Update: 2019-06-30 11:29 PM -0400


Practical Sanskrit Dictionary for Buddhists and Hindus


A Practical Sanskrikt Dictionary, by A. A. Macdonell, 1893,
http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MDScan/index.php?sfx=jpg; 1929.
- Nataraj ed., 1st in 2006, 2012.
- https://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/macdonell/ 190516
The Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary, BHS, vol.2, by F. Edgerton, pp. 627.
- FEdgerton-BHSD<> / Bkp<> (link chk 180627)
The Student's Pali English dictionary , by U Pe Maung Tin, 1920.
- (ref: UPMT-PEDxxx).  Downloaded copies in TIL HD-PDF and SD-PDF libraries:
- UPMT-PaliDict1920<> / bkp<> (link chk 190113)
  Pali-Myanmar Dictionary (in Pal-Myan), by U Hoke Sein,
- (ref: UHS-PMD). The dictionary in printed form is in TIL Research Library.
Latin-English Vocabulary II, by Hans H rberg, 1998
- HHOrberg-LinguaLatina<> / Bkp<> (link chk 190624)

Edited by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Khin Wutyi, Daw Thuzar Myint, Daw Zinthiri Han and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL). Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR 
 - http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com 

MC-indx.htm | Top

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लोमश lomasa[ loma-s ] a. hairy, woolly, shaggy.

लोभिन् lobhin [ lobh-in ] a. greedy of (--ree;); covetous, avaricious; alluring, charming (--ree;).

लोभोपहतचेतस् lobhopahatacetas [ lobha&half;upahata-ketas ] a. having a mind perverted by greed.

लोमन् loman [ l-man ] n. [later form of roman] hair of the body (of men and animals, gnly. ex cluding hair of the head, beard, mane, or tail).

लोमहर्ष lomaharsa [ loma-harsha ] m. bristling of the hair, horripilation; -harshana, a. causing a thrill (of joy or horror).

लोहितोद lohitoda [ lohita&half;uda ] a. having blood instead of water; m. a certain hell.

लोहिनी lohini [ lh-in ] f. of lhita.

लोभ lobha [ lobh-a ] m. [&root;lubh] desire of, longing for (g., lc., --ree;); impatience (rare); greed, cupidity, avarice; -ana, n. allurement, en ticement; -anya, fp. alluring, attractive, charming, by or to (--ree;).

लोभमञ्जरी lobhamanjari [ lobha-magar ] f. nickname of a courtesan; -mohita, pp. infatuated by cupidity; -viraha, m. freedom from greed; -&half;krishta, pp. allured by cupidity.

लोष्ट losta [ losh-t ] m. n. [&root;rug] lump of earth, clod; m. N.: -ka, m. clod; -gutik, f. pel let of clay; -ghta, m. blow with a clod: -m, abs. with han, kill with clods=stone to death; -dhara, m. N.; -maya, a. made of clay; -vat, ad. like a clod, as on a lump of clay.

लोह loha [ loh- ] a. [&root;luh=&root;1. rudh] reddish (rare); made of copper (Br.1), -iron (S.1); m. n. reddish metal, copper (V.); iron, metal (C.); m. red goat; iron fish-hook; object or vessel made of iron; -kra, m. blacksmith; -krna, n. iron rust; -ga, a. made of iron; -ga&ndot;gha, m. N. of a Brhman; -gla, n. iron net, coat of mail; -danda, m. rod of iron; -nagara, n. N. of a town; -psa, m. iron chain; -mya, a. made of copper or iron.

लोहरजस् loharajas [ loha-ragas ] n. iron file or rust; -vat, a. having a reddish tinge; -sa&ndot;ku, m. a certain hell; -sayana, n. iron bed; -sahasra, n. a thousand (sc. pounds) of iron; -stha, a. being in iron.

लोहाज lohaja [ loha&half;aga ] m. red goat; -&half;ayas-, n. coppery metal, copper.

लोहित lohita [ lh-ita [later form of rohita] ] a. (C. ; V., C. in) reddish, red; made of copper or metal (V., rare); m. a kind of gem (not ruby; very rare); planet Mars; n. red substance (V., rare); copper, metal (AV.1); blood (ord. mg.): -m kri, shed blood (V.).

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लोहितक lohitaka [ lohita-ka ] a. reddish, red; m. (?) ruby; -kshaya, m. loss of blood; -tva, n. redness; -darsana, n. (appearance=) flow of blood; -pmsu, a. having red earth; -ptra, a. holding a red vessel in the hand; -maya, a. blood-red; -&half;aksh, a. () red-eyed; -&half;a&ndot;ga, m. (red-bodied), planet Mars.

