Update: 2006-03-19 01:13 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Scrophulariaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{dan~ta.thu.hka.} ; {tha.kra:pin} ; {man:l:}   Scoparia dulcis L 2-081

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KS-TMN 206

{dan~ta.thu.hka.} ; {tha.kra:pin} ; {man:l:}  Scoparia dulcis L 2-081

Botanical name: Scoparia dulcis L. Sp. Pl. 116. 1753.
Myanmar names: Danta-thukha; Thagya-bin; Mann-lay
English name: Sweet Broom weed
Family: Scrophulariaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :2-081
{dan~ta.thu.hka.} ; {tha.kra:pin} ; {man:l:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers and fruits
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An annual erect herb; profusely branched, the younger stems 5-to 6-angled, glabrous. Leaves 3-nately whorled, simple; exstipulate; petioles short or subsessile; laminae broadly elliptic to oblanceolate, the bases attenuate, the margins serrate, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary cymes, 1-to 2-flowered. Flowers ebracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, imbricate in bud, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, 4-fid, rotate, the tubes short, throat densely bearded, the lobes obtuse, subequal, white. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, the filaments filiform, attached at the base of corolla tube, exserted, the anthers dithecous, subsagittate, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid or globose, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous on the enlarged placentae, the style subclavate, the stigma bifid. Fruit a septicidal capsule, globose, valves membranous, the margins inflexed; seeds many, obovoid, endosperm fleshy.

Flowering period: October - December
Fruiting period: November - January

Distribution: A common weed, throughout Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Root -- Menorrhagia; Leucorrhoea. Leaf-- Febrifuge; Emesis; Tooth-ache

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End of TIL file