. id.



जीवपति [ gva-pati ]
- m. living husband; -patn, a. f. whose husband is alive; -pitri: -ka, a. whose father is still alive; ()-putra, a. whose son or children are alive; m. N. of a Rishi and of a hymn composed by him; -praga, a. having children still alive; -maya, a. animate, living.



जीवल [ gva-l ]
- a. animating; m. N.



जीवलोक [ gva-lok ]
- m. world of the living, mankind; -vadha, m. killing a living being; -vishaya, m. duration of life; -vishna, n. horn of a living animal; -sams, m. com munity of the living; -sesha, a. having life only as a remnant, having bare life; -siddhi, m. N.; -s, a. f. bearing a living child.





जीवातु [ gv-tu ]
- f. life.



जीवात्मन् [ gva‿tman ]
- m. individual soul; -‿apeta, pp. lifeless; -‿sa, a. attached to life; -‿saṅkin, a. supposing any one to be alive; -‿astikya, m. the category of soul.


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जीविका [ gv-ik ]
- f. life; manner of life; means of subsistence, livelihood.



  जीवित [ gv-it ]
- pp. (√gv) alive; n. living being; life; duration of life; livelihood, means of subsistence.


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जीवितक्षय [ gvita-kshaya ]
- m. loss of life, death; -gridhnu-t, f. great love of life; -ntha, m. lord of one's life, husband; -pri ya, a. dear as life; -bhta, pp. having been alive, dead.



जीवितव्य [ gv-i-tavya ]
- fp. n. to be lived (with in. of subject=will live); n. possibility of living; allotted term of life; possible restoration to life: -vishaya, m. duration of life; -samdeha, m. danger to life.



जीवितसम [ gvita-sama ]
- a. dear as life.



जीविताकाङ्क्षिन् [ gvita‿kṅkshin ]
- a. wishing to remain alive; -‿atyaya, m. danger of losing one's life; -‿anta, m. end of life, death: -ka, m. ender of life, Siva, -kara, a. threatening life; -‿sa, f. desire to live, hope of life.



जीवितेश [ gvita‿sa ]
- m. lord of life, Yama; lover, husband; , f. sweetheart, mistress; -‿svara, m. ep. of Siva.



जीविन् [ gv-in ]
- a. living (for, -- after expressions of time); subsisting by or on (gnly. --); m. living being; -ya, fp. n. to be lived; n. life.


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जुगुप्सा [ gu-gup-s ]
- (des.) f. disgust, aversion.





जुटिका [ gut-ik ]
- f. tuft of hair.


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{zu.ra.} : repha



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GUSH, VI. gush, taste with pleasure, relish, hear favourably, like, rejoice in, enjoy (ac. g.); be pleased: with tanvs, enjoy oneself, be lad; cs. goshya, . (P.) like, love, caress; aprove. anu, visit any one (ac.). abhi, be fond of; visit, frequent. pra, pp. delighting in (lc.). prati, be tender towards (ac.); rejoice in (ac.).



जुष् [ gush ]
- a. devoted to; dwelling in; possessing; like, similar to (--).



जुष्ट [ gsh-ta (or -t) ]
- pp. acceptable (to, in., d., g.); frequented or visited by, exposed to, furnished with (--, in.).



जुष्टि [ gsh-ti ]
- f. favour; satisfaction.


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जुहुराण [ gu-hur-n ]
- pr. pt. . of √hvri.



जुहू [ gu-h&usharp; ]
- f. [caller: √hv] tongue (esp. of Agni); flame; sacrificial butter-ladle (for pouring ghee on the fire).



जुहूषु [ gu-h-shu ]
- a. wishing to sacrifice (ac.).



जुहोति [ gu-ho-ti ]
- m. (3 sg. of √hu) technical designation of the sacrifices denoted by the term guhoti (not by yagati).


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जूट [ gta ]
- m. braid of hair.



जूर [ gra ]
- m. injury.







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GRIMBH, I. . (P.) grmbha, yawn; open; spread, increase; arise; revive, take courage; be at ease. ud, open wide; arise, appear. sam-ud, spread; endeavour (to, inf.) vi, yawn; increase; expand; arise, appear; pp. -grimbhita, yawning; expanded, blossomed, flowering. sam, appear.


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जृम्भ [ grimbh-a ]
- m. yawning; opening; , f. id.; (a)-kara, a. producing yawning; -ana, n. yawning; blossoming; stretching; slackness (of limbs): -ik, f. yawning; -ita, (pp.) n. appearance.





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  जेतवन [ geta-vana ]
- n. Geta(r)'s forest, N. of a forest near Srvast, where Buddha preached his doctrine.



जेतव्य [ ge-tavya ]
- fp. to be conquered; -tri, m. winner; conqueror; N. of a Buddhistic prince; -ya, fp. to be conquered.



जेन्य [ gn-ia ]
- a. of noble race.







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जैत्र [ ga-tra ]
- a. () victorious, triumphant; n. victory: -ytr, f. triumphal procession; -ratha, m. triumphal car.



जैन [ gaina ]
- a. () relating to the Ginas; m. Jain: , f. doctrine of the Jains.



जैमिनि [ gaimini ]
- m. N. of a teacher, founder of the Prva-Mmms school of philosophy: -ya, f. relating to Gamini; m. adherent of Gaimini; n. Gaimini's work.



जैव [ gaiva ]
- a. () relating to the individual soul.



