Update: 2016-03-10 04:27 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p093.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

  {sar~ma.} - cont
  p093c1
  {sar~ya.}
  {sar~wa.}
  {sar~Sa.}
{sa.la.}
{sa.wa.}
{sa.Sa.}
/ {sa} : Maukcha-Weikcha Rule
{sa-ka.}
{sa-kSa.}
  p093c2
{sa-sa.}
{sa-a.}
{sa-Ta.}
{sa-Na.}
{sa-ta.}
{sa-na.}
{sa-pa.}
  p093c3
{sa-ma.}
{sa-ya.}
{sa-ra.}
{sa-la.}
{si.}

 

UKT notes :

Maukcha-Weikcha Rule : {mauk-hkya.}-{weik-hkya.} rule

- UKT 160310:
I hold that there is a reason why certain glyphs are based on a single-circle, whilst others are based on double-circles. The reason is either on "pronunciation" or on "meaning", and I try to stick to the rule which I had learnt as a child, that {mauk-hkya.} is used for single-circle glyphs and {weik-hkya.} is for double circles. My friend U Tun Tint of MLC has disputed what I have remembered and holds that the choice of {mauk-hkya.} or {weik-hkya.} is set arbitrarily.

 

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{sar~ma.} - cont

p093c1

p093c1-b01

चर्मावकर्तिन् [ karma‿avakartin ]
- m. leather cutter, shoemaker; -‿avakartri, m. id.

 

p093c1-b02

चर्मिन् [ karm-in ]
- a. covered with a hide; armed with a shield; m. shield-bearer.

 

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{sar~ya.}

p093c1-b03

चर्य [ kar-ya ]
- fp. to be practised; , f. roaming; procedure, conduct; observance; performance or practice of, occupation with (--, in.).

 

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{sar~wa.}

p093c1-b04

 

p093c1-b05

चर्वण [ karv-ana ]
- n. chewing; tasting; , f. id.

 

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{sar~Sa.}

p093c1-b06

चर्षणि [ kar-sh-an ]
- a. moving, flowing; active, busy; f. pl. men, folk, people (-generally ).

 

p093c1-b07

चर्षणी [ karshan ]
- f. unfaithful wife: -dhrt, a. protecting men; -dhrti, f. protection of men; -sh, a. ruling men.

 

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{sa.la.}

p093c1-b08

kala, move, sway, shake, tremble, quiver; move on, advance; go away, depart; be spread abroad (news); walk about; become agitated, disturbed, confused, or impaired; waver; swerve from (ab.): pp. kalita; cs. kalaya, set in motion, stir, shake, cause to tremble; trouble, agitate; divert from (ab.); klaya, drive away; shake; invalidate (a proposition); nudge; trouble, agitate, ud, depart; set out; rise from a seat (ab.). pra‿ud, set out. sam-ud, start up together; set out together. pra, become agitated, tremble, quake; stir, advance; rise (wind); spring up (from a seat); set out, depart, diverge from (ab.) cs. -kalaya, move; -klaya, stir up. vi, waver; move; stir, advance; fall off or down; be agitated, disturbed, or impaired; swerve from (ab.); cs. -klaya, agitate; transgress (law); call in question; rescind. pra-vi, swerve from (ab.). sam, tremble, quake; depart; cs. -klaya, set in motion; drive away.

 

p093c1-b09

चल [ kal-a ]
- a. moving, trembling; unsteady, wavering; waving; fluttering; rippling; fickle: -kitta, n. mutable temper, fickleness; a. fickle: -t, f. fickleness; giddiness; -t, f., -tva, n. tremor, unsteadiness.

 

p093c1-b10

चलन [ kal-ana ]
- a. moving, unsteady; walking; dissolute; n. tremor, unsteadiness, motion; activity, function; agitation; deviation from (ab.).

 

p093c1-b11

चलनिकेत [ kala-niketa ]
- a. having a transitory abode; -prakriti, a. giddy, fickle; -svabhva, a. of inconstant nature.

