Update: 2014-05-31 11:37 PM +0630

TIL

Dictionary of Noble Words of Lord Buddha

sa1.htm

by U Myat Kyaw & U San Lwin, MLC (Myanmar Language Commission), 2002

Set in HTML, and edited, with additions from other sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Thuzar Myint, and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.com

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{sa.} - palatal plosive-stop
{sa} : the {weik-hkya.}-form, , though commonly used is not TIL preferred
{su.}
{su}
{}
{sau:}
{sak~}
  {sak~ka.}
  {sak~hka.}
  {sūt~ta.}

 

UKT notes :
• Arising of Material Form

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{sa.}

In Skt-Dev it is written as equivalent to tenuis {kya.} or voiceless {hkya.}. These two are taken as allophones in Eng-Lat and commonly written as <ch> /ʧ/.

Note: Both IPA and IAST gives wrong representations for this row of consonants. The inconsistencies between Tib-Bur speakers and those of IE is due to the difference in mode of articulation of consonants. Tib-Bur speakers always begin deep in the interior of the mouth, but IE speakers begin from the front.

UKT 140516: This section deals with the Mind and draws freely from Abhidhamma. To get what other authors had said of the various entries, see:
¤ The Abhidhamma in Practice by N.K.G. Mendis , 2006
- http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/mendis/wheel322.html 140516
¤ Dhammasaṅgaṇi by Edward Muella, 1885
- downloaded Dhammasangani-pdf (312 pdf pages)
   UKT 140522: the pdf is a photocopy from an old book whose pages have turned yellow and is not easy for my eyes. In the Introduction, the author stated that he had used a Burmese mss and a Lanka mss. I wonder what the Burmese mss was. Our country has lost quite a few when the British-colonialists had had a free hand.

{sa.tu. sak~ka. žūm~pūt~ti.}
«catucakkasampatti»


«catucakkasampatti»
- n. four conditions for success -
1. being able to live in an environment conducive to prosperity and wholesome living
2. having accumulated meritorious deeds in the past;
3. living an honest life and striving for self betterment;
4. association with wise and noble persons. 042-3

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{sa.tu.za. ru-pa.}
«catujarūpa»


«catujarūpa»
- n. material phenomena arising out of four factors, namely - the resultant of moral and immoral actions committed, mind and mental concomitants in the present life, heat or temperature and nutritive essence.
042-4

UKT 140516: The four causes of a material form aka body: kamma {kän}, consciousness {sait}, heat {U.tu.}, and nutriment {a-ha-ra.}. This material form is based on 9 "elements": 1. Earth, 2. Water, 3. Air, 4. Heat, etc. See my note on Material Form

 

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{sa.tu. pa-ri.žoad~Di. ži-la.}
«catupārisuddhisīla»


«catupārisuddhisīla»
- n. moral purity of monks founded on four aspects of :-
1. pātimokkhasaṁvara sīla
  - hewing to the body of monastic disciplinary rules known as pātimokkha;
2, indriyasaṁvarasļla
  - control of the five senses and mind to maintain moral rectitude;
3.ājīvapārisuddhisīla
  - sanctity of word and deed in the manner of livelihood.
4. pacayasannissitasīla
  - correctness of attitude in the use of the four material requisites of a monk, ie food offertory, robes, monastery and medicines are to be considered as just support for the body and mind to enable the learning and practice of the doctrines. 043-1

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{sa.tu. ma.Du.}
«catumadhu»


«catumadhu»
- n. electuary made of butter, honey, molasses and sesame oil. 043-2

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{sa.tu. ma.ha ra.zi.ka.}
«Catumah ārājika»


«Catumahārājika»
- n. the fifth plane on Mount Meru and celestial abode of the four guardian deities of the world, Dhataraṭṭha, Virūpakkha, Virūḷhaka and Kuvera. 043-3

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{sa.tu. lau:ka. pa-la.}
«catulokapāla»


«catulokapāla»
- n. the four guardian deities [UKT 140516: they are not déva] of the world residing in the realm of Catumahārājika. 044-1

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{sa.tu. wag~ga.}
«catuvagga»


