Update: 2006-03-19 12:59 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Rutaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

MainIndex of DB| Top
  IndexofCollected papers  
 
Agri.Dept.2000: Akshara Science names | Family names
  Contents of this page

UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{U-thhyis} Aegle marmelos Corr. 4-095
{shauk} Citrus medica L. 3-181
{tha.nup.hka:} ; {thi-ha.ra-za} Limonia crenulata Roxb. 3-353

MainIndex of DB| Top
  Contents of this page

KS-TMN 198

{U-thhyis} Aegle marmelos Corr. 4-095

Botanical name: Aegle marmelos Corr. in Trans. Linn. Soc. V. 223. 1800.
Myanmar name: Oke-shit
English name: Bael Fruit Tree, Bengal Quince, Golden Apple, Italy, Fruit, Indian Quince, Stone Apple.
Family: Rutaceae Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :4-095
{U-thhyis}

Photos:
left -- close up of flower
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A deciduous tree, small or medium-sized; stems armed with strong straight sharp axillary spines. Leaves alternate, palmately compound, trifoliate; exstipulate; petiolate; leafets elliptic, the bases obtuse, the margins crenate, the tips acute, glabrous, pellucid-punctate, aromatic; lateral leaflets subsessile, the terminal long-petioluled. Inflorescences terminal and axillary scorpioid cymes. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, aromatic. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, sometimes obscure, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5, much longer than calyx, greenish yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments short, inserted to rim of disc, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, apiculate, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 5-lobed, elevated on the disc, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous in each locule, the style short, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose or ovoid, pulpy, the pulp sweet, thick, orange coloured, rind leathery, woody; seeds oblongoid, numerous, pulp aromatic, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: September-November
Fruiting period: March-April

Distribution: Grows wild or cultivated throughout Myanmar.
Parts used and uses: Root -- Dysuria; Emesis; Colic; Oligospermia; Gouty arthritis; Venereal disease; Analgesic; Carminative; Antidote for bites of poisonous animals; Antidote for snake venom. Bark -- Palpitation of heart; Syncopal attack; Emesis; Anaemia; Chronic fever; High fever. Bark powder -- Cholera; Gastro-enteritis in children. Leaf -- As an Expectorant; Carminative; Disinfectant of the mouth; Diarrhoea in puerperium; Diarrhoea; Infantile diarrhoea; Epihora; Opthalmitis; Asthma; Menopausal disease; Oedema; Diabetes; Arthritis; Jaundice; Anthelminutic; Indigestion; Flatulence; Otorrhoea; Gum ache; Boils; Carbuncles; Bad odour of body. Flower -- Dysentery; To allay thirst; Emesis. Fruit -- Chronic leucorrhoea. Fruit pulp -- Chronic leucorrhoea. Dried pulp -- Carminative; As an expectorant. Young fruit -- Carminative; Heartburn; Cholera; Polyuria; Diarrhoea complicating after chicken pox; Dysentery; Chronic dysentery; Amoebic dysentery; Diahrrhoea during pregnancy; Tinnitus. Mature fruit -- Carminative; As an expectorant; Good for heart. Unripe fruit -- Dysuria; Diarrhoea; Dysentery. Ripe fruit -- Constipation; Dysentery; Bilious diarrhoea; Gastro-enteritis; Minor ailment in pregnancy.

MainIndex of DB| Top
  Contents of this page

KS-TMN 201

{shauk} Citrus medica L. 3-181

Botanical name: Citrus medica L. Sp. Pl. 782. 1753.
Myanmar name: Shauk
English name: Citron; Melon Lime; Adam's Apple; Cedrat.
Family: Rutaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :3-181
{shauk}

