Update: 2017-03-24 06:51 AM -0500


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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{kRi.ta.} : cont

{kRi.Sa.} : Dental-{Sa.} is unknown in Bur-Myan
{kRiS~} : Dental-{Sa.} simulating Kin'si


UKT notes :


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{kRi.ta.} : cont



कृतपद [ krita-pada ]
- a. having found a footing; -punya, a. happy; -prva, a. done before: -nsana, n. non-recognition of previous benefits, ingratitude; -prvin, a. having done something (ac.) before; -praga, a. wise; -pratikrita, n. attack and resistance; -prayatna, a. well cared for; -prayogana, a. having attained his object; -buddhi, a. whose mind is matured, discriminating; resolved (to, d. or inf.); -bhmi, f. spot prepared for the purpose; -mati, a. having made up his mind; -manda-pada-nysa, a. stepping slowly and using few words; -mandra, m. N.; -mrga, a. made accessible, pervious; -mla, a. firmly rooted, having gained firm footing; -mauna, a. observing silence: -tva, n. abst. ɴ.



कृतयत्न [ krita-yatna ]
- a. having exerted himself; -yantrana, a. controlling oneself; -yuga, n. golden age; -lakshana, a. marked; branded; -vat, pp. act. having done; -varman, m. N. of various men; -vasati, a. having taken up his abode, dwelling; -vpa, -vpana, a. having the head shaved; -vidya, a. learned; -vetana, a. receiving wages, hired; -vedin, a. grateful; -vaira, a. having shown ill-will.



कृतशिल्प [ krita-silpa ]
- a. having acquired an art; -sauka, a. having cleansed or purified himself; -srama, a. having undergone hardships, having occupied oneself zealously with (lc., --); -samskra, a. elaborated, prepared; adorned; consecrated; -samga, a. to whom a sign has been given: pl. with whom signals have been concerted; -samdhna, a. brought near; placed on the bowstring; -smita, pp. smiling; -hasta, a. skilful, dexterous.

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कृताकृत [ krita‿akrita ]
- pp. what is done and not done (n. sg. or du.); half done; prepared and not prepared; arbitrary.



कृतागस्् [ krita&halfacute;gas ]
- a. guilty, sinful.

BHS: kṛtāgada - n. of a Buddhakṣetra in the east -- FE-BHS190

See my note on Buddhakṣetra 'Pure Land'
My rendition: {boad~Da.hkt~ta.ra} or {Bo-Di.hkt~ta.ra}



कृताङ्क [ krita‿aṅka ]
- a. branded; -‿agala, a. having the palms joined in supplication to (d.); -‿tithya, a. having practised hospitality; hospitably entertained; -‿tman, a. whose mind is cultivated or purified; -‿dara, a. treated with due respect; -‿anuvydha, a. filled with (in.); -‿anta, a. making an end, decisive; m. matter, affair, case; fate; Death, Yama; system, doctrine: -nagar, f. city of Yama, -samtrsa, m. N. of a Rkshasa; -‿antara, a. having made one's way to (g.); -‿ann, n. cooked food; -‿apardha, a. having committed an offence against (g.); -‿abhisheka, a. hvg. performed a religious ablution; consecrated; -‿abhysa, a. kept to one's studies (by, --); -‿artha, a. having attained his object; satisfied: -t, f., -tva, n. satisfaction.

कृताङ्क krtanka
= क ृ त ा ङ ् क  --> {kRi.taan~ka.}
Skt: कृताङ्क [krita‿anka]- a. branded; -- Mac073c1



कृतार्थय [ kritrtha-ya ]
- den. P. satisfy; fulfil.



कृतार्थीकरण [ kritrth-karana ]
- a. satisfactory; -kri, satisfy; -bh, be satisfied.



कृतालय [ krita‿laya ]
- a. having taken up one's abode, dwelling (in, lc., --); feeling at home; -‿avasakthika, a. having put on a loin cloth; -‿avasatha, a. received into one's house; -‿avastha, a. compelled to appear in court; -‿samsa, a. hoping; -‿astra, a. practised in arms or archery; -‿hraka, a. having finished one's meal.

BHS: kṛtāvin - adj. (= katāvin acc. to PTSD applied to arhats: skilled, skillful ... -- FE-BHS190
Pal: {ka.ta-wi}
- - UHS-PMD0285

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कृति [ . kr-ti ]
- f. making, performance; action; production, literary work; N. of various metres; confirmation, verification (dr.).



कृति [ . krit- ]
- m. f. kind of dagger.



कृतिन्् [ krit-in ]
- a. active; clever; skilful, experienced (in, lc., --); having attained one's object, satisfied; -i-tva, n. satisfaction.

