Update: 2016-03-10 04:12 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p081.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

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{ga.}
  p081c1
{ga.ga.}
{ga.nga.} : {nga.} in the coda as Kin'si
{ga.sa.}
{ga.za.}
{ga.a.}
  p081c2
{ga.ta.}
  p081c3
{ga.da.}
{ga.Da.}
{ga.na.}

 

UKT notes :
 

 

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{ga.}

p081c1

p081c1-b00

ग [ ga ]
- a. (--) going or moving in or on; consorting with; resorting to; reaching to; being in; referring to.

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{ga.ga.}

p081c1-b01

गगण gagana, गगन [ gagana ]
- m. sky.

 

p081c1-b02

गगनगति [ gagana-gati ]
- m. dweller in the sky; -kara, m. sky-goer, bird; -krin, a. coming from the sky (voice); -tala, n. vault of heaven; -nagara, n. mirage; -pratishtha, a. being in the air; -lih, a. reaching to the sky; -vihrin, a. moving in the sky; -sad, m. denizen of the sky; -sindhu, f. celestial Ganges; -sparsana, m. N. of one of the Maruts; -spris, a. touching=dwelling in, the sky; reaching to the sky.

 

p081c1-b03

गगनापगा [ gagana‿apag ]
- f. celestial Ganges; -‿aravinda, n. sky-lotus=chimera.

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{ga.nga.} : {nga.} in the coda as Kin'si

p081c1-b04

गङ्गा [ gṅ-g ]
- f. [fr. intv. of √gam: the swift Goer], the Ganges, daughter of the Himavat.

 

p081c1-b05

गङ्गाधर [ gaṅg-dhara ]
- m. N. of various men; -prapta, m. descent of the Ganges; -lahar, f. N. of a mare; -saras, n. N. of a Trtha.

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{ga.sa.}

UKT 151227: The Lisps are the most important observations that TIL has made. They are so important that, I will have to present them in pix format, and will be quoted in many places. Keep track of the updates. The inset is prepared in my notes. See Lisps .

 

p081c1-b06

गच्छ [ gakkha ]
- pr. base of √gam.

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{ga.za.}

p081c1-b07

गज [ gaga ]
- m. elephant; , f. female elephant.

 

p081c1-b08

गजच्छाया [ gaga-kkhy ]
- f. (elephant's shadow), a certain constellation; -t, f., -tva, n. condition of an elephant.

 

p081c1-b09

गजदन्त [ gaga-danta ]
- m. ivory; -nimlita, n. elephant's wink=connivance; -pati, m. lordly elephant; -pumgava, m. lordly elephant; -pura, n. N. of a city=Hastinpura; -mada, m. elephant's temple-juice; -mukt, f. pearl said to be sometimes found in an elephant's forehead; -mauktika, n. id.; -ytha, m. herd of elephants; -rga-mukt, f.=gaga-mukt; -vat, a. provided with elephants; -vadana, m. Elephant-face, ep. of Ganesa.

 

p081c1-b10

गजसाह्वय [ gaga-shvaya ]
- n. (elephant-named)=gaga-pura; -sthna, n. elephant's stall.

 

p081c1-b11

गजाध्यक्ष [ gaga‿adhyaksha ]
- m. keeper of an elephant; -‿anka, m. N.

 

p081c1-b12

गजाह्वय [ gaga‿hvaya ]
- n. (elephant-named) =gaga-pura.

 

p081c1-b13

 

p081c1-b14

गजेन्द्र [ gaga‿indra ]
- m. lordly elephant.

 

p081c1-b15

गञ्ज [ gaga ]
- m. or n. (?) treasury: -na, a. surpassing (--); -vara, m. treasurer.

 

p081c1-b16

गञ्जा [ gag ]
- f. tavern; hemp.

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{ga.a.}

p081c1-b17

गडि [ gadi ]
- m. young bull.

 

p081c1-b18

गडु [ gadu ]
- m. (?) excrescence on the body, hump.

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{ga.Na.}

p081c1-b19

गण [ gan- ]
- m. host, multitude; class; troop, retinue; inferior deities appearing in troops (esp. Siva's retinue, under the special rule of Ganesa); member of Siva's following; community, association, corporation; metrical foot; group of roots or words to which a grammatical rule applies.

 

p081c1-b20

गणक [ gna-ka ]
- m. reckoner; astrologer.

 

p081c1-b21

गणचक्र [ gana-kakra ]
- n. kind of magic circle; -kkhandas, n. metre measured by feet; -tva, n. office of an attendant on Siva; -dsa, m. N. of a dancing master.

