Update: 2017-04-18 02:40 AM -0400

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p078.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

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  {kSa.ma.}
 p078c1
{kSa.ya.}
{kSa.ra.}
{kSa.la.}
{kSa.wa.}
{kSa}
  {kSa-ta.}
  {kSa-na.} : e.g. Skt: - Pal:
  {kSa-ma.}
  {kSa-ra.}
  {kSa-la.}
{kSi.}
  p078c2
  {kSi.ta.}
  {kSi.pa.}
  p078c3
{kSu.}
  {kSu.Na.}
  {kSu.ta.}
  {kSu.da.}
  {kSu.Da.}
  {kSu.na.}
  {kSu.pa.}
  {kSu.ba.}
  {kSu.Ba.}

 

UKT notes :
UKT 151204: To the chemist, the word saltpetre rings a bell. Saltpetre is Potassium nitrate, KNO3 , abundantly found in guano the old droppings of bats. Almost all interiors of caves and old buildings in our regions are where bats - who eats flying insects - nests. The air in these places are nauseating and causes people who are not used to these places to sneeze. Guano is used as fertilizer, but most importantly to make explosives by mixing with charcoal powder and sulphur. The ancients must have known about these things and might have been used in military campaigns.

You will find that the meanings of many entries below are related when you think in terms of military campaigns - one of the disasters of {kp kri: on: pa:} feared by ordinary people. They wish in their daily prayers [note: Theravada Buddhists do not pray technically to any Almighty God, which they do not think, exist.] that they be spared from these disasters.

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{kSa.ma.} : cont

p078c1

p078c1-b01

क्रमिन् [ksham-in]
- a. id., towards (lc.). 

 

p078c1-b02

क्षम्य [ kshm-ya ]
- a. earthly.

 

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{kSa.ya.}

p078c1-b03

क्षय [ . kshy-a ]
- a. dwelling; m. abode, seat; tribe, people.

 

p078c1-b04

क्षय [ . kshay-a ]
- m. decrease; depreciation; decline, loss, destruction; end: ac. with verbs of going: decrease, come to an end, be lost, perish; -kara, -kartri, -krit, a. destroying (--).

क्षय [ . kshay-a ]
Skt: क्षय [ . kshay-a ] - m. decrease; depreciation; decline, loss, destruction; end: ... - Mac078c1
Skt: क्षय kṣaya - adj. dwelling. m. abode, end, family, wasting or wearing away, ... ... - SpkSkt
Pal: {hka.ya.} - UHS PMD0345
  UKT from UHS: . m. depletion. . residence. 

 

p078c1-b05

क्षयण [ kshay-ana ]
- a. destroying (--).

 

p078c1-b06

क्षयदिवस [ kshaya-divasa ]
- m. day of the world's destruction; -paksha, m. fortnight of the moon's wane; -yukta, pp. ruined, fallen; -yukti, f. destruction, ruin; -rog-in, a. consumptive [UKT: tuberculosis - an incurable lung disease - which makes the person suffering from it as if slowly being dried up and burnt away by an internal fire]: -i-tva, n. consumption.

 

p078c1-b07

क्रयिता [kshay-i-t]
- f., -tva , n. annihilation; transitoriness; -in , a. decreasing; transitory; consumptive; -ishanu , a. transitory : destructive

 

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{kSa.ra.}

p078c1-b08

क्षर् [ kshar ]
- i. p. () kshra , flow; pass away, perish; pour forth, discharge, yield; emit a stream; cs. ...

 

 

p078c1-b09

क्षर [ kshar-a ]
- a. passing away, transitory; -ana, n. flowing; effusion.

 

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{kSa.la.}

p078c1-b10

क्षल् [ kshal
- x. p. kshlaya , wash; cleanse, purify, remove. pra , wash, cleanse. abhi-pra , cleanse. vi , wash away

 

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{kSa.wa.}

p078c1-b11

क्षव [ kshva ], ˚थु [ -thu ]
- m. sneezing, sneeze.

