Update: 2016-02-25 03:09 AM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p076.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{kau-a.}
  p076c1
{k~ya.} - non-rhotic disyllabic, not monosyllabic {kya.}
{k~ra.} - rhotic disyllable: Ra'ric {ra.ric}-form, {kra.}, is avoided not to get mixed up with rhotic vowel {iRi.}.
{k~ra.ka.}
{k~ra.ta.}
{k~ra.pa.}
  p076c2
{k~ra.ya.}
{k~ra.wa.}
{k~ra.sha.}
  p076c3
{k~ri.} क्रि : don't get mix up with {kRi.} कृ
{k~ru.}

 

UKT notes :
 

 

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{kau-a.}

p076c1

p076c1-b00

कौसल्य [ kasal-ya ]
- a. belonging to the Kosalas; m. king of the Kosalas; , f. queen of Kosala (mother of Rma).

 

p076c1-b01

कौसीद [ kausda ]
- a. () proceeding from a loan.

 

p076c1-b02

कौसुम [ kausuma ]
- a. coming from or made of flowers; -‿yudha, a. relating to Kma {ka-ma.} 'sex'

 

p076c1-b03

कौसुम्भ [ kausumbha ]
- a. () coming from, coloured with or like safflower; n. substance coloured with safflower.

 

p076c1-b04

कौस्तुभ [ kaustubha ]
= क ौ स ् त ु भ
- m. n. jewel produced at the churning of the ocean, an ornament of Vishnu; -bhrit, m. ep. of Vishnu.

 

p076c1-b05

क्त [ k-ta ]
= क ् त 
- suffix ta of the pp. (gr.).

 

p076c1-b06

क्नथ [ knath-a ]
- the root knath (gr.).

 

p076c1-b07

क्नूय्् [ KNY ]
- only cs. knopaya, P. drench. abhi, wet, moisten.

 

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{k~ya.} - the disyllabic, not monosyllabic {kya.}

UKT 151201: Skt-Dev and Eng-Lat do not have the Bur-Myan medials which are monosyllabic. They could pronounce our Bur-Myan medials, {kya.} & {kra.}, only as disyllabic vertical conjuncts such as {k~ya.} & {k~ra.}. The rhoticity of {kra.} is so slight that Bur-Myan of Irrawaddy basin - most of the population of Myanmarpr - pronounce {kya.} & {kra.} the same. They are pronounced differently in the Bur-Myan dialect of Arakan and Pal-Myan. This presents a unique situation in BEPS transcription.

The high rhoticity is found in Skt-Dev close vowel {iRi.} ऋ. When {ka.} क, is modified by this vowel we get {kRi.} कृ . Compared to {kRi.}, {kri.} is almost non-rhotic, and Bur-Myan of Irrawaddy basin pronounce it as {kyi.}.

Bur-Myan has a set of syllables very close in pronunciation to {kyi.} (1 blk) & {kri.} (1 blk). It is spelled with Nya'gyi {a.}/ {}, and is perfectly non-rhotic. 

{k.} (1 blk), {k} (2 blk), {k:} (2 blk + emphasis)

 

 

p076c1-b08

क्याकु [ kyku ] --> {k~ya-ku.}
- n. mushroom.

 

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{k~ra.} : rhotic disyllable

UKT 151201: {k~ra.} क्र = क ् र , is an important prefix which can be followed by other consonants, {k~ra.ka.},

{k~ra.ka.}

p076c1-b09

क्रकच [ krakaka ]
- m. n. saw; m. a plant.

 

p076c1-b10

क्रक्ष्् [ KRAKSH ]
= क ् र क ् ष ् --> {k~rak~S}
- only pr. pt. krkshamna, (V.) raging, roaring.

 

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{k~ra.ta.}

p076c1-b11

क्रतु [ kr--tu ]
- m. power, might, efficacy; counsel, intelligence, wisdom; inspiration; plan, purpose, wish, will; sacrifice (sts. personified); N. of the three liturgies forming the prtar anuvka; N. of a son of Brahman (one of the Pragpatis and of the seven Rishis); a star in the Great Bear.

 

p076c1-b12

  क्रतुदेव [ kratu-deva ]
- m. N.; -mat, a. resolute; intelligent, wise; -rg, m. chief sacrifice (Asvamedha and Rgasya); -vikrayin, a. selling the rewards for a sacrifice; -vd, a. powerful, inspiring.

 

p076c1-b13

क्रतूय [ krat-y ]
- den. P. will earnestly.

 

p076c1-b14

क्रथ्् [ KRATH ]
- only cs. krthaya, P. be extravagant or wild.

 

p076c1-b15

क्रथ [ krath-a ]
- the root krath (gr.).

 

p076c1-b16

क्रथकैशिक [ kratha-kaisika ]
- m. pl. N. of a people (descended from Kratha son of Vidarbha and from Kaisika).

 

p076c1-b17

 

 

p076c1-b18

 

 

p076c1-b19

क्रन्द [ krnd-a ]
- m. neigh; cry: -dhvani, m. cry of pain; -ana, n. crying aloud; lamentation; -as, n. battle-cry: du. the two contending hosts.

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{k~ra.pa.}

p076c1-b20

 

p076c1-b21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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p076c2

p076c2-b01

क्रम [ krm-a ]
- m. step; gait; course; posture for attack; regular order, succession, gradation; inheritance; method, manner, way; usage, ritual; occasion, reason for (--, g.); a way of reciting the Veda: in., ab., or -tas, in order, in turn; in., ab., --, in due course, regularly, gradually; in. in the course of (--).

 

p076c2-b02

क्रमगत [ krama-gata ]
- pp. coming in the way of (g.).

 

p076c2-b03

क्रमण [ krm-ana ]
- n. step, tread; walking; treading on (--).