BHS: kṛttima - adj. (semi-MIndic for Skt. kṛtrima) artificial, unreal ... - FE-BHS190
Pal: {kait~ti.ma.}
- - UHS-PMD0318
  UKT from UHS: mfn. made [meaning not occurring in Nature], son [child] by adoption.
See above कृतक krta-ka --> {kRi.ta.ka.}

BHS: kṛtyākṛtya (Pal = kiccākicca; ...) all kinds of duties ... -- FE-BHS190
Pal: {kaic~sa-kaic~sa.}
- UHS-PMD0317
  UKT from UHS: n. duties to do and those that must not be done


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कृते [ kri-te ]
- (pp. lc.) ad. prp. owing to, on account of, for, instead of (g. or --); abs. for a purpose: -na, in. ad. id.


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कृतोदक [ krita‿udaka ]
- a. having performed the prescribed ablutions; having made offerings of water to the dead; -‿unmda, a. feigning madness; -‿upakra, a. having rendered a service; benefited.



कृत्तावशेष [ kritta‿avasesha ]
- a. broken off except a small remnant.



कृत्ति [ krtti ]
- f. hide: -vsas, a. clad in a hide, ep. of Siva, and of his wife Durg.



कृत्तिका [ krttik ]
= क ृ त ् त ि क ा  --> {kRait~ti.ka}.
Skt: कृत्तिका [ krttik ] - f. (pl. V., sg. C.) the Pleiades (a lunar mansion
  [aka nakshatra (Skt: नक्षत्र, nakshatra, 'star']): personified as the six nurses of Skanda. - Mac073c2
Bur: {krt~ti.ka} - n. astron.  asterism of 7 stars in the shape of a brood of young chicks,
  the 3rd. lunar mansion, Pliades - MLC MED2006-044. (Also entered in UTM-PDD025)



कृत्नु [ kri-tn ]
- a. active, skilful.



कृत्य [ kr-tya ]
- fp. to be done; suitable, right; corruptible: -m, any one (g.) needs or cares for (in.); m. krit suffix of the future pt. ps.: tavya, anya or ya (gr.); , f. act, deed, performance, function (-rgah, ill-treatment); sorcery, charm; wicked fairy; n. activity; function, business, duty; service; purpose: -kara, a. doing one's work; -k, f. wicked fairy, witch; -vat, a. active; occupied; having an object in view; -vid, a. knowing one's duty.



कृत्यारूप [ krity-rpa ]
- a. looking like a ghost; -hata, pp. bewitched, destroyed by magic.



कृत्रिम [ kri-trma ]
- a. artificial, factitious; spurious; fictitious, feigned; casual, accidental; adopted (son): -t, f. cunning; -dhpaka, m. compound incense; -bhva, m. feigned affection; -mnikya-maya, a. consisting of false rubies; -mitra-t, f. friendship contrary to nature; -‿rti, a. feigning distress.



कृत्वन्् [ kr-tvan ]
- a. (r-) making, producing (--); active.



कृत्वस्् [ kr-tv-as ]
- (ac. pl.) ad. [makings], times (C. only--, forming multiplicative numerals).



कृत्वाय kritvaNya, कृत्वी [ kritv&isharp; ]
- V. gd. of √ kri.



कृत्व्य [ kr-tvya ]
- a. efficient; laborious.



कृत्स्न [ krit-sn ]
- a. whole, complete: pl. (rare) all: -t, f., -tva, n. wholeness, completeness; -sas, ad. wholly, completely.

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कृदन्त [ krid-anta ]
- a. ending in a krit suffix; m. primary noun (formed directly from a vbl. root).



कृन्तत्र [ krint-tra ]
- n. cleft.



कृन्तन [ krint-ana ]
- n. cutting up or off.

( end of old p073-1.htm )

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- vi. . kripate , (v.) lament (for, ac.); implore,   anu , long for (ac.)


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कृप्् [ krp ]
- f. form, appearance; beauty (only in. -.)





कृपण [ krip-an ]
- a. doleful; miserable, wretched; avaricious: -m, ad. dolefully, pitifully; m. miser; -na, n. misery, wretchedness; -varna, a. looking wretched.



कृपनीळ [ krip-nla ]
- a. dwelling in lustre.



कृपय [ kripa-ya ]
- den. P. mourn, lament (for, ac.).



कृपा [ krip- ]
- f. pity, compassion (with g. or lc.): -m kri, have pity on (lc.).



कृपाण [ krip-na ]
- m. sword: , f. scissors; dagger, knife; -latik, f. sword-blade.



कृपाणिका [ kripn-ik ]
- f. knife, dagger.



कृपाय [ krip-ya ]
- den. . mourn, lament; pity.



कृपालु [ krip-lu ]
- a. having pity for (g.); compassionate (-t, f. abst. n.); -vat, a. id.



कृमि [ kr-mi ] m. [worker], worm; insect, maggot; silk-worm; -ka, m. little worm; *-kosa-ga, *-kosa‿uttha, a. silken; -ga, a. produced by a worm; n. aloe-wood; -tantu-gla, n. cobweb; -la, a. wormy.