 

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{kSa}

p078c1-b12

क्षा [ . KSH ]
- v.  kshai

 

p078c1-b13

क्षा [ . ksh ]
- f. earth; abode.

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{kSa-ta.}

p078c1-b14

क्षात्र [ kshtra ]
= (क ् ष ा) (त ् र ) --> {k~Saat~ra.}
- a. () peculiar to the military caste; n. royal dignity.

 

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{kSa-na.}

p078c1-b15

क्षान्त [ kshn-ta ]
= (क ् ष ा न ्) (त ) --> {k~Saan-ta.}
Skt: क्षान्त [ kshn-ta ] - pp. √ksham; n. patience, forbearance. - Mac078c1
Pal: {hkn~ta.} - UHS PMD0344
  UKT from UHS: mfn. forbearance 

 

p078c1-b16

  क्षान्ति [ kshn-ti ]
- f. id.; mat, a. patient, forbearing; -sla, m. N. (patient).

 

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{kSa-ma.}

p078c1-b17

क्षाम [ ksh-m ]
- a. singed, scorched; parched, dried up; emaciated, slender; weak, little, insignificant: -kshma, a. quite emaciated.

 

p078c1-b18

क्षामन्् [ ksh-man ]
- n. earth, ground.

 

p078c1-b19

क्षामीकृ [kshm-kri ]
- shorten, entrail

 

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{kSa-ra.}

p078c1-b20

क्षार [ ksh-ra ]
- a. caustic, salty; sharp, cutting (wind); m. (n. rare) burning or corrosive substance; saltpetre, potash, etc.: -kshata, pp. corroded by saltpetre; -kshna, pp. id.: -t, f. abst. ɴ.; -lavana, n. du. caustic & salt.

UKT 151204: To the chemist, the word saltpetre rings a bell. Saltpetre is Potassium nitrate, KNO3 , abundantly found in guano the old droppings of bats. Almost all interiors of caves and old buildings in our regions are where the bats - who eats flying insects - nests. The air in these places are nauseating and causes people who are not used to these places to sneeze. Guano is used as fertilizer, but most importantly to make explosives by mixing with charcoal powder and sulphur. The ancients must have known about these things and might have been used in military campaigns.

p078c1-b21

क्षारयितृ [kshr-ay-i-tri ]
- a. causing to flow 

 

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{kSa-la.}

p078c1-b22

क्षाल [ kshl-a ]
- m. washing; -ana, n. id.; a. washing, wiping away (also fig.).

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{kSi.}

p078c1-b23

क्षि [ kshi ]
- . (v.); p. ii. ksh-ti , iv. kshiy , dwell, abide; inhabit; cs. kshayya or kshapaya , cause to dwell peacefully, pacify, adhi , dwell in or near, rest upon; spread over (ac., lc.) upa , dwell in, abide by (also fig., w. ac.). pari , dwell around (ac.)

 

p078c1-b24

  क्षि [ kshi ]
- . i. p. kshya , (v.) possess, rule over (g.)

 

p078c1-b25

- . p. ix. kshi-n , (v.); v. kshino ; i. kshay-a , (e.) destroy; oppress; ps. kaya , decrease, wane; ceases; be exhausted; disappear, perish : pp. ...

 

 

 

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p078c2

{kSi.ta.}

p078c2-b01

क्षित् [ kshi-t ]
- a. n. dweller; ruler (--).

 

p078c2-b02

क्षिति [ . kshi-t ]
- f. abode, dwelling; earth, land: pl. the tribes, races, peoples, men.

 

p078c2-b03

क्षिति [ . ksh-ti ]
- f. destruction.

 

p078c2-b04

क्षितिकम्प [ kshiti-kampa ]
- m. earthquake; -kshit, m. king, prince; -kshoda, m. dust of the earth; -tala, n. surface of the earth: -‿apsaras, f. Apsaras dwelling on earth; -dhara, m. mountain; -dhenu, f. the cowlike earth; -pa, -pati, -pla, -bhug, m. king; -bhrit, m. mountain; king; -rasa, m. sap of the earth; -lava-bhug, m. petty prince; -sakpati, m. king; -sata-kratu, m. id.; -‿indra, -‿sa, -‿svara, m. king.

