Update: 2017-06-28 06:24 AM -0400


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{gau:pa.} - cont

{g~na}* - unusual conjuncts, - are in a separate file p087C.htm  .

UKT notes :
Goddess Gauri - the harvest-goddess


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{gau:pa.} - cont



गोपयितव्य [ gopay-i-tavya ]
- fp. to be concealed.



गोपवेष [ gopa-vesha ]
- a. dressed as a cowherd.



गोपा [ go-p ]
- m. herd; watcher, protector; f. female watcher.



गोपाग्रहार [ gopa‿agrahra ]
- m. pl. N. of various Agrahras; -‿ditya, m. N. of a king of Cashmere; -‿adri, m. N. of a mountain.



गोपाय [ gop-y ]
- den. protect, guard, preserve; conceal.



गोपायन [ gopy-ana ]
- a. protecting; n. protection.



गोपाल [ go-pl ]
- m. cowherd; (protector of earth), king; ep. of Krishna; N. of a prince: (a)-ka, m. cowherd; ep. of Krishna; N. of a prince; i-k, f. wife of a cowherd; -kesava, m. N. of a statue of Krishna; -pura, n. N. of a town; -matha, m. N. of a college; -varman, m. N. of a king of Cashmere.



गोपित्त [ go-pitta ]
- n. cow's gall (from which a yellow pigment is said to be obtained); -pth, m. . draught of milk; . protection; -pukkha, m. cow's tail; kind of monkey; -pura, n. city-gate; gate.



गोपेन्द्र [ gopa‿indra ]
- m. chief of herdsmen, ep. of Krishna; -‿sa, m. id.



गोप्तव्य [ gop-tavya ]
- fp. to be guarded or protected; -tr, m., -tr&isharp;, f. protector; concealer; -ya, fp. to be guarded, protected, preserved, or concealed.



गोप्रचार [ go-prakra ]
- m. pasture land for cows; -pratra, m. Oxford, N. of a place of pilgrimage on the Saray; -balvarda-nyya, m. the manner of cow-bull, i.e. excusable tautology; -brhmana, n. sg. a cow and (or) a Brhman.



-- m. N. of a  writer of stras.



गोभुज् go-bhug, -˚भृत् [ -bhrit ]
- m. prince, king.



गोमत् [ g-mat ]
- a. possessing cows, rich in, or consisting of cows; abounding in milk; n. property in cattle: -, f. place abounding in cows; -&isharp;, f. N. of several rivers, esp. of a tributary of the Indus; -matallik, f. splendid cow.



गोमय [ go-mya ]
- a. consisting of cows; full of cowdung; (m.) n. cowdung (often pl.): -pyasya-nyya-vat, ad. after the manner of cowdung and milk-food, i.e. widely differing though identical in origin; -maya, a. () made of cowdung.



गोमयाय [ gomay-ya ]
- den. . taste like cow-dung.



गोमायु [ g-myu ]
- a. bellowing like an ox; m. kind of frog; jackal; N. of a jackal.



गोमिथुन [ go-mithuna ]
- n. sg. and du. bull and cow; -min, m. possessor of cattle; -mukha, m. kind of musical instrument; N. of several men; -mtra, n. cow's urine; -mrig, m. kind of buffalo; -mriga-kka-kary, f. manner of cows in walking, deer in standing, and crows in sitting; -medha, - yaga, m. cow-sacrifice.


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गोयान [ go-yna ]
- n. car drawn by oxen or cows; cart; -yukta, pp. yoked with oxen or cows; -yuga, n. couple of oxen, - animals; -raksha-ka, a. tending cattle, cattle-breeding; m. cowherd; -raksh, f. tending or keeping of cattle, cattle-breeding, pastoral life; -rakshya, n. id.; -rambha, m. N.; -rasa, m. cow's milk; -rokan, f. gall-stone in cows; -roman, n. cow's hair.


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गोल gola, ˚क [ -ka ]
- m. bull; widow's bastard.