लोहिताय lohitaya [ lohit-ya ] den. grow red.

लोहितार्द्र lohitardra [ lohita&half;rdra ] a. dripping with blood; -&half;avabhsa, a. reddish; -&half;asoka, m. red Asoka.

लोहितिमन् lohitiman [ lohit-i-man ] m. redness.

लोल lola [ lola ] a. [&root;lul] moving to and fro, rolling, waving, tremulous, agitated; restless, unsteady; fickle, inconstant; longing, eager for, desirous of (lc., inf., --ree;): , f. lightning; fickle goddess of fortune.

लोलकर्ण lolakarna [ lola-karna ] a. () eager-eared, lis tening to every one; -kakshus, a. gazing wantonly upon (lc.); -t, f. eagerness for (lc.); wantonness; -tva, n. restlessness, unsteadi ness; wantonness; -lola, a. ever restless; -&half;ak shik, -&half;aksh, f. woman with restless eyes; -&half;ap&ndot;ga, a. having tremulous corners (eyes).

लोलुप lolupa [ lo-lup-a ] intv. a. desirous, longing for, greedy of (lc., --ree;): , f. eagerness, ardent longing, for (lc.): (a)-t, f., -tva, n. eager ness, greed of (--ree;).

लोलुभ loleksana  [ lo-lubh-a ] intv. a. ardently longing for, eagerly desirous of (--ree;).

लोलेक्षण loleksana [ lola&half;kshana ] a. having restless eyes.

लोकेश lokesa [ loka&half;sa ] m. lord of the world; -&half;s vara, m. id.; -&half;eshan&asharp;, f. desire of heaven; -&half;ukti, f. common talk; popular saying, pro verb; -&half;uttara, a. going beyond the com mon, unusual, extraordinary; m. extraor dinary man.

लोक्य lokya [ lok-y ] a. bestowing worlds or free dom; pervading the world; customary, law ful; correct, real; usual, every-day.

लोग loga [ log- ] m. [&root;rug] clod of earth (V.).

लोचक locaka [ lok-aka ] m. pupil of the eye.

लोचन locana [ lok-ana ] a. illuminating; n. eye; -gokara, a. being within range of sight; -traya-patha, m. range of (Siva's) three eyes; -patha, m. sphere of vision; -parusha, a. gazing fiercely; -pta, m. glance; -maya, a. () consisting of eyes; -&half;akala, m. corner of the eye; -&half;pta, m. glance; -&half;uddraka, N. of a village; -&half;utsa, N. of a locality.

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लोठन lothana [ loth-ana ] m. N.; n. wagging of the head.

लोडन lodana [ lod-ana ] n. molestation.

लोध्र lodhra [ lodhra ] m. (=rodhra) a tree (Sym plocos racemosa): -prasava-ragas, n. pollen of Lodhra blossoms.

लोप lopa [ lop-a ] m. omission, dropping, elision (of a letter or suffix); loss, lack, failure, in terruption, disappearance (of, g., gnly. --ree;); deprivation; transgression, violation; -ana, n. violation (of a vow); -am, abs. robbing, plundering (ac.).

लोपाक lopaka [ lop-ka ] m. [plunderer: &root;lup] kind of jackal (rare).

लोपाश lopasa [ lop-s ] m. jackal, fox, or similar animal (V., very rare): i-k, f. (very rare) female jackal; fox.

लोपिन् lopin [ lop-in ] a. injuring, diminishing; subject to elision; -tri, m. injurer; -tra, n. stolen property, booty; -ya, fp. to be omitted or dropped (gr.).

लैङ्ग lainga [ lai&ndot;ga ] a. relating to grammatical gen der; i-ka, a. relating to or resulting from a characteristic mark or evidence, inferred; m. statuary.

लैङगोद्भव lainagodbhava [ lai&ndot;ga&half;udbhava ] n. history of the origin of the Li&ndot;ga.

