Update: 2019-10-16 10:54 PM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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UKT notes :


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विद्वल   [vid-val]
- a. clever, cunning (V.).



- strg. base of pt. of pr. pf. veda (middle base -vat, wk. -us), knowing, heedful; wise, learned; versed in, familiar with (ac., lc., -).



विद्विष्   [vi-dvish]
- m. enemy; -dvishta-t, f. odiousness; -dvishti, f. hate, enmity; -dvesh, m. hatred, enmity, dislike, of (g., lc.); hatefulness to (--); proud disdain (rare): -m kri, show hostility towards (lc.); -m gam, incur odium; -m grah, conceive hatred towards (lc.); -dvshana, a. setting at variance (RV.); n. hatred, enmity towards (g., --); making oneself hated; stirring up of hatred or enmity; magic rite for engendering hatred; -dveshi-t, f. hatred, enmity; -dveshin, a. (n-) hating; vying with (--); m. hater, enemy; -dveshtri, m. id.; -dveshya, fp. hateful, odious, to (--).



[VIDH] VI. P. (A). vidha (V., P.),  hpay homage to, serve the gods (d.; rarely ac. or lc.), with (in.); offer reverently, bestow; be gracious (Indra). upa, prati, do homage to (ac.).



[VIDH] VI. A. vindha (RV., rare), lack, be in want of (ac., in.).



- v. vyadh.



विध्   [vidh] (√vyadh)
- a. (--) piercing.



विध   [vidha]
- a. (--) kind, sort, mode, -fold.



विधन   [vi-dhana]
- a. lacking property, poor: -t, f. poverty; -dhan-kri, impoverish; -dhanushka, -dhanus, -dhanvan, a. lacking a bow; -dhamana, a. blowing out (fire: g.); destroying; (v)-dharana, a. holding back, checking; -dhartr, m. (V.) ruler; preserver; (v)-dharma, m. wrong, injustice; a. wrong, unjust; destitute of qualities (Krishna); (v)-dharman, m. preserver, ruler (V.); n. (V.) receptacle; limit; arrangement, dispensation; -dharmin, a. transgressing the law (speech); of a different kind.



विधव   [vidhav-a]
- den. P. resemble the moon (vidhu).



विधवता   [vidhava-t]
- f. widowhood; -yoshit, f. widow.



विधवा   [vidh-v]
- f. [bereaved: √2. vidh] str, nr, etc., widow; bereft of its sovereign (country): -gmin, a. having sexual intercourse with a widow; -vedana, n. remarriage of a widow; -str, f. widow.



  विधा   [vi-dhaN]
- f. (dis-position), division, part (rare: often -- a. a after numerals= -fold, or ad. ); mode, manner (often -- a. a, of -- kind or kinds).



विधातव्य   [vi-dhtavya]
- fp. to be fixed (place); -- procured; -- performed or done; -- entertained (anxiety); -- thought of; -- employed or appointed; n. it should be so (tath) arranged or managed that (yath); -dhtr, m. dispenser, bestower; disposer, creator; ordainer of destiny, Brahman; personified fate: -tr, f. female author or creator; -dhaNna, a. () regulating (rare); n. order, ordinance, prescription, precept, rule, regulation; method, treatment, diet (in medicine); destiny, fate (rare); arrangement, disposition, measure, for (--); means, expedient (rare); erection (of machines); creation, formation (rare); work (RV.); execution, performance; food of elephants (very rare); in. sg. & pl., or -tas, according to rule or precept; anena vidhnena, according to this rule, in this manner; desa-kla-vidhnena, in the right place and at the right time; -dhnaka, n. rules to be observed; -dhya-ka, a. prescribing, containing rules about (--); performing, executing; manifesting; m. founder, builder; -dhyin, a. prescribing, regulating, containing rules regarding (--); performing, executing; causing, producing; m. builder, founder; -dhrana, n. stopping (a car); suppression or repression of (--); carrying; bearing, supporting; -dhrin, a. checking, suppressing; -dhvana, n. running about.


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  विधि   1. [vi-dhi]
- m. [dis-position: √dh] injunction, command, precept, ordinance, rule; method, law, order; grammatical rule; procedure, method, manner, way; means, expedient, for (d., lc., --); action, conduct, performance, business, work (often pleonastic --, esp. w. a vbl. N.); rite, ceremony; creation (sg. & pl.; rare); fate; creator; ep. of Brahman: in. vidhin, according to rule, duly; anena --, according to this rule, in this manner; koƶyam vidhih, what manner of thing is that?=how does that come to pass?



  विधि   2. [vidh-i]
- m. [√1. vidh] payer of homage (Br., C., rare).



  विधिकर   [vidhi-kara]
- a. () executing one's commands; m. servant; -krit, a., m. id.; -ga, a. knowing the rules.



विधित्सा   [vi-dhit-s]
- des. f. (√dh) intention, wish, desire, for (--); wish to make any one anything (--); -su, des. a. intending (ac.): tithyam --, wishing to show hospitality.



विधिदृष्ट   [vidhi-drishta]
- pp. (seen in=) prescribed by rule; -prvakam, -prvam, ad. according to rule, duly; -mantra-puraskritam, ad. in accordance with rule and to the accompaniment of spells; -yaga, m. sacrifice performed according to rule; -yoga, m. observance of a rule; dispensation of fate: ab. or -tas, according to the ruling of fate; -lopa, m. transgression of a commandment; -vat, ad. according to rule, duly; -vadh, f. Brahman's wife, Sarasvat; -viparyaya, m. contrariety of fate, misfortune.



