Update: 2006-03-19 01:47 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Strychnaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hka.paung:} ; {hka.paung:kri:} Strychnos nux-blanda A.W. Hill. 1-227*
{hka.paung:r-kri~} Strychnos potatorum L. 1-227*

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KS-TMN 214

{hka.paung:} ; {hka.paung:kri:} Strychnos nux-blanda A.W. Hill. 1-227*

Botanical name: Strychnos mux-blanda A.W.Hill in  Kew Bull. 189. 1917.
Myanmar names: Khabaung; Khabaung-gyi
English name: Myanmar Strychnine Tree
Family: Loganiaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-227
{hka.paung:} ; {hka.paung:kri:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A deciduous tree; stems woody, glabrous, bark scabrous, brown, lenticels prominent. Leaves opposite, distichous, simple; stipules lanceolate, persistent; petioles cylindrical, canaliculated at the adaxial sides; laminae ovate, the bases rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute, sometimes acuminate, 5-costate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, coriaceous, light green. Inflorescences terminal, lax compound dichasial cymes, the cymules 3- to 6-flowered, the central peduncle of the first dichasial branch bears a 3-flowerd dichasial cymule, the peduncles glabrous; bracts minute, ovate, glabrous, deciduous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, fragrant. Calyx synsepalous, 5-toothed, campanulate, the lobes ovate, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, tubular, the lobes ovate or oblong, much shorter than the tube, reflexed, hairy at the throat, yellowish green, caducous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, the filaments subsessile, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, apiculate, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, sessile, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules many in each locule, the style long and slender, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, with a hard shining rind, glabose, smooth, glabrous, orange coloured when ripe; seeds discoid, compressed, embedded in fleshy pulp, pilosely sericeous white or greyish blue coloured, endospermic.

Flowering and fruiting periods: April-May-June
Distribution: Grows wild throughout Myanmar, especially in deciduous forests.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Antipyretic. Leaf -- For good complexion. Wood -- Antipyretic. Seeds -- Haematemeis; Diuretic; Promote digestion; Reduce body weight; Expectorant; Antirabies; Dysentery; Psychosis; Asthma; Cardiomyopathy; Ascites; Chronic indigestion; Facial palsy; nerve tonic; Insomia; Belching; Promote mental alertness; Indigestion due to insomia; Night sweating; Haemorrhoids; Menta; fatigue; Constipation; Hyperacidity of stomach; Gastro-intestinal colic; Difficulty in defaecation; Dysuria; Leucorrhoea; Analgesics for back-ache; Rhinitis; Bacillary dysentery; Cause giddiness; Carminative; Leprosy; Pruritis; Purexia; Heal carbuncles; Metrorrhagia; Aphrodisiac; Promote peristalsis of the intestine; Cause hunger. Fruit (ripe) -- Carminative; Biliousness; Expectorant; Heals carbuncles; Blood disease.

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KS-TMN 217

{hka.paung:r-kri} Strychnos potatorum L. 1-227*

Botanical name: Strychnnos potatorum L.f. Suppl. 148. 1781.
Myanmar name: Khabaung-ye-kyi
English name: Clearing nut Tree
Family: Loganiaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-227
{hka.paung:r-kri}

Photos:
left --habit
right --habit with flowers
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A middle-sized deciduous tree; stems woody, bark lenticellate, scabrous, black. Leaves opposite, distichous, simple; stipules linear, caducous; petioles subsessile, cylindrical, canaliculated at the adaxial sides; laminae elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, the bases broadly obtuse or rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute, sometimes acuminate, 3- to 5-costate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, glaucous, dark green, coriaceous. Inflorescences axillary compound dichasial cymes, compact, the ultimate cymules 3- to 9-flowered, the peduncles glabrous; bracts minute, lanceolate, glabrous, deciduous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, fragrnat. Calyx synsepalous, 5-toothed, cupular, the lobes ovate, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, campanulate, the tube cylindrical, the lobes ovate to elliptic, spreading, as long as the tube, hairy at the throat, white, caducous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, the filaments longer than the anther lobes, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, non apiculate, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, glabrous, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the plancentjation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style long and slender, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose, with a hard shining rind, smooth, glabrous, black when ripe; seeds discoid, compressed, embedded in fleshy pulp, pale yellow, endospermic.

Flowering period: April-June
Fruiting period: July-December

Distribution: Grows wild in the open and dry forests of Pyay district.
Parts used and uses: Root  -- Leprosy. Young fruit -- Haematemesis; Allays thirst; Good for eyes; Apathy. Mature fruit -- Expectorant; Biliousness. Ripe fruit -- Emetic; Oedema; Janundice; Produce perspiration; Rhinorrhoea; Antidote for poisons. Seed -- Lithiasis; Dysuria; Allays thirst; Diarrhoea; Dysentery; Gonorrhoea; Polyuria; Bleeding haemorrhoid; Subconjunctival haemorrhage; Impaired vision; Opthalmia; Heals carbuncles; Antidote for poisons.

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End of TIL file