लोक loka [ lok- ] m. [orig. probably ulok, which is almost invariably used in RV., and perh. =(a) va-lok: &root;ruk] (free) space, room, place (V.); tract, region, country; world, division of the universe (the two worlds=heaven and earth; the three --, = the same and the at mosphere or the lower regions; seven worlds are commonly spoken of); heaven; earth; (sg. & pl.) mankind, folks, people (sts. opp. king); men (pl.: opp. women); community, company (often --ree; to form collectives); ordin ary life, common usage, worldly affairs (opp. Veda); sight (only --ree; in kkshur-, seeing with the eye): (urm) lokm kri, make room for, grant freedom to (d.; V.); aym lokh, this world; asa or pro lokh, that or the other world; loke, in place of (g.; Br.); in ordin ary life, in popular speech; in the world, on earth; iha loke, here on earth; kritsne loke, in the whole world.

लोककण्टक lokakantaka [ loka-kantaka ] m. thorn=curse of mankind, pernicious man; -kartri, m. creator of the world, ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, or Siva; -knta, pp. beloved of the world, dear to all mankind; -kma, a. desirous of a certain world; -kra, m. creator of the world, ep. of Siva; -krit, m. creator of the world; -kshit, a. inhabiting heaven; -g th, f. popular (traditional) verse; -guru, m. teacher of the world or people; -kakshus, n. pl. eyes of the people; -kritra, n. ways of the world; -gt, a. winning territory (Br.); gaining heaven; -ga, a. knowing the world or men: -t, f. knowledge of the world; -tattva, n. id.; -tantra, n. course of the world; -tas, ad. from people, from popular talk; in accordance with usage; -traya, n., , f. the three worlds (heaven, earth, air or lower regions); -dambhaka, a. cheating the people; -dvaya, n. the two worlds (heaven and earth); -dvra, n. gate of heaven; -n tha, m. lord of the worlds, ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, Siva, of the gods, and of the sun; protector of the people, king; N. of Avalo kitesvara; a. protected by mankind; -nind ita, pp. blamed by every one; -pa, m. regent of a world; world-guardian (of whom there are eight); -pati, m. lord of the world, ep. of Brahman or Siva; lord of the people, king; -patha, m. general or usual way; -paddhati, f. id.; -pl, m. world-guardian (of whom from Manuonwards four or eight are assumed according as four or eight quarters are counted; exceptionally five); guardian of the people, king; -pitmaha, m. great forefather of mankind, ep. of Brahman; -punya, N. of a locality; -pgita, pp. universally honoured; -pravda, m. common report, popular or current saying; -prasiddha, pp. generally known; -prasiddhi, f. general prevalence: in. according to prevailing usage; -bhartri, m. supporter of the people; -mahesvara, m. great lord of the world, ep. of Krishna, -m tri, f. mother of the world, ep. of Gaur

लोकंपृण lokamprna [ lokam-prina ] a. filling the world, all-pervading: &asharp;, f. N. of the ordinary bricks used in building the fire-altar (consecrated with the verse beginning lokm prina).

लोकयात्रा lokayatra [ loka-ytr ] f. worldly affairs, every-day life; daily bread, maintenance; -raksha, m. protector of the people, king; -ragana, n. pleasing the world; -rava, m. popular talk; -lokana, n. eye of the world, sun: pl. eyes of men; -vakana, n. popular talk or rumour; -vat, ad. as in ordinary life; -vartana, n. means by which the world exists; -vda, m. talk of the world, public rumour; -vrtt, f. public rumour; -vi krushta, pp. publicly decried; offensive to the world; -vigta, pp. generally known; -vidvishta, pp. universally disliked; -vidhi, m. creator of the world; order of things pre vailing in the world; -viruddha, pp. no toriously contradictory; -virodha, m. oppo sition to popular opinion; -visruta, pp. generally known; -vistara, m. general pre valence; -vritta, pp. n. general custom, ways prevailing among the people; -vrittnta, m. ways of the world; -vyavahra, m. id.; ordinary designation; -sruti, f. world-wide notoriety; -samvyavahra, m. business trans actions with men; -samkshaya, m. destruc tion of the world; -samgraha, m. experience gained through intercourse with the world; gaining influence over men, propitiation of mankind; aggregate of the worlds; -sam grhin, a. propitiating men; -sampanna, pp. experienced in life; -skshika, a. wit nessed by the world: -m, ad. before wit nesses; -skshin, m. witness of the world.

