Update: 2016-03-10 12:17 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p100.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{za.la.} - cont
  p100c1
  p100c2
{za.wa.}
{za.Sa.}
{za.a.}
{za.ha.}
/ {za} : Maukcha-Weikcha Rule
/ {za-ga.}
{za-Ga.}
{za-nga.} : as coda
{za-za.}
  p100c3
{za-HTa.}
{za-a.}
{za-ta.}
{za-ta}
{za-ti.}
{za-tu.}
{za-t}

 

UKT notes :

Maukcha-Weikcha Rule : {mauk-hkya.}-{weik-hkya.} rule

- UKT 160310:
I hold that there is a reason why certain glyphs are based on a single-circle, whilst others are based on double-circles. The reason is either on "pronunciation" or on "meaning", and I try to stick to the rule which I had learnt as a child, that {mauk-hkya.} is used for single-circle glyphs and {weik-hkya.} is for double circles. My friend U Tun Tint of MLC has disputed what I have remembered and holds that the choice of {mauk-hkya.} or {weik-hkya.} is set arbitrarily.

 

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{za.la.} - cont

p100c1

p100c1-b01

जलद [ gala-da ]
- m. (water-giver), cloud: -kla, m. rainy season; -kshaya, m. (disappearance of clouds), autumn; -taskara, m. robber of a cloud; -samaya, m. rainy season; -‿gama, m. (arrival of clouds), rainy season; -‿atyaya, m. autumn.

 

p100c1-b02

जलदान [ gala-dna ]
- n. libation of water (fes tival in Uggayin); -dravya, n. ocean-pro duct, pearl; -dhara, m. (water-bearer), cloud: -ml, f. tract of clouds, -‿abhyudaya, m. (rise of the clouds), rainy season; -dhr, f. stream of water, shower; -dhi, m. ocean, sea: -t, f. abst. n., -rasan, f. ocean-girt (earth); -nidhi, m. ocean, sea; -pakshin, m. water bird; -patha, m. sea-voyage; -pda, m. (water-foot), N. of a frog-king; -pra, m. full channel (of a river); -prusha, m. water pixie; -pravha, m. current; -plava, m. deluge; -bindu, m. drop of water: -durdina, n. shower of rain; -budbuda, m. water-bubble; -bhgana, n. water-vessel; -maya, a. () consisting of water; -mnusha, m. () fa bulous aquatic being; otter; -muk, a. discharging rain; m. cloud.

 

p100c1-b03

जलयन्त्र [ gala-yantra ]
- n. squirt; water-clock: -ka, n. squirt, -kakra, n. water-wheel, -man dira, n. apartment with shower-bath; -rsi, m. waters; sea, ocean; -ruh, -ruha, m. day lotus (growing in the water); -rekh, f. streak on the water; strip of water; -lekh, f. id.; -lava-muk, m. (shedding drops of water), cloud; -vat, a. abounding in water; -vsa, m. abode in the water; a. living in the water; -vs-in, a. living in the water: (i)-t, f. abst. n.; -vha, a. bearing water: -ka, m. water carrier; -sayy, f. lying in the water (as a penance); -samnivesa, m. reservoir, pond; -srya: -ka, m. reflection of the sun in the water; -stha, a. being in the water; -sthna, n. reservoir, lake; -snna, n. bathe; -hastin, m. (water-elephant), crocodile; -hra, m. water-carrier; , f.

 

p100c1-b04

जलांशु [ gala‿amsu ]
- m. (cool-rayed), moon (= gadmsu); -‿gama, m. rain; -‿agali, m. two handfuls of water in honour of the dead; fare well for ever (fig.); -‿atyaya, m. (cessation of the rain), autumn; -‿dhra, m. reservoir, pond.

 

p100c1-b05

जलाय [ gal-ya ]
- den. . turn into water.

 

p100c1-b06

जलायुका [ gal-yu-k ]
- f. leech.

 

p100c1-b07

जलार्थिन् [ gala‿arthin ]
- a. thirsty; -‿rdra, a. wet, moist: , f. wet garment; damp cloth (used for fanning); -rdrik, f. id. (-- a.); -‿saya, m. reservoir, pond, lake; sea; a. rest ing in the water; stupid.

 

p100c1-b08

जलाष [ glsha ]
- a. soothing, healing; -bhe shaga, a. having soothing remedies.

 

p100c1-b09

जलाहति [ gala‿hati ]
- f. downpour of rain.

 

p100c1-b10

जलेचर [ gale-kara ]
- a. () living in the water; m. aquatic animal (-- a. f. ); -saya, a. abiding in the water; ep. of Vishnu.

 

p100c1-b11

जलेश [ gala‿sa ]
- m. lord of water, ep. of Varuna, ocean.