«catuvagga»
- n. the four entities of:
#1. dhamma - practice according to the Doctrine;
#2. attha - benefit;
#3. kāma - sensulity;
#4. magga, phala, nibbāna - (the right) path, fruition and nirvana. 044-2

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{sa.toad~da.si.U.pau-ža.hta.»
«catuddasīuposatha»


«catuddasīuposatha»
- n. observation of eight precepts on the new moon day (ie. the 14th waning day of the moon). 044-3

UKT 140520: The term "new moon day" means that the Moon is not visible. It is the last day of the Lunar month: {la.kwčż né.}. A better term might be "no moon day". The day after is the beginning of the new Lunar month.

 

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{sa.ra.Na.}
«caraṇa»


«caraṇa»
- n. conduct (it consists of 15 aspects; - morality; keeping the sense under control; moderation in eating; wakefulness during the day and sleeping only during one of the three watches at night; being replete with the 7 attributes of virtuous men; attainment of four stages of mental absorption or jhāna) 044-4

UKT 140517: The following is how I have itemized the 15 aspects of  {sa.ra.Na.}
- n. conduct (it consists of 15 aspects;
¤ morality;
¤ keeping the senses (of sight, hearing, etc.) under control;
¤ moderation in eating; 
¤ wakefulness during the day and sleeping only during one of the three watches at night;
¤ the 7 attributes of virtuous men;
¤ attainment of four stages of mental absorption or jhāna
I still need to check.

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{sa.ri.ma. Ba.wa.}
«carimabhava»


«carimabhava»
- n. final rebirth of a Buddha or saint (arahantā). Also antimabhava; pacchimabhava. 044-5

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{sa.ri.ta.}
«carita»


«carita»
- n. intrinsic nature or temperament of a person. (6 classes are differentiated:-
1. preponderance of lust;
2. preponderance of anger or hatred;
3. preponderance of ignorance;
4. predominance of devoutedness;
5. predominance of intelligence;
6. predominance of a contemplative and questing trait)
- 045-1

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{a.ri.ya.}
«cariya»


«cariya» 
- n. practice; endeavour; striving (consisting of three kinds:
1. lokatthacariya
  - striving for worldly benefits;
2. ńātatthacariya
  - striving for the good of one's family, relatives, nation etc;
3. buddhatthacariya
  - striving towards attainment of Buddhahood). 045-2

UKT 140520: Attainment of Boddhi-wisdom which gives rise to Nibbana is the final goal of many. They have no intention of teaching others what they know. A Buddha, on the other hand sets out to teach how to attain the wisdom leading to Nibbana. As a Buddhist my final goal is the wisdom: the complete control over Greed, Anger, Sex and Pride (in common English language usage). It is the message I pass on to my Western friends.

 

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{sa}

{sa-ga.}
«cāga»


«cāga»
- n. charity; philanthropy; sacrifice. 045-3

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{sa-ga-noaž~ža.ti.}
«cāgānussati»


«cāgānussati»
- n. reflecting repeatedly and exulting in one's charitable deed. See also anussati. 045-4

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{sa-rait~ta.}
«cārita»


«cārita»
- n. personal behaviour; conduct. 045-5

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{sa-rait~ta. ži-la.}
«cāritasīla»


«cāritasīla»
- n. conduct in keeping with the tenets of Buddha's injunctions. 045-6

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{su.}

{su.ti.}
«cuti»


«cuti»
- n. death. 045-7

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{su.ti. sait~ta.}
«cuticitta»


«cuticitta»
- n. [A] death consciousness. (19 kinds of death consciousness are enumerated:-
¤ 8 kinds of mahävipäka citta;
¤ 1 of kusalavipāka upekkhosaha-guta santīranaṇa citta;
¤ 1 of kusalavipāka upekkhoshaguta santīraṇa citta;
¤ 5 of rūpavipāka citta; and
¤ 4 of arūpavipāka citta). 046-1

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{su.di.ta.ka.}
«cuditaka»


«cuditaka»
- n. person who is the object of an inquest. 046-2

 