जैवातृक [ gaivtri-ka ]
- a. long-lived, who may live long.



जैह्म्य [ gaihm-ya ]
- n. fraud, cheating.



जैह्व [ gahva ]
- a. relating to the tongue (gihv).


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जोङ्ग *goṅga, ˚क [ -ka ]

- n. aloe-wood.



जोष [ gsh-a ]
- m. satisfaction: -m, ad. at will, as one pleases; gladly; gosham s, be silent.



जोषण [ gosh-ana ]
- n. delighting in; choosing (--).



जोहूत्र [ goh&usharp;tra ]
- a. roaring; neighing loud.


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{za.} : Pseudo-Za

UKT 160306: There are two unusual conjuncts to bedevil you - the Pseudo-Kha and the Pseudo-Za which are not present in Pal-Myan. You'll find the Pseudo-Za as a "hanging-on" conjunct in Mon-Myan, which has led me to suggest that Bur-Myan Nya'gyi is a Palatal-Approximant, and that the sole occupant of r2c5 is Nya'l. For "hanging-on" conjuncts, see Fundamentals of Mon Speech & Script (in Bur-Myan), by Naing Maung Toe, p046 or pdf051/251, in Mon-Myan Language: Speech and Script
- MonMyan-indx.htm > MonMyan-NMgToe-Mon-Bur<> (link chk 160306)

UKT 160311: There are 4 contenders for cell r2c4 of Akshara-matrix: Bur-Myan {Za.}, Mon-Myan {Zha.} (with its alternate version {Za.}), Skt-Myan Pseudo-Za {za.} (derived aks-to-aks from Skt-Dev ज्ञ = ज ् ञ ), and Skt-Dev झ. The next cell r2c5 - the Palatal nasal - is in no better position. There are 2 contenders, the Bur-Myan Nya'gyi {a.}, and Pal-Myan Nya'l {a.} (long-foot) which is commonly mistaken for the Vowel-Letter {U.} (equal-foot). Note: Romabama has to shorten the long-foot of Nya'l {a.} to an extreme shortness for its vertical conjuncts.


ज्ञ [ g ]
= ज ् ञ --> {z~a.} Pseudo-Za
- a. knowing, understanding, familiar with (--, sts. g. or lc.).



ज्ञता [ ga-t ]
- f. intelligence, knowledge; familiarity with (--); -tva, n. intelligence.



ज्ञप्ति [ gap-ti ]
- f. comprehension; ascertainment: -ka, id. -- a.



ज्ञंमन्य [ gam-manya ]
- a. thinking oneself intelligent.



ज्ञशक्ति [ ga-sakti ]
- f. faculty of thinking.


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G, IX. g-n, -ni, -n, know; be acquainted with, have knowledge of, recognise (by, in.); perceive; learn, ascertain; approve; know to be, consider, assume, suppose (2 ac.); become acquainted with (g.); remember (g.); know how to (inf.); . *have to do with: gne (use parenthetically), I know; na g, know nothing of, disregard; ka evam gnite, with ft. who knows but mrish y, consider untrue: pp. gtam, known; thought; understood, learned, experienced; considered (nm.); may gtam, I thought; cs. gpaya, teach, instruct, infrom; declare, report, make acquainted with (2 ac.): pp. gapta or gapita; des. gigsa, . (E. also P.) wish to know, learn, or understand; investigate, test; ascertain; des. cs. gpass, P. wish to make acquainted with (2 ac.) anu, grant; promise; approve; admit; follow; pardon (iny one (g.); authorize, permit, give leave to (ac.); permit to depart, dismiss; cs. ask any one (ac.) for permission; take leave of (ac.). abhi‿anu, grant anything (ac.) to (g.); permit to (inf.); assent to, approve; authorize; dismiss; take leave of (ac.) sam-anu, dismiss; cs. take leave of (ac.). abhi, understand, perceive, know recognise or regard as (2 ac.); *remember (with ft.) prati‿abhi, rcognise; understand; regain consciousness; cs. recall to mind. ava, look down upon, despise, disregard; surpass; deny; pp. accompanied with contempt. , mark, observe; perceive, hear; understand; consider; cs. command; order any one (ac.) to (d., lc.). sam-, recognize, observe; pp. known as (nm.); cs. command. upa, devise. sam-upa, id. nis, distinguish, find out. pari, carefully observe, ascertain; know fully; recognises as (2 ac.); pp. known; knows as (-), pra, discern, recognise; find out; understand, now about: pp. known; well known; known as (nm.); common; cs. show the way; betray. anu-pra, find out the way after. prati, admit; promise something (ac.) to (d., g.); confirm, affirm, answer (.); assert; discuss (.); recognise; learn; satyam-, promise solemnly. sam-prati, promise. vi, distinguish, discern; understand; know exactly; gain knowledge; learn from, g.); find out, ascertain; consider (the fate of); observe that (2 ac. or yad); recognise in (lc.): look upon as (2 ac.); ps. vigyate, it is recognised=prescribed (by authorities): mvigyi, let this (nm.) not be regarded as; cs. declare, - to be (2 ac.); make known, announce; address; request, as (regarding, -artham, prati, or d.); inform about (2 ac.) abhi-vi, learn, perceive. prati-vi, gratefully acknowledge. sam-vi, agree; advise; cs. recite. sam, . agree with (lc., *in., *ac.); . obey (d.); cs. appease, satisfy; quiet (sacrificial animal); make signs to (ac.).


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UKT notes



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End of TIL file