 

p100c1-b12

जलेश्वर [ gala‿svara ]
- m. lord of water, ep. of Varuna.

 

p100c1-b13

 

p100c1-b14

जलोदर [ gala‿udara ]
- n. (water-belly), dropsy; -‿uddhata-gati, a. moving violently in the water; f. a metre; -udbhava, a. sprung from the water; m. aquatic animal; N. of a water sprite.

 

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p100c2

p0100c2-b00

जलौक [ gala‿oka ]
- m. leech; , f.: -‿okas, a. living in the water; m. aquatic animal; N. of a king; f. leech; -‿oka‿avakaranya, fp. treating of the application of leeches.

 

p0100c2-b01

 

p0100c2-b02

जल्प [ galp-a ]
- m. talk, conversation, words: pl. prate; -aka, a. chattering; m. chatterer; -ana, n. speaking, talking; -ka, a. chattering, loquacious; -ita, pp. n. talk; words; -in, a. speaking, talking (--); -ya, n. chatter.

 

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{za.wa.}

p0100c2-b03

जव [ gav- ]
- a. swift; m. swiftness, speed; haste: ab. at once; -ana, a. () quick, swift; n. quickness, swiftness; -anik, f. curtain.

 

p0100c2-b04

जवस् [ gv-as ]
- n. swiftness.

 

p0100c2-b05

जवा [ gav ]
- f. China rose.

 

p0100c2-b06

जवाधिक [ gava‿adhika ]
- a. running faster.

 

p0100c2-b07

जविन् [ gav-n ]
- a. swift; quick, speedy, hasty.

 

p0100c2-b08

जविष्ठ [ gv-ishtha ]
- spv. swiftest, quickest; -yas, cpv. quicker or swifter than (ab.).

 

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{za.Sa.}

p0100c2-b09

 

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{za.a.}

p0100c2-b10

 

 

p0100c2-b11

जसु [ gs-u ]
- f. exhaustion; -uri, a. exhausted; -van, a. wretched.

 

p0100c2-b12

 

 

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{za.ha.}

p0100c2-b13

जहका [ ghak ]
- f. hedgehog.

 

p0100c2-b14

जहत्स्वार्थ [ gahat-svrtha ]
- a. giving up its original meaning; , f.=gahal-lakshan.

 

p0100c2-b15

जहल्लक्षणा [ gahal-lakshan ]
- f. mediate designation giving up the primary meaning (e.g. "on the Ganges", meaning 'on the bank of the Ganges'.

 

p0100c2-b16

जहित [ ga-hi-t ]
- pp. (√h) forsaken, forlorn.

 

p0100c2-b17

जहु [ gahu ]
- m. young of an animal.

 

p0100c2-b18

जन्हु [ gahnu ]
- m. N. of a king who adopted the Ganges; N. of a cave in the Himlaya from which the Ganges issues: -kany, f. daughter of Gahnu, Ganges; -sut, f. id.

 

p0100c2-b19

 

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/ {za}

UKT 160310: I hold that there is a reason why certain glyphs are based on a single-circle, whilst others are based on double-circles. The reason is either on "pronunciation" or on "meaning", and I try to stick to the rule which I had learnt as a child, that {mauk-hkya.} is used for single-circle glyphs and {weik-hkya.} is for double circles. My friend U Tun Tint of MLC has disputed what I have remembered and holds that the choice of {mauk-hkya.} or {weik-hkya.} is set arbitrarily.

p0100c2-b20

  जा [ g&asharp; ]
- a. --=-ga, born; m. f. (nm. -s) offspring: pl. progeny.

 

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/ {za-ga.}

p0100c2-b21

जागत [ ggata ]
- a. composed in gagat metre.

UKT 160310: Jagati meter is one of the seven main meters in Sanskrit poetry with 4 padas of 12 syllables containing 48 syllables in each stanza. The study of meter is one of the six Vedanga disciplines which are more important to the Myanmar Buddhists than Veda itself which is made up of mainly hymns and mantras directed to the Hindu gods and goddesses. See also Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedic_meter 160310

p0100c2-b22

जागर [ g-gar-a ]
- m. waking; waking vision; -aka, m. waking; -ana, a. awake; n. waking; -it, pp. wakeful; n. waking: -sthna, a. being in a wakeful condition; -ishnu, a. wake ful; -&usharp;ka, a. watchful; occupied with (--).

 

p0100c2-b23

 

 

p0100c2-b24

जागृवि [ ggri-vi ]
- a. watchful; bright; stimulating.

 

p0100c2-b25

जाग्रत् [ ggr-at ]
- pr.pt. watching; n. waking: -svapn, m. du. waking and sleep.

