Update: 2017-03-31 05:10 PM -0500

TIL

A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary

p073.htm

by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top
MCc1pp-indx.htm

Contents of this page

{kRi.ta.} : cont
  p073c1
{kRi.ta}
{kRi.ti.}
{kRi.t}
  p073c2
{kRi.da.}

{kRi.pa.}
{kRi.pa}
  p073c3

{kRi.sha.}
{kRi.sha}
{kRi.shi}
{kRi.shau}

{kRi.Sa.} : Dental-Fricative {Sa.} is unknown in Bur-Myan
{kRiS~} : Dental-Fricative {Sa.} simulating Kin'si

 

UKT notes :
Buddhaksetra {boad~Da.hkt~ta.ra} "Pure Land"
Insearch of Krishna - the Hindu god
Seven Weeping Sisters : the Pleiades

 

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{kRi.ta.} : cont

p073c1

p073c1-b00

कृतपद [ krita-pada ]
- a. having found a footing; -punya, a. happy; -prva, a. done before: -nsana, n. non-recognition of previous benefits, ingratitude; -prvin, a. having done something (ac.) before; -praga, a. wise; -pratikrita, n. attack and resistance; -prayatna, a. well cared for; -prayogana, a. having attained his object; -buddhi, a. whose mind is matured, discriminating; resolved (to, d. or inf.); -bhmi, f. spot prepared for the purpose; -mati, a. having made up his mind; -manda-pada-nysa, a. stepping slowly and using few words; -mandra, m. N.; -mrga, a. made accessible, pervious; -mla, a. firmly rooted, having gained firm footing; -mauna, a. observing silence: -tva, n. abst. ɴ.

 

p073c1-b01

कृतयत्न [ krita-yatna ]
- a. having exerted himself; -yantrana, a. controlling oneself; -yuga, n. golden age; -lakshana, a. marked; branded; -vat, pp. act. having done; -varman, m. N. of various men; -vasati, a. having taken up his abode, dwelling; -vpa, -vpana, a. having the head shaved; -vidya, a. learned; -vetana, a. receiving wages, hired; -vedin, a. grateful; -vaira, a. having shown ill-will.

 

p073c1-b02

कृतशिल्प [ krita-silpa ]
- a. having acquired an art; -sauka, a. having cleansed or purified himself; -srama, a. having undergone hardships, having occupied oneself zealously with (lc., --); -samskra, a. elaborated, prepared; adorned; consecrated; -samga, a. to whom a sign has been given: pl. with whom signals have been concerted; -samdhna, a. brought near; placed on the bowstring; -smita, pp. smiling; -hasta, a. skilful, dexterous.

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{kRi.ta}

p073c1-b03

कृताकृत [ krita‿akrita ]
- pp. what is done and not done (n. sg. or du.); half done; prepared and not prepared; arbitrary.

 

p073c1-b04

कृतागस्् [ krita&halfacute;gas ]
- a. guilty, sinful.

kṛtāgada
BHS: kṛtāgada - n. of a Buddhakṣetra in the east -- FE-BHS190

See my note on Buddhakṣetra 'Pure Land'
My rendition: {boad~Da.hkt~ta.ra} or {Bo-Di.hkt~ta.ra}

 

p073c1-b05

कृताङ्क [ krita‿aṅka ]
- a. branded; -‿agala, a. having the palms joined in supplication to (d.); -‿tithya, a. having practised hospitality; hospitably entertained; -‿tman, a. whose mind is cultivated or purified; -‿dara, a. treated with due respect; -‿anuvydha, a. filled with (in.); -‿anta, a. making an end, decisive; m. matter, affair, case; fate; Death, Yama; system, doctrine: -nagar, f. city of Yama, -samtrsa, m. N. of a Rkshasa; -‿antara, a. having made one's way to (g.); -‿ann, n. cooked food; -‿apardha, a. having committed an offence against (g.); -‿abhisheka, a. hvg. performed a religious ablution; consecrated; -‿abhysa, a. kept to one's studies (by, --); -‿artha, a. having attained his object; satisfied: -t, f., -tva, n. satisfaction.

