Update: 2012-06-22 08:40 PM +0630


A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary


by A. A. Macdonell, 1893, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg ;
1929, http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 110416 , 110611 

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UKT notes :

धतोत्सेक dhatotseka [ dhrita‿utseka ] -- a. haughty.
धूपिन् dhupin [ dhp-in ] a. perfuming (--).


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-- dhvsa , fall, fall in pieces, perish; go away, be off (only impv.); ps. dhvasyte ; pp. dhvasta , fallen ; lost; disappeared; covered with (in. or --); cs. dhvamsya , fell; pull down; destroy; violate; pp.  ... ( end p134c3 )
( p135-1c1-top  )



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ध्वंस dhvaṃsa [ dhvams- ]
= ध ् व ं स
-- m. decay; loss; destruction, ruin, demolition: -ka, a. destroying (--); -krin, a. causing the destruction of (--); violating (a woman).

ध्वंसन dhvaṃsana [ dhvams-ana ]
-- a. id.; n. destruction; -in, a. perishing; destroying.


ध्वज dhvaja [ dhvag- ]
-- m. banner, flag, ensign; token, symbol; liquor-seller's sign: -pata, m. flag; -yashti, f. flag-staff; -vat, a. adorned with flags; branded; m. distiller, liquor-seller; standard-bearer.
( end p135-1c1 )

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ध्वजाहृत dhvajahrta [ dhvaga‿hrita ]
-- pp. taken at the standard, captured on the battle-field.


ध्वजिन् dhvajin [ dhvag-in ]
-- a. adorned with a flag, bearing a standard; branded; m. distiller, publican.

ध्वजिनी dhvajini [ dhvagin- ]
-- f. army.


-- make a standard of


[1. DHVAN]
-- only aor. dhvan , be extinguished (anger) : ...

[2. DHVAN] I. P.
-- dhvana , sound, roar; buzz; cs. ...


ध्वनन dhvanana [ dhvan-ana ]
-- n. sounding; allusion, indication. ( end p135-1c2 )

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ध्वनि dhvani [ dhvan- ]
-- m. sound; cry; noise; thunder; figurative style; allusion, indication; -ita, pp. n. sound; noise; thunder.


ध्वन्यात्मक dhvanyatmaka [ dhvanya‿tmaka ]
-- a. inarticulate (sound).


ध्वसिर dhvasira  [ dhvas-ir ]
-- a. bestrewn, covered; dusty, obscured; -ti, f. disappearance; one of the four states of a Yogin in which all the consequences of actions disappear; -ra, a. withered; falling off.

See my note on the Path of a Yogi


ध्वाङ्क्ष dhvanksa [ dhvấṅksha ]
-- m. crow.

ध्वान dhvana [ dhvn-a ]
-- m. murmuring; sound.

ध्वान्त dhvanta [ dhvn-ta ]
-- (pp.) n. darkness (also pl.).

-- dhvra , bend, fell, destroy
( end p135-1c3 )

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UKT notes

The Path of a Yogi

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_stages_Yogi 120403

According to Vedic and Hindu philosophy, every Yogi goes through Seven stages of development before achieving complete liberation. The following is taken from the commentary on the Yoga Sutras by Vyasa.

The seven stages are grouped into two phases:

1. The first four stages form the first phase where the Yogi is liberated from the 'products of mental processes', (i.e.) results of his thoughts.

2. The last three stages form the second phase in which the Yogi is liberated from the mind itself.

Stage 1:

"That which is to be known is known by me". At this stage the yogi realises that all true knowledge comes from within oneself, and the mind becomes satisfied that meditation will lead to all truth.

Stage 2:

At this stage the yogi recognises the causes of his sufferings, uses this knowledge to free himself from those causes and hence becomes free from pain.

Stage 3:

The yogi attains full discriminative knowledge of the state of samādhi, in which the Yogi is completely absorbed into The Self.

Stage 4:

The yogi no longer needs to carry out acts (religious duties) as he has attained the end of all acts through discrimination.

Stage 5:

At this stage the yogi becomes free of all waverings of the mind, (i.e.) The yogi obtains complete control over all mental processes.

Stage 6:

The mind of the yogi becomes free of the influences of external natural processes whenever he desires so.

Stage 7:

The Self of the yogi becomes identical with Purusha and the state of absolute freedom (kaivalya) is achieved.

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