Update: 2019-03-30 02:37 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary
to be read with Nepali Dictionary

p079-2B.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Included by U Kyaw Tun, in the dictionary of A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929. Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012
The aim is to compare three languages: Skt-Dev, Nepali-Dev, and Bur-Myan

To understand how difficult it is for the Sanskrit speakers to pronounce the True Kha {hka.} /kʰ/ , a comparison of four languages: Skt-Dev, Nepali-Dev, Newari-Dev and Bur-Myan, is needed. U Kyaw Tun has to rely on the following:
# A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of Nepali Language (Gau-IE) by R L Turner
  Downloaded files TIL HD-nonPDF and SD-nonPDF libraries:
  - Turner-NpalDict<> / bkp<> (link chk 180523)

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

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There are many entries of True-Kha {hka.} in Nepali compared to those in Sanskrit. The following are the pages from Turner's dictionary:
p111-2.htm p112.htm  p113.htm  p114.htm  p115.htm  p116.htm  p117.htm  p118.htm  p119.htm
p120.htm  p121.htm  p122.htm  p123.htm  p124.htm  p125.htm  p126.htm  p127.htm  p128.htm  p129.htm
p130.htm  p131.htm  p132.htm 

Similarly, there are more {Ga.} in Nepali. Why?
UKT 190330: Note that {hka.} and {Ga.} are listed as "aspirates" by the IE speakers. I contend that they not in Bur-Myan.

Nepali p111-2
{hka.}/ {hkn} - True-Kha
{hka.ka.}
  {hka.ga.}
  {hka.gna.}
{hka.sa.}
  {hka.za.}
Nepali p112.htm 

 

 

UKT notes :

 

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Nepali p111-2
{hka.}/ {hkn} - True-Kha

खएर् khaer,
- v. khayar.

खँगारिनु khãgārinu,
- v. khaṅārinu.

खँगार्नु khãgārnu,
- v. khaṅārnu.

खंचुवा khaṁcuwā,
- v. khacuwā.

खंजन् khaṁjan,
- v. khajan.

खँजर् khaṁjar,
- v. khajar.

खँजाहा khãjāhā,
- adj. Limping, lame; -- s. A lame man. -- kh˚ pārnu to make lame, paralyse; unnerve; mismanage. [Sk. khajaḥ: Pa. Pk. khaja-.]

खँड़ेउलि khãṛeuli, or khãṛyauli,
- s. Small particles of rice. [Sk. khaṇḍaḥ broken, m. piece: Pa. Pk. khaṇḍa-; K. khoṇḍu broken; A. khãrā cropped; B. kh̄ṛi husked; O. khāṇḍi broken pot; H. kh̄ṛā m. piece; P. L. khannī f. bit; S. khanī f. scrap of bread; G. kh̄ḍũ broken; M. kh̄ḍ f. fissure;  -- cf. kh̄ṛ.]

खँदार्नु khãdārnu,vb. tr. To bring down from a height, hurl down. [perh. extension of Sk. skandati falls, v.s.v. kh̄dnu, khanyāunu.]

खँदिलो khãdilo,
- adj. Heavy, solid, tough, wiry. [perh. der. Sk. skandhḥ m. shoulder, trunk: Pa. Pk. khandha- m. shoulder, bulk, mass; P. khandhā m. multitude; -- with different unexplained dissimilation of aspirate from k̄dh q.v.; -- cf. khãduwā.]

खँदुवा khãduwā,
- adj. Solid. [v. khãdilo.]

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{hka.ka.}

खकार् khakār ,
- s. The letter kh. [lw. Sk. khakāra-.]