कृताङ्क krtanka
= क ृ त ा ङ ् क  --> {kRi.taan~ka.}
Skt: कृताङ्क [krita‿anka]- a. branded; -- Mac073c1

 

p073c1-b06

कृतार्थय [ kritrtha-ya ]
- den. P. satisfy; fulfil.

 

p073c1-b07

कृतार्थीकरण [ kritrth-karana ]
- a. satisfactory; -kri, satisfy; -bh, be satisfied.

 

p073c1-b08

कृतालय [ krita‿laya ]
- a. having taken up one's abode, dwelling (in, lc., --); feeling at home; -‿avasakthika, a. having put on a loin cloth; -‿avasatha, a. received into one's house; -‿avastha, a. compelled to appear in court; -‿samsa, a. hoping; -‿astra, a. practised in arms or archery; -‿hraka, a. having finished one's meal.

kṛtāvin
BHS: kṛtāvin - adj. (= katāvin acc. to PTSD applied to rhats: skilled, skillful ... -- FE-BHS190
Pal: {ka.ta-wi}
- - UHS-PMD0285

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{kRi.ti.}

p073c1-b09

कृति [ . kr-ti ]
- f. making, performance; action; production, literary work; N. of various metres; confirmation, verification (dr.).

 

p073c1-b10

कृति [ . krit- ]
- m. f. kind of dagger.

 

p073c1-b11

कृतिन्् [ krit-in ]
- a. active; clever; skilful, experienced (in, lc., --); having attained one's object, satisfied; -i-tva, n. satisfaction.

kṛttima
BHS: kṛttima - adj. (semi-MIndic for Skt. kṛtrima) artificial, unreal ... - FE-BHS190
Pal: {kait~ti.ma.}
- - UHS-PMD0318
  UKT from UHS: mfn. made [meaning not occurring in Nature], son [child] by adoption.
See above कृतक krta-ka --> {kRi.ta.ka.}

kṛtyākṛtya
BHS: kṛtyākṛtya (Pal = kiccākicca; ...) all kinds of duties ... -- FE-BHS190
Pal: {kaic~sa-kaic~sa.}
- UHS-PMD0317
  UKT from UHS: n. duties to do and those that must not be done

 

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{kRi.t}

p073c1-b12

कृते [ kri-te ]
- (pp. lc.) ad. prp. owing to, on account of, for, instead of (g. or --); abs. for a purpose: -na, in. ad. id.

 

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p073c2

p073c2-b01

कृतोदक [ krita‿udaka ]
- a. having performed the prescribed ablutions; having made offerings of water to the dead; -‿unmda, a. feigning madness; -‿upakra, a. having rendered a service; benefited.

 

p073c2-b02

कृत्तावशेष [ kritta‿avasesha ]
- a. broken off except a small remnant.

 

p073c2-b03

कृत्ति [ krtti ]
- f. hide: -vsas, a. clad in a hide, ep. of Siva, and of his wife Durg.

UKT 170328: To me Durg is the Mother-goddess of Bengal, and is always fully clothed but not clad in hide.

 

p073c2-b04

कृत्तिका [ krttik ]
= क ृ त ् त ि क ा  --> {kRait~ti.ka}.
Skt: कृत्तिका [ krttik ] - f. (pl. V., sg. C.) the Pleiades (a lunar mansion
  [aka nakshatra (Skt: नक्षत्र, nakshatra, 'star']): personified as the six nurses of Skanda [the War-god]. - Mac073c2
Bur: {krt~ti.ka} - n. astron.  asterism of 7 stars in the shape of a brood of young chicks,
  the 3rd. lunar mansion, Pliades - MLC MED2006-044. (Also entered in UTM-PDD025)

UKT 170327: The group of 7 stars in Greek mythology and Western astrology is known as the Seven Weeping Sisters. See my note.

 

p073c2-b05

कृत्नु [ kri-tn ]
- a. active, skilful.