कृमि [ kr-mi ]
Skt: कृमि [ kr-mi ] - m. [worker], worm; insect, maggot; silk-worm; - Mac073c2
Pal: {ki.mi.} - UHS PMD0319
  UKT from UHS: m. insect, maggot


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कृश [ kris- ]
- a. thin, slender; feeble, sickly; not full (moon); slender, weak, insignificant; poor; m. N.; (a)-ka, a. slender; -gava, a. hvg. thin cows; -t, f., -tva, n. thinness; -dhana, a. of slender means, poor; -buddhi, a. of weak intellect; -bhritya, a. having thin servants.



कृशाङ्ग [ krisa‿aṅga ]
- a. () thin, slender; -‿atithi, a. having thin (starving) guests.



कृशानु [ kris-nu ]
- a. shooting well; m. bow man; N. of a celestial bowman, guardian of Soma; ep. of Agni; fire.



कृशार्थ [ krisa‿artha ]
- a. of slender means, poor; -‿asva, a. having thin (starving) horses.





कृशोदर [ krisa‿udara ]
- a. () thin-bellied, slender.


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{kRi.Sa.} : Dental-{Sa.} is unknown in Bur-Myan















कृषक [ krish-aka ]
- m. husbandman.



कृषि [ krish- ]
- f. agriculture; field (also ), arable land; harvest; -ik, f. agriculture; -karman, n. agriculture; -phala, n. success in husbandry; harvest.



कृषीवल [ krish-val ]
- m. husbandman.


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{kRiS~} / {kRiS} : Dental-{Sa.} simulating Kin'si 


कृष्टज [ krishta-ga ]
= क ृ ष ् ट ज
- a. growing on ploughed land, cultivated (land); -phala, n. value of the harvest.





कृष्टि [ krish-t ]
- f. pl. agricultural folk; people; m. sage.



कृष्ण [ krish-n ]
- n. black; dark; w. paksha, dark half of the month (from full to new moon); m. (krshna) black antelope; N. of a god (incarnation of Vishnu): du. Krishna and Arguna; , f. kind of leech; N. of several plants; ep. of Draupad, and of Durg; n. blackness, darkness.


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UKT notes

Buddhakṣetra : Pure Land

-- UKT 140406, 170324

Buddhaksetra {boad~Da.hkt~ta.ra}, is not to be viewed as a mythical land where previous Buddhas who had gone through Parinirvana Skt: परिनिर्वाण parinirvāṇa , Pali: परिनिब्बान parinibbāna "are existing" at the present. It is to be viewed as a land where Wisdom prevails. See video: Seven Wonders of the Buddhist World, a BBC documentary:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7ZIpVKZaI4 140406

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_land 140406

A Pure Land, in Mahayana Buddhism, is the celestial realm or pure abode of a Buddha or Bodhisattva. The term "pure land" is particular to the Chinese (Ch. 净土, jngtǔ) and related East Asian traditions; in Sanskrit the equivalent concept is called the "Buddha field" (Skt. buddha-kṣetra). The various traditions that focus on Pure Lands have been given the nomenclature Pure Land Buddhism. Pure lands are also evident in the literature and traditions of Taoism and Bn.

The notion of 'pure lands' was inherited from other Dharmic Traditions already evident in the Dharma. The notion of a pure land may have evolved from the Uttarakuru, a divine continent in ancient Dharmic cosmology. [1] The pure realms are all accessible through experiential meditation and trance sadhana.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

From: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_Land_Buddhism 170324

Pure Land Buddhism (simplified Chinese: 净土宗; traditional Chinese: 淨土宗; Pinyin: Jngtǔzōng; Japanese: 浄土仏教 [1], Jōdo bukkyō; Korean: 정토종, jeongtojong; Vietnamese: Tịnh Độ Tng), also referred to as Amidism [2] [3] in English, is a broad branch of Mahāyāna Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia. Pure Land is a tradition of Buddhist teachings that are focused on Amitābha Buddha {a.mi.ta-Ba.} अमिताभ ,  [UKT ]

The three primary texts of the tradition, known as the "Three Pure Land Sutras", are:
- the Longer Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra (Infinite Life Sutra),
- the Shorter Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra (Amitabha Sutra) 
- the Amitayurdhyana Sutra (Contemplation Sutra)

Pure Land oriented practices and concepts are found within basic Mahāyāna Buddhist cosmology, and form an important component of the Mahāyāna Buddhist traditions of China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and Tibet. The term "Pure Land Buddhism" is used to describe both the Pure Land soteriology of Mahāyāna Buddhism, which may be better understood as "Pure Land traditions" or "Pure Land teachings," and the separate Pure Land sects that developed in Japan.

UKT: 170324: There can be confusion between Amitābha Buddha {a.mi.ta-Ba.} अमिताभ and Bodhisattva Maitreya {a.ri.mt~ta.yya.}, on the basis of their respective abodes above Mount Mru the summit of which is the lowest dva world. All other dva worlds and brahma worlds are high above Mount Mru. However Amitābha Buddha and Bodhisattva Maitreya are not the same. In Amitabha Sutra and Lotus Sutra, he is referred to as Ajita. See: - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitreya 170324

Go back Buddhaksetra-note-b

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