Update: 2006-08-10 07:07 AM -0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Solanaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{pan:taing:hkat~ta} Datura stramonium L. 2-266
{hka.ram:ka.hsau.} Solanum indicum L. 1-252

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KS-TMN 210

{pan:taing:hkat~ta} Datura stramonium L. 2-266

Botanical name: Datura stramonium L.Sp.Pl. 179. 1753.
Myanmar name: Padaing - khatta
English names: Apple of Peru, Devil's Apple, Devil's Trumpet, Jamestown Weed, Jimson weed, Mad apple, Thorn apple, Stink Weed
Family: Solanaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :2-266
{pan:taing:hkat~ta}

Photos:
left --habit with a flowers
right -- habit with a fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A coarse annual herb or an undershrub; younger stems terete, erect, glabrous or puberulent. Leaves alternate, becoming opposite or near the inflorescences, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae ovate or triangular-ovate, the bases obtuse, cuneate or sometimes rounded, the margins deeply toothed, sinuate-dentate, the tips acute to acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces pubescent. Inflorescences in axillary solitary cymes, sometimes terminal in the forks of branches. Flowers ebracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, tubular, long, 5-toothed, the lobes ovate-lanceolate, in fruit circumsciss above the base, the upper part deciduous. Corolla synpetalous, infundibuliform, 5-lobed, the tubes tubular, dilated towards the throat, the mouth wide, the lobes plicate, cuspidate, white. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, near base of corolla tube, the filaments filiform, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, longitudinal grooved, covered with emergences, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 4-loculed by false septation, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous on intruding placentae, the style slender, the stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a septicidal capsule, ovoid, erect, dehiscing nearly to the base by 4-valves, covered with long and short rigid prickles; seeds many, discoid to reniform, laterally compressed, rugose, endospermic.

Flowering and fruiting periods:January - May
Distribution: Usually grows on highlands (eg. Shan States ) upto 9000ft.
Parts used and uses: Roots, leaves and seeds. Leprosy; Skin disease; Febrifuge; Antiseptic; Haemorrhoids; Pneumonitis; Anthelmintic; Give energy
Root: Prevents habitual abortion
Leaf: Chronic mastitis; Pneumonitis
Seed: Tooth - ache.

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KS-TMN 213

{hka.ram:ka.hsau.} Solanum indicum L. 1-252

Botanical name: Solanum indicumL.Sp. Pl. 187. 1753.
Myanmar names: Khayan-kazaw; Kazaw-kha.
English name: --
Family: Solanaceae Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-252
{hka.ram:ka.hsau.}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right --habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An undershrub, much branched, prickles many, large, sharp, the bases compressed, often recurved. Leaves alternate or subopposite, simple; exstipulate; petiolate, prickly; laminae ovate or pinnatifid, the lobes few, large, triangular-ovate, the tips subacute, the bases cordate, cuneate or truncate, often oblique, the margins entire, sinuate, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces pubescent. Inflorescences in extra axillary cymes, many-flowered; bracts not found. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, the lobes triangular, tomentose, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, rotate, the tubes short, the lobes plicate, deltoid-ovate, blue, the outer surfaces tomentose. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, blue, epipetalous, the filaments very short or obsolete, the anthers dithecous, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, dehisce by apical pores. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the ovules many in each locule, the placentation axile, the style pubescent, curved at the apex, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose, glabrous, dark yellow when ripe; seeds subdiscoid, much compressed, endosperm fleshy.

Flowering and fruiting periods: Throughout the year

Distribution: Throughout the tropical regions of Myanmar.
Parts used and uses:
Roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds: Angina pectoris; Leprosy; Pyrexia; Asthma; Expectorant; Antiseptic; Anorexia; Good for heart; Emesis; Pruritis; Antidote for snake and scorpion venoms.
Root powder: Diseases of tooth.

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