 

p073c2-b06

कृत्य [ kr-tya ]
- fp. to be done; suitable, right; corruptible: -m, any one (g.) needs or cares for (in.); m. krit suffix of the future pt. ps.: tavya, anya or ya (gr.); , f. act, deed, performance, function (-rgah, ill-treatment); sorcery, charm; wicked fairy; n. activity; function, business, duty; service; purpose: -kara, a. doing one's work; -k, f. wicked fairy, witch; -vat, a. active; occupied; having an object in view; -vid, a. knowing one's duty.

कृत्यका kṛtyakā
Skt: -k, f. wicked fairy, witch - Mac073c2
Skt: कृत्यका kṛtyakā - f. enchantress, witch - SpkSkt

 

p073c2-b07

कृत्यारूप [ krity-rpa ]
- a. looking like a ghost; -hata, pp. bewitched, destroyed by magic.

 

p073c2-b08

कृत्रिम [ kri-trma ]
- a. artificial, factitious; spurious; fictitious, feigned; casual, accidental; adopted (son): -t, f. cunning; -dhpaka, m. compound incense; -bhva, m. feigned affection; -mnikya-maya, a. consisting of false rubies; -mitra-t, f. friendship contrary to nature; -‿rti, a. feigning distress.

 

p073c2-b09

कृत्वन्् [ kr-tvan ]
- a. (r-) making, producing (--); active.

 

p073c2-b10

कृत्वस्् [ kr-tv-as ]
- (ac. pl.) ad. [makings], times (C. only--, forming multiplicative numerals).

 

p073c2-b11

कृत्वाय kritvaNya, कृत्वी [ kritv&isharp; ]
- V. gd. of √ kri.

 

p073c2-b12

कृत्व्य [ kr-tvya ]
- a. efficient; laborious.

 

p073c2-b13

कृत्स्न [ krit-sn ]
- a. whole, complete: pl. (rare) all: -t, f., -tva, n. wholeness, completeness; -sas, ad. wholly, completely.

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{kRi.da.}

p073c2-b14

कृदन्त [ krid-anta ]
- a. ending in a krit suffix; m. primary noun (formed directly from a vbl. root).

 

p073c2-b15

कृन्तत्र [ krint-tra ]
- n. cleft.

 

p073c2-b16

कृन्तन [ krint-ana ]
- n. cutting up or off.

( end of old p073-1.htm )

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{kRi.pa.}

p073c2-b17

कृप् [ krip ]
Skt: कृप् [ krip ] - vi. . kripate , (v.) lament (for, ac.); implore,   anu , long for (ac.) - Mac073c2
Skt: कृपणायते { कृपणाय } kṛpaṇāyate { kṛpaṇāya } - v. lament - SpkSkt
Skt: कृपायते { कृपाय } kṛpāyate { kṛpāya } - v. lament - SpkSkt

 

p073c2-b18

कृप्् [ krp ]
- f. form, appearance; beauty (only in. - .)

 

p073c2-b19

कृप [kripa]
- m. N., , f. N.

 

p073c2-b20

कृपण [ krip-an ]
- a. doleful; miserable, wretched; avaricious: -m, ad. dolefully, pitifully; m. miser; -na, n. misery, wretchedness; -varna, a. looking wretched.

 

p073c2-b21

कृपनीळ [ krip-nla ]
- a. dwelling in lustre.

 

p073c2-b22

कृपय [ kripa-ya ]
- den. P. mourn, lament (for, ac.).

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{kRi.pa}

p073c2-b23

कृपा [ krip- ]
- f. pity, compassion (with g. or lc.): -m kri, have pity on (lc.).

 

p073c2-b24

कृपाण [ krip-na ]
- m. sword: , f. scissors; dagger, knife; -latik, f. sword-blade.

 

p073c2-b25

कृपाणिका [ kripn-ik ]
- f. knife, dagger.

 

p073c2-b26

कृपाय [ krip-ya ]
- den. . mourn, lament; pity.

 

p073c2-b27

कृपालु [ krip-lu ]
- a. having pity for (g.); compassionate (-t, f. abst. ɴ.); -vat, a. id.

