Update: 2006-03-18 06:31 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Oleaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{tau-san-py} Jasminum pubescens Willd.1-373

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KS-TMN 177

{tau-san-py} Jasminum pubescens Willd.1-373

Botanical name: Jasminum pubescens Willd. Sp.Pl. 137. 1797.
Myanmar name: Taw-sabai; Sabai
English names: Common Jasmine; Downy Jasmine; Musk Jasmine
Family: Oleaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-373
{tau-san-p~}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A lianous shrub; younger stems villous with tawny tomentum. Leaves opposite and decussate, simple; exstipulate; petioles densely villous; laminae ovate to elliptic-ovate, the bases rounded or often cordate, the margins entire, the tips acute, often mucronate, unicostate, reticulate, the upper surfaces glabrescent, the lower pubescent. Inflorescences terminal dichasial cymes at the ends of short axillary branches, densely flowered; bracts lanceolate, acute, large, foliaceous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, campanulate, the lobes subulate, densely villous. Corolla synpetalous, 5- to 7-lobed, salverform, the lobes elliptic-oblong, acute, white, fragrant. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 2, epipetalous, the filaments short, inserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, the cells back to back, apiculate due to connective extension, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovule solitary in each locule, the style cylindric, the stigma 2-fid. Fruit a berry, ellipsoid, black, subtended by the suberect persistent calyx teeth; seeds 1-2 ellipsoid, erect, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: November-January
Fruiting period: January-June

Distribution: Commonly grows wild or planted throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Flower -- Intracranial disease; Metrorrhagia; Oedema; Biliary infection; Cardiac tonic; Diarrhoea; Heartburn; Antidote for poisons.

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