Update: 2016-03-12 01:46 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p101.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{za-tya.}
  p101c1
{za-na.}
{za-ma.}
{za-ya.}
{za-ra.}
  p101c2
{za-la.}
{zi.}
  p101c3
{zi}
{zi-wa.}

 

UKT notes :
 

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{za-tya.} / {za-t~ya.}

p101c1

p101c1-b00

जात्य [ g&asharp;tya ]
- a. belonging to the family, caste, etc. of (--); related; noble; genuine; native, original (svarita accent).

 

p101c1-b01

जात्यन्ध [ gti‿andha ]
- a. blind from birth: -badhira, a. du. blind and deaf by birth; -‿asva, m. thoroughbred horse; -‿utkarsha, m. (superiority of=) higher caste.

 

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{za-na.}

p101c1-b02

जान [ g&asharp;n-a ]
- n. origin, birth-place.

 

p101c1-b03

जानक [ gnaka ]
- m. descendant of Ganaka; , f. St: -ntha, m. ep. of Rma.

 

p101c1-b04

 

p101c1-b05

जानपद [ g&asharp;na-pada ]
- a. living in the country; relating to districts; referring to or meant for the country-people; m. countryman; subject: , f. provincial expression; -padika, a. concerning a realm.

UKT 160310: As a joke I usually ask my Bur-Myan Buddhist students where Gautama Buddha was born and died. Their usual answer is Nepal and India the present-day geo-political units. I would then retort "So you are worshipping a Kala'paya " - purposely mispronouncing {ku.la:} 'relative' as {ka.la:} 'black'. Almost all become angry at such an insult. I have a ready remedy. I explain that the words Nepal & India refer to the present-day geo-political units. Buddha was a resident of Magadha Mahājanapada {ma.ha-za.na.pa.da.} महाजनपद 'the foot-hold of a group of peoples sharing almost the same cultural values and language root - Tibeto-Burman - living in areas of north-eastern India stretching to Tagaung and Pagan in northern Myanmarpr. And if time permits, I explain the story of King Abhiraja and compare it to the Battle of the Ten Kings dāśarāj - a battle alluded to in the Rigveda (Book 7, hymns 18, 33 and 83.4-8). See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Ten_Kings 160310. And also to the well-known story of how the relatives of the Buddha had to flee the wrath of Prince Vidudabha of Kosala kingdom who dethroned his father King Pasenadi. I emphasize that the Magadha language must have taken a foothold in Myanmarpr long before the time of the Buddha, and that what we are using is actually Magadhi and not Pali from Sri Lanka. I conjecture that Myanmar script was not derived from a southern Indian script, but is as ancient as the Asokan script.

p101c1-b06

 

p101c1-b07

जानु [ g&asharp;n-u ]
- (m.) n. knee.

 

p101c1-b08

जानुक [ gnu-ka ]
- n. knee (gnly. -- a.); m. N.

 

p101c1-b09

जानुका [ g&asharp;n-uk ]
- f. bringing forth (ac.).

 

p101c1-b10

जानुचलन [ gnu-kalana ]
- n. being tossed on any one's knees; -prakalana, n. id.; -dagh n, a. () reaching to the knee: -‿ambhas, a. having water --.

 

p101c1-b11

जान्वस्थि [ gnu‿asthi ]
- n. shin-bone; -‿kn, a. bending the knee.

 

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{za-pa.}

p101c1-b12

जाप [ gp-a ]
- m. muttering; -aka, a. reciting in a low tone (--); muttering prayers; m. priest who mutters prayers; -in, a. muttering, reciting in a low tone (--); -ya, fp. to be muttered; n. muttered prayer.

 

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{za-ba.}

p101c1-b13

जाबाल [ gbl ]
- m. met. descendant of Gabal, N.: pl. N. of a school; i, m. pat. descendant of Gabala, N.

 

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{za-ma.}

p101c1-b14

जामदग्न [ gmad-agn ]
- a. (&isharp;) coming from Gamadagni.

 

p101c1-b15

जामदग्नेय [ gmadagn-eya ]
- m. descendant of Gamadagni; -ya, m. pat. id., N.; relating etc. to Gamadagni or Gmadagnya; -yyi-ta, (den. pp.) n. slaughter after the manner of Parasurma.

 

p101c1-b16

 

p101c1-b17

जामि [ g-m ]
- a. consanguineous (brother or sister), related, allied, own: du. pl. brother(s) and sister(s): , f. (C.) female relation, esp. daughter-in-law; sts. sister; n. , consanguinity; sameness; repetition, tautology (gr.).

 

p101c1-b18

जामित्र [ gmitra ]
- n. (dia/metron) the seventh astrological mansion.

 

p101c1-b19

जामित्व [ gmi-tv ]
- n. relationship.

 

p101c1-b20

जाम्बुक [ gmbuka ]
- a. coming from the jackal.