 

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{kRi.ma.}

p073c2-b28

कृमि [ kr-mi ] m. [worker], worm; insect, maggot; silk-worm; -ka, m. little worm; *-kosa-ga, *-kosa‿uttha, a. silken; -ga, a. produced by a worm; n. aloe-wood; -tantu-gla, n. cobweb; -la, a. wormy.

कृमि kṛmi [kr-mi]
Skt: कृमि [kr-mi] - m. [worker], worm; insect, maggot; silk-worm; -- Mac073c2
Skt: कृमि kṛmi - m. insect, lac, worm, shield-louse, silk-worm, spider, ant -- SpkSkt 
Pal: {ki.mi.}
- - UHS-PMD0319
  UKT from UHS: m. insect, small insect, maggot

UKT 170328: Insects can be both harmful and useful to the humankind. Two beneficial insects are:
1. The silkworm
  - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smuggling_of_silkworm_eggs_into_the_Byzantine_Empire 170328
  - http://www.projectbly.com/blog/how-the-secret 170328
From the second: "This was way back in 2700 BCE, and China would fiercely guard the secret of silk for many thousands of years, even issuing an imperial decree condemning to death anyone who tried to spirit silkworms or their eggs out of the Empire. ... the Nestorian monks sent to Central Asia by Byzantine emperor Justinian, who hid their booty [silkworms] in bamboo staffs."
2. Lac insects : - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lac 170328
"Lac is the scarlet resinous secretion of a number of species of lac insects, of which the most commonly cultivated species is Kerria lacca."

 

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p073c3

p073c3-b01

कृमुक kṛmuka [kṛimu-k]
= क ृ म ु क
Skt: - m. a tree -- Mac073-c2
Skt: - kṛmuk m. a kind of tree Kāṭh. xix, 10 ŚBr. vi, 6, 2, 11 Kauś. 28 Mahīdh. on VS. xi, 70 (cf. kārmuka, krumuk, and kramuka.) -- Mon-Willi305-c3
Skt: कृमुक kṛmuka - m. kind of tree on -- SpkSkt

UKT 140407: Based on meanings of कृमि kṛmi {ki.mi.}, I suggest it is a tree loved by insects. From it, I further suggest, the tree is a lac tree, cutch tree, or a mulberry tree. Lac and cutch are used as preservative, tanning agent, and as a source of red dye even to this day. Of course, the leaves of the mulberry tree is food for silkworms.

( end of old p073-2.htm )

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{kRi.sha.}

p073c3-b02

कृश् [kris ]
- iv. p. krsya , grow thin; cs. karsaya , make thin; diminish; pp. karsita , emaciated

 

p073c3-b03

कृश [ kris- ]
- a. thin, slender; feeble, sickly; not full (moon); slender, weak, insignificant; poor; m. N.; (a)-ka, a. slender; -gava, a. hvg. thin cows; -t, f., -tva, n. thinness; -dhana, a. of slender means, poor; -buddhi, a. of weak intellect; -bhritya, a. having thin servants.

कृश kṛśa [kris-]
Skt: कृश [kris-] - a. thin, slender; feeble, sickly; not full (moon); slender, weak, insignificant; poor; m. N. -- Mac073c3
Skt: कृश kṛśa - adj. thin -- SpkSkt
Pal: {ki.a.}
- - UHS-PMD0321
  UKT from UHS: mfn. thin, insignificant

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{kRi.sha}

p073c3-b04

कृशाङ्ग [ krisa‿aṅga ]
- a. () thin, slender; -‿atithi, a. having thin (starving) guests.

 

p073c3-b05

कृशानु [ kris-nu ]
- a. shooting well; m. bowman; N. of a celestial bowman, guardian of Soma; ep. of Agni; fire.

 

p073c3-b06

कृशार्थ [ krisa‿artha ]
- a. of slender means, poor; -‿asva, a. having thin (starving) horses.

 

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{kRi.shi}

p073c3-b07

[kris-kri ]
- make thin or poor; -bh , become thin; dry up.

 

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{kRi.shau}

p073c3-b08

कृशोदर [ krisa‿udara ]
- a. () thin-bellied, slender.

