Update: 2014-04-28 01:35 AM +0630

TIL

Dictionary of Noble Words of Lord Buddha

ka2ya2.htm

by U Myat Kyaw & U San Lwin, MLC (Myanmar Language Commission), 2002

Set in HTML, and edited, with additions from other sources, by U Kyaw Tun (UKT) (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA), Daw Thuzar Myint, and staff of Tun Institute of Learning (TIL) . Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL  Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , http://www.softguide.net.mm , www.romabama.blogspot.com

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PED-MK-indx.htm

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{ka}
{ka-ya}
{ka-yi}
{ka-yu.}

{ka-la.}
{ka-li.}
{ka-lé}

UKT 140427: There are Bur-Myan words derived from Pal-Myan in def. given by UMK-USL. You can spot them by their viram aka {a.þût}-sign which was not present in Pal-Myan. Bur-Myan & Pal-Myan are highly integrated, which I take to be because both are Tib-Bur languages. I dispute that Pali spoken in Myanmarpré (which is now mixed up with Lankan-Pali) was Indo-European. The mother tongue (L1) of Gautama Buddha was the Pali spoken in Myanmarpré.

UKT notes :

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{ka}
{ka-ya}

{ka-ya-nu.ga.ta.}
«kāyānugata»


«kāyānugata»
- n. physical distress and inconveniences such as [UKT additions within sq. brackets]
01. thīta - cold [low ambient temperature due to weather],
02. uṇha - heat [high ambient temperature due to weather] ,
03. jighacchā - hunger [requirement of the physical body],
04. pipāsā - thirst [requirement of the physical body],
05. uccāra - having to defecate [requirement of the physical body to eliminate solid waste],
06. passāva - having to urinate [requirement of the physical body to eliminate liquid waste],
07. thina - middha-lethargy [requirement of the physical body to rest],
08. jarā - ageing [ageing of the physical body],
09. vyādhi - illness [normal process due to ageing and attack of outside organisms, etc.], and
10. maraṇa - death [normal physical process, or due to outside acts]
which no amount of past meritorious deeds can prevent from their occurrence and which even Buddhas, Silent Buddhas and saintly persons are not immune to.
- MK-PED014-2

UKT 140426: You will note that the above 10 inconveniences are simply natural processes that happens to any living organisms recognized by modern science. Immortality, and other unnatural processes are just fiction. It shows that Gautama Buddha was a normal human being who came to possess a very high intellect or wisdom. He lived a normal life-span of 80 years, and when he died he was cremated just like everyone else leaving nothing but bits of un-burnt bones.

 

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{ka-ya-nu.paþ~þa.na þa.ti.pûT~HTa-na.}
«kāyānupassanāsatipathāna»

UKT 140427: This word is a compound of 2 large words which are themselves compounds. In the def. by UMK-USL, there are Bur-Myan words derived from Pal-Myan. You can spot them by their viram aka {a.þût}-sign which was not present in Pal-Myan.


«kāyānupassanāsatipathāna»
- n. repeated contemplation of the body with intense application of mindfulness. See also satipathāna.
- MK-PED014-3

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{ka-ya-ya.ta.na.}
«kāyāyatana»


«kāyāyatana»
- n. fundament of sensory perception and mental concomitants; "body base"
- MK-PED015-1

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{ka-yi.}

{ka-yi.ka.doak~hka.}
«kāyikadukkha»


«kāyikadukkha»
- n. physical suffering; privation.
- MK-PED015-2

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{ka-yi.ka.þu.hka.}
«kāyikasukha»


«kāyikasukha»
- n. physical well-being.
- MK-PED015-3

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{ka-yain~dri.ya.}
«kāyindriya»


«kāyindriya»
- n. sentient surface of the body controlling physical contact and resultant sensations; the faculty of physical sensations.
- MK-PED015-4

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{ka-yu.}

{ka-yu.zu.ka.ta}
«kāyujukatā»


«kāyujukatā»
- n. rectitude of mental concomitants;
- MK-PED015-5

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{ka-la.}

{ka-la.da-na.}
«kāladāna»


«kāladāna»
- n. timely charity expressed through five modes: -
1. āgantuka-dāna - charitable acts toward guests;
2. gamikadāna - acts of charity toward itinerants;
3. gilānadāna - charity for the ill or injured;
4. dubbhikhadāna - charity for the famine stricken;
5. sīlavantana-vaphaladāna - partaking of the first crops from ones' fields or orchards only after offering the first crops to virtuous persons.
- MK-PED015-6

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{ka-la.wi.pût~ti.}
«kālavipatti»


«kālavipatti»
- n. age of decadence; period when human life span regresses.
- MK-PED016-1

UKT 140427: UMK-USL definition of {ka-la.wi.pût~ti.} involves "human life span". I have heard, since childhood, of fear-mongering accounts of various Epochs (Ages) when human life span becomes shortened. Instead of making me afraid, these accounts have left me feeling disgusted. Leaving aside the religious reasons of personal mis-deeds in previous lives (which has no scientific basis), we should know something of the modern science of Ecology, and theories of Life Span and Life Expectancy.
• Ecology - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecology 140427
• Maximum Life Span - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_life_span 140427
• Life Expectancy - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_expectancy 140427
See my note on Yuga {yu.ga.} aka {yoag}

 

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{ka-la.þoat~ta.}
«kālasutta»


«kālasutta»
- n. second major level of purgatory where inmates are marked with the ruling line to be cleaved with hatchets and adzes.
- MK-PED016-2

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{ka-la.þûm~pût~ti.}
«kālasampatti»


«kālasampatti»
- n. golden age: good times.
- MK-PED016-3

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{ka-li.}

{ka-li.ka}
«kālika»


«kālika»
- n. [V] sustenance allowed monks and novices at times stipulated as follows: -
1. yāvakālika - cereals such as rice which must be taken before noon on the day it is offered;
2. yāmakālika - fruit juice and cordials which can be taken at any time from the time of offering up to dawn of the next day;
3. sattāha-kālik - sugar, palmyra candy and the like which can be consumed within seven days from the time of offering;
4. yāvajīvakakālika - herbal nostrums and medicine which can be taken anytime within one's lifetime after being offered.
- MK-PED016-4

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{ka-lé}

{ka-le-na.Dûm~ma.þa-kic~hsa}
«kālenadhammasākicchā»


«kālenadhammasākicchā»
- n. auspiciousness of engaging in philosophical discussions at suitable times.
- MK-PED017-1

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{ka-le-na.Dûm~maþ~þa.wa.na.}
«kālenadhammassavana»


«kālenadhammassavana»
- n. auspiciousness of listening to sermons on the doctrine.
- MK-PED017-2

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UKT notes 

Yuga

- UKT 140427

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuga 140427

Yuga युग  {yu.ga.} aka {yoag} in Hindu philosophy is the name of an epoch or era within a four age cycle. According to Hindu cosmology, life in the universe is created and destroyed once every 4.1 to 8.2 billion years, [1] [2] which is one full day (day and night) for Brahma. The lifetime of a Brahma himself may be between 40 billion and 311 trillion years. [1] [UKT ¶]

The cycles are said to repeat like the seasons, waxing and waning within a greater time-cycle of the creation and destruction of the universe. Like Summer, Spring, Winter and Autumn, each yuga involves stages or gradual changes which the earth and the consciousness of mankind goes through as a whole. A complete yuga cycle from a high Golden Age, called the Satya Yuga to a Dark Age, Kali Yuga and back again is said to be caused by the solar system's motion around another star. [3]

Go back yuga-note-b

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