Photos:
left -- habit
right -- habit with a fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A small tree; younger stems 3-angled, purplish, the older ones terete, glabrous, spines axillary. Leaves alternate, palmately compound, unifoliate; exstipulate; petioles narrowly winged; leaflets elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, the bases obtuse to rounded, the margins crenate-serrate; the tips obtuse to cuneate, pellucid-punctate, coriaceous. Inflorescence in axillary cymes, 2- to 5-flowered; peduncles glabrous; bracts linear, caducous. Flowers pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-partite, cupular, the lobes ovate, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5, broadly lanceolate, white, tinged pink without, fragrant. Androecium polyadelphous, stamens 30-40, the filaments flattened, cohering towaeds the base, inserted round an annualr disc, exserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary 5- to 8-lobed, 5- to 8-carpelled, syncarpous, 5- to 8-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2-3 in each locule, 2-seriate, the style as long as the filaments, the stigma capitate. Fruit a hesperidium, obovoid or ellipsoid, obscurely lobed, the apex broadly mammillate, the bases collared, rind leathery, the pulp juicy, acid; seeds numerous, ovoid, endospermic.

Flowering period: April-May
Fruiting period: June-August

Distribution: Grows wild or commonly cultivated throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Gastrointestinal colic; Cholera; Emesis; Constipation; Infections; Inflammations; Urinary infection; Haemorrhoid; Lithiasis; Tooth diseases. Buds and flowers -- Antiemetic; Appetizer; Gives energy; Asthma; Whooping cough; Giddiness; Promotes peristalsis of the intestine. Young fruit -- Carminative; Expectorant; Biliousness. Ripe fruit -- Heartburn; Appetizer; Antiseptic for throuat; Easilydigested; Haematemesis; To allay thirst; Hiccough; Gains weight; Analgesic; Dyspepsia; Good for heart; Carminative; Chest pain: Mucolytic; Asthma; Gives energy; Whooping cough; Oedema; Cough; Laryngitis; Leprosy. Fruit rind -- Mucolytic; Colic; Back-ache; Loss of appetite; Biliousness. Inner layers of rind -- Analgesic; Colic; Back-ache; Loss of appetite; Biliousness. Juicy layers -- Heartburn; Appetizer; Chest pain; Easily digested; Abdominal tumours; Asthma; Cough; Hiccough; Psychosis; Oedema; Emesis; Haemorrhoids. Juicy layers -- Instestinal colic; Cystitis; Loss of appetitie; Asthma; Cough. Infusion -- Emesis; Otalgia. Seed -- Mucolytic; Haemorrhoids; Heartburn; Inflammations; Hard to digest; Carminative; Biliousness; Gives energy. Embryo in seed -- Appetizer; Gives energy; Carminative; Mucolytic.

MainIndex of DB| Top
  Contents of this page

KS-TMN 202

{tha.nup.hka:} ; {thi-ha.ra-za} Limonia crenulata Roxb. 3-353

Botanical name: Limonia crenulata Roxb. Corom. Pl.I, t. 86.
Myanmar name: Thanat-kha; Thi-ha-yaza
English name: ---
Family name: Rutaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :3-353
{tha.nup.hka:} ; {thi-ha.ra-za}

Photos:
left -- habit with fruits
right --
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A spinous shrub or a small tree; branches woody; rigid, flexuous, spines sharp. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles and rachis winged; leaflets 2-4 pairs, opposite, elliptic-ovate, the bases obtuse to cuneate, the margins crenulate, the tips obtuse, rarely acute, glabrous. Inflorescences in axillary cymes, the cymules 1-3 per axil. Flowers ebracteolate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, small, 4-lobed, the lobes broadly ovate, acute. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, elliptic-oblong, glandular, white, fragrant. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 8, 2-seriate, the outer whorl opposite the petals, subequal, inserted around a stipitiform disc, the filaments linear-subulate, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, papillose, 4-carpelled, syncarpous, 4-loculed, the ovule solitary in each locule, the placentation axile, the style thick and stout, the stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose, very acid; seeds 1-4, enbedded in mucilage, non-edospermic.

Flowering period: April-June
Fruiting period: June-August

Distribution: Grows wild in dry low plains of Upper Myanmar. Also cultivated.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Antipyretic for high fevers; Prevention of small pox; Antidote for many poisons; Flatulence; Chest pain; Heart pain; Purgative. Leaf -- Epilepsy.

MainIndex of DB| Top
  Contents of this page

End of TIL file