 

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{kRi.Sa.} : Dental-{Sa.} is unknown in Bur-Myan

p073c3-b09

कृष् [. krish ] i. p. ()
- krsha, draw, drag along, pull about, carry away; draw (sword, bow); lead; acquire; plough: pp. ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p073c3-b10

कृष् [. krish ]
- vi. krish, plough

 

p073c3-b11

कृषक [ krish-aka ]
- m. husbandman.

 

p073c3-b12

कृषि [ krish- ]
- f. agriculture; field (also ), arable land; harvest; -ik, f. agriculture; -karman, n. agriculture; -phala, n. success in husbandry; harvest.

 

p073c3-b13

कृषीवल [ krish-val ]
- m. husbandman.

( end of old p073-3.htm )

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{kRiS~} / {kRiS} : Dental-{Sa.} simulating Kin'si 

UKT 140408: The highly rhotic Skt-Dev vowel is unknown to non-rhotic thibilant speakers of Bur-Myanmar. Its pronunciation has been confused with Bur-Myan {kri.} which is non-rhotic in the Irrawaddy valley dialect but is rhotic in the Rakhine dialect. Now when this vowel is followed by the dental hisser fricative {Sa.} - another unknown to Bur-Myan - we are totally confused. An example of this sound is found in the name of the Hindu god Krishna. See my note on the search for Krishna .

 

p073c3-b14

कृष्टज [ krishta-ga ]
= क ृ ष ् ट ज
- a. growing on ploughed land, cultivated (land); -phala, n. value of the harvest.

 

p073c3-b15

[krishta-sam-kri ],
-- plough and roll

 

p073c3-b16

कृष्टि [ krish-t ]
- f. pl. agricultural folk; people; m. sage.

 

p073c3-b17

कृष्ण [ krish-n ]
- n. black; dark; w. paksha, dark half of the month (from full to new moon); m. (krshna) black antelope; N. of a god (incarnation of Vishnu): du. Krishna and Arguna; , f. kind of leech; N. of several plants; ep. of Draupad, and of Durg; n. blackness, darkness.

( end of new p073.htm )

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UKT notes

BEPS Fricatives 

UKT 140407, 170331:

In this file we meet the highly rhotic Sanskrit कृ kṛ {kRi.}, and the three IPA dental-fricatives, /ʃ/ /s/ /θ/ combined as words. Note that these three IPA fricatives are known as the husher, the hisser, and the thibilant. Though the second is not present in Bur-Myan, Romabama dealing with BEPS languages has to include it in our study: 

husher: श ś /ʃ/ = {sha.} {sh}
hisser:  ष ṣ /s/ = {Sa.} {S}
thibilant, स s /θ/ = {a.} {}

Though Skt-Dev treats the third fricative as a sibilant, in both Eng-Latin and Bur-Myan, स {a.} is a thibilant, e.g. English <thin> /θɪn/ (DJPD16-535), <thorn> /θɔːn/ (DJPD16-535).

Of the three, the hisser,  ष ṣ /s/ = {Sa.}/ {S}, can become a diacritic similar to {kn:si:}. The following are some monosyllabic Eng-Latin words transcribed into Eng-Myan:

<spun> /spʌn/ (DJPD16-503) --> {S~pn:}
<stun> /stʌn/ (DJPD16-513) --> {S~tn:}
<skin> /skɪn/ (DJPD16-491) --> {S~kn:} .
   Note how I've changed the nuclear vowel to get rid of the "digraph ng" for non-ASCII /ŋ/:
{S~kiŋ:} --> {S~king:} --> {S~kn:}.

However, the ordinary Bur-Myan would be more comfortable to pronounce them as disyllabic.