 

p093c1-b12

चला [ kal- ]
- f. goddess of fortune.

 

p093c1-b13

चलाचल [ kal-kala ]
- a. moving to and fro, unsteady; inconstant.

 

p093c1-b14

चलात्मन् [ kala‿tman ]
- a. fickle.

 

p093c1-b15

चलित [ kal-ita ]
- pp. n. moving to and fro.

 

p093c1-b16

चलितव्य [ kal-i-tavya ]
- fp. one must move on.

 

p093c1-b17

 

p093c1-b18

चलोर्मि [ kala‿rmi ]
- a. rippling.

 

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{sa.wa.}

p093c1-b19

चविक [ kav-ika ]
- n. kind of pepper; -ik, f., -, f., -ya, n., -y, f. id.

 

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{sa.Sa.}

p093c1-b20

 

p093c1-b21

चषाल [ kash-&asharp;la ]
- m. n. knob of a sacrificial post.

 

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{sa}

{sa-ka.}

p093c1-b22

चाक्रिक [ kkr-ika ]
- m. carter; potter; oil grinder; bell-man; partisan, accomplice.

 

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{sa-kSa.}

UKT 160229: Replacing Pseudo-Kha {kSa.} with regular {hka.}, had led me into a blind alley. There are no equivalents in U Hoke Sein. I, therefore, have to rely on the the meaning of "sight", "vision", and "eye".

p093c1-b23

चाक्षुष [ kkshush ]
- a. () peculiar to or arising from the eye; perceptible by the eye; m. pat. of the sixth Manu; (a)-tva, n. perceptibility by the eye.

"Manu - The head of ruler of an extensive period of time, termed a Manwantara. Each Kalpa, or creation of the world, is divided into 14 Manwantaras or intervals, over which a Manu presides. Six of these periods have passed; the first Manu was Swyambhuva; the second Swarochisa, the third Auttami; the fourth Tamasa; the fifth Raivata; the sixth Chakshusha; these 6 Manus have passed away; the Manu who presides over the seventh, which is the present period, is Vaivasvata, the son of the Sun, the wise lord of obsequies. ..." -- from: A Classical Dictionary of India, by John Garrett, ca. 1871.

 

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p093c2

{sa-sa.}

p093c2-b01

 

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{sa-a.}

p093c2-b02

चाञ्चल्य [ kkal-ya ]
- n. fickleness, inconstancy.

 

p093c2-b03

चाञ्चव [ kkav-a ]
- n. celebrity.

 

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{sa-Ta.}

p093c2-b04

चाट [ kta ]
- m. cheat, rogue.

 

p093c2-b05

 

p093c2-b06

चाटु [ ktu ]
- m. n. coaxing, blandishment; courteous act; pretty speech; a. agreeable (?): -ka, m. id.; - kra, m. flatterer; u‿artham, for the sake of doing a kindness.

 

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{sa-Na.}

p093c2-b07

चाणक्य [ knak-ya ]
- a. made of chick-peas; m. pat. (from Kanaka), N. of Kandragupta's minister.

 

p093c2-b08

 

p093c2-b09

  चाण्डाल [ kndl ]
- m.=kandla; a. () peculiar to the Kandlas.

 

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{sa-ta.}

p093c2-b10

  चातक [ ktaka ]
- m., , f. kind of cuckoo (supposed to live on drops of rain only).

 

p093c2-b11

चातन [ kt-ana ]
- cs. a. driving away (--).

 

p093c2-b12

चातुर [ ktura ]
- a. flattering; guiding, ruling; , f. cleverness, dexterity; charm.

 

p093c2-b13

चातुर्थ [ kturtha ]
- a. discussed in the fourth (chapter): -ka, a. occurring every fourth day (fever); -‿ahnika, a. belonging to the fourth day.