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{kSi.pa.}

p078c2-b05

क्षिप् [ kship ]
- vi. kship , throw, cast, discharge (at, upon, d., g., lc., or upari ); move rapidly; utter (words); direct (thoughts or gaze); hit; strew, pour, put (into, lc.); set down; throw off; let go; cast blame on (lc.); inveigh against, abuse, mock; destroy, lose; pass, bide (time); cs. kahepaya, cause to be thrown into (antar), cause to descend into (lc.); crack. adhi, throw dirt on, revile, insult, offend, mock at. abhi, hit sharply (with a whip). ava, cast down, let fly; throw into (lc.). , throw upon (lc.), at (d.); cast ashore; touch (ac.) with (in.); pull or carry away; take away from (ab.); withdraw; rob; attract (fig.), absorb; expel from (ab.); put into (lc.); refer to; raise and objection to (ac.); reproach with; insult; produce, effect.

 

pari‿ , entwine with (in.). vi‿ , stretch out; carry away, captivate: pp. --, full of. sam-, accumulate; insult; indicate. ud, throw up, raise; place upon. sam-ud, throw up, raise; free from (ab.). upa, hint at, allude to. ni, throw down; throw upon (lc. or upari), put down, place upon or in (lc.); direct the gaze towards (lc. or ad. in -tas); abhandon, give up, hand over, deliver, entrust, to (lc.); bestow; appoint to (lc.); cs. cause to be drawn up. upa-ni, put down, vi-ni, throw or put down; entrust; pp. placed in (--). pari, throw along (a distance); wind round; surround; embrace. pra, cast, throw at or in, plae in (lc.); put before; let down. vi, throw about, cast hither and thither, scatter; *handle; distract; pp. distraught. pra-vi, pp. agitated. sam, heap up; compress, curtail, diminish; destroy: pp. contracted condensed; narrow; short, concise.

 

 

p078c2-b06

क्षिप्् [ kshp ]
- f. (only nm. pl.) finger: -, f. (only in. pl.) id.

 

p078c2-b07

क्षिप्त [ kship-t ]
- pp. √kship; n. (shot) wound: -kitta, a. distraught: -t, f. absence of mind; -yoni, a. of contemptible birth.

 

p078c2-b08

क्षिप्र [ kship-r ]
- a. elastic (bow); quick, rapid: -m or ab. quickly, directly, at once: ‿ishu, a. having swift arrows.

 

p078c2-b09

क्षिलिका [kshilik]
- f. N.

 

p078c2-b10

क्षीण [ kshn ]
- pp. √3. kshi: -karman, a. whose desire for action is at an end; -kosa, a. whose treasury is exhausted; -tamas, m. N. of a Vihra; -t, f. injury, damage; -tva, n. disappearance; -vritti, a. whose provisions are exhausted; -‿dhi, a. freed from distress; -‿yus, a. moribund.

 

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p078c3

p078c3-b00

क्षीब [ kshba ], क्षीव [ kshva ]
- a. intoxicated; excited: -t, f., -tva, n. intoxication.

 

p078c3-b01

क्षीर [ kshr ]
- n. milk; milky sap (of plants).

 

p078c3-b02

क्षीरकुण्ड [ kshra-kunda ]
- n. milk-pot; -kshaya, m. failure of milk (in the udder); -dhi, m. ocean of milk; -nidhi, m. id.; -nra, n. milk and water (--); -pa, a. drinking only milk; m. suckling, infant, child; -bhrita, pp. paid with milk; -maya, a. representing milk; -mahrnava, m. ocean of milk; ()-vat, a. full of milk; -vridhi, m. ocean of milk; -vriksha, m. tree with milky juice, the common name of the Nyagrodha, Udumbara, Asvattha, and Madhka; -shshtika, n. sixty days' rice with milk; -samudra, -sgara, m. ocean of milk; -snigdha, pp. moist with milky juice; -svmin, m. N. of a grammarian.