लोकाचार lokacara [ loka&half;kra ] m. ways of the world, general custom; -&half;tman, m. soul of the world; -&half;di, m. (beginning=) creator of the world; -&half;dhra, a. supported by or depen dent on the people; -&half;adhipa, m. lord of the world, god; -&half;anugraha, m. welfare of the world or people; -&half;anurga, m. love of man kind, universal love; -&half;anuvritta, n. obedi ence of the people; -&half;anuvritti, f. dependence on other people; -&half;antara, n. the other world: -m gam or y, go to the other world, die: -sukha, n. felicity in the next world; -&half;an tarika, a. () dwelling or situated between the worlds; -&half;antarita, pp. deceased; -&half;apa vda, m. censure of the world, public re proach; -&half;abhyudaya, m. welfare of the world; -&half;yata, pp. (restricted to the material world), materialistic; m. materialist; n. ma terialism, doctrine of Krvka: i-ka, m. materialist; man of the world, -kri, regard as materialistic; -&half;aloka, n. sg. & m. du. the world and the non-world; m. N. of the mythi cal mountainous belt (light on the one side and dark on the other) which separates the visible world from the world of darkness; -&half;lokin, a. surveying the worlds; -&half;aveksha- na, n. care of the people.

लेखा lekha [ lkh- ] f. [&root;likh] streak, line, stroke, stripe, furrow; digit or crescent (of the moon); edge; delineation; figure, likeness; impres sion, mark.

लेखिका lekhika [ lekh-ik ] f. little streak; -in, a. touching (--ree;).

लेख्य lekhya [ lekh-ya ] fp. to be scarified; -written (down); -painted; depicted, painted; to be counted (--ree;); n. (art of) writing; tran scription; drawing, painting; written docu ment, letter; inscription; painted figure; --ree; (with ganan-)=catalogue, roll of (--ree;): -gata, pp. painted; -pattra, n. document, letter; -maya, a. painted; -rpa, a. id.

लेण्ड lenda [ lenda ] n. excrement.

लेप lepa [ lep-a ] m. [&root;lip] smearing, anointing; ointment, unguent, plaster; spot, stain, im purity, sp. grease adhering to dishes, hands, etc.; moral taint, sin; food: -ka, m. plas terer, white-washer, mason; -kara, m. id.

लेपन lepana [ lep-ana ] n. anointing, besmearing, plas tering, with (in., --ree;); ointment; plaster, mortar; --ree; a. besmeared, plastered with; -in, a. (--ree;) besmearing, covering with; besmeared, covered with; -ya, fp. moulded, modelled; to be defiled: -kra, m. moulder.

लेलिहान lelihana [ le-lih-na ] pr. pt. intv. &root;lih; m. serpent.

लेश lesa [ les-a ] m. [&root;lis=&root;ris] particle, atom, drop, little bit, small amount of (g., --ree;; very common --ree;=very little or slight, insignifi cant; ree;--, in., or -tas, very slightly or briefly); a rhetorical figure in which a statement is made indirectly (e. g. &open;the boast of the Pndavas on slaying Bhshma under the leader ship of Sikhandin will be ours&close;); a rhetori cal figure in which what is usually considered as an advantage is represented as a disadvan tage and vice vers.

लेशिक lesika [ les-ika ] m. mower of grass; -in, a. having particles of (--ree;).

लेश्य lesya [ les-ya ] m., , f. light.

लेष्टु lestu [ lesh-tu ] m. [&root;lis] lump of earth, clod.

लेह leha [ leh-a ] m. [&root;lih] licker, sipper; lambative, electuary; -ana, n. licking; -ya, fp. to be licked or lapped up, to be eaten by licking.

a. - taken by licking with the tongue.
n. a medicine taken by licking with the tongue, a lincture
-- http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Lambative 140820

लुण्ठ luntha [ lunth-a ] kind of grass; -aka, m. plun derer; -ana, n. plundering (--ree;); -ka, m. robber, plunderer (-t, f. robbery); -i, f. plun dering, pillage.

लुण्डिका lundika [ lund-ik ] f. round mass, ball.

लुप् lup [ lup ] n. dropping, elision (of a letter etc.); a. dropped.

लुप्तविसर्ग luptavisarga [ lupta-visarga ] a. lacking Visarga: -t, f. absence of Visarga; -&half;upama, a. lack ing the comparative particle (iva): , f. in complete or elliptical simile; -&half;upamna, n. incomplete comparison.

लुब्ध lubdha [ lub-dha ] pp. &root;lubh: -ka, m. hunter; the star Sirius; -gana, a. having covetous followers; -t, f. greed, covetousness; -tva, n. id.; eager longing for (--ree;).

लुलाप lulapa [ lulpa ] m. buffalo.

लुलाय lulaya [ lulya ] m. id.: -lakshman, m. ep. of Yama.

लुलित lulita [ lul-ita ] pp.; n. motion.