 

p081c1-b22

गणदीक्षिन् [ gana-dkshin ]
- a. officiating for a community (priest); -dravya, n. property of a corporation.

 

p081c1-b23

गणन [ gan-ana ] n. counting, calculation; , f. id.; annumeration (--); consideration; regard to (g.).

 

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p081c2

p081c2-b01

गणनाथ [ gana-ntha ]
- m. Ganesa; -nyaka, m. id.; -pa, m. id.; head of a corporation; ()-pati, m. lord of hosts, Ganesa; -ptha, m. list of ganas (gr.); -pradtri, m. benefactor of a corporation; -bhartri, m. ep. of Siva.

 

p081c2-b02

गणय [ gana-ya ]
- den. P. (.) count, enumerate, calculate; reckon among (lc.); consider, account (2
ac.); impute to (lc.); regard, esteem; excogitate: with na, disregard; think nothing of: with bahu,
have great regard for: pp. ganita. ava, disregard, pay no attention to. pari, count over, calculate;
consider: pp. limited in number. vi, count (ps. amount to); consider, ponder; account (2 ac.); re
gard; disregard.

 

p081c2-b03

गणवृत्त [ gana-vritta ]
- n. metre measured by feet.

 

p081c2-b04

गणशस् [ gana-ss ]
- ad. by or in troops.

 

p081c2-b05

  गणाधिपति [ gana‿adhipati ]
- m. ep. of Siva; Ganesa; -‿adhsa, m. Ganesa; -‿adhyaksha, m. id.; -‿anna, n. food coming from a corporation; - ‿abhyantara, m. member of a corporation.

 

p081c2-b06

गणिका [ gan-ik ]
- f. harlot; -ita, pp.; n. calculation; -n, a. having troops of (--); ac companied by (in.).

 

p081c2-b07

गणेश [ gana‿sa ]
- m. chief of Siva's attendants, Ganesa, god of wisdom, remover of obstacles, son of Siva and Prvat; also ep. of Siva.

 

p081c2-b08

गण्ड [ ganda ]
- m. (--, a. , ) cheek, side of the face, side; -karata, m. elephant's temples; -ksha, m. rubbing of the cheek; -k, f. N. of a river; - bhitti, f. cheek-bone; -mlin, a. having scrofulous swellings of the glands of the neck; -lekh, f. region of the cheek; -saila, m. large boulder; cheek-bone; N. of the pleasure-garden of the Apsaras; -syma mada-kyuti, a. from whose cheeks brown juice trickles down; -sthala, n.: , f. cheek (--, a. , ).

 

p081c2-b09

 

p081c2-b10

 

 

p081c2-b11

गण्डूष [ gandsha ]
- m. n. mouthful (of water, etc.); sip; tip of elephant's trunk.

 

p081c2-b12

गण्डोपधान [ ganda‿upadhna ]
- n. pillow: -ya, n. id.; -‿upala, m. large boulder.
 

p081c2-b13

गण्य [ gan-ya ]
- fp. to be counted, calculated, or regarded; a. consisting of rows.

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{ga.ta.}

p081c2-b14

गत [ ga-t ]
- pp. (√gam) gone (evam gate, such being the case); gone or come to, fallen into, being at, on or in, contained or resting in (ac., lc., --); directed or referring to (prati or --); departed, gone away (to, d. or inf.); deceased; passed, elapsed; disappeared, lost: very often --=deprived or devoid of, free from, without, -less; produced from (ab., --); spread abroad in (lc.); known; trodden, frequented; reached, obtained (--); n. gait; disappearance; manner.

 

p081c2-b15

गतजीव [ gata-gva ]
- a. dead; -gvita, a. id.; -pra, a. having attained his object; -prva, a. trodden before; -pratygata, pp. gone and returned; - prna, a. inanimate, dead; -pr ya, a. almost past or perished; -mati, a. stupid, senseless; - manas-ka, a. thinking of (lc.); -mtra, a. only just gone away; -yauvana, a. whose youth is past; - roga, a. convalescent; -vayas, a. whose youth is past; ()-sr, a. being in the height of prosperity; -sra, a. worthless; -spriha, a. having no more desire or pleasure (in, g. or lc.); disinterested; merciless.

 

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p081c3

p081c3-b01

गतागत [ gata‿gata ]
- pp. n. sg. & pl. going and coming, going hither and thither; flying to and fro: -ni kri, negotiate; -‿gati, f. going and coming=death and rebirth; -‿dhi, a. free from care; -‿adhvan, a. who has completed his journey; thoroughly conversant with (lc.); - ‿anugati-ka, a. following precedents; -‿anta, a. whose end has come; -‿yus, a. whose life is past; moribund; dead; a‿asu, a. lifeless, dead.