विधु   1. [vi-dh]
- m. beat ( of the heart; AV.1).



विधु   2. [vidh-]
- a. solitary, isolated (RV.1); m. moon (C.).



विधुति   [vi-dhuti]
- f. (√dh) moving to and fro, shaking, waving, tremor; removal.



विधुत्व   [vidhu-tva]
- n. condition of the moon; -m-tuda, m. (assailer of the moon), ep. of Rhu; -mandala, n. disc of the moon; -maya, a. consisting of moons; -msa, m. lunar month; -mukh, f. moon-faced woman.



  विधुर   [vidhu-ra]
- a. [√2. vidh] left alone, solitary, love-lorn, separated from the object of one's affection; --, separated from, destitute of, lacking; impaired; afflicted, distressed, miserable; dejected (-m, ad. dejectedly); adverse, unfriendly, unfavourable; n. adversity, trouble: -t, f. lack, deprivation; wretched condition; -tva, n. id.; -darsana, n. sight of adversity.



विधुरय   [vidhura-ya]
- den. P. make wretched, depress: pp. ita, dejected; n. pl. adverse strokes (of fortune).



- depress, cast down.



विधुवदना   [vidhu-vadan]
- f. moon-faced woman.


विधूत   [vi-dhta]
- pp. (√dh) shaken, etc.; n. repugnance; -dhti, f. shaking, agitation; -dhnana, a. () causing to shake; n. shaking; surging; refusal, rejection; -dhma, a. smokeless, not smoking (fire): lc. when no smoke rises from the kitchen; m. N. of a Vasu.


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विधृति   [v-dhriti]
- f. (V.) separation; partition: du. two blades of grass indicating a partition between the Barhis and the Prastara.



  विधेय   [vi-dheya]
- fp. to be procured; enjoined, prescribed; to be affirmed; -- manifested or displayed; -- prepared; -- performed or done (ord. mg.); tractable, compliant; completely at the disposal of, subject to, controlled or overpowered by (--); n. what ought to be done, duty: -ga, a. knowing what ought to be done; -t, f. prescription; submission; -tva, n. submission; -vartin, a. obedient, subject to any one.



- bring into one's power, subject; -bhu, submit to (-).



  विध्यपराध   [vidhi̮apardha]
- m. transgression of a rule; -̮apsraya, m. adherence to a rule; -̮alamkra, m., -̮alamkriy, f. kind of rhetorical figure; -̮tmaka, a. having a positive (opp. negative) form.



विध्वंस   [vi-dhvamsa]
- m. collapse; ruin, destruction; injury; violation (of a woman): -ka, m. violater (of a woman); -dhvamsana, a. ruining, destroying; n. destruction; violation (of a woman); -dhvamsin, a. perishing; ruining, destroying; violating (a woman): -, f. a kind of spell; -dhvasta-t, f. destruction, ruin; -dhvasta-parna-kamala, a. having lotuses the leaves of which have fallen.



विनटन   [vi-natana]
- n. moving or going to and fro; -nata, pp. (√nam) bowed etc.; m. N.: , f. N. of a daughter of Daksha, wife of Kasyapa, and mother of Suparna, Garuda, Aruna, etc.: -tanay, f. daughter of Vinat, met. of Sumati, -suta, m. son of Vinat, Garuda, etc.; -nati, f. obeisance, bow, to (lc.); -nada, m. cry; -nadin, a. roaring, thundering; -namana, n. bending (tr.) down; -namra, a. bent down, stooping, drooping; with bowed head; submissive, humble.



विनय   [vi-nay]
- a. removing (RV.1); m. (C.) removal, withdrawal (of a cloth); guidance, discipline, instruction, training; good behaviour, decorum, discretion, polite manners, good breeding, modest conduct; office (rare); treatise on discipline (B.); instruction; -gyotis, m. N. (conj.), -t, f. good behaviour; modesty; -nayana, a. removing, dispelling; n. education, instruction, in (lc.); -nayamdhara, m. N. of a merchant; -naya-pitaka, (basket=) collection of treatises on discipline (B.); -naya-maya, a. being good breeding itself; -naya-vat, a. well-behaved (in a-): -, f. N.; -naya-stra, n. Stra treating of discipline (B.); -naya-svmin, f. N.; -naya̮ditya, m. ep. of Gaypda: -pura, n. N. of a town built by Gaypda; -naya̮di-dhara, m. N.; -̮avanata, pp. bowing low with modesty; -nayin, a. wellbred, well-conducted, modest; -naya̮ukti, f. modest speech (pl.).




  विनशन   [vi-nasana]
- n. disappearance: Sarasvatyh or Sarasvat-, place where the Sarasvat disappears; -nasvara, a. disappearing; perishable, subject to dissolution: -t, f., -tva, n. perishableness; -nashta, pp. (√nas) disappeared etc.; (v)-nashti, f. loss.



विना   [vn]
- prp. (very rare in V.) without, except (with preceding or following ac., in., rarely ab., exceptionally --): -krita, pp. separated from, deprived or bereft of, lacking, free from (in., ab., --); -kritya, gd. without; -bhta, pp. separated from, bereft of (in.).



विनाडिका   [vi-ndik]
- f. a measure of time =1/60 ndik or ghatik,=24 seconds; -nd, f. id.



   विद्योपयोग   vidy̮upayoga acquisition of learning from (ab.); -̮uprgan, f. acquisition of knowledge.
   विदंश   vi-damsa spice.








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UKT notes


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