लूता luta [ lt ] f. spider; kind of skin disease.

लून luna [ lna ] pp. &root;l; n. tail (very rare): -vi sha, a. having poison in its tail.

लेख lekha [ lekh-a ] m. [&root;likh] stroke, line; writ ten document, letter (sg. & pl.); god, deity (very rare): pl. a certain class of gods (E., rare): -ka, m. writer, secretary, copyist; calculation: -m kri, make a calculation, reckon.

लेखन lekhana [ lekh-ana ] a. () scratching, scarify ing, lacerating; exciting, stimulating; at tenuating; n. writing down, transcribing: , f. writing reed, reed-pen; -anya, fp. to be drawn or painted; to be written.

लेखपत्‍त्र lekhapattra [ lekha-pattra ] n. letter; -pattrik, f. id.; -sl, f. writing school; -samdesa hrin, a. delivering a written message; -hra: -ka, m. letter-carrier; -hr-in, a. delivering letters with (--ree;): (-i)-tva, n. delivery of letters with (--ree;); -&half;adhikrin, m. secretary of a king.

लिप्सा lipsa [ lip-s ] f. (fr. des. of &root;labh) wish to obtain, desire, longing, for (lc., --ree;); -s-i tavya, fp. desirable; -su, des. a. wishing to obtain, desiring, longing for (ac., --ree;).

लिबुजा libuja [ lbug ] f. creeping plant, creeper (V.).

लिम्पि limpi [ limp-i ] f. [&root;lip] writing.

लिह् lih  [ lih ] a. (--ree;) licking; reading (in the eyes): -a, a. (only --ree;) licking, touching.

लीन lina  [ l-na ] pp. &root;1. l: -t, f. clasping (lc.); concealment in (--ree;); complete seclusion; -tva, n. concealment in anything.

लीप्सितव्य lipsitavya [ lp-s-i-tavya ] fp. (fr. des. of &root;labh) desirable (Br.).

लीला lila [ ll ] f. play, sport, pastime, diver sion, amusement; playful imitation of a lover; mere sport, child's play (=action easily performed); mere appearance, sem blance (--ree;); dissimulation, disguise, pre tence; charm, grace: ree;-and in. a-y, sportively, to amuse oneself; in sport=with the greatest ease; for mere appearance, feignedly: -kamala, n. toy-lotus, lotus for playing with; -kalaha, m. playful or feigned quarrel; -khela, a. playfully sportive; -&half; gra, n., -griha, n., -geha, n. pleasure house; -tmarasa, n. toy-lotus, lotus for playing with; -nritya, n. playful dance; -padma, n. lotus for playing with; -&half;abga, n. id.; -&half;bharana, n. sham ornament (e. g. a brace let of lotus fibres); -manushya, m. man in appearance only, man in disguise; -mand ira, n. pleasure house; -&half;ambuga, n. toy lotus.

लीलाय lilaya [ ll-ya ] den. play, sport, amuse oneself: pp. i-ta, sporting, rejoicing; n. sport, amusement; exploit easily accom plished.

लीलारति lilarati [ ll-rati ] f. amusement with (lc.); -&half;aravinda, n. lotus for playing with; -vag ra, n. instrument resembling a thunderbolt; -&half;avatra, m. Vishnu's descent to earth for amusement; -&half;avadhta, pp. playfully shaken.

लीलावत् lilavat [ ll-vat ] a. charming: -, f. charm ing woman; ep. of Durg; N.; -vp, f. pleasure tank; -vesman, n. pleasure house; -&half;udyna, n. pleasure garden.

लुक् luk [ luk ] n. dropping or disappearance (of an affix); a. dropped (affix: gr.).

लुञ्चन luncana [ luk-ana ] a. (--ree;) pulling out (the hair).

लुठन luthana [ luth-ana ] n. wallowing.

लुण्टाक luntaka [ lunt-ka ] m. thief, robber.

लिपि lipi [ lip-i ] f. besmearing, anointing; writing, handwriting; written line or letter; inscription; outward appearance: -m p, assume the appearance of (g.); kitrm lipim n, garnish beautifully.

लिपिकर lipikara [ lipi-kara ] m. plasterer, white-washer; writer, scribe; -karman, n. painting; -karma-nirmita, pp. painted; -nysa, m. act of writing; -phalaka, n. writing tablet; -sl, f. writing school; -sstra, n. art of writing.

लिप्ति lipti [ lip-ti ] f. ointment.



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