Update: 2015-10-13 03:31 PM -0400


Grammatical notes & vocabulary
of the Peguan language to which are added a few pages of phrases, etc., 1874


-- by U Kyaw Tun (M.S., I.P.S.T., USA) and staff of TIL (Tun Institute of Learning, Yangon, MYANMAR. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

1.  Grammatical notes and Vocabulary of the Peguan Language, to which are added a few pages of phrases, etc., by Haswell, J.M., ABM Press (American Baptist Mission Press), Rangoon, 1874
- MonMyan-Haswell-gramm-notes-vocab<> (link chk 151013)

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CAUTION: I am learning the language, without a human guide on hand, and you should not take my observations as wholly correct. I haven't found a suitable one to join my research group in Yangon. -- UKT 130403

Parts of Speech
  Numeral Auxiliaries

UKT notes :


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Adjectives are placed after the nouns to which they be long, as, {m~naih pr:} an excellent man ,  a good house; OCJjS OOOOGji the eternal God.

Adjectives are compared by adding ccoo^ for the com parative, and ^oS for the superlative, as O^j^aD^GCCO^ 0 this house is letter than that house. CGOQ^9^o5 the house yonder is best. To express a slight degree is used, as qpc8{8 a little sweet, or if compared with something else, a little sioeeter. To express a very small degree g3 is reduplicated as qooS^S^B a very little sweet, or sweeter. To express a high degree, but not the superlative ^SogsooS is used, as, qooS^SogcoaS very sweet, lit. not a little sweet. ^8 may either .follow or precede the adjective as, qooS^ScjgsooS or ^SqooScgecoS With two adjectives, namely, good, and Gcf)<5 hand some, og& ( pronounced ke-o) is often used in conversation, as OCJjS^jb exceedingly good; but it is seldom if ever used in books. 'Pronominal Adjectives. Pronominals are generally placed after the nouns to which they belong. This, this man. g is frequently used where it cannot be translated. SjOD This, (colloquial.) O^OO this day. That, J5 that man.
vm COO That, (used in speaking of objects at a distance.) [[p013begin}]

{m~tn} that man, sometimes GOO and both used ; hi that case, GOO is placed before and after the noun, and are equivalent to that there, GOO^oS^ that man there, GOD 0^ that house there, or yonder. COO,<g and are some, time used when speaking of things that have previously been spoken of, GOO^o5gll SI or S{ W7iat, as tj^oSccp what man, or what sort of man, ^|GGp What is the matter ? <tfGGp What is it\ 005 or OoSg Thus, of this sort. o5S^>Co5 Of this kind, or after this manner. OOaO^gJoS Other. Another. o5OOC0O gDoS other men. OO^OO^oS All, the whole. 4o54 ail o5<4o54 all men. C^[8 Some, O^C^L8^C^[6Og^ >Sbm of the house, are good, some are not good. OOOS What hind, as, OCo5<^o5ccp what kind of a man is he. gD<S Every or each-, go6^o5 every man. gp6lbj>D; each one of us. gD<S and are both used, and give additional force, as, gD lit. every man, all. ^8 How many t or much t c^8ccp Aow> cattle f (o^^Scqp Aoto mwi silver ? /So much, so many, o wiwcA silver, 00 many cattle. ^[6 Many, or much. <^u8^|S many men. CCo5^[S much fruit. To express a very large quantity or number ^[6 is reduplicated, as, @|(.^L^ verV much silver- or, is prefixced, followed by OgGOoS as, o5o8^5cg cooS very many men [{p014begin}].

{aun} Few, or small in quantity, ^o5c93D$ few men. To express a very small quantity coso^ is repeated, oocS cojo^cooo^ a very small quantity of fruit. Nouns are used as adjectives, as, <^0$QD a Peguan man.
c8o5gO a Burman book.
OjQocS a plantain tree.

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Numerals generally follow the nouns, as, ^o5o four men; but sometimes, in inanimate objects they precede the noun, as 80^ three trees, 8ogD^ three villages. In living objects, the numeral always comes after the noun.

Numeral Auxiliaries  

oocO -4. master or owner is applied to men, as, three men, 0^OQCO One governor. ao is applied either to men or to God, as, ogS^cho^ one God, <^u5c?>a^ one man. ooco5o is applied to things in masses or lumps, as c8^ooco$o one lump of earth, ogoS^rocoSo one loaf of bread. OGOO is applied to flat things, as, OOg^OGCO^ one sheet of paper, 3C^6^OC00 one board. 05(S is applied to long things, as sq^O^lS one log. OcibO^ OJ^S ten nails. G") is sometimes applied to long round things, as, OCJ^^O G) but og>(S is more generally used. C^o6 la applied to flowers, as o5^G^o6 one flower, ScjpS three flowers.


. '-. The Ordinals are of Pali origin, and follow the nouns to which they belong, as C^^C^O^j the second day, C^OQcBcX)] the third day. [{p014end}]

UKT: Verbs in the next file.

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UKT notes


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