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{su}

{su-La. žau:ta.pūn~na.}
«cūḷasotapanna»


«cūḷasotapanna»
- n. person approaching a streamwinner (sotapanna) in the respect of having attained the fourth level of purity (kiṅkhāvitaraṇa visuddhi), being rid of doubts about the past, present and future etc. 046-3

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{}

{sé-ta.na}
«cetana»


«cetana»
- n.
1.volition;
2. volitive mental concomitant, being one of the seven mental
concomitants or properties (sabba citta sādharaṇa) constituting
consciousness. 046-4

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{sé-ta.ži.ka.}
«cetasika»


«cetasika»
- n. mental concomitant; any of the 52 mental factors which arise with consciousness, brings it under its influence and in the end perished with the latter. (Enumerated as 13 ańńasamana cetasika, 14 akusala cetasika and 25 sobhaṇa cetasika) 046-5

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{sé.ta.ži.ka doak~hka.}
«cetasikadukkha»


«cetasikadukkha»
- n. mental distress. 047-1

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{sé-ti.ya.}
«cetiya»


«cetiya»
- n. a thing which is worshipped in the Buddha's stead; shrine; tumulus; stupa etc. 047-2

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{sé-ti.yļn~ga.Na.}
«cetiyaṅgaṇa»


«cetiyaṅgaṇa»
- n. platform surrounding a stupa. 047-3

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{sé-tau:pa.ri.ya.ńa-Na.}
«cetopariyańāṇa»


«cetopariyańāṇa»
- n. power to discern the thoughts of others. Also paricittavijānanańāṇa. 047-4

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{sau:}

{sau:da.na}
«sau:danä»


«codanä»
- n. inquest; accusation; reproof. 047-5

UKT: We should find out whether entries 047-5 & 047-6 are out of serial order,
or, 047-5 should have a change of spelling to {saw:da.na} related to back-vowel /ɔ/ where as {sau:da.ka.} to /ɑ/ .

 

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{sau:da.ka.}
«codaka»


«codaka»
- n. inquisitor. 047-6

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{sak~}

{sak~ka.}

{sak~ka.byu-ha.}
«cakkabyūha»


«cakkabyūha»
- n. tactical deployment of troops on an encircling movement; envelopment tactics. 047-7

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{sak~ka.wa-La.}
«cakkavāḷa»


«cakkavāḷa»
- n. great circular plane or sphere forming the world. 047-8

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{sak~ka.wut~ti}
«cakkavattī»


«cakkavattī»
- n. (universal) monarch, possessor of the wondrous chariot. 047-9

UKT 140520: The word «cakkavattī» means a king who has command of a flying machine. The first mention of humans (King Rama of the northern India, and KIng Rāvana of Lanka) using such a machine is described in Ramayana. To the Theravada Buddhists of Myanmarpré Rama was a human king waging war against the king of Lanka. However, the latter is believed to be a {Bi-lu:} - a term applied to "half-humans" who live among us but are very inhumane in conduct. They Buddhist-Myanmar love Rama for being a just king whereas they hate the Lankan king for stealing another man's wife. The deitification of human beings of note by religionists is the root cause of confusion in inter-religion study. For an account of Ancient Indian Flying Machines, see: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vimana#Vedas 140520

 

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{sak~hka.}

{sak~hka-ya.ta.na.}
«cakkhāyatana»


«cakkhāyatana»
- n. [A] faculty of sight; fundament of visual perception; "eye base", See also āyāyātana. 047-10

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{sak~hku.}
«cakkhu»


«cakkhu»
- n. eye; organ of sight; faculty of sight (the term covers
  1. maṁsa cakkhu - the physical organ of sight;
  2. ńāṇa cakkhu/pańńācakkhu - ability of the mind to visualize;
  3. dibbacakkhu supernormal - vision of celestial gods beings;
  4. samanta cakkhu - omniscience.
Alternately -
  1 Buddha cakkhu - visionary powers of the Buddha;
  2 samanta cakkhu - omniscience;
  3 pańńā cakkhu - intellectual vision;
  4 dibba cakkhu - divine eye, supernormal vision of celestial gods beings;
  5 dhamma cakkhu - knowledge related to three lower supramundane paths.
-- 048-1

