Update: 2006-03-19 01:05 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Spotaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

MainIndex of DB| Top
  IndexofCollected papers  
 
Agri.Dept.2000: Akshara Science names | Family names
  Contents of this page

UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hka.r} ; {this-hkyo-hka.ra} Mimusop elengi Roxb.1-248

MainIndex of DB| Top
  IndexofCollected papers  
 
Agri.Dept.2000: Akshara Science names | Family names
  Contents of this page

KS-TMN 205

{hka.r} ; {this-hkyo-hka.ra} Mimusop elengi Roxb.1-248

Botanical name: Mimusops elengi Roxb. Sp. Pl. 349, 95. 1753.
Myanmar names: Kha-yay; Thitcho-khayar
English names: Bulletwood tree; Indian Medlar, Star Flower Tree
Family: Sapotaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-248
{hka.r} ; {this-hkyo-hka.ra}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An evergreen tree; trunks short, erect, head leafy, compact, the younger stems glabrous, latex milky. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae elliptic, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, obscurely undulate, the tips shortly acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, glabrous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary cymes, solitary or the cymes 3-to 5-flowered. Flowers ebracteate, ebracteolate, the pedicels often deflexed, ferruginous tomentose, bisexual, actionmorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 8-lobed, 2-seriate, the outer 4 valvate in bud, ovate-lanceolate, ferruginous tomentose, the inner 4 imbricate, narrower, the tubes short. Corolla synpetalous, the lobes 24, the outer 16,2-seriate, the inner 8, 1-seriate, lanceolate, the upper parts brownish, the lower white, the tubes short, fragrant. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 8, 2-seriate, epipetalous, the filaments short, dilated at the bases, the anthers dithecous, lanceolate, about half its length longer than the filament, basifixed, dehiscence longitudinal, the staminodes 8, alternate with the stamens, subpetaloid, pilose. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, sericeous, 4-carpelled, syncarpous, 8-loculed, the ovule solitary in each locule, the placentation axile, the style grooved, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, ovoid, 1-seeded, epicarp crustaceous, yellow; seed ovoid, compressed, brown, endosperm fleshy.

Flowering period: April - May
Fruiting period: June - September

Distribution: Grows wild and common in plains. Also cultivated

Parts used and uses: Bark -- Mental disorder; Increase cardiac muscle contractility; Promotes digestion; Antiseptic; Gum diseases; Heart disease; Thrush. Flower (fresh) -- Leucorrhoea; Dental disease; Pediatric cough (Inhalation); Heart disease. Fruit -- Metrorrhagia; Promotes peristalsis of the intestine; Tooth disease; For strong teeth; Heart disease. Seed -- For strong teeth

MainIndex of DB| Top
  Contents of this page

End of TIL file