गोलाङ्गूल [ go-lṅgla ]
- m. kind of monkey; -loman, n. cow's hair; -vadha, m. cow-killing; -vardhana, m. N. of a mountain near Mathur held up for seven days by Krishna for the purpose of sheltering cows threatened by Indra; N. of an author; ep. of Krishna; -vta, m. cow-pen; -vla, m. cow's hair; a. () having cow's hair; -vsa, m. cow-pen; -vid, a. procuring cattle; -vinda, m. ep. of Krishna or Vishnu: -rga, m. N. of a commentator on Manu, -svmin, m. N. of a Brhman; -vrisha, m. bull; -vrishana, m. scrotum of a bull; -vraga, m. cow-pen; -sakrit, n. cow-dung; -sl, f. cow-shed; -srsha, m. N. of a serpent demon; n. kind of sandal-wood: -ka, id.; -sriṅga, n. cow-horn; m. N. of a mountain.


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गोऽश्व [ go x sv ]
- n. sg. cattle and horses.

See my note on Avagraha - Skt-Dev glyph ऽ 


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गोष्ठ [ go-shth ]
- m. cow-shed, cow-pen, stable; meeting-place; n. kind of srddha.



गोष्ठिक [ goshth-ika ]
- a. less correct form of gaushthika: -karman, n. negotiation for a company; -srddha, n. kind of srddha.



गोष्ठी [ go-shth ]
- f. assembly, company; fellowship, conversation: -ka, -- a. id.; -bandha, m. social assembly; -yna, n. carriage for company.



गोष्ठेशय [ goshthe-saya ]
- a. sleeping in a cow-shed.



गोष्पद [ gosh-pada ]
- n. cow's footprint; small puddle: fig.= mere trifle.


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गोस्तन [ go-stana ]
- m. cow's udder; *pearl necklace with four strings; -svmin, m. owner of cows.


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गोह [ gh-a ]
- m. hiding-place, lair.



गोहत्या [ go-haty ]
- f. slaughter of a cow; -hantri, m. cow-killer; -hara, m.: -na, n. cow-stealing.


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गौड [ gauda ]
- a. made of sugar; m. n. (Sugar land), N. of a country (central Bengal); m. pl. its inhabitants; , f. rum distilled from sugar; -ya, a. relating to the Gaudas.

UKT 170625: Gowda (aka Gauda or Gouda) is a surname used predominantly in vokkaliga caste also used by different castes in (Karnataka), India. [1] [2] Gowda was originally a honorific used by the administrative head of a village. Typically, such a head owns land and holds political and social power in the village. [3]
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gowda 170625



गौण [ gauna ]
- a. () subordinate, secondary; figurative: i-ka, a. () relating to the three fundamental qualities.



गौतम [ gautam ]
- a. () relating to Gotama; m. pat. from Gotama: N. of various men: -‿aranya, n. N. of a forest.



गोतमी [gautam ]
- f. N. of several women; N. of a river



गौर [ gaur ]
- a. (&isharp;) whitish, yellowish, reddish; m. kind of buffalo; white mustard (a grain of it = a measure); -mukha, m. N.; -mriga, m. kind of buffalo.



गौरव [ gaurava ]
- a. relating to the preceptor; n. heaviness; prosodical length; importance, value; dignity; respect (for, lc.), reverence, honour.



गौरसर्षप [ gaura-sarshapa ]
- m. white mustard; a grain of it used as a weight.



गौरी [ gaur ]
- f. female of the Gaura buffalo; girl (of eight) prior to menstruation; N. of Siva's wife; N.: -guru, m. Gaur's father, the Himlaya; -ntha, -pati, m. ep. of Siva; -pg, f. worship of Gaur, N. of a festival in the month of Mgha; -bhartri, m. ep. of Siva; -vrata, n. vow of Gaur, N. of a rite; -‿sa, m. ep. of Siva.

See my note on Goddess Gauri - the harvest-goddess.
- worshipped in the lunar month of Mgha माघ māgha is a lunar month in India. It is the the eleventh month of the year, corresponds with January/February.



गौष्ठिक [ gaushthika ]
- a. relating to an assembly.