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{sak~hku. da.ža.ka.}
«cakkhudasaka»


«cakkhudasaka»
- n. [A] decad of physical qualities of sight consisting of cakkhupasada or sensory surface of the eye, eight inseparable material qualities (avinibhogarūpa) and vitality (jivitarūpa); "eye decad". 048-2

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{sak~hku. dwa-ra.}
«cakkhudvāra»


«cakkhudvāra»
- n. [A] sensory "door" or receptor through which awareness of visual stimuli is admitted to the consciousness. See also dvāra. 048-3

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{sak~hku. dwa-ra. wi-hti.}
«cakkhudvāravīthi»


«cakkhudvāravīthi»
- n. consciousness process arising out of visual object impinging upon ocular sensory receptor. Also cakkhuvińńānavīthi. 049-1

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{sak~hku. dwa-ri.ka. sait~ta.}
«cakkhudvārikacitta»


«cakkhudvārikacitta»
- n. [A] 46 kinds of consciousness related to
visionary experience occurring through the sensory receptors of sight, viz.:
¤ pancadvāravijjana - 1 form
  the five-door adverting consciousness in which
  the ocular sensory receptor turn toward the object;
¤ kāyavińńāṇacitta - 2 forms 
  phase of mind in which cognizance of the presence of the object
  by the consciousness results from contact with the sensory surface;
¤ sampaṭicchana - 2 forms
  - phase of mind in which the sensory receptors
  admit the external stimulus;
¤ santīraṇa or investigating consciousness - 3 forms
  - phase of mind   in which the nature of stimulus so received is explored;
¤ kāmajavana or apperceptive consciousness -- 29 kinds
  - phase of mind in which the object comes under introspection and
¤ tadāramana, or retentive consciousness - 8 kinds
  - phase of mind in which the visionary experience is ingested in the consciousness.
- 049-2

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{sak~hku. Da-tu.}
«cakkhudhātu»


«cakkhudhātu» 
- n. [A] nature of the sensory surface of the eye to give rise to the sense of sight. 049-3

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{sak~hku. pa.ža-da.}
«cakkhupasāda»


«cakkhupasāda»
- n. ocular sensory matter located in the seven membranous layers at the centre of the iris. 049-4

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{sak~hku. waiń~ńa-Na. sait~ta.}
«cakkhuviṅṅānacitta»


«cakkhuviṅṅānacitta»
- n. consciousness of visual stimuli based on the sensory surface of sight combined with light and attention given to the object; sense of sight. 050-1

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{sak~hku. waiń~ńa-Na. Da-tu.}
«cakkhuvińńānadhātu»


«cakkhuvińńānadhātu»
- n. cognitive nature of the sense of sight towards visual stimuli. 050-2

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{sak~hku. waiń~ńa-Na. wi-hti.}
«cakkhuviṅṅānavīthi»


«cakkhuviṅṅānavīthi»
- n. Same as cakkhudvāravīthi. 050-3

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{sak~hku. wut~htu.}
«cakkhuvatthu»


«cakkhuvatthu»
- n. [A] visual sensory surface on which the sense of sight and its mental concomitants arise. See also vatthu. 050-4

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{sak~hkoan~d~ri.ya.}
«cakkhundriya»


«cakkhundriya»
- n. control of the faculty of sight. 050-5

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{sūt~ta.}

{sūt~ta-li-ža. kūm~mūT~HTa-na.}
«cattālīsakammathāna»


«cattālīsakammathāna»
- n. the 40 subjects for meditation consisting of :-
1. the 10 kasiṇa,
  meditation devices such as earth, water, fire etc.
2. the 10 asubha,
  or repulsiveness depicted by various kinds of corpses;
3. the 10 anussati,
  or practice of constant mindfulness;
4. the 4 Brahmavihāra
  - sublime states of compassion, loving kindness etc;
5. the one of āhārepaṭikūlasańńā
  - or perception of repulsiveness in food;
6. the one of catudhātuvavattān
  - capability to analyse and differentiate the four great essentials;
7. 4 stages of arūpa jhūna
  - gained by concentration on the infinity of space to gain the first stage which then becomes the object of concentration to gain the second and then proceeding in this manner to the third and fourth stages.
-- 051-1

 

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UKT notes

The Arising of Material Form (samu.t.thaana)

by N.K.G. Mendis (Dr.} in The Abhidhamma in Practice, 2006
- http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/mendis/wheel322.html 140516
UKT 140516: Dr. Mendis is a medical doctor from Sri Lanka, with address in Canada. I have edited the layout for easy reading.