 

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{za-Ga.}

p0100c2-b26

जाघनी [ g&asharp;ghan ]
- f. tail (connected w. gagha na).

 

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{za-nga.} : as coda

p0100c2-b27

जाङ्गल [ gṅgala ]
- a. open, dry, even, and productive (country); existing in such a country; m. quail; n. game, meat.

 

p0100c2-b28

जाङ्घिक [ gṅgh-ika ]
- a. swift-footed; m. run ner

 

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{za-za.}

p0100c2-b29

जाजिन् [ gg-in ]
- m. fighter.

 

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p100c3

{za-HTa.}

p0100c3-b00

जाठर [ gthara ]
- a. () relating to the belly; (with agni, m. digestive fire, hunger); m. son.

 

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{za-a.}

p0100c3-b01

जाड्य [ gd-ya ]
- n. chilliness; want of sensation, dulness; stupidity; inanimateness.

 

p0100c3-b02

जाड्यभाव [ gdya-bhva ]
- m. stupidity.

 

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{za-ta.}

p0100c3-b03

  जात [ g-t ]
- pp. (√gan); m. son; n. creature; birth; race, kind, genus; --, all that is comprised by --, sum total of --, any --, every kind of --: lc. in general.

 

p0100c3-b04

जातक [ gta-ka ]
- a. --, begotten by --; born under (a star); m. new-born child; n. (astrological) nativity; story of one of Buddha's former births.

 

p0100c3-b05

जातकर्मन् [ gta-karman ]
- n. after-birth ceremony; -dosha, a. guilty; -nashta, pp. hav ing appeared and disappeared; -paksha, a. fledged; -prya, a. almost come to pass; -preta, pp. first born and then deceased; -mtra, a. but just born, only just arisen; -rpa, a. of native beauty, beauteous; golden; n. gold: -maya, a. () golden; -vat, a. born; containing a derivative of the √gan; -vsaka, n. lying-in room; -vsa-griha, n. (apartment in which living takes place), sitting room; ()-vidy, f. science of the origin or of the essence of things, metaphysics; -vi nashta, pp.=gta-nashta; -visvsa, a. having confidence engendered, inspired with con fidence; ()-vedas, a. having knowledge of beings; m. Agni; (C.) fire; -vesman, n. chamber of a new-born infant; lying-in room; -sil, f. (real=) massive stone; -samkalpa, a. resolved; enamoured.

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{za-ta}

p0100c3-b06

जातापत्य [ gta‿apatya ]
- a. having offspring; -‿amarsha, a. having one's anger roused, enraged; -‿avamna, a. filled with self-contempt.

 

p0100c3-b07

जाति [ g-ti ]
- f. birth, origin, rebirth; existence, life; state; rank, caste; family, tribe, race; genus (opp. species), species (opp. individual), kind, class; disposition; normal character, genuineness: in. -tas, --, by birth.

 

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{za-ti.}

p0100c3-b08

जातिजानपद [ gti-gnapada ]
- a. relating to the castes and to the districts; -bhg, a. subject to birth; -bhramsa, m. loss of caste; -bhrashta, pp. having lost caste; -mat, a. high-born; capable of being classed under a general notion; -mtra, n. mere rank: -‿upa- gvin, a. subsisting by the name of his caste only; -vakana, n. generic term; - sampanna, pp. endowed with good family, high-born; -smara, a. remembering one's former existence: -t, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -smarana, n. remembrance of a former birth; -hna, pp. destitute of good family, of low birth or rank.

 

p0100c3-b09

जाती [ g-t ]
- f. rarer form of gti; nutmeg tree: -kosa, m. nutmeg.

 

p0100c3-b10

जातीय [ gtya ]
- a. belonging to the caste, family, race, kind, or genus, of (--): -ka, a. id.

 

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{za-tu.}

p0100c3-b11

जातु [ g&asharp;-tu ]
- ad. at all; ever; possibly, perhaps, once: na gtu, not at all, by no means, never (sts. with kid or kad kid added).

 

p0100c3-b12

 

p0100c3-b13

जातुष [ gtusha ]
- a. () made of or painted with lac.

 

p0100c3-b14

जातूकर्ण [ gt-karna ]
- m. N. of an old teacher, physician, and author of a law-book; , f. N. of Bhavabhti's mother: -putra, m. son of Gtkarn, Bhavabhti.

 

p0100c3-b15

जातूकर्ण्य [ gtkarnya ]
- m. descendant of Gtkarna.

 

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{za-t}

p0100c3-b16

जातेर्ष्य [ gta‿rshya ]
- a. having jealousy engendered, jealous; -ishti, f. sacrifice on the birth of a child.

 

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UKT notes

 

 

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End of TIL file