खकार् khakār ,
- s. Saliva, phlegm. -- kh˚ garnu to clear the throat. -- kh˚ hālnu to cough in order to draw attention. [< *khāṭkāra-, onom. in origin: cf. Sk. khāṭkaroti hawks: Pa. kakkāreti; Ku. khakārṇo; B. kh̄kār hawking, O. khãkāra, H. khãkār m., khãkārnā vb., P. kãghār m., kãghārṇā, kãghūrṇā
- vb., S. khaṅgh- kāra f. (influenced by Sk. spelling), G. khãkhāro m., khãkhārvũ vb., M. khãkārṇe vb. -- A shorter form *khāṭka- appears in O. khãkhã cough; P. khaṅghṇā to cough, L. kaṅghaṇ, S. khaṅghaṇu; a form khakkhaṭa- (cf. Pa. khaṭakhaṭa-) appears in G. kh̄khaḍiyũ.]

खकार्नु khakārnu,
- vb. intr. To clear the throat, hawk, hem. [v.s.v. khakār.]

खकाल्नु khakālnu,
- vb. tr. To rinse, scour, wash. [cf. K. khãkhalun to be rinsed; H. khãgālnā, khãgārnā to rinse, P. khãghālṇā, G. khãkhāḷvũ; -- Ku. khakolṇo to gargle; G. khãkhoḷvũ to rummage, rinse; -- cf. khokalnu.]

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{hka.ga.}

खगाम् khagām,
- s. A part of a bridle (the throat-lash ?).

खगालो khagālo,
- s. A partic. measure of length, about 2 cubits, the distance between the tips of the middle fingers with the arms outstretched (e.g. ek kh˚ kapṛā).

खगालो khagālo,
- s. A partic. measure of length, about 2 cubits, the distance between the tips of the middle fingers with the arms outstretched (e.g. ek kh˚ kapṛā).

खगौतो khagauto,
- s. A vessel made of rhinoceros horn, from which libations to the pitr̥s are poured. [Sk. khaḍgapātram n. a vessel made of buffalo-horns.]

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{hka.gna.}

खङारिनु khaṅārinu,
- vb. intr. To become soft through boiling; -- become very thin; fade away. [der. khaṅārnu.]

खङार्नु khaṅārnu, or khaṅāharnu,
- vb. tr. To make soft by boiling.

खङाहर्नु khaṅāharnu,
- v. khaṅārnu.

खङ्गार् khaṅgār,
- s. Ruin, destruction. [cf. khaṅārnu ?]

खङ्रङ् khaṅraṅ,
- adj. = khaṅraṅṅa q.v.

खङ्रङ्ङ khaṅraṅṅa, or khaṅraṅ,
- adj. Startled. -- kh˚ sukekā pāt very dry leaves. -- ḍara le kh˚ hunu to grow pale with fear.

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{hka.sa.

खचित् khacit, or khajit,
- adj. Lying in heaps, heaped, abundant. [lw. Sk. khacita- studded.]

खच्कनु khackanu,
- vb. intr. To grow less, subside. [cf. G. khackāvũ to shrink back, be stopped; -- M. khaċṇẽ to sink down.]

खच्चर् khaccar,
- s. Mule; mongrel, bastard; offspring of parents belonging to castes between which marriage is forbidden. [lw. H. id.]

खच्याङ्-खच्याङ् khacyāṅ-khacyāṅ,
- adj. Limping. [cf. khacyāṅ-khucyuṅ, khacyāṅ-khucuṅ, khocyāṅ-khocyāṅ; and khãjāhā.]

खच्याङ्-खुचुङ् khacyāṅ-khucuṅ,
- adj. Limping. [v. khacyāṅ-khacyāṅ.]

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{hka.za.}

खजाना khajānā,
- s. Treasury; revenue, taxes; tribute. [lw. H. ḵẖazāna fr. Pers.]

खजान्चि khajānci,
- s. Treasurer. [lw. H. ḵẖazāncī fr. Pers.]

खजित् khajit,
- v. khacit.

