Update: 2006-03-19 01:23 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Smilacaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{sein-ta.pau} Smilax perfoliata Lour. 1-403

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KS-TMN 209

{sein-ta.pau} Smilax perfoliata Lour. 1-403

Botanical name: Smilax perfoliata Lour. FL. Cochin Ch. 622. 1790.
Myanmar name: Sein - nabaw
English name:
Family: Smilacaceae Botanical name: Smilax perfoliata Lour. FL. Cochin Ch. 622. 1790.
Myanmar name: Sein - nabaw
English name:
Family: Smilacaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-403
{sein-ta.pau}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A perennial woody climber, stems cylindrical, prickly, branchlets 4-angled; rhizomes large, short, nodes thick, reddish brown; roots fibrous, long, slender, prickles scattered, reddish brown. Leaves alternate, simple, polymorphous; petioles sheathing in lower part with a pair of wings, tendrils arise immediately above the sheath apex; laminae oblong or elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, the bases rounded-cordate or cuneate, the margins entire, the tips mucronate, 5- to 7-costate, reticulate, veins more prominent on the lower surface, thinly coriaceous, glabrous. Inflorescences in axillary umbellate racemes, the umbels 1-3; bracts oblong. Flowers small, pedicellate, ebracteolate, unisexual, dioecious, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous. Perianth 3+3, 2-seriate, apophyllous, the outer segments large, oblong, the inner small, lanceolate, recurved. Staminate flowers: staments 6, polyandrous, the filaments long, slender, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, basifixed, dehiscence longitudinal, white. Pistillode absent. Pistillate flowers: staminodes 6, polyandrous, filiform, opposite the perianth. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 3-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovule solitary in each locule, the style 1, very short, the stigmas 3, recurved. Fruit a berry, globose, glabrous, smooth; seeds 3, glabrous, endosperm horny.

Flowering and fruiting periods: April - August

Distribution: Common in tropical wet regions of Myanmar, may ascend up to 5000ft.

Parts used and uses: Fresh roots -- Arthritis; Lepromatous skin eruptions; Chronic skin disease; Paresis; Oedema; Purifies blood; As an analgesic. Root -- Amoebic dysentery; Disfunctional uterine haemorrhage; To bathe in the decoction of roots for Oedema and Paresis.

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