 

p093c2-b14

चातुर्धाकारणिक [ kturdh-kranika ]
- a. divided into four parts.

 

p093c2-b15

चातुर्मासी [ ktur-ms ]
- f. day of full moon at the four-monthly sacrifices; -msy, n. period of four months; sacrifice to be offered every four months (at the beginning of the three seasons).

 

p093c2-b16

चातुर्य [ ktur-ya ]
- n. skill, dexterity; charm.

 

p093c2-b17

चातुर्वर्ण्य [ ktur-varn-ya ]
- n. the four castes; - vimsika, a. belonging to the 24th day; -vid ya, a. versed in the four Vedas; n. the four Vedas; - vaidya, a. versed in the four Vedas; -hotra, a. performed by the four principal priests; n. sacrifice performed by the four principal priests.

 

p093c2-b18

चातुष्पथ [ ktush-patha ]
- a. being at a place where four roads meet; -prsy, a. sufficient to feed four.

 

p093c2-b19

चात्‍त्र [ kt-tra ]
- n. spindle (esp. that in which is fixed the drill (pramantha) for producing the sacred fire by means of a cord wound round it and rapidly worked backwards and forwards).

 

p093c2-b20

चात्वाल [ k&asharp;tvla ]
- m. n. trench supplying the earth for the northern altar: -vat, a. in which (sacrifice) a ktvla is dug.

 

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{sa-na.}

p093c2-b21

 

 

p093c2-b22

चान्दन [ kndana ]
- a. () made of sandal-wood.

 

p093c2-b23

चान्द्र [ kndra ]
- a. () lunar; -ka, -ma, -mas, () a. id.; -vratika, a. having the character of the moon.

 

p093c2-b24

चान्द्रायण [ kndra‿ayana ]
- m. observer of the moon's course; n. moon-course penance in which the number of mouthfuls eaten decreases by one daily from fifteen at full moon to none at new moon, after which it increases similarly (it may begin either at new or at full moon): -vrata, n. id.

 

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{sa-pa.}

p093c2-b25

चाप [ kp-a ]
- m. n. bow (weapon): -guna, m. bowstring; -yashti, f. id.

 

p093c2-b26

चापल [ kpal-a ]
- n. speed; unsteadiness, inconstancy, frivolity, rashness, indiscretion (with regard to, --); -ya, n. id.

 

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p093c3

p093c3-b00

चापलता [ kpa-lat ]
- f. bowstring; -lekh, f. N.; -veda, m. archery; -‿adhiropana, n. stringing or drawing a bow; -‿ropana, n. id.

 

p093c3-b01

चापिन् [ kp-in ]
- a. armed with a bow.

 

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{sa-ma.}

p093c3-b02

चामर [ kmara ]
- a. relating to the yak (Bos grunniens); n. tail of the yak, used as a fly-whisk, also as an ornament on the heads of horses and elephants; one of the insignia of royalty: -grhin, f. female whisk-bearer.

 

p093c3-b03

चामीकर [ km-kara ]
- n. gold: -maya, a. () golden, -‿akala, m. ep. of Meru, -‿adri, m. id.

 

p093c3-b04

चामीकरीय [ kmkar-ya ]
- a. golden.

 

p093c3-b05

चामुण्ड [ kmund ]
- m. N. of an author; , f. a form of Durg.

 

p093c3-b06

चाम्पेय [ kmp-eya ]
- m. prince of Kamp.

 

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{sa-ya.}

p093c3-b07

 

p093c3-b08

चायनीय [ ky-anya ]
- fp. perceptible.

 

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{sa-ra.}

p093c3-b09

चार [ kr-a ]
- m. spy; motion, course; action, behaviour; occupation as (--): -ka, a. acting, proceeding (--); m. spy; prison; -kakshus, n. spy for an eye; a. using spies for eyes.