 

p081c3-b02

गति [ g-ti ]
- f. gait, course, motion, flight; going away, departure; progress; success; attainment (of, g., lc., --); way, path; egress, outlet; source, basis; expedient, means, feasibleness; stratagem; refuge; state, condition, nature; transmigration, human lot; manner; preposition or adverb combined with a verb.

 

p081c3-b03

गतिभङ्ग [ gati-bhaṅga ]
- m. impeded or unsteady gait; -bheda, m. id.; -mat, a. moving.

 

p081c3-b04

गत्वर [ ga-tvara ]
- a. () going to (--); preparing for (d.); transitory.

 

p081c3-b05

गत्यर्थ [ gati‿artha ]
- a. having the sense of motion (gr.).

 

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{ga.da.}

p081c3-b06

 

p081c3-b07

गद [ gad-a ]
- m. 1. speech, spell; 2. disease.

 

p081c3-b08

गदन [ gad-ana ]
- n. reciting.

 

p081c3-b09

गदा [ gad ]
- f. 1. club; 2. speech, spell.

 

p081c3-b10

गदाधर [ 1. gad-dhara ]
- a. bearing a club, ep. of Krishna.

 

p081c3-b11

गदाधर [ 2. gada‿adhara ]
- a. having a sore lip.

 

p081c3-b12

गदाभृत् [ gad-bhrit ]
- a. bearing a club; m. ep. of Krishna.

 

p081c3-b13

गदिन् [ gad-in ]
- a. bearing a club.

 

p081c3-b14

गद्गद [ gad-gad-a ]
- a. faltering; n. stammer: -gala, a. stammering, faltering; -t, f., -tva, n. stammer; -svara, m. faltering tone; a. faltering.

 

p081c3-b15

गद्गदिका [ gadgad-ik ]
- f. stammer.

 

p081c3-b16

गद्य [ gad-ya ]
- fp. to be said; n. spoken speech, prose.

 

p081c3-b17

 

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{ga.Da.}

p081c3-b18

गध् [ GADH ]
- fp. gdh-ya, to be held fast, to be captured: pp. gadhita. , pp. clung to. pari, pp. clasped.

 

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{ga.na.}

p081c3-b19

गन्तवे gn-tave, गन्तवै [ gn-tava ]
- d. inf. √gam.

 

p081c3-b20

गन्तव्य [ gan-tavya ]
- fp. n. to be gone (with in. of subject); to be traversed; to be sought, approached, or visited; intelligible.

 

p081c3-b21

गन्तुकाम [ gantu-kma ]
- a. desirous of going.

 

p081c3-b22

 

p081c3-b23

गन्ध [ gandh- ]
- m. (n.) [that which clings], smell, fragrance, odour; perfume (gnly. pl.); tinge or trace of, similarity with (--); pride.

 

p081c3-b24

गन्धक [ gandha-ka ]
- a. (ik) smelling or smacking of (--); -gaga, m.=gandha-dvipa; -grhin, a. perfumed; -dvipa, -dvirada, m. elephant in rut; -pshna-vat, a. sulphurous; -mdana, m. N. of a mountain-range with fragrant forests; -mlin, m. N. of a Nga; -mlya, n. du. and pl. perfumes and garlands; -rasa, m. perfumes and spices.

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UKT notes

The Lisps

The Lisping consonants in English and Sanskrit

#1. The akshara in cell r2c1 is {sa.} च which on application
  of the virama gives {c} च् . We have a look-alike {Sa.} ष
  with its killed-form {S} ष् .
#2. The articulations of {sa.} च - {c} च्  pair, and {Sa.} ष
  - {S} ष्  pair, are different and are far apart. The first pair
  {sa.} च
- {c} च् is Palatal and the ending sound, i.e. of
  the coda, is plosive-stop. There is no hissing element. The
  second pair {Sa.} ष - {S} ष्  is Dental and the coda is
  fricative-hissing.

#3. Bur-Myan and Pali-Myan pronounce {sa.} च - {c} च् 
  pair as Palatal Plosive-stops, whereas Eng-Latin and
  Skt-Devanagari pronounce the pair as Palatal Affricate-lisps.
#4. {Sa.} ष - {S} ष्  - the Hisser - has as its neighbour
  the Husher. It is the {sha.} श - {sh} श् . The {sha.} श
  - {sh} श् pair is also Dental. But its coda is fricative-hushing.
Update: 151228                                        <> bk-cndl indx

Go back Lisps-note-b

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End of TIL file