Go back BEPS-frica-note-b

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Buddhakṣetra

-- UKT 140406, 170324

Buddhaksetra {boad~Da.hkt~ta.ra}, is not to be viewed as a mythical land where previous Buddhas who had gone through Parinirvana Skt: परिनिर्वाण parinirvāṇa , Pali: परिनिब्बान parinibbāna "are existing" at the present. It is to be viewed as a land where Wisdom prevails. See video: Seven Wonders of the Buddhist World, a BBC documentary:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7ZIpVKZaI4 140406

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_land 140406

A Pure Land, in Mahayana Buddhism, is the celestial realm or pure abode of a Buddha or Bodhisattva. The term "pure land" is particular to the Chinese (Ch. 净土, jngtǔ) and related East Asian traditions; in Sanskrit the equivalent concept is called the "Buddha field" (Skt. buddha-kṣetra). The various traditions that focus on Pure Lands have been given the nomenclature Pure Land Buddhism. Pure lands are also evident in the literature and traditions of Taoism and Bn.

The notion of 'pure lands' was inherited from other Dharmic Traditions already evident in the Dharma. The notion of a pure land may have evolved from the Uttarakuru, a divine continent in ancient Dharmic cosmology. [1] The pure realms are all accessible through experiential meditation and trance sadhana.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

From: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pure_Land_Buddhism 170324

Pure Land Buddhism (simplified Chinese: 净土宗; traditional Chinese: 淨土宗; Pinyin: Jngtǔzōng; Japanese: 浄土仏教 [1], Jōdo bukkyō; Korean: 정토종, jeongtojong; Vietnamese: Tịnh Độ Tng), also referred to as Amidism [2] [3] in English, is a broad branch of Mahāyāna Buddhism and one of the most widely practiced traditions of Buddhism in East Asia. Pure Land is a tradition of Buddhist teachings that are focused on Amitābha Buddha {a.mi.ta-Ba.} अमिताभ ,  [UKT ]

The three primary texts of the tradition, known as the "Three Pure Land Sutras", are:
- the Longer Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra (Infinite Life Sutra),
- the Shorter Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra (Amitabha Sutra) 
- the Amitayurdhyana Sutra (Contemplation Sutra)

Pure Land oriented practices and concepts are found within basic Mahāyāna Buddhist cosmology, and form an important component of the Mahāyāna Buddhist traditions of China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and Tibet. The term "Pure Land Buddhism" is used to describe both the Pure Land soteriology of Mahāyāna Buddhism, which may be better understood as "Pure Land traditions" or "Pure Land teachings," and the separate Pure Land sects that developed in Japan.

UKT: 170324: There can be confusion between Amitābha Buddha {a.mi.ta-Ba.} अमिताभ and Bodhisattva Maitreya {a.ri.mt~ta.yya.}, on the basis of their respective abodes above Mount Mru the summit of which is the lowest dva world. All other dva worlds and brahma worlds are high above Mount Mru. However Amitābha Buddha and Bodhisattva Maitreya are not the same. In Amitabha Sutra and Lotus Sutra, he is referred to as Ajita. See: - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitreya 170324

Go back Buddhaksetra-note-b

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Insearch of Krishna - the Hindu god

UKT 140408, 170331:

UKT 170331: Why didn't the very early Theravada Buddhist sermons, such as "Four Noble Truths" , "Signs of Anatta", and "Twenty-four Basis of Human Actions" mention Rama and Krishna? The simple answer is: Buddhism is modern science bordering philosophy. It is not myth, nor history made into myth. The stories of Rama and Krishna maybe historical, but they have become myths and Buddha - the scientist, would have nothing to do with myths.

See what Buddhism is to the modern mind in Selfless Mind by Peter Harvey, 1995, in TIL HD-PDF & SD-PDF libraries: - PHarvey-SelflessMind<> / Bkp<> (link chk 170331)
Note: Author Peter Harvey is Emeritus Professor of Buddhist Studies at the University of Sunderland. He is author of An Introduction to Buddhist Ethics: Foundations, Values and Issues (Cambridge University Press, 2000) and The Selfless Mind: Personality, Consciousness and Nirvāna in Early Buddhism (1995). He is editor of the Buddhist Studies Review.