 

p101c1-b21

जाम्बूनद [ gmb-nada ]
- a. coming from the river Gamb; n. kind of gold; gold ornament: -maya, a. () golden.

 

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{za-ya.}

p101c1-b22

 

p101c1-b23

जायक [ *gya-ka ]
- n. kind of fragrant wood.

 

p101c1-b24

जाया [ g-y&asharp; ]
- f. wife, spouse: -tva, n. wifehood.

 

p101c1-b25

जायिन् [ gy-in ]
- a. conquering (--); -, a. victorious.

 

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{za-ra.}

p101c1-b26

जार [ gr- ]
- m. lover; paramour, adulterer.

 

p101c1-b27

जारगर्भ [ gra-garbha ]
- m. child by a paramour; , a. f. pregnant by a paramour; -ghn, a.f. killing her paramour; -ga, -gta, -gtaka, a. begotten by a paramour; -t, f. adultery with (--).

 

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p101c2

p101c2-b01

जारिणी [ gr-n- ]
- a. f. having a paramour.

 

p101c2-b02

 

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{za-la.}

p101c2-b03

जाल [ 1. g&asharp;la ]
- n. net; chain armour; wire helmet; lattice; network, dense mass; multitude; cluster; lion's mane; web-membrane (between the fingers or toes of divine beings or extraordinary men); fraud, magic, illusion.

 

p101c2-b04

जाल [ 2. gl-a ]
- a. watery.

 

p101c2-b05

जालक [ gla-k ]
- n. net; web; lattice; cluster of buds; multitude; -kra, m. spider: -ka, m. id.; -gavksha, m. lattice window; -m dhara, n. N. of a locality; -pda, m. web footed bird; N. of a magician; -psa, m. single thread of a web; -pura, n. N. of a city; -bandha, m. snare, gin; -ml, f. net; -vat, a. having a net; furnished with lattices.

 

p101c2-b06

 

p101c2-b07

जालाय [ gl-ya ]
- den. . represent a net.

 

p101c2-b08

जालिक [ gl-ika ]
- m. bird-catcher.

 

p101c2-b09

जालिका [ gl-ik ]
- f. net, snare; multitude.

 

p101c2-b10

जालोद्गीर्ण [ gla‿udgrna ]
- pp. issuing from the lattices.

 

p101c2-b11

 

p101c2-b12

जाल्म [ glm ]
- a. () contemptible, base; m. villain, wretch.

 

p101c2-b13

 

p101c2-b14

जास्पति [ g&asharp;-s-pati ]
- m. paterfamilias.

 

p101c2-b15

जान्हव [ ghnava ]
- m. descendant of Gahnu, pat. of various men: , f. the Ganges (daughter of Gahnu).

 

p101c2-b16

जान्हवीय [ ghnav-ya ]
- a. relating to the Ganges.

 

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{zi.}

p101c2-b17

GI, I. P. gya, (. chiefly with par and vi) win, capture; vanquish, conquer; overcome (in battle, lawsuit, or play); surpass; subdue, master (passions, disease); slake (thirst); win form (2 ac.); be victorious (in play); worst (in a lwsuit); pr. gayati, impv. gay-atu, or pp. n. with in. long live-! cs. gpaya, P. . desire to win, obtain, or conquer; be eager for prey. ava, take away from; deprive of; conquer; reconquer. , win, acquire. ud, id.; conquer. nis, gain; overcome, vanquish; surpass: pp. nirgita, due (interest.) vi-nis, id. par, (gnly. .) overcome, vanquish, defeat; lose, be deprived of; succumb: pp. worsted, defeated, overcome; overwhelmed by (-). vi, gnly. . win; conquer; vanquish, defeat; surpass; control; be victorious; conquer in battle with (in.); impv. and pr. = long live - l des. strive for victory. sam, gain; overpower; subdue.

 

p101c2-b18

जिगमिषु [ gi-gam-i-shu ]
- (des.) a. about to go.

 

p101c2-b19

जिगीषा [ gi-g-sh&asharp; ]
- (des.) f. wish to obtain, expectation; desire to conquer, ambition; -sh, a. desirous to obtain, conquer, or excel; ambitious: -t, f. emulation, ambition.

 

p101c2-b20

जिघत्सा [ gi-ghat-s ]
- f. desire or intention to eat; hunger; -s, a. desirous of eating (ac.).

 

p101c2-b21

जिघांसा [ gi-ghm-s ]
- f. intention to slay (√han); -s-in, a. wishing to kill (--); -su, a. intending to slay or destroy (ac., --).

 

p101c2-b22

जिघृक्षा [ gi-ghrik-sh ]
- f. desire to seize; -shu, a. intending to seize (ac., --); -draw (water).

 

p101c2-b23

जिघ्नते [ gi-ghn-a-te ]
- v. √han.

 

p101c2-b24

 

 

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p101c3

p101c3-b00

जिजीविषा [ gi-gv-i-sh ]
- f. desire to live; -shu, a. wishing to live.

