Update: 2017-04-19 05:44 AM -0400

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p080.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

  {hka.Na.} - cont
  p080c1
  {hka.da.}
  {hka.na.}
{hka.pa.}
{hka.ra.}
  {hkar~} : repha
{hka.la.}
  p080c2
{hka.sha.}
{hka.a.}

{hka} : Maukcha-Weikcha Rule : {mauk-hkya.}-{weik-hkya.} rule
{hki.}
  p080c3
{hku.}

{hk}
{hkau:}
{hk~ya.}

UKT 140415, 140706, 170417 : I use the following sources to check my Skt-Dev spelling:
Spk-Skt online, and Sanskrit Documents downloaded html file in TIL library:
- MC-indx.htm > glossary.htm (link chk 170415)
UKT note to TIL editor: 140706, 170418:
Below are some of the entries with ख kha. I have erased those I've incorporated into my text.
  The last entry is in section: {hk.}
ख्यात (khyaata) = famous
ख्याती (khyaatii) = an outlook of knowledge, fame
ख्रिस्त (khrista) = Christ
ख्रिस्ताब्दे (khristaabde) = A. D., calendar year
ख्रिस्ति (khristi) = Christian
ख्समता (khsamataa) = capacity

 

UKT notes
  Maukcha-Weikkcha Rule

 

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{hka.Na.} - cont

p080c1

p080c1-b00

खण्डशस्् [ khanda-sas ]
- ad. in pieces: with kri, break in pieces; with gam, bh, or y, go to pieces.

 

खण्डशस्कृतः (khaNDashaskRitaH)
- made into pieces - Glos

 

p080c1-b01

खण्डितवृत्त [ khandita-vritta ]
- a. of immoral conduct.

 

p080c1-b02

खण्डेन्दुमण्डन [ khanda‿indu-mandana ]
- m. (adorned with a crescent), ep. of Siva.

 

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{hka.da.}

p080c1-b03

खद् [KHAD], VI. P.
- khad, (V.) be firm or hard.

 

p080c1-b04

खदा [ khad- ]
- f. hut, stall.

 

p080c1-b05

  खदिर [ khad-ir ]
- m. a tree (a kind of acacia): -maya, a. made of Khadira wood.

 

p080c1-b06

खद्योत [ kha-dyota ]
- m. fire-fly.

 

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{hka.na.}

p080c1-b07

खन् [KHAN], I.
- khna - dig, dig up or into (ac.); pierce, lacerate; agitate: pp. kht. ud, dig up, uproot, undermine; exterminate, destroy; pull out; draw (sword). pra‿ud, dig up; eradicate. ni, bury; dig in; erect (pillars); infix, imbed; cs. cause to be dug; infix.

 

p080c1-b08

खन [ khan- ]
- a. burrowing; m. pit; -aka, m. digger.

 

p080c1-b09

खनखनाय [ khana-khan-ya ]
-  A. = khala-khal-ya .

 

p080c1-b10

  खनति [ khan-ati ]
- m. N.; -ana, n. digging; -, a. digging; f. mine; -i-tr, m. digger.

 

खनति [ khan-ati ]
Skt: खनति [ khan-ati ] - m. N.; -- Mac080c1
Skt: खनति (khanati) - (1 up) to dig -- Glos

 

p080c1-b11

खनित्र [ khan--tra ]
- n., -tr, f. spade; (i)-traka, n. small spade; -trima, a. produced by digging.

 

p080c1-b12

खन्य [ khn-ya ]
- fp. coming from pits.

 

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{hka.pa.}

p080c1-b13

खपुष्प [ kha-pushpa ]
- n. flower in the air = chimera; -mrti-mat, a. having an ethereal form.

 

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{hka.ra.}

p080c1-b14

खर् [KHAR]
- be rough or broken.

 

p080c1-b15

खर [ khr-a ]
- a. hard, rough; hot, sharp (also fig.): -m, ad.; m. ass; mule.

 

खर [ khr-a ]
Skt: खर [ khr-a ] - a. hard, rough; hot, sharp (also fig.): - Mac080c1
Skt: खर (khara) - sharp - Glos

 

p080c1-b16

खरतुरगीय [ khara-turagya ]
- a. sexual connexion (samparka) between ass and horse; -nakhara, m. N. of a lion; -maykha, m. (hot-rayed), sun; -‿amsu, m. id.