 

p093c3-b10

चारण [ krana ]
- a. connected with the school; belonging to the same school; m. strolling player; celestial musician; spy; cattle-driving: -tva, n. condition of a strolling player; -‿ekamaya, a. () consisting of strolling players only.

 

p093c3-b11

चारपुरुष [ kra-purusha ]
- m. spy; -bhata, m. soldier; -‿adhikrin, m. spy.

 

p093c3-b12

चारिका [ kr-ik ]
- f. servant-girl (--).

 

p093c3-b13

चारितार्थ्य [ kritrth-ya ]
- n. attainment of one's object.

 

p093c3-b14

चारित्र [ kritra ]
- n. course of action, behaviour, good conduct, virtue.

 

p093c3-b15

चारित्रिन् [ kritr-in ]
- a. well-conducted; -ya, n.=kritra.

 

p093c3-b16

चारिन् [ kr-in ]
- a. movable; --, moving, going, roaming, abiding or living, in; acting, performing; m. foot-soldier; spy.

 

p093c3-b17

चारु [ k&asharp;r-u ]
= च ा र ु
- a. agreeable, welcome, pleasing; dear; fair, lovely: n. ad.: -gti, f. a metre; -t, f. popularity; beauty; -datta, m. N. of a Brhman; -danta, m. N. of a merchant's son; -darsan, f. fair woman; -netra, a. fair-eyed; -mati, m. N. of a parrot; -rpa, a. of fair form; -lokana, a. fair-eyed; -ven, f. fair braid, N. of a river; -sabda-bhaṅga-vat, a. rich in lovely faltering and in charming expressions (speech); -hsin, a. laughing sweetly: -, f. a metre.

 

p093c3-b18

चारेक्षण [ kra‿kshana ]
- a. hvg. spies for eyes.

 

p093c3-b19

चार्चिक्य [ *krkik-ya ]
- n. anointing the body.

 

p093c3-b20

चार्मिक [ krm-ika ]
- a. leathern.

 

p093c3-b21

चार्य [ kr-ya ]
- m. son of an outcast Vaisya; n. spying.

 

p093c3-b22

चार्वाक [ krvka ]
- m. N. of a materialistic and heterodox philosopher; materialist.

 

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{sa-la.}

p093c3-b23

चाल [ kl-a ]
- m. shaking, looseness (of the teeth); -aka, m. obstinate person; -ana, n. moving, wagging, motion, shaking; loosening: , f. sieve; strainer; -ya, fp. to be moved; to be diverted.

 

p093c3-b24

चाष [ k&asharp;sha ]
- m. blue jay (Coracias indica).

 

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{si.} चि

p093c3-b25

चि [1. KI] , V. ,
चिनो [ ki-n]
- arrange, pile; build up. esp, the sacrificial altar (P. if done by the priest, . by the sacrificer himself); gather, collect; acquire, gain; bestrew, cover with (in.): pp. kita, covered, strewed, or studded with (in., -); ps. increase, thrive; des. kiksha, wish to accumulate or acquire, anu, pp. beset all along with branches (in.). apa, gather; ps. diminish, grow less, lose (ab.): pp. attenuated, thin, ava, gather (*from, 2 ac.). , heap up, accumulate; cover or load with (in.): pp. covered, bestrewn; studded or laden with (in., -). sam-, gather together, heap up; cover, load, ud, gather. abhi‿ud, comprehend in (lc.); go on to discuss. sam-ud, arrange; add; gather.upa heap up, accumulate; augment; ps. grow, increase; be enriched, profit; pp. increased, enlarged, augmented; abundant; stout; prosperous; covered, loaded or provided with (in., -) sam-upa, heap up, collect; ps. increase; grow up: pp. abundant. ni, pp. heaped up; erected; covered, studded, or filled with (in., -). vi, pick out, select, cull; divide; part (hair); distribute (booty). sam, pile up, arrange; collect, accumulate, acquire; pp. filled or provided with (-).

 

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UKT notes

 

 

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End of TIL file