 

p101c3-b01

जिज्ञासन [ gi-g-s-ana ]
- n. wish to know; examination; -s, f. id.; investigation; -su, a. wishing to know or test, examining.

 

p101c3-b02

जित् [ gi-t ]
- a. conquering; gaining (--).

 

p101c3-b03

जितश्रम [ gita-srama ]
- a. (overcoming=) inured to fatigue; practised in (lc.).

 

p101c3-b04

जिताक्ष [ gita‿aksha ]
- a. having subdued his senses; -‿akshara, a. having mastered writing, writing with ease; -‿tman, a. self-controlled; -‿apsaras, a. surpassing the Apsarases.

 

p101c3-b05

जिति [ g-ti ]
- f. acquisition; victory.

 

p101c3-b06

जितेन्द्रिय [ gita‿indriya ]
- a. having the passions subdued: -tva, n. subjection of the passions.

 

p101c3-b07

जित्वर [ gi-t-vara ]
- a. victorious; conquering (--).

 

p101c3-b08

जिन [ gi-na ]
- m. (overcomer), a Buddha; a Jain saint; ep. of Vishnu: -rakshita, m. N.; -ssana, n. Buddha's doctrine.

 

p101c3-b09

जिनेन्द्र [ gina‿indra ]
- m. lord of the Ginas, Buddha.

 

p101c3-b10

 

p101c3-b11

 

 

p101c3-b12

जिव्रि [ g-vri ]
- a. decrepit, old.

 

p101c3-b13

जिष्णु [ gi-shn ]
- a. victorious, superior; excelling (ac.); m. N.

 

p101c3-b14

जिहासु [ gi-h-su ]
- a. wishing to quit (ac.).

 

p101c3-b15

जिहीर्षु [ gi-hr-shu ]
- a. wishing to bring (ac.); wishing to take away, carry off, or remove.

 

p101c3-b16

जिह्म [ gihm ]
- a. slanting, oblique; crooked; squinting; fallacious; deceitful, dishonest; slow; n. dishonesty, duplicity.
 

p101c3-b17

जिह्मग [ gihma-ga ]
- a. moving in curves (snake); m. snake; -gati, a. id.; -t, f. crookedness, duplicity; -s&isharp;, a. lying on the side.

 

p101c3-b18

जिह्मित [ gihm-ita ]
- pp. bent, winding; veiled.

 

p101c3-b19

जिह्वा [ gi-hv&asharp; ]
- f. [caller: √hve] tongue.

 

p101c3-b20

जिह्वाग्र [ gihv‿agra ]
- n. tip of the tongue; -mlya, a. belonging to the root of the tongue (certain letters); -laulya, n. voracity.

 

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{zi}

p101c3-b21

 

p101c3-b22

जीन [ gna ]
- n. [(a)g-na, goat-skin, cp. agna] leathern bag.

 

p101c3-b23

जीमूत [ gm&usharp;ta ]
- m. thunder-cloud; -ketu, m. N. of a prince of fairies; -vhana, m. N.; -svana, m. thunder.

 

p101c3-b24

जीर [ g-r ]
- a. swift, active; urging, stimulating.

 

p101c3-b25

जीरदानु [ gr-dnu ]
- a. dropping swiftly, flowing abundantly.

 

 

p101c3-26

जीर्ण [ gr-na ]
- pp. of √gr; n. decrepitude, old age; digestion: -t, f. old age; -tva, n. id.; -visha, m. N. of a snake charmer; -sakti, f. power of digesting (lc.); -sata-khanda maya, a. () consisting of a thousand worn out pieces; -‿maya-gvara, m. slow fever.

 

p101c3-b27

जीर्णि [ g&isharp;rn-i ]
- a. decrepit.

 

p101c3-b28

जील [ gla ]
- m. [(a)g-la, goat-skin] leathern pouch.

 

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{zi-wa.}

p101c3-b29

I. P. (.) giva, live, be or remain alive; return to life (punar); live on, maintain oneself by (in.) impc. long life to you! pr. pt. gvat, living, alive, gvan gakkhati, goes on lving, remains alive: pp. gvita, living, alive (rare in this sense); cs. gvya, P. (.) cause to live, revive; save or spare the life of; maintain, bring up; wish long life to: pp. gvita, revived; des. gigvisha, P. (.) wish to live; seek a livelihood, try to maintain oneself (by, in.). ati, survive; live better than (ac.). anu, live like (ac.); live for, be devoted to (ac.)_; live upon, be maintained by (ac.); cs. revive. , exist by; use. ud, return to life; cs. revive. prati‿ud, return to life; pp. revived; cs. revive. upa, maintain oneself; live on or be dependent on; make use of, practise: vrittim-, gain one's livelihood; gd. upagvya, in dependence on, on account of (ac.); cs. make use of, exploit. sam, live; return to life; cs. revive; keep alive, support.

 

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UKT notes

 

 

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End of TIL file