Update: 2006-03-19 12:19 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Punicaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{tha.l:} Punica granatum L.

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KS-TMN 189

{tha.l:} Punica granatum L.3-326

Botanical name: Punica granatum L. Sp. Pl. 472. 1753.
Myanmar name: Tha-le
English name: Pomegranate Tree
Family: Punicaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :3-326
{tha.l:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A large deciduous shrub, or a small tree, often armed with small spines, axillary or terminal. Leaves opposite or fasciculate, simple; exstipulate; petioles very short; laminae oblong-elliptic or oblong-oblanceolate or obovate, the bases attenuate, the margins entire, the tips acute or obtuse, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, pellucid-punctate, the upper shining, the lower green colour darker. Inflorescences mostly solitary cymes, sometimes 2- to 4-flowered, terminal on short shoots or sometimes axillary. Flowers large, showy, ebracteate, ebracteolate, subsessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5- to 7-lobed, the tubes campanulate, forming a hypanthium below, adnate to the ovary, enlarged above, fleshy. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5-7, obovate, crumpled in bud, emerging from edge of hypanthium, inserted between calyx lobes, scarlet. Androecium polyandrous, stamens very numerous, emerging in many whorls from upper half of hypanthium below the petals, the filaments filiform, the anthers dithecous, wllipsoid, dorsifixed, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary inferior, globose, 5- to 9-carpelled, syncarpous, the locules 2-tiered, the upper 5- to 9-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovules numerous in each locule, the style long, slender, the stigma capitate, Fruit a berry crowned with persistent calyx lobes, globose; seeds many, angular, testa fleshy forming the pulp in fruit, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: June-July
Fruiting period: October-November

Distribution: Planted mainly on highlands.

Parts used and uses: 
Root: Anthelmintic Root bark: Haemorrhoids; Bleeding piles; Leucorrhoea; Infantile cough; Infantile diarrhoea; Intrauterine disease Bark: Bronchitis; Dysentery; Infections Leaf: Psychosis; Opthalmia; Antidote for poisons; Tinnitus Flower: Epistaxis Unripe:  fruit: Antiemetic; Indigestion; Gains weight Ripe fruit: Aphrodisiac; Promotes peristalsis of the intestine; Biliousness; Carminative; Expectorant; Gains weight; Laryngitis; Heart disease; Stomatitis; Opthalmia; Pyrexia Sour fruit: Carminative; Expectorant Sweet fruit: Pyrexia; Laryngitis; Stomatitis; Heart disease; Carminative; Expectorant; Biliousness; To allay thirst; Gives energy; Promotes spermatogenesis; Promotes brain function; Slight constipation Sweetish sour fruit: Appetizer; Heartburn; Biliousness
Fruit wall: Amoebic dysentery; Haemorrhoid; Cough; Infections.


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