Update: 2006-03-18 06:53 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Plantaginaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwè, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{a.krau:paung:ta.htaung} ; {hpa:krau:} ; {hsé:po:ti} ; {hsé:kaung:kri:} ; man-suit-rwak} ; {hsé:krau-kri:} Plantago major L.4-019

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KS-TMN 185

{a.krau:paung:ta.htaung} ; {hpa:krau:} ; {hsé:po:ti} {hsé:kaung:kri:} ;{man-suit-rwak} ; {hsé:krau-kri:}
Plantago major L.4-019


Botanical name: Platago major L.Sp. Pl. 112. 1753. Myanmar names: Akyaw-baung-ta-htaung; Hpar-kyaw; Hsay-po-di; Hsay-gaung-gyi; Mahn-suit-ywet; Hsay-gyaw-gyi English names: English man's Foot; Greater Plantain; Plantain Ribgrass; Plantain Ribwort; Ripple Grass; Waybred; Waybroad; Whiteman's Foot
Family: Plantaginaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :4-019
{hsé:kaung:kri:} ; {man-suit-rwak} ; {hsé:krau-kri:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right --  habit with flowers and fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

UKT: Nagathein 1-466 identified {hsé:po:ti} as Polypodium vulgare .The root was said to look like a thick, wormlike larva of a beetle.

Identification characters:
A perennial herb; rootstocks erect, stout; roots adventitious, fibrous. Leaves basal, rosulate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate, the petiole deeply canaliculate, sheathing at the base; laminae broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, the bases abruptly attenuate, decurrent into the petiole, the margins serrulate, undulate, the tips acute, 5- to 7-costate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary spikes, lax; peduncles long, glabrous; bracts ovate-oblong, the margins scarious. Flowers ebracteolate, sessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4, oblong, obtuse or subacute, obtusely keeled on the back. Corolla synpetalous, 4-lobed, campanulate, the lobes acute, reflexed, scarious, translucent. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 4, epipetalous, attached to the corolla tube about half the tube length, the anthers dithecous, ovoid-globose, versatile, dehiscence longitudinal, yellowish white. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 to many in each locule, the style filiform, tomentose, the stigma simple. Fruit a circumscissile capsule, ovoid, subtended by persistent calyx and bract, dehiscing a little above the base, membranous; seeds 4-16, ovoid, 3- to 5-angled, dull black, rugose, endosperm fleshy.

Flowering period: November - January
Fruiting period: December - March

Distribution: Grows wild, common in temperate and alpine regions of Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Roots, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds -- Diabetes. Leaf -- Diuretic; As an antidote for various poisons; Heals sores; Haemostatic for traumatic cuts; Cures chronic sores; Oropharyngeal ulcers; Glossitis; Tooth-ache, Tooth caries; Pyorrhoea; Otorrhoea; Lung tumours; Malaria; Leucorrhoea; Haemorrhoids; Oedema; Burning sensation of the body.

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