 

खरध्वंसी (kharadhva.nsii)
- he who smashed (killed) khara (a rAkShasa) - Glos

 

p080c1-b17

खराय [ khar-ya ]
- den. behave like an ass: pp. -yita, n. tomfoolery.

 

p080c1-b18

खरी [ khar ]
- f. she ass or mule: -vishna, n. ass's horn = chimera.

 

p080c1-b19

खर्खोद [ kharkhoda ]
- kind of magic: -vedin, a. versed in sorcery.

 

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{hkar~} : repha

p080c1-b20

खर्ज [KHARG ]  , I. P.
= ख र ् ज
- kharga, (S.) creak.

 

p080c1-b21

खर्जूर [kharg-ra]
- m., i, f. a tree; n. its fruit.

 

p080c1-b22

खर्पर [kharpara]
= ख र ् प र --> {hkar~pa.ra.}
Skt: खर्पर [kharpara] - n., , f. kind of mineral -- Mac080c1
Skt: खर्पर kharpara - n. kind of mineral substance, m. begger's bowl, umbrella or parasol, thief, ... - SpkSkt
Pal: {hka.ra.pt~ta.} - UHS PMD0346
  UKT from UHS: {ku.la:rhw} - I take this to be 'fool's gold' or the mineral iron pyrites, FeS, which looks like gold nuggets but which on heating turns black.

 

p080c1-b23

खर्म [ khar-ma ]
- n. rudeness, harshness.

 

p080c1-b24

खर्व [ khar-v ]
- a. mutilated, crippled, defective; n. a large number, 1x1037, quadrillion.

 

p080c1-b25

.... [kharv-kri],
Skt: ... [kharv-kri] - cripple, compress. - Mac080c1
Skt: खर्वीकृत kharvīkṛta - adj. made low, pressed down - SpkSkt

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{hka.la.}

p080c1-b26

खल् [KHAL}
- besmooth; stumble or waver.

 

p080c1-b27

खल [ khl-a ]
Skt: खल [ khl-a ] - m. . threshing-floor; oil-cake; . wicked person, rogue: f. . - Mac080c1
Skt: खल (khala) - rouge -- Glos

 

p080c1-b28

खलखलाय [ khala-khal-ya ],
- . ripple.

 

p080c1-b29

खलता [ 1. khala-t ]
- f. abst. ɴ. from khala 1 and 2; . kha-lat, creeper in the air = a chimera.

 

p080c1-b30

खलति [ khal-at ]
- a. bald; m. baldness.

 

p080c1-b31

खलभुजङ्ग [ khala-bhugaṅga ]
- m. snake-like rogue.

 

p080c1-b32

खलर्थ [ khal-artha ]
- a. having the meaning of the suffix khal (gr.).

 

खलयोग (khalayoga)
- The Yoga of a swindler or confidence trickster - Glos

 

p080c1-b33

खलाय [ khal-ya ]
- den. . play the rogue.

 

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p080c2

p080c2-b00

खलीकार [ khal-kra ]
- m. ill-treatment; -kri, ill-treat; -kriti, f. ill-treatment.

 

p080c2-b01

खलीन [ khal-na ]
- n. bit (of a bridle).

 

p080c2-b02

खलु [ khl-u ]
- pcl. [plainly], indeed, certainly; however, and yet: often merely emphatic; khlu va, certainly; nu khalu, with inter. pray? I wonder? na khalu, not at all; kha lu‿api, now again (introducing a new topic); khalu with gd. = enough of --, do not --.

 

खलु [ khl-u ]
Skt: खलु [ khl-u ] - pcl. [plainly], indeed, certainly; however, and yet: often merely emphatic; - Mac080c2
Skt: खलु (khalu) = (indec.) indeed - Glos

 

p080c2-b03

खलेकपोतन्याय [ khale-kapota-nyya ]
- m. manner in which a flock of pigeons swoop on a threshing-floor; -kapotik, f. id.

 

p080c2-b04

खल्ल्  [KHALL], I. .
- khalla, totter; be loose; pp. khallita, flaccid, flabby.

 

p080c2-b05

खल्ल [ khall-a ]
- m. bag.

 

p080c2-b06

खल्व [ khl-va ]
- m. kind of pulse.

 

p080c2-b07

खल्वाट [ khal-vta ]
Skt: खल्वाट [ khal-vta ] - a. bald-headed.
Skt: खल्वाटः (khalvaaTaH) - m. pate, baldness - Glos

 

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{hka.sha.}

p080c2-b08

खशरीरिन्् [ kha-sarrin ]
- a. having an ethereal body.