The rhotic vowel {kRi.} can be checked by {S} in which the viram or {a.t} is clearly shown. However, when we are dealing with conjuncts, the viram is hidden. There can be two possible cases of checking:  {kRaiS~Na.} and {kRi.S~Na.}. Moreover, though the {Sa.} has been killed, since it is appearing as a diacritic over {Na.}, the {a.t} is not shown, and only one {Sa.} is given. From the examples of English words, the proper pronunciation for the Hindu-god Krishna कृष्ण krs-na  = क ृ ष ् ण seems to be {kRi.S~Na.} .

Now who is this Krishna: just a mythical god or a human who had been loved and then deified like Rama? My readings so far has indicated that he was a human king whose capital Dwarka itself had been swallowed up by the sea. Watch a documentary video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2CbTyxy1MWo 140408, 170331

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwarka 140408

Dwarka also spelled Dvarka, Dwaraka, and Dvaraka, is a city and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the Gujarat state in India. Dwarka, is one of the foremost Chardham four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, and is one of the Sapta Puri, seven most ancient religious cities in the country. Dwarka is often identified with the Dwaraka Kingdom, the ancient kingdom of Krishna and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. The Dwarakadheesh Temple was built in the 6th to 7th century. Dwarka is 444 Km away from Ahmedabad. Prior to the reallocation of the districts, this city was part Jamnagar District.

From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_archeology_in_the_Gulf_of_Khambhat 170330

Marine archaeology in the Gulf of Khambhat - earlier known as Gulf of Cambay - centers on findings made in December 2000 by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT). NIOT came across palaeo river channels in the sea. These were seen by the scientists involved to be the extension of the present day major rivers of the area. In a similar marine survey, in a Coastal Research Ship during 1999-2000 when Dr S Badrinaryan was the Chief Scientist, several unusual frames of Side Scan Sonar images were encountered. These had square and rectangular features in an arranged geometric fashion which are not expected by the scientist in the marine domain. As per the scientist involved such features are unlikely to be due to natural marine geological processes. This made the scientists suspect that human workmanship must have been involved here. The surveys were followed up in the following years and two palaeo channels of old rivers were discovered in the middle of the Khambhat area under 20-40m water depths, at a distance of about 20 km from the present day coast. [1]

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Seven Weeping Sisters

UKT 170327  
About 6 months after my study of Hindu Predictive Astrology by B V Raman, I was able to caste a horoscope (using Lahari table of ascendants and respective annual Ephemerides by Poannar Brahmins of Mandalay) and do predictions. See downloaded pdf in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- BVRaman-HinduPrdAstro<> / Bkp<> (link chk 170327)
Unable to get N C Lahari's Table, I am giving a substitute for those interested:
- ABansalVGarg-AscAstroTab<> / Bkp<> (link chk 170327)

I was able to do the predictions based on my knowledge of Greek-Roman mythology. The astrological aspects based on story of the Seven Weeping Sisters is such a myth.

From: Spiritual Design Astrology
- https://www.spiritualdesignastrology.com/seven-weeping-sisters-their-relationship-in-astrology/ 170327

Alcyone in the Pleiades

When it comes to astrology, we are often so focused on planets and their positions that we forget to look at the stars.

This is a mistake however, as the stars, especially fixed stars are very important when it comes to looking at astrology charts, and if we don't include them then we are often discounting a lot of extra information that can help us.

Fixed stars are stars that are considered not to move, so to the naked eye they stay in the same spot in the sky. In reality, all stars are moving, but so slowly that we can't really detect it, which is why the night sky looks similar year after year. The positions of fixed stars very important however, and where they are your in natal chart can have a big impact on your life. 

The positions of the stars in relation to planets like Mercury, Venus, Jupiter Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto all have an impact on many aspects of your personality as well as major events that you are like to see manifest.

Of all the fixed stars in the night sky, the Pleiades, also known as the Seven Weeping Sisters, are perhaps some of the most famous and influential. In Greek mythology the Seven Sisters are the daughters of  Atlas and were chased by Orion who had fallen in love with them. To save them from Orion the Hunter, Jupiter put them in the sky which is where they stayed. We can see the Pleiades in the Taurus constellation as they make up part of the shoulder section of the bull. ...  

UKT: More on the website.

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