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Nepali p112 

खजुर् khajur,
- s. Date-palm; date. [Sk. kharjūˊra- m. date-palm, n. date: Pa. khajjūrī f., Pk. khajjūra- m. n.; K. khạzar m., A. khāzur, B. khājur, O. khajuri, H. P. L. khajūr f., S. khajūri f. (lw. with j, not ), G. khajur n., M. khaj̈ūr m., Sgh. kaduru; -- cf. also Sk. lex. kharjuḥ f. date-palm: P. L. khajjī f., S. khajī f.] 

खजुरि khajuri,
- s. A partic. kind of edible fruit; -- a partic. kind of sweetmeat; -- the side part of a pillow. [Sk. kharjūrilā f. a sweetmeat: prob. der. kharjūˊraḥ date (v.s.v. khajur), cf. H. P. khajūr m. a sweetmeat shaped like a date.]

खजुरो khajuro,
- s. Centipede. [Sk. kharjūrakaḥ m. scorpion: H. khajūrā m. centipede; -- cf. also H. khajūrā twisted; M. khaj̈urā dorā twisted thread.]

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{hka.Za.}

खच्याङ्-मज्याङ् khajyāṅ-majyāṅ,
- adj. Dishevelled, dis- ordered, chaotic.

UKT 190330: च्य = च ् य = {s~ya.}: this portion looks similar to Bur-Myan {Za.} but is not the same.
It is more probably {S~ya.} .

खञ्चुवा khacuwā,
- s. A gourmand.

खञ्जन् khajan,
- s. A partic. kind of bird (which is said to disappear on the Bhrātr̥pūjā day of the Yama- pacak festival). [lw. Sk. khajana- wagtail.]

खञ्जर् khajar,
- s. A dagger. [lw. H. ḵẖanjar fr. Ar.]

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{hka.Ta.}

UKT 190330: This work will be temporarily suspended until I have covered
the {sa.}-row of Skt-Dev.

 

