Update: 2004-07-14 02:54 PM -0400


Pali Dictionary


by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.). Not for sale. Prepared for students of TIL Computing and Language Center, Yangon, MYANMAR.

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gha akkhara


n. solid
1. āramaṇaghana -- conceiving the conglomeration of sensations (of sight, of sound, of smell, of taste, of touch) as a palpable entity
2. santatighana -- consciousness of a series of sensations which seemingly merge into a continuum
3. kiccaghana -- concept of a soul, entity or being engendered by by taking the total physical and mental experiences as a unified whole
4. samūhaghana -- conceiving the body-organs and the body as a solid-entity when the body-octad including the four great essentials (mahābhūta consisting of: pathavī, āpo, tejo, vāyo ) are always in a flux of generation, stasis, and dissolution..

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n. nose, sensory receptor of smell, olfactory organ


n. (abhidhamma) decad of material qualities related to olfactory sensation; olfactory organ, the eight inseparable material qualities including the four great essentials and vitality; "nose decad


n. (abhidamma)   the nose resembling a door through which various smells are perceived

UKT: the root is dwāra -- an outer door; a gate; entrance -- PTS p332


n. (abhidhamma) process of consciousness resulting from action of odours (initiator) on the nose. The process proceeds along these stages (UKT interpretation):
Ľ starts with pa˝ca-dvaravajjana (five sense-doors) through which input-signal enters;
Ľ ghāna-vi˝˝āna-citta -- nose picking up smell as input-signal ;
Ľ sampaṭicchana -- input-signal passed on to the brain;
Ľ votthapana -- brain examines the input-signal to determine its nature;
Ľ kāmajavana -- enjoyment or revulsion of input-signal;
Ľ tadāramana -- registration into memory.

UKT: note on pa˝cadvara in the term pa˝cadvaravajjana. The ancient world seems to be fond of the number 5, {pyin~sa.}, probably because of the five fingers. See extensive explanations on pa˝ca in PTS p387. The spelling of pa˝acadvaravajjana given by U Myat Kyaw and U San Lwin is not correct.

UKT: the root is vīthi -- street; sense-perception -- PTS p644
e.g. dantakāravīthi -- street of ivory-workers -- PTS p644
UKT: the translation of vīthi as "process" is acceptable.

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n. (abhidhamma) 46 kinds of consciousness arising out of the nose picking up an odour.

UKT: the root is citta -- the heart (physiologically), i.e. the centre and focus of man's emotional nature as well as that of intellectual element which inheres in it; i.e. thought. In this wise, citta denotes both the agent and that which is enacted, for in Indian physiology citta is the seat and organ of thought. ...
-- (as mental status contrasted to physical status)  citta > kāya
-- (as intellectual status)  citta > manas and vi˝˝āṇa (mind > thought and understanding)
UKT: the translation of citta as "consciousness" is acceptable.


n. (abhidhamma) responsive nature of the nose (olfactory sense receptor) to odour.


n. (abhidhamma) sensory surface of the nose (covering an area shaped like a goat's hoof inside the nasal canal.

UKT: root is passāda
-- clearness, brightness, purity (referring to the "visibility" of the eye) ... In this sense also in abbhidhamma, with ref. to the eye in function of "sense organ, sense agency" sensitive surface (adapted PTS p446)

UKT addition: Olfactory receptors. You are able to detect thousands of different smells. The receptors that sense smells are called olfactory receptors. They occupy a stamp-sized area in the roof of your nasal cavity, the hollow space inside your nose.
   Tiny hairs, made of nerve fibres, dangle from all your olfactory receptors. They are covered with a layer of mucus. If a smell, formed by chemicals in the air, dissolves in this mucus, the hairs absorb it and excite your olfactory receptors. A few molecules are enough to activate these extremely sensitive receptors. -- from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/body/factfiles/smell/smell.shtml


n. consciousness arising out of the sensitivity of the nose to odours


n. the nature of the nose to receive olfactory sensations.

UKT: the root is dhātu -- closely related to dhamma in meaning only implying a closer relation to physical element; natural condition, property, disposition; factor, item, principle, form: very extensive note in PTS p340.

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n. the process of consciousness resulting from the effect of odours on the nose.


n. (abhidhamma) sensory surface of smell (olfactory sense receptor) on which olfactory sensations and their mental concomitants arise.

UKT: the root is vatthu -- lit. "ground", object, real thing, property, substance -- PTS p598

Entries on {Ga.} complete -- Go to {sa.} part.

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End of TIL file