Update: 2006-03-18 09:54 AM +0700


Medicinal Plants of Myanmar


by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{nham:} Sesamum indicum L. 2-179

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KS-TMN 182

{nham:} Sesamum indicumL. 2-179

Botanical name: Sesamum indicum L. Sp. Pl. 634.1753.
Myanmar name: Hnan
English names: Sesame; Gingelly
Family: Pedaliaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :2-179

left -- habit with flowers and fruits
right -- cultivated plants
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An erect herb, pubescent. Leaves opposite, the uppermost alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate, the petioles of upper leaves short, the lower ones as long as laminae; laminae lanceolate or oblong, the uppermost linear, uncut, the middle ones ovate, toothed, the lower irregularly lobed or pedatifid, the bases obtuse, cuneate or rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences solitary cymes, axillary. Flowers bracteate, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, the tube short, the lobes lanceolate, small. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, tubular-ventricose, obscurely 2-lipped, the lobes orbicular, the tube base subgibbous, white with reddish purple or yellow marks. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, inserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-locule, or 4-loculed due to false septation when young, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style filiform, the stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, oblongoid, unarmed, 2-valved, dehiscing half-way down or sometimes to the base or ultimately 4-valved, scabrid-pilose; seeds numerous, obliquely oblongoid, smooth, endosperm thin and fleshy.

Flowering period: May-June
Fruiting period: July-August

Distribution: Planted throughout Myanmar
Parts used and uses: Leaves and seeds -- Galactagogue; Expectorant; Heal sores; Biliousness; Carminative; Skin disease; Tooth-ache; Good for hair growth; Gives energy. Leaf juice -- Lithiasis; Head-ache; Prevents growth of grey hair. Seed oil -- Amenorrhoea; Prevents bleeding of haemorrhoids. Ground seed -- Antidote for spider toxin.

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