   खटन् khaṭan,s. Arrangement, disposition; commission, notice; power. -- kh˚ garnu to put into order; control. [cf. O. khaṭaṇi daily offering to an idol; -- v. khaṭāunu.]
   खटाइ khaṭāi,s. Setting apart; appointment. [der. khaṭāunu.]
   खटाउनु khaṭāunu,vb. tr. To choose, select, detail, ordain, establish, appoint; depute. [K. khaṭun to overwhelm; A. khāṭiba to work for; B. khāṭā to apply, khāṭāna to cause to work; O. khaṭibā to suit, khaṭāibā to set to work; H. khaṭnā to be firm, khaṭānā to make firm; P. khaṭṭṇā to earn, khaṭāuṇā to cause to earn; L. khaṭṭaṇ to earn; S. khaṭaṇu to earn, to conquer; G. khāṭ f. gain; M. khaṭṇẽ to come to a stop: -- the root meaning of *khaṭṭ- seems to be 'to get the mastery of'.]
   खटाखट् khaṭākhaṭ,adv. Without interruption or hesitation; rapidly in succession. [cf. caṭācaṭ.]
   खटिनु khaṭinu,vb. intr. To be deputed, be commanded. [v. khaṭāunu.]
   खटिया khaṭiyā,s. A bedstead; -- a bier. -- kh˚ nikālnu to die (used in curses). [cf. Ku. khaṭiyā, O. khaṭiā, H. khaṭiyā f.; -- v. khāṭ.]
   खटिरा-पटिरा khaṭirā-paṭirā,s. pl. Boils and other skin diseases. [redup. of khaṭiro.]
   खटिरो khaṭiro,s. Boil. -- ḡṛe kh˚ goitre. [cf. M. khaṭ n. ulcer; -- with MI. suffix -ḍa-.]
   खटौलि khaṭauli,s. A rectangular wooden litter carried on the shoulders of bearers. [cf. B. khāṭuli bier; H. khaṭolā m., -ī f. small bedstead; P. khaṭolī f. small bed-bug; S. khaṭolo m. plain bedstead; -- der. with MI. -ulla- fr. Sk. khaṭvā, v. khāṭ.]
   खट्का khaṭkā,s. Suspicion. -- kh˚ rākhnu to be careful. [lw. H. khaṭkā; -- v. khaṛgo.]
   खट्-खट् khaṭ-khaṭ,s. The sound made by boiling water. [cf. O. khaṭa-khaṭa rattle; H. khaṭ-khaṭ f. noise; S. khaṭi- khaṭi f. rattling; G. M. khaṭ-khaṭ f. click.]
   खट्खटाउन khaṭkhaṭāunu,vb. intr. To clash, knock. [cf. H. khaṭkhaṭānā to make a clatter with; P. khaṭkāuṇā to knock.]
   खट्-छप्पर् khaṭ-chappar,s. Curtain-pole of a bedstead. [lw. H. id., v. khāṭ, chappar.]
   खट्टे khaṭṭe,s. Parched rice.
   खट्टो khaṭṭo,adj. Sour, acid; bitter. [Sk. khaṭṭaḥ: Pk. khaṭṭa-; B. khāṭā, O. khaṭā, H. khaṭṭā (lw. P.?), P. L. khaṭṭā, S. khaṭo, G. khāṭũ, M. khāṭī.]
   खट्पट् khaṭpaṭ,s. Squabble, disagreement, quarrel, wrangling. [H. khaṭpaṭ f. noise, strife, P. khaṭāpaṭī f.; G. M. khaṭpaṭ f. discord, intrigue, fuss; -- cf. A. khaṭkhaṭ sound of collision; B. khaṭkhaṭ clatter; O. khaṭakhaṭa intricate; S. khaṭikhaṭi f. quarrel.]
   खट्पटे khaṭpaṭe,adj. Disagreeable; difficult, not straightforward, tortuous (e.g. kh˚ mānche a difficult man to deal with). [H. khaṭpaṭiyā noisy, quarrelsome; G. khaṭpaṭiyũ intriguing; -- v. khaṭpaṭ.]
   खड् khaḍ,s. Steep bank, cliff. [prob. lw. WPah.: cf. Ku. khaḍḍ precipice; H. khaḍ m. pit; P. khaḍḍ f. ravine; M. khāḍā m. hole; -- v. khāṛal.]
   खड्‍ग khaḍga,s. Sword. [lw. Sk. id.]
   खड्ग-निशाना khaḍga-niśānā,s. The ministerial seal of Nepal. [cmpd. khaḍga and niśān.]
   खड्गाष्ट khaḍgāṣṭa,adj. Hostile, inimical; -- incapable of marriage (of two parties whose stars disagree). -- kh˚ hunu to be at daggers drawn (when the hostility is supposed to be due to the peculiar position of the ascendant stars of the persons concerned). [perh. lw. Sk. khaḍgahasta- 'sword in hand'.]
   खण्ड khaṇḍa , s. Part, piece, division, class, group; district. [lw. Sk. id.]
   खण्ड khaṇḍa , s. Variety, quantity. -- khaṇḍa khaṇḍa different parts. -- kh˚ garnu to do everything, to leave no stone unturned. -- khaṇḍa-pākhaṇḍa variety, diversity. -- khaṇḍa-pākhaṇḍa ko various, all. -- khaṇḍa-pākhaṇḍa garnu to leave no stone unturned. [lw. Sk. ṣaṇḍa- group, quantity.]
   खण्ड-खाद्य khaṇḍa-khādya,s. Obstacle, hindrance.
   खण्डन् khaṇḍan,s. Refutation. -- kh˚ garnu to refute, disprove. [lw. Sk. khaṇḍana-.]
   खण्डित् khaṇḍit,(l.) adj. Refuted. -- kh˚ garāunu to gainsay. [lw. Sk. khaṇḍita-.]
   खण्डिनु khaṇḍinu,vb. intr. To be cut into pieces. [der. khaṇḍa.]

 

 

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UKT notes

 

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End of TIL file