Update: 2019-03-01 06:33 AM -0500


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg 1929.
Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012

Edited, with additions from Pali sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

MC-indx.htm | Top

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UKT notes :
Kamboja : the land of Apsara {d-wic~hsa.ra}

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p063c1-b01/ p051-048

कमलिनी [ kamal-in ]
- f. lotus plant; lotus bed, lotus pond: -k, f. dim. small bed or lake of lotuses; -dala, n. lotus leaf (Pr.).
48) कमलिनी (p. 51) kamal-in


p063c1-b02/ p051-047

कमलेक्षण [ kamala‿kshana ]
- a. lotus-eyed; -‿udaya, m. N.; -‿udbhava, m. ep. of Brahman.
47) कमलेक्षण (p. 51) kamala̮kshana

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p063c1-b03/ p051-046 

कमि [ kam-i ]
- the root kam (gr.).
46) कमि (p. 51) kam-i

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UKT 171203: Compare p062.htm {kn} to p063.htm: {km}


p063c1-b04/ not online

[ kamp ], I. . (P.)
-- kmpa, tremble; cs. kampaya , cause to tremble, shake. anu , sympathise wtih (ac., lc.); cs. id. samanu , id., , quiver; cs. cause to tremble; pp. agitated. ud , tremble. vi, tremble, quiver; cs. cause to tremble; agitate.


p063c1-b05/ p051-079

कम्प [ kamp-a ]
- m. tremor, quivering; earth quake; quavered svarita accent; -ana, a. trembling; shaking; agitating; m. N. of a country; n. shaking, waving; a-vat, a. trembling; -ita, (pp.) trembling; shaken; n. tremor; -in, a. trembling; --, shaking.
79) कम्प (p. 51) kamp-a


p063c1-b06/ p051-078

कम्पोत्तर [ kampa‿uttara ]
- a. trembling violently.
78) कम्पोत्तर (p. 51) kampa̮uttara


p063c1-b07/ p051-077 

कम्बल [ kambal ]
- m. (n.) woollen cloth, cover, or garment; -‿svara-grma, m. N. of a village.
77) कम्बल (p. 51) kambal


p063c1-b08/ p051-076

कम्बु [ kambu ]
- m. shell; bracelet of shells; -ka, n. N. of a town; -kantha, a. () having a shell-like neck, i.e. with three folds; -gr va, m. N. of a tortoise.
76) कम्बु (p. 51) kambu


p063c1-b09/ not online

कम्बोज [kamboga]
-- m. pl. N. of a people.

See my note on Kamboja {km~Bau:za.}
UKT 181216: Though the traditional way of spelling is {km~Bau:za.}, with k and m physically separated by a Tha'we'hto: {a.w-hto:}. This separation is a distraction for those who are not used to Bur-Myan way of writing vertical conjuncts, because of which TIL has to invent a Super Tha'we'hto: 


p063c1-b10/ p051-075

कम्र [ kam-ra ]
- a. charming, beautiful.
75) कम्र (p. 51) kam-ra

( end of old p063-1.htm )

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UKT notes

Kamboja : the land of Apsara {d-wic~hsa.ra}

- UKT 120725, 140216, 170202 

The name {km~Bau:za.} is well known to most Bur-Myan. There are two contenders to this name and place, one in India, and one in SE Asia.

UKT 170202: From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahajanapada#Kamboja 170202
" ... Ancient Kamboja is known to have comprised regions on either side of the Hindukush. The original Kamboja was located in eastern Oxus country as neighbor to Bahlika, but with time, some clans of the Kambojas appear to have crossed the Hindukush and planted colonies on its southern side also. ... The cis-Hindukush [south] region from Nurestan up to Rajauri in southwest of Kashmir sharing borders with the Daradas and the Gandharas constituted the Kamboja country. [31]... The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas. [32] ... The trans-Hindukush [north] region including the Pamirs and Badakhshan which shared borders with the Bahlikas (Bactria) in the west and the Lohas and Rishikas of Sogdiana/ Fergana in the north, constituted the Parama-Kamboja country. [33]  ..."
UKT 170202: Since Mekong River has its source in the highlands of Tibet, the northern-Kamboja tribes could have spread into Cambodia.