 

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{hka.a.}

p080c2-b09

खस [ khasa ]
- m. son of an outcast Kshatriya: pl. N. of a people.

 

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{hka}

p080c2-b10

खा [ kh ]
- f. [hole], spring, well.

 

p080c2-b11

.... kh-
-occurs in various forms of √khan.

 

p080c2-b12

..... khgi, ..... k, f. N. of two localities.

 

p080c2-b13

खाञ्ज्य [ khg-ya ]
- n. limping, lameness.

 

p080c2-b14

खाण्डव [ khndav ]
- m. n. kind of sweetmeat; N. of a forest in Kurukshetra.

 

p080c2-b15

खात [ kh-t ]
- pp. √khan; m. n. trench, pit; well, pond; n. cavity: (a)-ka, n. ditch, pit; -tri, m. digger; -tra, n. breach.

 

p080c2-b16

..... KHD. I. P. (.) khda, chew, eat, gnaw; devour; destroy; cs. khdaya, P.id; cause to be eaten, by (in.). sam, devour.

 

p080c2-b17

खाद [ khd- ]
- a. devouring (--); m. food; -aka, m. eater, consumer; debtor; -ana, n. chewing, eating; food: , f. N.; -ik, f. eating (-- ); -i-tri, m. eater, consumer; -i-tavya, fp. to be eaten or consumed; -in, a. chewing, biting (-- ).

 

खादत् (khaadat.h)
- one who eats - Glos

 

खादति (khaadati)
- (1 pp) to eat - Glos

 

p080c2-b18

खादिर [ khdir ]
- a. (&isharp;) made of Khadira wood.

 

p080c2-b19

खाद्य [ khd-ya ]
- fp. eatable.

 

p080c2-b20

..... khdhy, f. N. of a locality.

 

p080c2-b21

खान [ khna ]
- n. food: -pna, n. sg. meat and drink.

 

p080c2-b22

खानक [ khna-ka ]
- a. digging (--); m. under mining burglar.

 

p080c2-b23

खानि [ kh-ni ]
- f. pit, mine.

 

p080c2-b24

..... khra, m., , f. a measure of capacity.

 

p080c2-b25

खार्वा [ khrv ]
- f. third age of the world.

 

p080c2-b26

खालत्य khâlatya, खालित्य [ khlitya ]
- n. baldness.

 

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{hki.}

p080c2-b27

..... KHID, VI. P. khid, press; IV. P. . khidya, be depressed or afflicted; feel languid: pp. khinna, depressed, down-cast; exhausted, languid; cs. P. . khedaya, depress, distress, disquiet, trouble. , seize upon. ud, draw out. pari, feel depressed; pp. exhausted; afflicted.

 

खिन्न (khinna)
= ख ि न ् न
Skt: khinna - pp. depressed, down-cast; exhausted, languid; - Mac080c2
Skt: खिन्न (khinna) - sad - Glos

 

p080c2-b28

खिद्र [ khid-r ]
- n. awl, gimlet.

 

p080c2-b29

खिल [ khil ]
- m. waste land; n. supplement.

 

p080c2-b30

खिलक्षेत्र [ khila-kshetra ]
- n. barren field.

 

p080c2-b31

..... khil-kri, make deserted; render powerless; -bh, be emptied of (g.); be frustrated.

 

p080c2-b32

खिल्य [ khil-y ]
- m. waste land; block, lump, piece.

 

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p080c3

p080c3-b00

..... KHUD. VI.P. khud (V.) thrust in.

 

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{hku.}

p080c3-b01

..... KHUD, VI. P. khud, (V.) thrust in.

 

p080c3-b02

..... khunamusha, N. of a village.

 

p080c3-b03

खुर [ khura ]
- m. hoof; claw.

 

p080c3-b04

खुरक [ khura-ka ]
- m. kind of dance.

 

p080c3-b05

खुरिन्् [ khur-in ]
- m. animal with hoofs.

 

p080c3-b06

..... khra = ..... khura.

 

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{hk}

खे (khe)
- in the sky - Glos

 

p080c3-b07

खेचर [ khe-kara ]
- a. () moving in the air, flying; m. bird; angel; fairy: , f. fairy; with siddhi, magical power of flying; -t, f., -tva, n. id.