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UKT notes


UKT 120207:

I have been confused by अवग्रह avagraha denoted by glyph  ऽ . The meaning given by A. A. Macdonell serves as an illustration:

गो ऽ श्व go x sva [ go x sv ] -- n. sg. cattle and horses.
   गो 'cattle'
  अश्व = अ श ् व 'horse' . अ has been dropped
    --> श्व , and reduced to an apostrophe denoted by ऽ .
See UHS-PMD0130 for prefix {a.wa.} अव ava


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avagraha 120207

Avagraha अवग्रह avagraha) ऽ is a Devanāgarī symbol used to indicate prodelision of an अ a. [UKT ]

-- elision of the initial vowel of a word <Latin bonum'st for bonum est is an example of prodelision >
-- http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prodelision 120207

It is usually transliterated with an apostrophe, as in the Sanskrit philosophical expression:

शिवो ऽहम् Śivo ham
(Śivaḥ aham without sandhi) I am Shiva.

The avagraha is also used for prolonging vowel sounds in modern languages, for example Hindi माँऽऽऽ! for M! when calling to ones mother. [UKT ]

Sometimes it is also used to signify long or heavy syllables in metrical poetry, for example can the syllables in the word छंदः chandaḥ metre (in nominative) be expressed as ऽ ऽ , as two long syllables.

Go back avagraha-note-b

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Goddess Gauri - the harvest-goddess

- UKT 170626:

I hold that indigenous peoples of India of the Brass Age, speaking Tib-Bur languages had worshipped the Mother Goddess or Mdaw {m-tau}. At various times in history these Brass Age peoples were militarily overwhelmed by the Iron Age peoples, and were made into slaves. The priests of the invaders, the Poannars {poaN~Na:}, both Vaishnavites {braah~ma.Na. poaN~Na:} and the Shaivite {i-wa. poaN~Na:}, rewrote many stories of the Mdaw {m-tau} and her kind, making them wives of their gods, in particular those of Shiva-dva who became the most promiscuous god in India. Thus, Mother-goddess Gauri - the harvest-goddess became one of the many wives of Shiva-dva.

In northern Myanmarpr, which has been connected to the mainland India by overland routes, we find a harvest-goddess known as Poan'ma'kri {poan:ma.kr rhn-ma.}. For the story of Poan'ma'kri, see: Myanmar Traditional Nat History (in Bur-Myan), by U Htw Han & U Ba Nyunt, Rangoon, 1981, p.126, in TIL library. According to the authors, the story is derived from the story of {ka-La. yak~hki.ni} or {ka-Li. yak~hki.ni} in Dhammapada Aṭṭhakathā - 1. story #4.

UKT 170627: The name of the Yakkhini is {ka-La. yak~hki.ni} in the Pali version, whilst in the Bur-Myan translation it is {ka-Li. yak~hki.ni}, prompting me to remember the Hindu Mother-goddess Kali-Maa कालिका kālimā. For Kali-Maa - Hindhu Mother-goddess see:
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaktism 170627
- a grand-mix up with Universal Mother - the anthropomorphic form of Atta and Atman.
See my note on p087C.htm .
Inset pix: Book cover of Sixth Theravada Buddhist Synod, held in Rangoon lasting 1954 to 1956
See Wikipedia for the event: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixth_Buddhist_council 170627

The story begins with the line:

na. hi. w-r-na-ti. I.mn Dm~ma.d-a.nn t~hta z-ta.wa.n wi.ha.rn~taau:
 ~a.ti.rn w~Zait~htin a-rb~Ba. ka.ht-i.

{I.mn Dm~ma.d-a.nn} - this Darma-sermon; {t~hta} - the Buddha
{z-ta.wa.n} - at Ztawun monastery; {wi.ha.rn~taau:} - while residing
{~a.ti.rn w~Zait~htin} - a certain barren woman
{a-rb~Ba.} - in connection with; {ka.ht-i.} - is delivered 

Prose: This Darma-sermon is delivered by the Buddha, while residing at the Ztawun monastery, in connection with a certain barren woman.

and recorded in story #4 in Dhammapada Aṭṭhakathā - 1.

From: The Golden Bough: a study of magic and religion, by James George Frazer, 1890, 2009 ed., p.077

" In some parts of India the harvest-goddess Gauri is represented both by an unmarried girl and by a bundle of the wild flowering balsam plant touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.) which is tied up in a mummy-like figure with a woman's mask, dress, and ornaments. Before being removed from the soil to represent the goddess the plants are worshipped. The girl is also worshipped. Then the bundle of plants is carried and the girl who personates the goddess walks through the rooms of the house, while the supposed footprints of Gauri herself are imprinted on the floor with red paste. "

Go back Gauri-note-b

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End of TIL file