It is worthwhile to note that since the religionists have been guilty of rewriting the original legends to suit their own purposes, we cannot rely on what they call their "ancient literatures" and also on their inscriptions. I am relying on the words found in the modern languages such as Bur-Myan & Eng-Latin, and ancient (dead) languages Pal-Myan & Skt-Dev. There are a few words I would like to concentrate on at the present:
Kshatriya {hkt~ti.ya.} - the warrior class who are the rulers of the land.
  - See UTM-PDD-027
Apsara {d-wic~hsa.ra} - the female celestial dancer at the court of
   Indra the dva-king. They belong to the 'race' of {gn~Db~ba.}
   - See UTM-PDD-105 
Gandava {gn~Db~ba.} - the celestial musicians at Indra's court.
  - See UTM-PMD-041
I still have to go into more, but for the present see:

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas 120725

The Kambojas कम्बोज, kamboja {km~Bau:za.} ; Persian: کمبوہ ‎, Kambūh) were a kshatriya tribe of Iron Age India, frequently mentioned in Sanskrit and Pali literature. Modern scholars conclude that the Kambojas were an Avestan speaking Eastern Iranian tribe at the boundary of the Indo-Aryans and the Iranians, and appear to have moved from the Iranian into the Indo-Aryan sphere over time.

The Kambojas migrated into India during the Indo-Scythian invasion from the 2nd century BCE to 5th century CE. Their descendants controlled various principalities in Medieval India.

UKT: More in the above Wikipedia article. The question now remains: are Indian Kamboja and South-east Asian Cambodia related? My answer is Yes!

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_Cambodia 120725

The name of Cambodia, in Khmer "Kampuchea" (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា Preăh Racha Nachk Kmpŭchea), derives from Sanskrit Kambujadeśa (कम्बोजदेश; "land of Kambuja"). It is not unique to the modern kingdom of Cambodia: the same name (i.e. Kamboja/Kambuja) is also found in Burmese and Thai chronicles referring to regions within those kingdoms. [UKT ]

UKT120725, 181217 Does the last statement mean that {km-Bau:za.} was within Burma/Myanmar? However, it is certain that the Burmese kingdom of King Bayinaung had included {kn-Bau:za.}. See Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayinnaung 181217

In the Indian chronicles the Kambuja {km-Bau:za.} were a barbarian (in the sense of non-Indian) people in the area of modern Afghanistan. "The application to Southeast Asia has no ethnic content and does not imply any migration of peoples from the original Kambuja; the most likely explanation is that, when Indian traders and Brahmins came into contact with local populations some two thousand years ago, they gave them the names of regions which, in their view, were similarly marginal and remote: the peoples of Southeast Asia, like the barbarian Kamboja, had no castes, did not observe proper food prohibitions and had different rules for marriage." [1] [UKT ]

UKT 120725, 140216, 170202, 181217:
We, of the modern age have a very low opinion of the caste system of the  {braah~ma.Na.}-religion. The adherents, the Brahmins, consider, any people without the caste system, such as the Burmese to be "barbarians". The Burmese in turn consider them to be "schemers", giving bad advice to the ancient kings. This was the basis of many traditional Burmese drama.

Note that the religion and subsequently the customs of a people can change. No one would take the custom of performing Ramayana dances in South-east Asia to be an indication of the Brahmins originating from Cambodia.

An origin-myth recorded in the Baksei Chamkrong inscription, dated AD 947, derives Kambuja from Svayambhuva Kambu, a legendary Indian sage who reached the Indochina peninsula and married a naga {na.ga:}-princess named Mera, thus uniting the Indian and local races. In this story Kambuja derives from Kambu+ja, and means "descendants of Kambu." [2]

From: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baksei_Chamkrong 140216 

Baksei Chamkrong (Khmer: ប្រាសាទបក្សីចាំក្រុង) is a small Hindu temple located in the Angkor complex (Siem Reap, Cambodia). It is dedicated to Lord Shiva [ aka Shiva-dva {i-wa. nt}] and used to hold a golden image of him. The temple can be seen on the left side when entering Angkor Thom at the southern gate. It was dedicated to Yasovarman by his son, King Harshavarman I. The temple was completed by Rajendravarman II (944-968). [1]

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Kamboja-note-b

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