 

p078c3-b03

क्षीरान्न [ kshra‿anna ]
- n. rice boiled in milk; -‿abdhi, m. ocean of milk; -‿ambudhi, m. id.

 

p078c3-b04

क्षीराय [ kshr-ya ]
- den. . become milk.

 

p078c3-b05

क्षीरिन्् [ kshr-n ]
- a. abounding in milk; containing milky juice.

 

p078c3-b06

क्षीरोद [ kshra‿uda ]
- m. ocean of milk: -dhi, m. id.; -‿rmi, m. f. wave of the ocean of milk.

 

p078c3-b07

क्षीव [ kshva ]
- v. kshba.

 

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{kSu.

p078c3-b08

क्षु [ kshu ]
- ii. p. kshau-ti , sneeze; pp. kshuta , having sneezed; n. sneeze. ava , pp. sneezed upon

 

p078c3-b09

क्षु [ ksh ]
Skt: क्षु [ ksh ] - n. [gh(a)s-] food, nutriment. - Mac078c3
Skt: क्षु  kṣu - n. food - SpkSkt
Pal: {hku.} - UHS PMD0349
  UKT from UHS: non-gender  actuality 'substantial'

UKT 151205: I wonder why Pal & Skt meanings are apparently very different. It may be the same if we take "what is substantial to the human body" is "food".

 

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{kSu.Na.}

p078c3-b10

क्षुण [ kshun-na ]
- pp. √kshud.

 

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{kSu.ta.}

p078c3-b11

क्षुत्् [ ksh-t ]
- f. sneezing.

 

p078c3-b12

क्षुत्क्षाम [ kshut-kshma ]
- a. emaciated with hunger: -kantha, a. hvg. a throat --; -pipsita, pp. tormented with hunger and thirst.

 

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{kSu.da.}

p078c3-b13

क्षुद् [ kshud ]
- i. p. kshda , pound : pp. ksunna , troden; crushed, broken; pierced. pra , goad, urge on. vi , pound ; urge on

 

p078c3-b14

क्षुद्र [ kshud-r ]
- a. small, tiny; low, mean, base; wicked (in jest): (a)-ka, a. small, tiny; *-ghantik, f. small bell (ornament).

 

p078c3-b15

क्षुद्रजन्तु [ kshudra-gantu ]
- m. small animal; insignificant person; -pasu, m. small live stock: -mat, a. possessing --; -buddhi, m. N. of a jackal (base-minded); -satru, m. insignificant foe; -skta, n. short hymn; m. author of short hymns.

 

p078c3-b16

क्षुद्राक्ष [ kshudra‿aksha ]
- a. having small meshes; -‿karita, pp. frequented by low persons; -‿antra, n. small cavity of the heart.

 

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{kSu.Da.}

p078c3-b17

क्षुध् [ kshudh ]
- iv. p. ksdhya , be hungry: pp. kshudhita , hungry

 

p078c3-b18

क्षुध्् [ kshdh ]
- f. hunger.

 

p078c3-b19

क्षुधा [ kshudh- ]
- f. id.: -kara, a. causing hunger; -‿rta, pp. tortured with hunger.

 

p078c3-b20

क्षुधालु [ kshudh-lu ]
- a. hungry.

 

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{kSu.na.}

p078c3-b21

क्षुन्निरोध [ kshun-nirodha ]
= क ् ष ु न ् न ि र ो ध
- m. suppression of hunger, starvation; -mat, a. hungry.

 

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{kSu.pa.}

p078c3-b22

  क्षुप [ kshupa ]
- m., , f. shrub, bush; a-ka, m., a-k, f. id.

 

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{kSu.ba.}

p078c3-b23

क्षुब्ध [ kshub-dha ]
= क ् ष ु ब ् ध
- pp. √kshubh: -t, f. commotion.

क्षुब्ध [ kshub-dha ] (pp.) m. churning-stick. - Mac-orphan

 

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{kSu.Ba.}

p078c3-b24

[ kshubh ]
- i. . kshobha , (v.); iv. p. . kshubhya , sway, tremble, become agitated; pp. ...

 

 

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UKT notes

 

 

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End of TIL file