The material elements never occur in isolation but in groups or clusters called kalaapas. [UkT ¶]

A kalaapa can contain from eight to thirteen material elements. There is no cluster of matter without at least eight elements, the four primary elements and four secondary elements — namely color, taste, smell, and nutriment. A unit containing only these is called a Pure Octad.

Material phenomena arise through four causes: kamma, consciousness, heat, and nutriment :

1. Kamma

Kamma conditions the physical organism at conception. At the moment of conception three kalaapas are generated through kamma — the decads of sex, body, and the mind-base. [UKT ¶]

The sex decad (bhaava dasaka) has the essential octad plus the sex element, either male or female, and the life element. [UKT ¶]

The body decad (kaaya dasaka) is made up of the essential octad plus the element of bodily sensitivity and the life element. [UKT ¶]

The mind-base decad (vatthu dasaka) is made up of the essential octad plus the mind-base element and the life element. [UKT ¶]

After the embryo has been formed through these three decads, from about the eleventh week of gestation onwards, the decads of the other four sense organs begin to form. Kamma causes and sustains these material phenomena through the whole course of life.

2. Consciousness (citta).

The mind can not only influence matter but also produce material phenomena. Psychosomatic illnesses like duodenal ulcers, high blood pressure, and asthma indicate such operations. Other examples are levitation, telekinesis, and fire-walking. [UKT ¶]

UKT 140520: "Fire-walking" is not a gimmick or a cheap magician trick. I happened to take part in one of the Shi'a ceremonies in Mandalay in the 1960's witnessed by my son, my wife, my brother-in-law and other friends. A Shi'a Muslim friend of mine, one Mr. Khorosani, in a challenging way stated that anybody with a pure heart including Buddhists could do it. I passed on the remark to a friend of mine, U Tun Yi, then Electrical Engineer with the Public Works Dept. with head office in Mandalay General Hospital. He simply agreed to the proposal, and three of us, myself in the lead, followed by U Tun Yi, and Mr. Khorosani himself stood in line in front of the fire-pit. There were many Shi'as lining up behind us. As soon as the fire-master gave the signal that the fire was hot enough, we started our walk. It was like stepping across the softest of carpet I had ever done, except it was hot. We all came out unscathed.

There is a scientific explanation: the fire was so hot that water evaporating from the sole of feet became a thin layer of moisture between the embers [there must be no ash particles on the embers] and the flesh. I had known the theory for a long time reading about the "boiling lead experiment" performed at one of Chemistry Public lectures at the Royal Society in London. It was Prince Edward himself (before he became king) who took part, and his mother the Queen was "we were not pleased"!. Though not the experiment I had read about, here are others:
http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/article.jsp?articleid=22368&back= 140520
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/25112/25112-h/25112-h.htm 140520

In the normal course of events consciousness is responsible for volitional bodily action and speech, the postures, respiration, production of sweat and tears, and the three alterable elements — buoyancy, pliancy, and efficiency.

3. Heat (utu).

The heat element (tejo), one of the four primaries present in all clusters of matter, can itself cause different kinds of matter to arise, both simple octads and more complex formations.

4. Nutriment  (aahaara).

The nutriment element (ojaa), present in all clusters, when supported by external nutriment, has the capacity to produce different kinds of material phenomena which in turn have reproductive power. These begin to arise from the time the mother's nutriment circulates in the fetus. This nutritive element is one of the causes of long life.

UKT 140516: This excerpt is from a well written booklet by a medical doctor.

Go back Material-form-note-b

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End of TIL file.