 

p076c2-b04

 

p076c2-b05

क्रमपाठ [ krama-ptha ]
- m. krama method of reciting the Veda; -prpta, pp. inherited; -yoga, m. regular order, succession; -rgya, n. N. of a locality; -varta, N. of a country; -vriddhi, f. gradual increase; -sas, ad. in order, in turn; gradually.

 

p076c2-b06

क्रमाक्रान्त [ krama‿krnta ]
- pp. seized at one bound; -‿gata, pp. come by succession, inherited; - ‿yta, pp. id., hereditary.

 

p076c2-b07

क्रमिक [ kram-ika ]
- a. inherited, hereditary; successive.

 

p076c2-b08

क्रमुक [ kramu-ka ]
- m. betel-nut tree.

 

p076c2-b09

क्रमेलक [ kramela-ka ]
- m. camel.

 

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{k~ra.ya.}

p076c2-b10

क्रय [ kray- ]
- m. purchase; price: -krta, pp. bought; -vikraya, m. (sg. and du.) purchase and sale; trade; -vikrayin, a. buying and selling, bargaining.

 

p076c2-b11

क्रयण [ kray-ana ]
- n. purchase; -na-ka, a. marketable; -ika, -in, m. buyer.

 

p076c2-b12

क्रय्य [ kry-ya ]
- fp. purchasable.

 

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{k~ra.wa.}

p076c2-b13

क्रविष्णु [ kravish-n ]
- a. eager for raw flesh.

 

p076c2-b14

क्रविस्् [ krav-s ]
- n. raw flesh, carrion.

 

p076c2-b15

क्रव्य [ krav-y ]
- n. id.: -bhakshin, -bhug, a. flesh- eating; -mukha, m. N. of a wolf; -v&asharp;h ana, a. carrying away bodies (v. l. for kavya-).

 

p076c2-b16

क्रव्याद्् kravya◡́ad, ˚द [ -da ]
- a. flesh-eating, corpse-consuming; m. beast of prey.

 

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{k~ra.sha.}

p076c2-b17

क्रशय [ krasa-ya ]
- den. P. emaciate.

 

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p076c3

p073c3-b00

 

p073c3-b01

क्रष्टव्य [ krash-tavya ]
- fp. to be dragged; to be extracted.

 

p073c3-b02

क्राणा [ kr-n&asharp; ]
- ad. (pr. pt. √kri) willingly; straightway.

 

p073c3-b03

क्रान्त [ krn-t ]
- pp. √kram; n. step; -ti, f. ecliptic.

 

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{k~ri.} क्रि: don't get mix up with {kRi.} कृ .

UKT 151201: If only {k~ri.} had been written as {kri.} it would surely be mistaken for highly rhotic {kRi.} कृ . Notice how I have differentiated {kri.} & {kRi.} - by the length of the hood. In Bur-Myan, we rarely find words spelled with {kri.}. For this phone we use {kr.}.

p073c3-b04

क्रिमि [ krmi ]
- incorrect spelling of krimi.

 

p073c3-b05

क्रिया [ kri-y ]
- f. making, doing; performance; business, transaction; action, act; work; trouble; labour; notion of the verb, verb (gr.); literary work; rite, ceremony; medical treatment, cure; (legal) proof.

 

p073c3-b06

क्रियाकुल [ kriy‿kula ]
- a. busy, overwhelmed with business; -‿tmaka, a. whose nature is activity: -tva, n. abst. n.; -dveshin, a. evading the evidence; -‿antara, n. interruption of an action; another action; -pada, n. verb; -pra bandha, m. continuity of an action; -‿abhy upagama, m. express promise; -yoga, m. connexion with an action or verb; employment of means; the practical Yoga; -yogya, a. fitted for work; -‿artha, a. having an action as an object; -lopa, m. failure of ceremonies; -vat, a. performing actions, active; performing sacred rites; -vidhi, m. specific rule of action; employment of a verb; - viseshana, n. ad verb; -sakti, f. capacity of acting: -mat, a. capable of acting.

 

p073c3-b07

क्रिवि [ krvi ]
- m. water-skin: pl. N. of a people (in C.=Pakla).

 

p073c3-b08

 

 

p073c3-b09

 

 

p073c3-b10

क्रीड [ krd- ]
- a. playing, dallying; -ana, n. playing, play: -ka, m. plaything; -anya, n. id.

 

p073c3-b11

क्रीडा [ krd-&asharp; ]
- f. play, sport, jest, dalliance: -kapi-tva, n. jesting imitation of a monkey; -knana, n. pleasure-grove; -ksra, m. plea sure-pond; -kopa, n. simulated anger; -kautuka, n. wanton curiosity; -kausala, n. art of jesting; - grha, m. n. pleasure-house; -par vata, m. (artificial) pleasure-hill: -ka, m. id.; -mayra, m. pet peacock; -markata pota, m. pet young monkey; -mahdhra, m. pleasure-hill; -rasa, m. enjoyment of sport or fun: -maya, a. consisting in the water of play; -vesman, n. pleasure-house; - sakun ta, m. pet bird; -saila, m. pleasure-hill; -saras, n. pleasure-lake.

 

p073c3-b12

क्रीडि [ krd- ]
- a. playing, dallying; -ita, pp. one who has played; n. play; -n, a. playing, dallying; -: -mt, a. id.

 

p073c3-b13

क्रीत [ kr-ta ]
- pp. √kr; n. purchase: -ka, a. (son) acquired by purchase; -‿anusaya, m. repenting of a purchase.

 

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{k~ru.}

p073c3-b14

 

p073c3-b15

क्रुञ्च्् krk (nm. kruṅ), क्रुञ्च [ krka ]
- m. curlew.

 

p073c3-b16

 

 

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UKT notes

 

 

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End of TIL file