 

खेचरी (khecharii)
- mudra where the tongue is inserted in the upper cavity - Glos

 

p080c3-b08

खेट [ kheta ]
- m. n. village inhabited by peasants; shield; m. phlegm; a. low, mean; -ka, hamlet; shield.

 

खेट [ kheta ]
Skt: खेट [ kheta ] - m. n. village inhabited by peasants; shield; m. phlegm; a. low, mean; - Mac080c3
Skt: खेटः (kheTaH) - m. shield - Glos

 

p080c3-b09

खेद [ khed-a ]
- m. pressure, hardship, trouble; faintness, weariness, affliction; annoyance at (g.): , f. N. of a locality; -ana, n. exhaustion; - ayitavya, fp. to be afflicted; -in, a. tired, weary; fatiguing.

 

खेद [ khed-a ]
Skt: खेद [ khed-a ] - m. pressure, hardship, trouble; faintness, weariness, affliction; annoyance at (g.): - Mac080c3
Skt: खेद (kheda) - sorrow - Glos

 

p080c3-b10

खेय [ khe-ya ]
- fp. to be dug; being dug.

 

p080c3-b11

..... KHEL, I. P. khela, move to and fro, sway, rock; appear; pp. khelita, rocking; cs. put in motion, turn.

 

p080c3-b12

खेल [ khel- ]
- a. swinging, swaying, rocking; m. N.: -gamana, a. of playful gait; -ana, n. flying or moving to and fro; restless motion (of the eye): -ka, n. play, sport; -i, f. (?) play, sport.

 

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{hkau:}

p080c3-b13

खोट khota, खोर [ khora ]
- a. halting, lame.

 

p080c3-b14

खोल [ khola ]
- m. kind of water-proof hat.

 

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{hk~ya.}

p080c3-b15

..... khyan, 3 pl. subj. pr. of √khy.

 

p080c3-b16

..... KHY, II. P. khy-ti; ps. khyyate, be mentioned; be known: pp. khyta, named, known; known as; celebrated; cs. khypaya, make known, proclaim, report, declare; manifest, betray; tell about any one (ac.); praise, celebrate. antar, withold, conceal. abhi, behold, perceive; pp. notorious; cs. proclaim. ava, look down; observe. , recite, enumerate; tell, inform announce, report; indicate; call, name, designate as (2 ac.); cs. proclaim, prati, refuse, repudiate, deny; decline; prohibit; refute; surpass. vi‿, explain; discuss; announce, relate. sam-, add, enumerate; relate; pronounce to be (iti) pp. named. pari, look round; disregard (g.) pra, see; announce; relate; pp. known, acknowledged; renowned; cs. make generally known; pp. khypita, known as (nm.) prati, perceive, see. vi, look about, look up; perceive; lighten, make visible; show, illumine; pp. generally known, celebrated; known as, called; cs. proclaim. abhi-vi, behold. sam, appear with (in.); add up, calculate; estimate by (in.), pari-sam, add together.

 

p080c3-b17

ख्यातकीर्ति [ khyta-krti ]
- a. of celebrated fame.

 

p080c3-b18

ख्याति [ khy-ti ]
- f. perception; supposition, assertion; knowledge; fame, celebrity; name: -mat, a. celebrated, famous; -viruddha, pp. opposed to the general assumption.

 

p080c3-b19

ख्यान [ khy‿ana ]
- n. perception, knowledge.

 

p080c3-b20

ख्यापक [ khy-p-aka ]
- (cs.) a. announcing, indicating (--).

 

p080c3-b21

ख्यापन [ khy-p-ana ]
- n. proclaiming, manifesting; confession; making famous.

 

p080c3-b22

ख्यापिन्् [ khyp-in ]
- a. manifesting, exhibiting (-- ).

 

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UKT notes

Maukcha-Weikcha Rule : {mauk-hkya.}-{weik-hkya.} rule

- UKT 160310:

I hold that there is a reason why certain glyphs are based on a single-circle, whilst others are based on double-circles. The reason is either on "pronunciation" or on "meaning", and I try to stick to the rule which I had learnt as a child, that {mauk-hkya.} is used for single-circle glyphs and {weik-hkya.} is for double circles. My friend U Tun Tint of MLC has disputed what I have remembered and holds that the choice of {mauk-hkya.} or {weik-hkya.} is set arbitrarily.

 

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End of TIL file